Glorious 1st of June

Combat de Prairial

Bataille du 13 prairial an 2

Third Battle of Ushant

1st June 1794
Fought at : North Atlantic Ocean
Part of : The French Revolutionary Wars (1793 - 1802)
Previous action : Carysfort vs Castor 29th May 1794
Next action : Artois vs Revolutionnaire 17th June 1794

The first fleet action of the French Revolutionary Wars.

 

République française

 
Vanguard, François Joseph Bouvet de Précourt
Ship NameGunsCommanderNotes
Convention (74) 74Joseph Allary
Apollon (74) 74 Tardy
L'América (74) 74Louis L'Heritier134 killed, 110 wounded Captured
Le Téméraire (74) 74Jacques-Gerard Morel
Le Terrible (110) 110Pierre-Jacques LongerSquadron Flagship Lost main and mizen masts.
L'Impétueux (74) 74Pierre Douville100 killed, 85 wounded Captured
Mucius (74) 74 Lareguy Dismasted
L'Éole (74) 74Bertrand Keranguen CO Killed
Le Tourville (74) 74Adrien Langlois
 
Main Body, Louis Thomas Villaret de Joyeuse
Ship NameGunsCommanderNotes
Le Trajan (74) 74 
Le Tyrannicide (74) 74Alain Joseph Dordelin
Juste (80) 80 100 killed, 145 wounded Captured
Montagne (118) 122Paul BazireFleet Flagship 313 total CO Killed
Jacobin (84) 88 Gassin
Achille (74) 74Guillaume Jean Noel La Villegris Captured
Le Northumberland (74) 74Jean Pierre Étienne Captured
Vengeur du Peuple (74) 74  Captured
Le Patriote (74) 74 
 
Rearguard, Joseph Marie Nielly
Ship NameGunsCommanderNotes
L'Entreprenant (74) 74Antoine Maximilien César Lefrancq
Le Neptune (74) 74Pierre Tiphaine
Le Jemmapes (74) 74 Desmartis
Trente-et-un Mai (74) 74Honoré Joseph Antoine Ganteaume
Républicain (106) 110Pierre-Mandé Lebeau
Le Sans Pareil (84) 84Jean François Courand Captured
Scipion (80) 80 Huguet
Pelletier (74) 74 Berrade
 
French Frigates
Ship NameGunsCommanderNotes
La Precieuse (32) 32  Vanguard
La Naïade (18) 18  Vanguard
La Proserpine (38) 38  Main Body
La Tamise (32) 32Jean Marthe Adrien L'Hermitte Main Body
Le Papillon (14) 14  Main Body
Le Galatée (32) 32  Reaguard
Gentille (32) 32  Reaguard
 

Great Britain

 
British Fleet, Lord Richard Howe (1st Earl Howe)
Ship NameGunsCommanderNotes
Queen Charlotte (100) 100Sir Andrew Snape DouglasFleet Flagship
Royal Sovereign (100) 100Henry NichollsSquadron Flagship
Royal George (100) 100William DomettSquadron Flagship
Impregnable (98) 98George Blagden Westcott
Glory (98) 98John Elphinstone
Barfleur (90) 98Cuthbert Collingwood
Queen (90) 90John Hutt
Gibraltar (80) 80Thomas Mackenzie
Caesar (80) 80Anthony James Pye Molloy
Thunderer (74) 74Albemarle Bertie
Alfred (74) 74John Bazely8 wounded
Leviathan (74) 74Hugh Seymour Conway
Orion (74) 74John Thomas Duckworth
Bellerophon (74) 74William Johnstone Hope
Brunswick (74) 74John Harvey
Defence (74) 74James Gambier18 killed, 39 wounded
Culloden (74) 74Isaac Schomberg2 killed, 5 wounded
Invincible (74) 74The Hon. Thomas Pakenham 14 killed, 31 wounded
Majestic (74) 74Charles Cotton3 killed, 18 wounded
Marlborough (74) 74John Monkton
Montagu (74) 74James Montagu4 killed, 13 wounded CO Killed
Ramillies (74) 74Henry Harvey2 killed, 7 wounded
Russell (74) 74John Willett Payne8 killed, 26 wounded
Tremendous (74) 74James Pigot3 killed, 8 wounded
Valiant (74) 74Thomas Pringle
 
British lighter vessels
Ship NameGunsCommanderNotes
Charon (44) 8George Countess Hospital Ship
Phaeton (38) 38William Bentinck
Latona (38) 38Edward Thornbrough
Venus (36) 32William Brown
Aquilon (32) 32Robert Stopford
Niger (32) 32Arthur Kaye Legge
Southampton (32) 32Robert Allaster Forbes
Pegasus (28) 28Robert Barlow
Kingfisher (18) 18Thomas Le Marchant Gosselin
Ranger (14) 14Isaac Cotgrave
Rattler (10) 10John Winne
Comet (8) 8William Bradley
Incendiary (8) 8John Cooke
 

Notes on Action


Naval General Service MedalEWIKI
A Naval General Service Medal Clasp was authorised for this action in 1847

