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Glorious 1st of June

Combat de Prairial

Bataille du 13 prairial an 2

Third Battle of Ushant

1st June 1794
Fought at : North Atlantic Ocean - Atlantic Ocean
Part of : The French Revolutionary Wars (1793 - 1802)
Previous action : Carysfort vs Castor 29.5.1794
Next action : Capture of the Sibylle 17.6.1794

The first fleet action of the French Revolutionary Wars.

 

République Française

 
Vanguard,
François Joseph Bouvet de PrécourtFrench
Naval Sailor
Merchant Sailor
Service 1765-1817
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Convention (74) 1780-1811
French 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
1792 Renamed "Convention"
1800 Renamed "Marengo"
Joseph AllaryFrench
Naval Sailor
Service 1747-1807
Apollon (74) 1788-1798
French 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
1794 Renamed "Gasparin"
1794 Renamed "Apollon"
1797 Renamed "Marceauin"
TardyFrench
Naval Sailor
L'América (74) 1788-1794
French 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Louis L'HeritierFrench
Naval Sailor
Service 1747-1823
134 killed, 110 wounded Captured
Le Téméraire (74) 1782-1803
French 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Jacques-Gerard MorelFrench
Naval Sailor
Service 1747
Le Terrible (110) 1780-1804
French 110 Gun
1st Rate Ship of the Line
Chevalier Pierre-Jacques LongerFrench
Naval Sailor
Service 1778-1794
Squadron Flagship Lost main and mizen masts.
L'Impétueux (74) 1787-1794
French 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Pierre DouvilleFrench
Naval Sailor
Service 1794
100 killed, 85 wounded Captured
Mucius (74) 1787-1804
French 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
1793 Renamed "Mucius"
LareguyFrench
Naval Sailor
Dismasted
L'Éole (74) 1789-1816
French 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Bertrand de KeranguenFrench
Naval Sailor
Ship Owner
Service 1781-1782
CO Killed
Le Tourville (74) 1788-1841
French 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Adrien LangloisFrench
Naval Sailor
 
Main Body,
Louis Thomas Villaret de JoyeuseFrench
Naval Sailor
Service 1802-1809
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Le Trajan (74) 1792-1805
French 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
1797 Renamed "Gaulois"
 
Le Tyrannicide (74) 1793-1802
French 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
1800 Renamed "Desaix"
Alain Joseph DordelinFrench
Naval Sailor
Administrator
Marine
Service 1786-1812
Juste (80) 1784-1794
French 80 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
1792 Renamed "Juste"
 100 killed, 145 wounded Captured
Montagne (122) 1790-1855
French 122 Gun
1st Rate Ship of the Line
1793 Renamed "Côte d'Or"
1793 Renamed "Montagne"
1795 Renamed "Peuple"
1795 Renamed "Océan"
Paul BazireFrench
Naval Sailor
Fleet Flagship 313 total CO Killed
Jacobin (88) 1778-1795
French 88 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
1793 Renamed "Jacobin"
1794 Renamed "Neuf Thermidor"
GassinFrench
Naval Sailor
Achille (74) 1778-1794
French 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
1786 Renamed "Achille"
Guillaume Jean Noel La VillegrisFrench
Naval Sailor
Service 1752-1807
Captured
Le Northumberland (74) 1780-1794
French 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Jean Pierre ÉtienneFrench
Naval Sailor
Service 1798
Captured
Vengeur du Peuple (74) 1766-1794
French 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
1794 Renamed "Vengeur du Peuple"
  Captured
Le Patriote (74) 1785-1832
French 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
 
