Recent updates


Recent Comments

2nd Battle of Cape Finisterre

14th October 1747
Part of : War of the Austrian Succession (1740/12/16 - 1748/10/18)
Previous action : Action of 1747-10-07 7.10.1747
Next action : Battle of Havana 12.10.1748

 

Royaume de France

 
French Line of Battle,
Ship NameCommanderNotes
L'Intrépide (74) 1747-1781
French 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Chevalier Louis-Philippe de Rigaud de VaudreuilFrench
Naval Sailor
Service 1698-1753
Le Trident (64) 1742-1747
French 64 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Captured
Le Terrible (78) 1739-1747
French 78 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
 130 killed and wounded Captured
Le Tonnant (80) 1743-1780
French 80 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
 Fleet Flagship
Le Monarque (74) 1747-1747
French 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
  Captured
Severn (48) 1746-1747
French 48 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
  Captured
Le Fougueux (64) 1747-1747
French 64 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
  Captured
Le Neptune (74) 1723-1747
French 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
 300 casualties Captured
 
Convoy Escort

252 merchantmen

Ship NameCommanderNotes
Le Content (64) 1747-1793
French 64 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
 
Le Castor (26) 1745-1747
French 26 Gun
6th Rate Frigate
 
 

Great Britain

 
British Line of Battle,
Edward HawkeBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1720-1776
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Devonshire (66) 1747-1772
British 66 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
 Fleet Flagship
Defiance (60) 1744-1766
British 60 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
John BentleyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1718-1770
Monmouth (70) 1742-1767
British 70 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Henry HarrisonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1706-1759
Kent (64) 1746-1757
British 64 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Thomas FoxBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1712-1749
Edinburgh (64) 1744-1771
British 64 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Thomas CoatesBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1722-1762
Yarmouth (64) 1745-1811
British 64 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Charles SaundersBritish
Naval Sailor
Marine
Service 1727-1773
Eagle (60) 1745-1767
British 60 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
George Brydges RodneyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1740-1782
Lion (58) 1738-1765
British 58 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
Arthur ScottBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1739-1750
Nottingham (60) 1745-1773
British 60 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
Philip SaumarezBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1743
Princess Louisa (60) 1744-1766
British 60 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
Charles WatsonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1734-1758
Windsor (60) 1745-1777
British 60 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
Thomas HanwayBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1729-1759
Tilbury (58) 1745-1757
British 58 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
Robert HarlandBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1729-1783
Gloucester (50) 1744-1764
British 50 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
Philip DurellBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1722-1769
Portland (50) 1744-1763
British 50 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
Charles SteevensBritish
Naval Sailor
Ship Owner
Service 1729
 
Ships not in the Line
Ship NameCommanderNotes
 

Sources


IDNameAuthorType

Previous comments on this page

Posted by Albert Parker on Thursday 4th of June 2020 04:19

Almost nobody, then or since, has given Hawke's ships below the line. Richmond, _Navy in the War of 1739-48_, III, map on p. 105, lists the following in addition to the ships of the line and 50s (type/gun rating from BWAS 1714-92)
Hector, 44
Weazle (as spelled in 1747), ship-sloop, 16
Vulcan, fireship, 8
Dolphin, fireship, 6
_Weazle_ was dispatched from the scene of the action direct to the West Indies to inform the commanders there (Pocock in the Leeward Islands after the death of Legge; Knowles at Jamaica) that a very large French convoy was on its way. These ships, were considered inadequate to take on an apparent remaining convoy escort that included a 26 and a "64."


Posted by Albert Parker on Thursday 4th of June 2020 03:18

P.S. The "Memoires des Hommes" Web site of the French Ministry of Defence, which has more detailed information about CdIO ships and their voyages, has been down for maintenance for a week or so (as of June 3, 2020).


Posted by Albert Parker on Thursday 4th of June 2020 03:11

On the date of the battle, French 64-gun ship of the line _Content_ was still being completed at the royal arsenal at Toulon (she had been launched earlier in the year). Earlier in 1747, the French government had sold a 60-gun ship of the line also named _Content_ to the Compagnie des Indes Orientales (CdIO), the French East India company. She was on her way to India and sailed in company with the convoy escorted by l'Étenduère's squadron. She was evidently part of a line of the largest or best-armed merchantmen that l'Étenduère designated to sail on the leeward side of the convoy to defend it against an attack from that quarter until the warships could swoop down from their proper position to windward. She followed the convoy, roughly when it made off ahead of frigate _Castor_. At some later time, she broke off and headed into the South Atlantic, stopping at Santa Catarina, in southern Brazil, from December 31, 1747 to January 1, 1748 (n.s.). The CdIO records I have about her do list her as having 60 guns, and that was her rate as a navy ship, but whether she actually had that many on her last voyage (she was disarmed at Ile de France [Mauritius] in 1749 and presumably broken up) is not certain. It was wartime, and the guns would have been helpful against a weak raider while she was proceeding independently, but would have compromised her merchandize and troop capacity. Her crew was smaller than her navy establishment, not counting an unknown number of company soldiers. The simultaneous existence of a navy 64 with the same name, and information that she was a 64 provided by French prisoners has confused many (but not all) naval historians and naval history writers for over 270 years. (l'Étenduère would have known the truth about her but unlike La Jonquière 5 months earlier, he wasn't captured; those who were might have been spoofing their captors, or might have been confused themselves.)

Make a comment about this page





Recent comments to other pages

Date postedByPage
Friday 7th of May 2021 08:49Joop Sluis
British Merchant east indiaman 'Welcome' (1686) 1686-1688
British Merchant East Indiaman
Friday 7th of May 2021 08:41Patricia Morgan
Samuel BurgessBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1790-1830
Tuesday 4th of May 2021 14:59C. Boveland
Thomas BaddisonBritish
Privateer
Service 1756
Tuesday 4th of May 2021 14:48C. Boveland
James DewarBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1747
Monday 3rd of May 2021 12:00B. J. Pryor
British Merchant packet 'General Wall' (1759) 1759-1761
British Merchant Packet