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Battle of Negapatam

3rd August 1758
Part of : Seven Years' War (1756/05/17 - 1763/02/10)
Previous action : The Siege of Louisbourg 6.6.1758 - 27.7.1758
Next action : Dreadnought v Le Palmier 2.9.1758

This was the second in a series of three actions between the British under Vice-Admiral Vice-Admiral George Pocock and the French Admiral Comte d'Ache in the Indian Ocean. The other actions were Cuddalore and Pondicherry.

The French squadron, excepting Le Zodiaque, belonged to the French Compagnie des Indies and were not French naval vessels.

 

Royaume de France

 
French Squadron,
Anne Antoine d'Aché (Comte d'Aché de Serquigny)French
Naval Sailor
Service 1717-1780
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Le Zodiaque (74) 1756-1784
French 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Jacques-Antoine de GothoFrench
Naval Sailor
Service 1710-1810
Fleet Flagship
Le Comte de Provence (68) 1756-1766
French 68 Gun
Merchant East Indiaman
Jean-Jacques de La ChaiseFrench
Naval Sailor
Service 1757-1759
Le Duc de Bourgogne (54) 1752-1761
French 54 Gun
Merchant East Indiaman
Le Vengeur (64) 1756-1765
French 64 Gun
3rd Rate East Indiaman
Le Duc d'Orléans (54) 1753-1761
French 54 Gun
Merchant East Indiaman
Jean-François de SurvilleFrench
Naval Sailor
Le Saint Louis (54) 1752-1770
French 54 Gun
4th Rate East Indiaman
Louis de JoannisFrench
Naval Sailor
Le Moras (60) 1755-1761
French 60 Gun
Merchant East Indiaman
Le Condé (50) 1753-1770
French 50 Gun
Merchant East Indiaman
Jacques Kerlero de RosboFrench
Naval Sailor
La Diligente (26) 1756-1761
French 26 Gun
5th Rate East Indiaman
Marc-Joseph Macé Marion du Fresne (Sieur du Fresne)French
Naval Sailor
Privateer
Merchant Sailor
Service 1735-1747
 

Great Britain

 
British Squadron,
George PocockBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1718-1766
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Elizabeth (64) 1737-1766
British 64 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Richard KempenfeltBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1728-1782
Squadron Flagship
Yarmouth (64) 1745-1811
British 64 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
John HarrisonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1732-1779
Fleet Flagship
Tiger (60) 1747-1765
British 60 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
1761 Renamed "Tiger Hulk"
Thomas LathamBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1735-1759
Weymouth (60) 1752-1772
British 60 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
John Stukley SomersetBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1755-1761
Cumberland (66) 1748-1760
British 66 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
 
Salisbury (50) 1746-1761
British 50 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
William BreretonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1745-1786
Newcastle (50) 1750-1761
British 50 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
 
Queenborough (24) 1747-1761
British 24 Gun
6th Rate Ship
Digby DentBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1758-1788
Not in the line
Protector (44) 1749-1761
British 44 Gun
Merchant East Indiaman
  Storeship, not in the line
 

Notes on Action


Description of the actionTRN3

At daylight on the 2nd, the enemy was not to be seen. In the evening, however, four sails were sighted inshore to the north-west; and on the 3rd, at 5 A.M., the British sighted the French fleet off Negapatam, about three miles to windward, formed in line of battle ahead, with the starboard tacks on board.



Pocock also formed his line of battle ahead on the starboard tack, and stood towards the French; and, seeing that the Comte de Provence, 74, led their van, he ordered the Elizabeth, 64, to take the place of the Tiger, 60, an inferior ship, as the leader of his own line. At 11 A.M., the wind dying away, the British were becalmed; though the enemy still had a light breeze from off the land, and, with it, stood on, their line stretching from east to west. On that course the French passed at right angles so close to the rear of the British that they might almost have cut off the Cumberland and Newcastle, the sternmost ships. At noon a sea breeze sprang up, and gave Pocock the weather-gage. Both fleets thereupon formed line afresh; and at 12.20 P.M. Pocock signalled to bear down and engage. The Elizabeth and Comte de Provence began the action; but, the latter's mizzen catching fire, she had to quit the line and cut away the mast. The French charge Pocock with throwing inflammables on board of them; but the Vice-Admiral does not seem to have taken any special measures for setting his opponents on fire, though certainly in this battle they were unusually unfortunate in that respect. The Elizabeth's next opponent was the Duc de Bourgogne, which, being hardly pressed, would have been assisted by the Zodiaque, had not the latter had her wheel carried away by a shot from the Yarmouth, her first antagonist. To repair it, she went under the lee of the Duc d' Orleans; but, as soon as she returned to the line, one of her lower-deck guns burst, and a fire broke out near her powder room. In the consequent confusion, her new steering gear gave way, so causing the ship to fall on board the Due d' Orleans; and, while the two ships were entangled together, both were heavily cannonaded with impunity by the Yarmouth and Tiger. By that time the Conde and Moras had been driven out of the line; and, at 2.8 P.M., the Zodiaque being free, M. d'Ache bore away. He was followed in about a quarter of an hour by the rest of his ships.



Pocock signalled for closer action; and the retiring enemy was badly mauled as he went off under all possible sail. The signal for a general chase followed; whereupon the French cut away the boats which most of them had towing astern; and crowded to the N.N.W. A running fight was maintained till about 3 P.M., when the French were out of range. Pocock, however, pursued until dark, and, at about 8 P.M., anchored three miles off Carical, while the French pursued their course to Pondicherry.



The fight, considering its indecisive character, was a very bloody one, especially on the side of the French, who lost 250 killed and 600 wounded. The Zodiaque alone lost 183 killed or dangerously wounded. On the British side, however, only 31 were killed and 166 wounded. Both d'Ache and Pocock received slight injuries; and Commodore Stevens had a musket wound in his shoulder. Aloft the British suffered more than the French; and, had the weather not been fine, many of them must have lost their masts.




Previous comments on this page

Posted by Cy on Saturday 12th of January 2019 14:00

Time machine? or possibly a confusion of de la Pallières.

Any suggestions?


Posted by Rasmus on Saturday 12th of January 2019 13:18

How can Jean Anne Christy de la Pallière born 1755 have been captain of the Vengeur in 1758? He started his sailing career in 1773...

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