 
Rearguard,
Joseph Marie NiellyFrench
Naval Sailor
Service 1793-1794
Ship NameCommanderNotes
L'Entreprenant (74) 1787-1803
French 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Antoine Maximilien César LefrancqFrench
Naval Sailor
Service 1757-1828
Le Neptune (74) 1778-1795
French 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Pierre TiphaineFrench
Naval Sailor
Privateer
Service 1757
Le Jemmapes (74) 1794-1820
French 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
DesmartisFrench
Naval Sailor
Trente-et-un Mai (74) 1791-1805
French 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
1794 Renamed "Trente-et-un Mai"
1795 Renamed "Republicaine"
1796 Renamed "Mont Blanc"
1791 Renamed "Mont Blanc"
Honoré Joseph Antoine GanteaumeFrench
Naval Sailor
Service 1786-1813
Républicain (110) 1780-1794
French 110 Gun
1st Rate Ship of the Line
1792 Renamed "Républicain"
Pierre-Mandé LebeauFrench
Naval Sailor
Le Sans Pareil (84) 1793-1794
French 84 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Jean François CourandFrench
Naval Sailor
Service 1751-1816
Captured
Scipion (84) 1765-1795
French 84 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
1794 Renamed "Scipion"
HuguetFrench
Naval Sailor
Pelletier (74) 1783-1796
French 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
1793 Renamed "Pelletier"
1795 Renamed "Séduisant"
BerradeFrench
Naval Sailor
 
French Frigates
Ship NameCommanderNotes
La Precieuse (32) 1778-1814
French 32 Gun
5th Rate Frigate
  Vanguard
La Naïade (18) 1793-1805
French 18 Gun
Unrated Brig-Corvette
  Vanguard
La Proserpine (38) 1785-1796
French 38 Gun
5th Rate Frigate
  Main Body
La Tamise (32) 1793-1796
French 32 Gun
5th Rate Frigate
Jean Marthe Adrien L'HermitteFrench
Naval Sailor
Service 1780-1816
Main Body
Le Papillon (14) 1793-1803
French 14 Gun
Unrated Brig
  Main Body
La Galatée (32) 1779-1795
French 32 Gun
5th Rate Frigate
  Reaguard
La Gentille (32) 1778-1795
French 32 Gun
5th Rate Frigate
  Reaguard
 

Great Britain

 
British Fleet,
Lord Richard Howe (1st Earl Howe)British
Naval Sailor
Marine
Service 1736-1799

By order of the C-in-C the British Fleet carried the Red Ensign. The various flagships carried the following.

Quuen Charlotte                   Union at the Main

Royal Sovereign                   White at the Main

Royal George                       Blue at the Main

Barfleur                               Red at the Fore

Impergnable                        White at the Fore

Queen                                 Blue at the Fore

Bellerophon                         White at the Mizzen

Ship NameCommanderNotes
Queen Charlotte (100) 1790-1800
British 100 Gun
1st Rate Ship of the Line
Sir Andrew Snape DouglasBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1770-1797
Fleet Flagship
Royal Sovereign (100) 1786-1841
British 100 Gun
1st Rate Ship of the Line
1825 Renamed "Captain"
Henry NichollsBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1780-1814
Squadron Flagship
Royal George (100) 1788-1822
British 100 Gun
1st Rate Ship of the Line
William DomettBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1769-1819
Squadron Flagship
Impregnable (98) 1786-1799
British 98 Gun
2nd Rate Ship of the Line
George Blagden WestcottBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1777-1787
Glory (98) 1788-1825
British 98 Gun
2nd Rate Ship of the Line
Francis PenderBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1772-1814
,
John ElphinstoneBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1774-1795
Barfleur (98) 1768-1819
British 98 Gun
2nd Rate Ship of the Line
Cuthbert CollingwoodBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1693-1802
Queen (90) 1769-1811
British 90 Gun
2nd Rate Ship of the Line
John HuttBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1773-1794
Gibraltar (80) 1780-1836
British 80 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Thomas MackenzieBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1765-1810
Caesar (80) 1793-1821
British 80 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Anthony James Pye MolloyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1768-1794
Thunderer (74) 1783-1814
British 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Albemarle BertieBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1777-1814
Alfred (74) 1778-1814
British 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
John BazelyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1753-1805
8 wounded
Leviathan (74) 1790-1848
British 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Hugh Seymour ConwayBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1776-1794
Orion (74) 1787-1814
British 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
John Thomas DuckworthBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1759-1817
Bellerophon (74) 1786-1836
British 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
1824 Renamed "Captivity"
William Johnstone HopeBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1782-1789
Brunswick (74) 1790-1826
British 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
John HarveyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1753-1791
Defence (74) 1762-1811
British 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
James GambierBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1767-1830
18 killed, 39 wounded
Culloden (74) 1783-1813
British 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Isaac SchombergBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1777-1803
2 killed, 5 wounded
Invincible (74) 1765-1801
British 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
The Hon. Thomas PakenhamBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1776-1821
14 killed, 31 wounded
Majestic (74) 1785-1816
British 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Charles CottonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1772-1810
3 killed, 18 wounded
Marlborough (74) 1767-1800
British 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
George Cranfield BerkeleyBritish
Naval Sailor
Administrator
Service 1766-1814
,
John MonktonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1777-1814
Montagu (74) 1779-1818
British 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
James MontaguBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1771-1794
4 killed, 13 wounded CO Killed
Ramillies (74) 1785-1850
British 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Henry HarveyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1751-1805
2 killed, 7 wounded
Russell (74) 1764-1811
British 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
John Willett PayneBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1766-1802
8 killed, 26 wounded
Tremendous (74) 1784-1807
British 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
James PigotBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1761-1810
3 killed, 8 wounded
Valiant (74) 1759-1826
British 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Thomas PringleBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1760-1801
 
