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  • John MooreBritish
    Naval Sailor
    Service 1646-1679
  • Hebe (38) 1782-1811
    British 38 Gun
    5th Rate Frigate
    1805 Renamed "Blonde"
    (1782)
  • Daniel WaudbyBritish
    Naval Sailor
    Service 1739-1779
  • Culloden (74) 1783-1813
    British 74 Gun
    3rd Rate Ship of the Line
    (1783)
  • Dragon (64) 1744-1783
    Spanish 64 Gun
    3rd Rate Ship of the Line
    (1744)
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    British 60 Gun
    4th Rate Ship of the Line
    1744 Renamed "Eagle"
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    (1733)
  • Centurion (60) 1733-1769
    British 60 Gun
    4th Rate Ship of the Line
    1744 Renamed "Eagle"
    1745 Renamed "Centurion"
    (1733)
  • Windsor (60) 1695-1725
    British 60 Gun
    4th Rate Ship of the Line
    (1695)
  • Welcome 1686-1688
    British Merchant East Indiaman
    (1686)
  • Samuel BurgessBritish
    Naval Sailor
    Service 1790-1830
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Battle of Leghorn

Livorno

4th March 1652/53
Part of : The First Anglo-Dutch War (1652 - 1654)
Previous action : Battle of Portland 18.2.1652/53 - 20.2.1652/53
Next action : Battle of the Gabbard 2.6.1653 - 3.6.1653

 

Commonwealth of England

 
Squadron from Livorno,
Henry AppletonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1651-1653
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Bonaventure (30) 1621-1653
British 30 Gun
3rd Rate Middling Ship
Owen CoxBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1647-1653
,
Stephen LymeBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1653
Sunk
Leopard (40) 1635-1653
British 40 Gun
3rd Rate Ship
Henry AppletonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1651-1653
70 killed, 54 wounded Captured
Sampson (40) 1642-1653
British 40 Gun
Hired Ship
Edmund SeamanBritish
Naval Sailor
Merchant Sailor
Service 1638-1650
Burnt
Mary (30) 1653-1654
British 30 Gun
Hired Ship
Benjamin FisherBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1653-1654
Levant Merchant (28) 1652-1653
British 28 Gun
Hired Ship
Stephen MarshBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1653
Captured
 
Relieving Force,
Richard BadileyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1649-1657
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Paragon (52) 1633-1655
British 52 Gun
2nd Rate Great Ship
1650 Renamed "Paragon"
Richard BadileyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1649-1657
,
George DakinsBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1648-1660
Fleet Flagship
Elizabeth (38) 1647-1667
British 38 Gun
4th Rate Ship
Jonas ReeveBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1648-1653
Phoenix (38) 1647-1664
British 38 Gun
4th Rate Frigate
Owen CoxBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1647-1653
Constant Warwick (32) 1649-1666
British 32 Gun
4th Rate Frigate
Richard PotterBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1653-1660
Mary Rose (32) 1652-1654
British 32 Gun
Hired Ship
Jeffrey DareBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1653-1666
Hired Merchantman
Lewis (30) 1646-1653
British 30 Gun
Hired Ship
William ElleBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1652-1653
Hired Merchantman
Peregrine (30) 1651-1653
British 30 Gun
Hired Ship
John WoodBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1652-1653
Thomas Bonaventure (28) 1647-1653
British 28 Gun
Hired Ship
George HughesBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1647-1653
Hired Merchantman
 

Dutch Republic

 
Dutch Squadron,
Johan van GalenDutch
Naval Sailor
Service 1602-1702
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Verenigde Provinciën (40) 1643-1665
Dutch 40 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
Johan van GalenDutch
Naval Sailor
Service 1602-1702
Fleet Flagship CO Killed
Ter Goes (48) 1641-1665
Dutch 48 Gun
4th Rate Ship
 
Maan (40) 1643-1656
Dutch 40 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
 
Vergulde Zon (40) 1640-1666
Dutch 40 Gun
4th Rate Ship
Pieter van ZalingenDutch
Naval Sailor
Maagd van Enkhuizen (34) 1650-1656
Dutch 34 Gun
4th Rate
 
Jonge Prins (28) 1634-1666
Dutch 28 Gun
4th Rate Ship
Cornelis Barentszoon SlordtDutch
Naval Sailor
Service 1602-1702
Julius Ceasar (28) 1653-1654
Dutch 28 Gun
Hired Ship
Jan Janszoon RootjesDutch
Naval Sailor
Zwarte Arend (28) 1652-1654
Dutch 28 Gun
Hired Ship
Salomons Oordeel (28) 1652-1653
Dutch 28 Gun
Hired Ship
Meyndert van OostwoutDutch
Naval Sailor
Roode Haas (28) 1652-1655
Dutch 28 Gun
6th Rate Ship
Adriaan RodenhaesDutch
Naval Sailor
Gouden Ster (30) 1644-1677
Dutch 30 Gun
5th Rate Ship
Hendrick GovertszoonDutch
Naval Sailor
Zutphen (26) 1636-1654
Dutch 26 Gun
5th Rate Ship
Hillebrand JeroenszoonDutch
Naval Sailor
Witte Olifant (28) 1652-1654
Dutch 28 Gun
Hired Ship
Sijbrant Janszoon MolDutch
Naval Sailor
Suzanna (28) 1652-1654
Dutch 28 Gun
Hired Ship
Daniel Janssen de VriesDutch
Naval Sailor
Madonna della Vigna (28) 1652-1653
Dutch 28 Gun
Hired Ship
Harman SonneDutch
Naval Sailor
Damaged
 

Notes on Action


The EngagementTRN2

The English goal was to enable Appleton's squadron to leave port and rejoin the fleet. Badiley had wanted Appleton to set sail at night, to improve his chances of escaping the Dutch.Alas, Appleton would not comply. Instead, while Badiley was still to the South, beyond the Dutch, Appleton's squadron sortied from the harbor mouth in broad daylight. The Dutch immediately attacked his squadron before Badiley could close. Early in the engagement, the Bonaventure, leading Appleton's squadron was hit by a shot from Van Galen's flagship, the Zeven Provincien, and exploded. The ship was destroyed, with only five men saved by the Dutch. Before that, the Bonaventure had fired and a shot hit Van Galen in the leg, causing his leg to have to be amputated. He died 9 days later.

The Leopard fought the Zon and Julius Caesar and inflicted heavy losses on them. The Maan fought and beat the Sampson, but a Dutch fireship came up on her disengaged side and burnt the Sampson, only 42 men of the crew of 130, including Edmund Seaman, were rescued. Both the Peregrine and Levant Merchant were captured. The Peregrine first lost her mainmast, shot by the Rodenhaes and then was boarded by the Susanna. The Peregrine eventually lost her mainmast, but had fought off the Susanna. The Zwarten Arend eventually captured the Peregrine. The Levant Merchant sank her first opponent, the Madonna della Vigna, or at least she was forced to run ashore, north of the harbor mouth. The Maagd van Enkhuysen then attacked and took the Levant Merchant. The Leopard, Appleton's flagship, was engaged by the Eendracht, and was eventually captured. In the end, only the Mary, which was faster than the Dutch ships, escaped to join Badiley's squadron.

Badiley eventually came up to engage. All the remaining Dutch ships engaged his squadron and after an initial exchange of gunfire, Badiley led his squadron in retreat.




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