Crescent3739
Nominal Guns36BWAS-1714
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorThe Royal Navy
Ordered1781/08/11BWAS-1714
Keel Laid Down1781/11BWAS-1714
Launched1784/10/28BWAS-1714
First Commissioned1790/05
How acquiredPurpose builtBWAS-1714
ShipyardBursledon BWAS-1714
Ship ClassFlora Class
Designed byJohn WilliamsBWAS-1714
ConstructorJohn NowlanBWAS-1714
CategoryFifth RateBWAS-1714
Ship TypeFrigate
Wrecked1808/12/06BWAS-1714

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1714
Length of Gundeck137' 2 ½"Imperial Feet41.7703
Length of Keel112' 10 ¾"Imperial Feet34.1567
Breadth38' 5 ½"Imperial Feet11.5951
Depth in Hold13' 3 ½"Imperial Feet3.9751
Draught Forward9' 11 ½"Imperial Feet2.7559
Draught Aft13' 3"Imperial Feet3.9878
Burthen887 8594Tons BM

Armament

1784/10/28Broadside Weight = 345 Imperial Pound ( 156.4578 kg) BWAS-1714
Upper Gun Deck26British 18-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck12British 1/2-Pound Swivel
Quarterdeck4British 18-Pound Carronade
Quarterdeck8British 9-Pounder
Forecastle2British 18-Pound Carronade
Forecastle4British 9-Pounder

Crew Complement

Date# of MenNotesSource
1778/11/06260Design Complement 

Commanders

FromToRankNameSource
1790/051791CaptainWilliam YoungBWAS-1714
1793/011794/03CaptainJames SaumarezODNB
17951797CaptainEdward BullerBWAS-1714
17951798/02CaptainJohn MurrayBWAS-1714
1798/021798/06CommanderJohn William SprangerBWAS-1714
1798/061798/07CaptainCharles BrisbaneBWAS-1714
1799/041802/07CaptainWilliam Granville LobbBWAS-1714
1802/071803CaptainLennox ThompsonBWAS-1714
1803/061806/02CaptainWilliam StuartBWAS-1714
1806/021807CaptainJames CarthewBWAS-1714
1808/041808/04CaptainGeorge ReynoldsBWAS-1714
1808/041808/12/06CaptainJohn TempleBWAS-1714

Commissioned Officers

FromToRankNameSource
17931793/10/20LieutenantRichard JeuneADM 171/8

Petty Officers

FromToRankNameSource
17931793MidshipmanRichard BourneNBD1849
1795/05/091796/08/20MidshipmanParkins PrynnNAO
1800/06/271802/07MidshipmanNathaniel BriceNBD1849
1803/041803MidshipmanGeorge Hubert RyeNBD1849
1805/01/211808/04/01MidshipmanWilliam CampbellNBD1849

Crewmen

FromToRankNameSource
17931793Able SeamanThomas HandfordADM 171/8
17931793/10/20UnknownJohn de PageADM 171/8
17931793/10/20Captain's ServantJohn JonesADM 171/8
17931793/10/20Ordinary SeamanJoseph KittADM 171/8
17931793/10/20Quarter GunnerWilliam MadgeADM 171/8
1799/06/181800/06/271st Class VolunteerNathaniel BriceNBD1849
1803/11/091805/01/211st Class VolunteerWilliam CampbellNBD1849

Service History

DateEvent Source
1784/11/01Began coppering and fitting at Portsmouth Dockyard BWAS-1714
1785/01/11Completed coppering and fitting at Portsmouth Dockyard at a cost of £5694.0.0dBWAS-1714
1790/05Began fitting at Portsmouth Dockyard BWAS-1714
1790/06/06Completed fitting at Portsmouth Dockyard at a cost of £2218.0.0dBWAS-1714
1793/01RecommissionedBWAS-1714
1793/06Took the Privateer L'Espoir  
1793/06/22Took the Privateer Le Chib de Cherbourg  
1793/10/19Crescent vs Reunion 
1793/10/20Took the Fifth Rate Frigate Reunion off Cherbourg 
1796/03/07Sailed for the Cape of Good hopeBWAS-1714
1796/08/17At capture of Dutch in Saldanha BayBWAS-1714
1798/02At Cape of Good HopeBWAS-1714
1798/07Paid offBWAS-1714
1798/08Began middling repair at Deptford Dockyard BWAS-1714
1799/04RecommissionedBWAS-1714
1799/06Completed middling repair at Deptford Dockyard at a cost of £18924.0.0dBWAS-1714
1799/11/15Took the Unrated Brig-Sloop Galgo  
1800/06Took the Unrated El Diligente  
1802On the Jamaica stationBWAS-1714
1808/04RecommissionedBWAS-1714
1808/06Began repairs at UnknownBWAS-1714
1808/10Completed repairsBWAS-1714
1808/12/06Wrecked off the coast of Jutland, 220 men drownedBWAS-1714


Sources

IDDescriptionAuthorType
BWAS-1714 British Warships in the Age of Sail 1714 - 1792Rif WinfieldBook
ODNB Oxford Dictionary of National BiographyOxford University PressWeb Site
ADM 171/8 ADM 171/8 Surviving officers and men entitled to clasps of the Naval GSM for actions from 1793 -1827British AdmiraltyDocument
NBD1849 A Naval Biographical Dictionary 1849O'BrienDigital Book
NAO The National Archive - Trafalgar AncestorsVariousWeb Site
 
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