Battle of Navarino

20th October 1827
Part of : Greek War of Independence (1821 - 1830)
Next action : Action at Grabusa 31st January 1828

 

Allied (Ottoman Empire & Egypt)

 
Ottoman Ships
Ship NameGunsCommanderNotes
Kuh i Revan 80 
Burc i Zafer 74 
Fatih i Bahri 74  Burnt
 
Egyptian Ships
Ship NameGunsCommanderNotes
Souria 58 
Ihsanieh 58 
 

Allied (United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Russia & Royaume de France)

 
British Division, Sir Edward Codrington
Ship NameGunsCommanderNotes
Asia 84Edward CurzonFleet Flagship
Genoa 74Walter Bathurst
Albion 74John Acworth Ommanney10 killed, 50 wounded
Cambrian 40Gawen William Hamilton
Dartmouth 36 Thomas Fellowes
Talbot 28 
Rose 18 
Brisk 10 
Philomel 10Henry John Chetwynd
Musquito 3George Bohun Martin
 
French Division
Ship NameGunsCommanderNotes
Le Breslau 74 
 
Russian Division, Login Petrovich Geiden
Ship NameGunsCommanderNotes
Azov 74Mikhail Petrovich LazarevFleet Flagship
Alexander Nevskii 74 
Provornyi 44 3 killed, 4 wounded
Konstantin 44 
Kastor 36 
Elena 36 
Gremiashchii 24 
 

Sources

IDDescriptionAuthorType
Previous comments on this page

Posted by Brian on Saturday 12th of July 2014 16:30

Admiralty Office, November 10, 1827
Dispatches, of which the following are copies or extracts, have been this day received at this office, addressed to John Wilson Croker Esq. by Vice-Admiral Sir Edward Codrington, K.G.B. Commander in Chief of his Majesty's ships in the Mediterranean.
His Majesty's Ship Asia, in the Port of Navarin, October 1, 1827.
Sir I have the honour of informing His Royal Highness the Lord High Admiral, that my colleagues Count Heyden and the Chevalier de Rigny, having agreed with me that we should come into this Port in order to induce Ibrahim Pacha to discontinue the brutal war of extermination, which he has been carrying on since his return here from his failure in the Gulf of Patras, the combined squadrons passed the batteries, in order to take up their anchorage, at about two o'clock yesterday afternoon.
The Turkish ships were moored in the form of a crescent, with springs on their cables, the larger ones presenting their broadsides towards the center, the smaller ones in succession within them, filling up the intervals.
The combined fleet was formed in the order of sailing in two columns, the British and French forming the weather or starboard line, and the Russian the lee line, bearing the flag of the Capitana Bey, another ship of the line, and a large double banked frigate, each having their proper opponent in the front line of the Turkish fleet. The four ships to windward, part of the Egyptian squadron, were allotted to the squadron of Rear-Admiral de Rigney; and those to leeward in the bite of the crescent, were to mark the stations of the whole Russian squadron; the ships of their line closing those of the English line, and being followed up by their own frigates. The French frigate Armide was directed to place herself alongside the outermost frigate, on the left hand entering the harbour; and the Cambrian, Glasgow, and Talbot next to her, and abreast of the Asia, Genoa, and Albion; the Dartmouth and the Mosquito, the Rose, the Brisk, and the Philomel were to look after six fire vessels at the entrance of the harbour. I gave orders that no gun should be fired, unless guns were first fired by the Turks; and those orders were strictly observed. The three English ships were accordingly permitted to pass the batteries and to moor, as they did with great rapidity, without any act of open hostility, although there was evident preparation for it in all the Turkish ships, but upon the Dartmouth sending a boat to one of the fire-vessels Lieutenant G.W.H. Fitzroy and several of her crew were shot with musketry. This produced a defensive fire of musketry from the Dartmouth, and La Syrene, bearing the flag of Rear-Admiral de Rigny; that was succeeded by a cannon shot at the Rear Admiral from one of the Egyptian ships, which of course brought on a return, and thus very shortly afterwards the battle became general. The Asia, although placed alongside the ship of the Capitana Bey, was even nearer to that of Moharem Bey, the commander of the Egyptian ships; and since his ships did not fire at the Asia, although the action was begun to windward, neither did the Asia fire at her. The latter indeed sent a message "that he would not fire at all" and therefore no hostility took place betwixt our two ships, for some time after the Asia had returned the fire of the Capitana Bey. In the mean time, however, our excellent pilot, Mr. Peter Mitchell, who went to interpret to Mohamrem my desire to avoid bloodshed, was killed by his people in our boat alongside. Whether with or without his orders, I know not; but his ship soon afterwards fired into the Asia, and was consequently effectually destroyed by the Asia's fire, sharing the same fate as his brother Admiral on the starboard side, and falling to leeward a mere wreck. These ships being out of the way the Asia became exposed to a raking fire from vessels in the second and third line, which carried away her mizen-mast by the board, disabled some of her guns, and killed and wounded several of her crew. This narration of the proceedings of the Asia, would probably be equally applicable to most of the other ships of the fleet. The manner in which the Genoa and Albion took their stations was beautiful; and the conduct of my brother Admirals, Count Hayden and the Chevalier de Rigney throughout, was admirable and highly exemplary. Captain Fellowes executed the part allotted to him perfectly, and with the able assistance of his little but brave detachment saved the Syrne by being burnt by the fire-vessels. And the Cambrian, Glasgow, and Talbot, following the fine example of Capitaine Hugon, of the Armide, who was opposed to the leading frigate of that line, effectually destroyed their opponents and also silenced their batteries. This bloody and destructive battle was continued with unabated fury for four hours, and the scene of wreck and devastation which presented itself at its termination was such as has been seldom before witnessed. As each ship of our opponents became effectually disabled, such of her crew as could escape from her endeavoured to set her on fire, and it is wonderful how we avoided the effects of their successive and awful explosions.