Sources

IDDescriptionAuthorType
EWIKI WikipediaVariousWeb Site

Previous comments on this page

Posted by Cy on Saturday 16th of September 2017 12:45

Unfortunately the algorythm isn't clever enough to deduce that Donnelly took over when the captain was killed. I've had change Donnelly's data of command to the 2nd to show the correct Captain's name at the start of the action


Posted by Tony Willoughby on Saturday 16th of September 2017 11:48

Donnelly was not killed in this action - he was James Montagu's lieutenant and no doubt took command after Montagu's death - you have Donnelly's death down as 1840


Posted by Tony Willoughby on Wednesday 13th of September 2017 21:15

I believe that James Montagu was the captain of the Montagu, who died in this battle


Posted by cy on Sunday 3rd of September 2017 14:05

Yes, Seymour and Duckworth swapped commands at some point in 1794. At least we now know it was after 1st June. Should be showing correctly now.


Posted by Tim Oakley on Sunday 3rd of September 2017 07:02

I have Lord Hugh Seymour as being in command of Leviathan during the battle? as does the above article


Posted by Brian Stephens on Wednesday 7th of May 2014 18:27

The Gentleman's magazine. v. 64:pt. 2 (1794).
Admiralty Office, June 21 - In the extract of the journal herein enclosed, the proceedings of the fleet are stated from the time of leaving St. Helen's on the 2d of last month to that of the first discovery of the French fleet on the 28th of the same. I have now therefore to relate the subsequent transaction not already communicated in my dispatch of the 2d inst, to be delivered by my First Captain Sir Roger Curtis. Early in the morning of the 28th, the enemy were discovered by the advanced frigates far distant on the weather bow; the wind was fresh from the S. by W. with a very rough sea. They came down, for some time, in a loose order, seemingly unapprized that they had the British fleet in view. After hauling to the wind when they came nearer, they were some hours before they could completely form in regular order of sailing. The time required for the enemy to perfect their disposition had facilitated the nearer approach of his Majesty's fleet to them, and for the separately appointed and detached part of it, Commanded by Rear-Admiral Pasley, to be placed more advantageously for making an impression on their rear. The signals denoted that intention being made, the Rear-Admiral, near upon the close of day, led this division on with peculiar firmness, and attacked a three deck ship (the Revolutionaire)the stern-most in the enemy's line. Making known soon after that he had a topmast disabled, assistance was directed to be given to him in that situation. The quick approach of night only allowed me to observe that Lord Hugh Seymour (Conway) in the Leviathan, with equal good judgement and determined courage pushed up along side the three decked French ship, and was supported, as it appeared, by Capt. Parker of the Audacious, in the most spirited manner. The darkness which now prevailed did not admit of my making anymore accurate observation on the conduct of those ships and others concerned in the same service; but I have since learnt that the Leviathan stretched on farther ahead for bringing the second ship from the enemy's rear to action as soon as her former station could be occupied by a succeeding British; also that the tree decked ship in the enemy's rear as aforesaid, being unsustained, by their other ships, struck to the Audacious; and that they parted company together soon after. The two opponent fleets continued on the starboard tact in a parallel direction, the enemy still to windward, the remainder of the night. The Bristish fleet appearing in the morning of the 29th, when in order of battle, to be far enough advanced for the ships in the van to make some farther impression on the enemy's rear, tact in succession with the intent; the enemy wore hereupon from van to rear, and continued edging down in line ahead to engage the van of the British fleet. When arrived at such distance to be just able to reach our most advanced ships, as they cam successively into the wake of their respective seconds ahead, opened with that distant fire upon the head-most ships of the British van. The signal for passing through their line, made when the fleet tacked before, was then renewed. It could not be for some time seen, through the fire form the two fleets in the van, to what extent that signal was complied with. But, as the smoke at intervals dispersed, that the Caesar, the leading ship of the British van, after being about on the starboard tack and come abreast of the Queen Charlotte, had not kept to the wind; and that the appointed movement would consequently be liable to sail of the proposed effect. The Queen Charlotte was therefore immediately tacked; and, followed by the Bellerophon, her second astern, (and soon after joined by the Leviathan*) passed through in action, between the fifth and sixth ships in the rear of the enemy's line, she was put about again on the starboard-tack forthwith after the enemy, in preparation for renewing the action with the advantage of that weathermost situation. The rest of the British fleet being at this time passing to leeward and without the stern most ships, mostly of the French line, the enemy wore again to the eastward in succession for securing the disabled ships of their rear, which intention, by reason of the disunited state of the fleet, and having no more than the two crippled ships, the Bellerophon and Leviathan, at that time near me, I was unable to obstruct. The enemy, having succeeded in that operation, wore round again, after some distant cannonading of the nearest British ships, occasionally returned and stood away in order of battle on the starboard tack, followed by the British fleet in the same order(but with the weather gage retained) as soon as the ships coming forward to close with the Queen Charlotte were suitably arranged. The fleets remained separated some few miles, in view at times on the intermission of a thick fog, which lasted most part of the two next days.

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