Battle of Grenada

6th July 1779
Part of : The American War of Independence (1775/04/19 - 1784/01/14)
Previous action : Capture of the Revenge 5.6.1779
Next action : Penobscot Expedition 24.7.1779 - 12.8.1779


Great Britain

Ship NameCommanderNotes
Princess Royal (98) William Blair (1741-1782)
Fame (74) John Butchart (d.1796)
Cornwall (74) Timothy Edwards (1731-1780)
Albion (74) George Bowyer (1740-1800)
Prince of Wales (74) Benjamin Hill (d.1785)
Suffolk (74) Hugh Cloberry Christian (1747-1798)7 killed, 25 wounded
Magnificent (74) John Elphinstone (1722-1785)
Royal Oak (74) Henry Francis Evans (d.1781)
Elizabeth (74) Frederick Lewis Maitland (1729/30-1786)
Grafton (74) Thomas Collingwood (d.1780)
Conqueror (74) Harry Harmood (1739-1809)
Sultan (74) Alan Gardner (1742-1809)
Boyne (68) Herbert Sawyer (d.1798)
Yarmouth (64) Nathaniel Bateman (c.1723-1797)
Trident (64) Anthony James Pye Molloy (d.1815)
Monmouth (64) Robert Fanshawe (1740-1823)
Nonsuch (64) William Hotham (1736-1813)
Stirling Castle (64) Robert Carkett (1724-1780)
Lion (64) The Hon. William Cornwallis (1744-1819)
Vigilant (64) Sir Digby Dent (1739-1817)
Medway (60) William Affleck (1740-1791)4 wounded
Boreas (28) Charles Thompson (1740-1799)
Proserpine (28) Francis Parry (d.1803), George Anson Byron (d.1793)
Ariadne (20) Thomas Pringle (d.1803)

Royaume de France

Ship NameCommanderNotes
L'Annibal (74) Chevalier Jean Guillaume Toussaint Picquet (Comte de la Motte) (1720-1791)
Fendant (74) de Vaudreuil (Marquis de Vaudreuil)
Vengeur (64)  



Previous comments on this page

Posted by Brian on Friday 12th of February 2016 17:52

July 6th, 1779.
Extracts of Admiral Byron's Letter.

"IT being my intention to be off Saint George's Bay soon after day-break, I
drew the ships of war from among the transports ; leaving the Suffolk, Vigilant,
and Monmouth, under Rear Admiral Rowley, for their protection. " Soon after daylight on Tuesday the 6th, the French squadron was seen off Saint George's, getting under way, seemingly in great confusion, and with little
or no wind. The signal was immediately made for a general chase, and for the ships to engage and form as they could get up. In consequence of which, Vice Admiral Barrington, in the Prince of Wales, with Captain Sawyer in the Boyne,and Captain Gardner in the Sultan, being the headmost and carrying a press of sail, were soon fired upon at a great distance ; which they did not return till they got considerably nearer. But the enemy getting the breeze, drew out their line by bearing away and forming to leeward on the starboard tack ; when it was
plainly discovered they had 34 sail of ships of war.
" The general chase was continued, and the signal made for close engagement; but the enemy industriously avoided it, by always bearing away when our ships got near them," &c. " and being to leeward they did great damage to the masts and rigging, when our shot could not reach them. The ships that suffered most were those the action began with; the ships of Captains Collingwood, Edwards, and Cornwallis: the spirited example of Admiral Barrington exposed them to a severe fire in making the attack. The Monmouth likewise suffered exceedingly,by Captain Fanshawe's having bore down, in a very gallant manner, to stop the van of the enemy's squadron, and bring it to action. The Suffolk also, having
suffered considerably by the attack of Rear Admiral Rowley on the van, I took in the signal for chase, but continued that for close action ; formed the best line which circumstances would admit of; and kept the wind, to prevent the enemy from doubling upon us, and cutting off the transports," &c.

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