British lighter vessels
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Charon (8) 1783-1805
British 8 Gun
5th Rate Ship
George CountessBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1774-1810
Hospital Ship
Phaeton (38) 1782-1828
British 38 Gun
5th Rate Frigate
William BentinckBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1782-1810
Latona (38) 1781-1816
British 38 Gun
5th Rate Frigate
Edward ThornbroughBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1773-1819
Venus (32) 1758-1828
British 32 Gun
5th Rate Frigate
1807 Renamed "Heroine"
William BrownBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1788-1815
Aquilon (32) 1786-1815
British 32 Gun
5th Rate Frigate
Robert StopfordBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1780-1830
Niger (32) 1759-1814
British 32 Gun
5th Rate Frigate
1813 Renamed "Negro"
The Hon. Arthur Kaye LeggeBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1789-1820
Southampton (32) 1757-1812
British 32 Gun
5th Rate Frigate
Robert Allaster ForbesBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1782-1795
Pegasus (28) 1779-1816
British 28 Gun
6th Rate Frigate
Robert BarlowBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1778-1823
Kingfisher (18) 1782-1798
British 18 Gun
Unrated Sloop
Thomas Le Marchant GosselinBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1787-1841
Ranger (14) 1787-1794
British 14 Gun
Unrated Cutter
Isaac CotgraveBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1780-1802
Rattler (10) 1793-1796
British 10 Gun
Hired Cutter
John WinneBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1790-1802
Comet (8) 1783-1800
British 8 Gun
Unrated Fireship
William BradleyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1778-1812
Incendiary (8) 1782-1801
British 8 Gun
Unrated Fireship
John CookeBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1776-1794
 

Notes on Action


Naval General Service MedalE-WIKI
A Naval General Service Medal Clasp was authorised for this action in 1847

Sources


IDNameAuthorType
E-WIKIWikipediaVarious, Web Site

Previous comments on this page

Posted by Joel Burden on Saturday 21st of September 2019 22:47

Francis Pender was no longer commanding Glory (98) at the battle. He transferred to Resolution (74) in April 1794 where he served as flag captain to Rear Admiral Hon George Murray in a squadron posted to the North American station. He had a knack for missing major battles, later missing Trafalgar when he was detached from Nelson's fleet when commanding Queen (90) just a few days ahead of the engagement, being sent on a mission to obtain fresh water for the fleet from Gibraltar.


Posted by Cy on Saturday 16th of September 2017 12:45

Unfortunately the algorythm isn't clever enough to deduce that Donnelly took over when the captain was killed. I've had change Donnelly's data of command to the 2nd to show the correct Captain's name at the start of the action


Posted by Tony Willoughby on Saturday 16th of September 2017 11:48

Donnelly was not killed in this action - he was James Montagu's lieutenant and no doubt took command after Montagu's death - you have Donnelly's death down as 1840


Posted by Tony Willoughby on Wednesday 13th of September 2017 21:15

I believe that James Montagu was the captain of the Montagu, who died in this battle


Posted by cy on Sunday 3rd of September 2017 14:05

Yes, Seymour and Duckworth swapped commands at some point in 1794. At least we now know it was after 1st June. Should be showing correctly now.


