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Battle of the Chesapeake

Battle of the Virginia Capes

Battle of the Capes

5th September 1781
Fought at : Chesapeake Bay - North America - Atlantic Ocean
Part of : The American War of Independence (1775/04/19 - 1784/01/14)
Previous action : Action off Sandy Hook 15.8.1781
Next action : Capture of HMS Iris and HMS Richmond 11.9.1781

 

Great Britain

 
British Rear,
Francis Samuel DrakeBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1749-1780
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Alfred (74) 1778-1814
British 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
William BayneBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1749-1782
no casualties
Belliqueux (64) 1780-1816
British 64 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Thomas FitzherbertBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1739-1794
,
James BrineBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1757-1810
no casualties
Invincible (74) 1765-1801
British 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Charles SaxtonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1747-1806
no casualties
Barfleur (98) 1768-1819
British 98 Gun
2nd Rate Ship of the Line
Alexander HoodBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1755-1795
Squadron Flagship no casualties
Monarch (74) 1765-1813
British 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Lord Francis ReynoldsBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1752-1787
no casualties
Centaur (74) 1759-1782
British 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Edward Tyrrel SmithBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1767-1812
,
The Hon. Charles FitzgeraldBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1778-1808
no casualties
 
British Center,
Thomas GravesBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1741-1802
Ship NameCommanderNotes
America (64) 1777-1807
British 64 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Samuel ThompsonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1739-1788
no casualties
Bedford (74) 1775-1817
British 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Thomas GravesBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1765-1812
no casualties
Resolution (74) 1770-1813
British 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Lord Robert MannersBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1778-1782
3 killed, 16 wounded
London (90) 1766-1811
British 90 Gun
2nd Rate Ship of the Line
David GravesBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1764-1799
Fleet Flagship 4 killed, 18 wounded
Royal Oak (74) 1769-1815
British 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
1805 Renamed "Assistance"
John Plummer ArdesoifBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1753-1782
4 killed, 5 wounded
Montagu (74) 1779-1818
British 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
George BowenBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1770-1814
8 killed, 22 wounded
Europe (64) 1765-1814
British 64 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
1778 Renamed "Europe"
Smith ChildBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1753-1810
9 killed, 18 wounded
 
British Van,
Sir Samuel Hood (1st Baronet Hood)British
Naval Sailor
Service 1741-1790
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Terrible (74) 1762-1781
British 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
The Hon. William Clement FinchBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1772-1794
4 killed, 21 wounded
Ajax (74) 1767-1785
British 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Nicholas CharringtonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1773-1801
7 killed, 16 wounded
Princessa (70) 1780-1809
British 70 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Charles KnatchbullBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1766-1783
Squadron Flagship 6 killed, 11 wounded
Alcide (74) 1779-1817
British 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Charles ThompsonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1754-1799
2 killed, 18 wounded
Intrepid (64) 1770-1815
British 64 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Anthony James Pye MolloyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1768-1794
21 killed, 35 wounded
Shrewsbury (74) 1758-1783
British 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Mark RobinsonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1740-1787
14 killed, 52 wounded
 
Ships not in the Line
Ship NameCommanderNotes
 
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Fortunee (38) 1779-1800
British 38 Gun
5th Rate Frigate
Hugh Cloberry ChristianBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1771-1797
Nymphe (36) 1780-1810
British 36 Gun
5th Rate Frigate
John FordBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1753-1795
Orpheus (32) 1780-1807
British 32 Gun
5th Rate Frigate
John ColpoysBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1755-1809
Richmond (32) 1757-1781
British 32 Gun
5th Rate Frigate
 
Medea (28) 1778-1805
British 28 Gun
6th Rate Frigate
Henry DuncanBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1755-1782
Sibyl (28) 1779-1798
British 28 Gun
6th Rate Frigate
1795 Renamed "Garland"
John RodneyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1778-1795
Solebay (28) 1763-1782
British 28 Gun
Unrated Frigate
Charles Holmes EverittBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1766-1793
Salamander (8) 1776-1783
British 8 Gun
Unrated Sloop
1778 Renamed "Salamander"
Edward BowaterBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1775-1814
 

Royaume de France

 
French Van,
Louis Antoine Bougainville (Comte de Bougainville)French
Naval Sailor
Service 1770-1802
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Le Marseillais (74) 1766-1794
French 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
1794 Renamed "Vengeur du Peuple"
Le Bourgogne (74) 1766-1783
French 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Le Refléchi (64) 1776-1793
French 64 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
1793 Renamed "Turot"
Charles Louis de Bernard de Marigny (Chevalier )French
Naval Sailor
Service 1756-1782
,
Jean François Emmanuel Brune de BoadesFrench
Naval Sailor
Service 1681-1781
CO Killed
L'Auguste (84) 1778-1795
French 84 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
1793 Renamed "Jacobin"
1794 Renamed "Neuf Thermidor"
Pierre Joseph CastellanFrench
Naval Sailor
Service 1781-1782
Squadron Flagship 10 killed, 58 wounded
Le Diadème (74) 1756-1797
French 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
1792 Renamed "Brutus"
Louis Augustin MontecercFrench
Naval Sailor
Le Saint Esprit (84) 1765-1795
French 84 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
1794 Renamed "Scipion"
Le Caton (64) 1777-1782
French 64 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
de Framond (Comte )French
Naval Sailor
 
French Center,
Chevalier Louis René Levassor de La ToucheFrench
Naval Sailor
Service 1765-1781
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Le César (74) 1768-1782
French 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Le Destin (74) 1777-1793
French 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
La Ville de Paris (104) 1764-1782
French 104 Gun
2nd Rate Ship of the Line
Antoine Cresp de Saint-CézaireFrench
Naval Sailor
Service 1781
,
Fleet Flagship
La Victoire (74) 1770-1793
French 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Le Sceptre (74) 1780-1811
French 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
1792 Renamed "Convention"
1800 Renamed "Marengo"
Louis Rigaud de Vaudreuil (1st Comte de Vaudreuil)French
Naval Sailor
Service 1781-1783
Le Northumberland (74) 1780-1794
French 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Bon Chrétien de Briqueville (Marquis )French
Naval Sailor
Service 1743-1784
Le Palmier (74) 1752-1782
French 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Jean-François d'Arros (Baron d'Argelos)French
Naval Sailor
Service 1731-1784
Le Solitaire (64) 1774-1782
French 64 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
 
French Rear,
François-Aymar de Monteil (Comte de Monteil)French
Naval Sailor
Service 1741-1787
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Le Citoyen (74) 1764-1793
French 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Alexandre de Thy (Comte d'Ethy)French
Naval Sailor
Service 1729-1789
Le Scipion (74) 1778-1782
French 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Le Magnanime (74) 1779-1793
French 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
L'Hercule (74) 1778-1794
French 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
1795 Renamed "Hydre"
Le Languedoc (90) 1766-1799
French 90 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
1794 Renamed "Antifédéraliste"
1795 Renamed "Victoire"
Squadron Flagship
Le Zélé (74) 1763-1806
French 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
1805 Renamed "Reserve"
Balthazar Gras-PrévilleFrench
Naval Sailor
L'Hector (74) 1755-1782
French 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Le Souverain (74) 1757-1798
French 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
1792 Renamed "Peuple Souverain"
Jean-Baptiste de Glandevès du Castellet (Baron de Glandevès)French
Naval Sailor
Administrator
Service 1741-1791
 
Ships not in the Line
Ship NameCommanderNotes
 

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