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Battle of Osel

4th June 1719
Part of : Great Northern War (1700/02/22 - 1721/09/10)
Previous action : Attack on Strömstad 15.7.1717 - 19.7.1717
Next action : Battle of Marstrand 10.7.1719 - 17.7.1719

 

Sweden

 
Swedish Squadron,
G. WrangleSwedish
Naval Sailor
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Wachtmeister (56) 1681-1719
Swedish 56 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
 Fleet Flagship Captured
Karlskrona Vapen (26) 1714-1719
Swedish 26 Gun
6th Rate Frigate
  Captured
Bernhardus (10) 1719-1719
Swedish 10 Gun
6th Rate Brigantine
  Captured
 

Russia

 
Russian Squadron,
Naum Akimovich SeniavinRussian
Naval Sailor
Service 1680-1738
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Portsmut (54) 1714-1719
Russian 54 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
Naum Akimovich SeniavinRussian
Naval Sailor
Service 1680-1738
Fleet Flagship
Arkhangel Rafail (52) 1713-1724
Russian 52 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
 
Uriil (52) 1715-1722
Russian 52 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
 
Iagudiil (52) 1715-1722
Russian 52 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
 
Devonshir (52) 1714-1740
Russian 52 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
 
Varakhail (52) 1715-1724
Russian 52 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
 
Natalia (18) 1711-1724
Russian 18 Gun
Unrated Snow
 
 

Notes on Action


Description of the actionNWB

On May 11th, 1719, the first Russian cruisers got to sea from Revel under van Hofft. He had three battleships, three frigates, and a pink,[Perl 50, Uriil 52, Varachail 52, Samson 32, Lansdou 32, Sv. Ilya 32, and Aleksandr 24.] and sailed for Oland. He detached two of his ships to cruise off Gothland, and one of them, the Lansdou 32, heard from a prize that three Swedish warships had left Pillau for Stockholm with a convoy. Yan Hofft at once sent the Aleksandr 24 to Revel with the news, but remained with his own ships off Oland looking for a place to land. On receipt of the news Apraksin ordered Captain Senyavin to take every possible ship from Revel and look for the Swedes, and on May 26th the following squadron got to sea: Portsmut 52, Devonshir 52, Yagudiil 52, Uriil 52, Rafail 52, Varakail 52, Natalia 18.

The Swedes were the Wachtmeister 48 (52), Karlskrona Vapen 30 (34), and Bernhardus 10 (12). [Figures in brackets are Russian. Others are from Swedish list for this year (Wrangel i. Ap. 3)] They had left Stockholm on May 19th with the Ruskenfelt 32 to protect commerce, but the last-named ship had been detached. At day-break on June 4th the two squadrons met in the open sea, between Osel and Gottska Sando. Wrangel, the Swedish Commodore, of course retreated, running for Sandhamn, in the Stockholm skargard, and the Russians pursued. At about 6 a.m. the action began. The two leading Russian battleships, the Portsmut and Devonshir, attacked the Wachtmeister, but the Swedish fire directed at their rigging soon brought down two of the Portsmut' s topsail yards. The Devonshir now turned on the Karlskrona Vapen, and damaged her enough to let the Portsmut overtake and capture her. At the same time the Bernhardus struck, in spite of Wrangel's efforts to relieve her. For the moment the Wachtmeister looked like getting away, but about 1 p.m. the Rafail came up on one side and the Yagudiil on the other. Wrangel was severely wounded, but his successor Trplle kept up the unequal fight. At last, dismasted and leaking, on the arrival of the Portsmut and other Russian ships, Trolle surrendered at about 3 p.m. The Swedes lost 50 killed and 13 wounded, while the Russian casualties were only 18.




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