Posted by Tim Oakley on Sunday 3rd of September 2017 07:02

I have Lord Hugh Seymour as being in command of Leviathan during the battle? as does the above article


Posted by Brian Stephens on Wednesday 7th of May 2014 18:27

The Gentleman's magazine. v. 64:pt. 2 (1794).
Admiralty Office, June 21 - In the extract of the journal herein enclosed, the proceedings of the fleet are stated from the time of leaving St. Helen's on the 2d of last month to that of the first discovery of the French fleet on the 28th of the same. I have now therefore to relate the subsequent transaction not already communicated in my dispatch of the 2d inst, to be delivered by my First Captain Sir Roger Curtis. Early in the morning of the 28th, the enemy were discovered by the advanced frigates far distant on the weather bow; the wind was fresh from the S. by W. with a very rough sea. They came down, for some time, in a loose order, seemingly unapprized that they had the British fleet in view. After hauling to the wind when they came nearer, they were some hours before they could completely form in regular order of sailing. The time required for the enemy to perfect their disposition had facilitated the nearer approach of his Majesty's fleet to them, and for the separately appointed and detached part of it, Commanded by Rear-Admiral Pasley, to be placed more advantageously for making an impression on their rear. The signals denoted that intention being made, the Rear-Admiral, near upon the close of day, led this division on with peculiar firmness, and attacked a three deck ship (the Revolutionaire)the stern-most in the enemy's line. Making known soon after that he had a topmast disabled, assistance was directed to be given to him in that situation. The quick approach of night only allowed me to observe that Lord Hugh Seymour (Conway) in the Leviathan, with equal good judgement and determined courage pushed up along side the three decked French ship, and was supported, as it appeared, by Capt. Parker of the Audacious, in the most spirited manner. The darkness which now prevailed did not admit of my making anymore accurate observation on the conduct of those ships and others concerned in the same service; but I have since learnt that the Leviathan stretched on farther ahead for bringing the second ship from the enemy's rear to action as soon as her former station could be occupied by a succeeding British; also that the tree decked ship in the enemy's rear as aforesaid, being unsustained, by their other ships, struck to the Audacious; and that they parted company together soon after. The two opponent fleets continued on the starboard tact in a parallel direction, the enemy still to windward, the remainder of the night. The Bristish fleet appearing in the morning of the 29th, when in order of battle, to be far enough advanced for the ships in the van to make some farther impression on the enemy's rear, tact in succession with the intent; the enemy wore hereupon from van to rear, and continued edging down in line ahead to engage the van of the British fleet. When arrived at such distance to be just able to reach our most advanced ships, as they cam successively into the wake of their respective seconds ahead, opened with that distant fire upon the head-most ships of the British van. The signal for passing through their line, made when the fleet tacked before, was then renewed. It could not be for some time seen, through the fire form the two fleets in the van, to what extent that signal was complied with. But, as the smoke at intervals dispersed, that the Caesar, the leading ship of the British van, after being about on the starboard tack and come abreast of the Queen Charlotte, had not kept to the wind; and that the appointed movement would consequently be liable to sail of the proposed effect. The Queen Charlotte was therefore immediately tacked; and, followed by the Bellerophon, her second astern, (and soon after joined by the Leviathan*) passed through in action, between the fifth and sixth ships in the rear of the enemy's line, she was put about again on the starboard-tack forthwith after the enemy, in preparation for renewing the action with the advantage of that weathermost situation. The rest of the British fleet being at this time passing to leeward and without the stern most ships, mostly of the French line, the enemy wore again to the eastward in succession for securing the disabled ships of their rear, which intention, by reason of the disunited state of the fleet, and having no more than the two crippled ships, the Bellerophon and Leviathan, at that time near me, I was unable to obstruct. The enemy, having succeeded in that operation, wore round again, after some distant cannonading of the nearest British ships, occasionally returned and stood away in order of battle on the starboard tack, followed by the British fleet in the same order(but with the weather gage retained) as soon as the ships coming forward to close with the Queen Charlotte were suitably arranged. The fleets remained separated some few miles, in view at times on the intermission of a thick fog, which lasted most part of the two next days.

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