Statement made by the Secretary to the Capitana Bey in the Port of Navarin, October 21, 1827
3 Turkish line of battle ships: 1 Turkish Admiral 84 guns, 850 men, 650 killed; ditto, 84 guns 850 men; 1 ditto, 76 guns, 850 men, 400 killed. 4 Egyptian double-banked frigates 64 guns each from 450 to 500 men. 15 Turkish frigates 48 guns from 450 to 500 men. 18 Turkish corvettes, 8 Egyptian ditto from 18 to 24 guns, 200 men. 4 Turkish brigs, 8 Egyptian ditto 19 guns from 130 to 150 men. 5 Egyptian fire-vessels. 35,080 Egyptian troops in the Morca, 4000 of whom came with the above ships.

A return of Officers and Men killed and wounded on board his Majesty's ships and vessels under the Command of Sir. Edward Coddrington in an action with the Turkish fleet, in Navarin Harbour, 20 October 1827.
ASIA, Killed - Captain J.A.Bell, R.M.; Mr. William Smith (2) Master; Mr. Philip Dumaresq, Supernumerary Mate; Mr. John Lewis, Boatswain; 8 seamen; 6 Royal Marines.
Wounded severely - Mr. H.J. Codrington, Midshipman; Mr. W.V. Lee Midshipman; Mr. R.H. Bunbury, Volunteer of 1st class; Mr. C. Wakeham, Supernumerary Clerk; 26 seamen; 2 Royal Marines.
Wounded slightly - Honourable Lieutenant-Colonel Craddock passenger; Mr. Henry S. Dyer Admiral's secretary; 16 seamen; 7 royal marines.

ALBION - killed, Captain C.J. Stevens R.M.; Mr. Edward R. Foster Volunteer of 2d class; 7 seamen; 1 royal marine. Wounded severely, Mr. William Lloyd, Mate; Mr. Frederick Gray Midshipman; Mr. Thomas Addington Boatswain; 16 seamen; 4 royal marines. Wounded slightly, Commander J.M. Campbell; Lieutenant J.D. D'Urban; Reverend E. Winder Chaplin; Mr. W.F. O'Kane, assistant surgeon; Mr. James Stewart clerk; 20 seamen; 2 royal marines.

GENOA - killed, Captain Walter Bathurst; Mr. Peter Brown, Midshipman; Mr. Charles Bussell, Midshipman; Mr. A.J.T. Rowe, Masters assistant; 13 seamen; 9 royal marines. Wounded severely - Captain Thomas Moore, R.M.; Mr. Herbert B. Gray, Midshipman; 7 seamen; 5 royal marines. Wounded slightly - Lieutenant Henry R. Stuart; Mr. James Chambers, Volunteer 2d class; 13 seamen; 4 royal marines.

DARTMOUTH, Killed - Lieutenant G.W.H. Fitzroy; Mr. Brown Smyth, Midshipman; 3 seamen; 1 royal marine. Wounded severely - Mr. Lancelot Harrison, mate; 3 seaman; 1 royal marine. Wounded slightly - Lieutenant Spencer Smyth; 1 seaman; 1 royal marine.

GLASGOW, Killed - None; Wounded slightly - 2 seamen.

TALBOT, Killed - Mr. W.J. Goldfinch, Volunteer of 1st class; 5 seamen. Wounded severely - Mr. John Dellamore, Acting school master; Mr. Joseph Gay, Admiralty clerk; 3 seamen. Wounded slightly - Lieutenant R. S. Hay; Mr. Alexander Cotton, College Midshipman; 7 seamen; 3 royal marines.

CAMBRIAN Killed - Lieutenant Philip Sturgeon, R. M. Wounded severely - 1 royal marine.

PHILONE, Killed - 1 royal marine. Wounded severely - 3 seamen. Wounded slightly - 3 seamen; 1 royal marine.

ROSE, Killed 3 seamen. Wounded severely - Lieutenant M. Lyons; Mr. Douglas Curry, Midshipman; 6 seamen. Wounded slightly - Mr. _____ Williams, Midshipman; 6 seamen.

BRISK, Killed - Mr. Henry Campling, Purser. Wounded severely - 1 seaman. Wounded slightly - Mr. John Isatt, Surgeon.

MOSQUITO, Killed - 2 seamen. Wounded severely - 4 seamen.

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