Battle of Grenada

6th July 1779
Part of : The American War of Independence (1775/04/19 - 1784/01/14)
Previous action : Capture of the Revenge 5.6.1779
Next action : Penobscot Expedition 24.7.1779 - 12.8.1779


Great Britain

Ship NameCommanderNotes
Suffolk (74) Hugh Cloberry Christian (1747-1798)7 killed, 25 wounded
Boyne (68) Herbert Sawyer (c.1731-1798)
Royal Oak (74)  
Prince of Wales (74) Benjamin Hill (c.1736-1785)Squadron Flagship
Magnificent (74) John Elphinstone (1722-1785)
Trident (64) Anthony James Pye Molloy (d.1815)
Medway (60) William Affleck (1740-1791)4 wounded
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Fame (74) Thomas Collingwood (d.1780), John Butchart (d.1796)
Nonsuch (64) Samuel Reeve (c.1732-1803)
Sultan (74) Alan Gardner (1742-1809)
Princess Royal (98) William Blair (1741-1782)Fleet Flagship
Albion (74) George Bowyer (1740-1800)
Stirling Castle (64) Robert Carkett (c.1719-1780)
Elizabeth (74) Frederick Lewis Maitland (1729/30-1786)
Ariadne (20) Thomas Pringle (d.1803) To repeat signals
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Yarmouth (64) Nathaniel Bateman (c.1723-1797)
Lion (64) The Hon. William Cornwallis (1744-1819)
Vigilant (64) Sir Digby Dent (1739-1817)
Conqueror (74) Harry Harmood (1739-1809)Squadron Flagship
Cornwall (74) Timothy Edwards (1731-1780)
Monmouth (64) Robert Fanshawe (1740-1823)
Grafton (74) Andrew Wilkinson (d.1787)
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Boreas (28) Charles Thompson (1740-1799)
Proserpine (28)  

Royaume de France

Ship NameCommanderNotes
Le Zélé (74)  
Le Fantasque (64) Chevalier Pierre-Andre de Suffren (1726-1788)
Le Magnifique (74)  
Le Tonnant (80) Chevalier Jacques-Melchior de Barras de Saint-Laurent (1st Comte Barras de Saint-Laurent) (1720-1792)Squadron Flagship
Le Protecteur (74)  
Le Fier (50) Jean Baptiste de Turpin de Jouhé (Comte de Turpin de Jouhé du Breuil-Malmaud) (1734-1783)
Le Dauphin Royal (74) Claude Mithon de Senneville de Genouilly (Comte de Genouilly) (1725-1803)
Le Provence (64)  
Ship NameCommanderNotes
La Diligente (26) Charles Louis du Chilleau (Vicomte du Chilleau) (1738-1825)
La Fortunée (32) Charles Louis de Bernard de Marigny (Chevalier ) (1732-1782)
La Concorde (32)  
L'Etourdie (20) Chevalier Charles René Louis de Bernard de Marigny (1740-1816)
La Blanche (32)  
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Le Fendant (74) Louis-Philippe de Rigaud de Vaudreuil (Marquis de Vaudreuil) (1724-1802)
L'Artesien (64) Charles René Sochet (Seigneur des Touches) (1727-1793), de Peynier
Fier Rodrigue (50)  
L'Hector (74)  
Le Languedoc (90)  Fleet Flagship
Le Robuste (74) François-Joseph Paul de Grasse (Seigneur de Tilly) (1722-1788)
Le Vaillant (64) Joseph Bernard de Chabert-Cogolin (Marquis de Chabert et Cogolin) (1724-1805)
Le Sagittaire (50) François Hector d'Albert (Chevalier ) (1728-1802)
Le Guerrier (74) Louis Antoine Bougainville (Comte de Bougainville) (1729-1811)
Ship NameCommanderNotes
L'Alcmene (32) Chevalier Pierre Ruffo de Bonneval (Comte Ruffo de Bonneval) (1744-1814)
L'Iphigénie (32) Armand-Guy-Simon de Coëtnempren (Comte de Kersaint) (1742-1793)
La Chimère (30)  
Lively (20)  
La Cérès (18) Jean-Baptiste Prevost de Sansac de Traversay (1754-1831), Jean Gaspard Vence (1747-1808)
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Le Sphinx (64)  
Le Diadème (74)  
L'Amphion (50)  
Le Marseillais (74)  
Le César (74)  
Le Vengeur (64)  
Le Refléchi (64) Armand-François Cillart de Surville (Seigneur de Suville et de Kerguezennec) (1730-1801)
L'Annibal (74) Chevalier Jean Guillaume Toussaint Picquet (Comte de la Motte) (1720-1791)
Ship NameCommanderNotes
L'Amazone (32)  
La Boudeuse (32)  
Others ships

2 Fluyt "Ménagère" at this time

Ship NameCommanderNotes
L'Alerte (18)   date ??



Previous comments on this page

Posted by Tim Oakley on Wednesday 14th of August 2019 11:01

and Proserpine 28 Captain George Anson Byron

Posted by Tim Oakley on Wednesday 14th of August 2019 10:56

I have Royal Oak 74 Captain Thomas Fitzherbert, Rear-Admiral Sir Hyde Parker

Posted by Brian on Friday 12th of February 2016 17:52

July 6th, 1779.
Extracts of Admiral Byron's Letter.

"IT being my intention to be off Saint George's Bay soon after day-break, I
drew the ships of war from among the transports ; leaving the Suffolk, Vigilant,
and Monmouth, under Rear Admiral Rowley, for their protection. " Soon after daylight on Tuesday the 6th, the French squadron was seen off Saint George's, getting under way, seemingly in great confusion, and with little
or no wind. The signal was immediately made for a general chase, and for the ships to engage and form as they could get up. In consequence of which, Vice Admiral Barrington, in the Prince of Wales, with Captain Sawyer in the Boyne,and Captain Gardner in the Sultan, being the headmost and carrying a press of sail, were soon fired upon at a great distance ; which they did not return till they got considerably nearer. But the enemy getting the breeze, drew out their line by bearing away and forming to leeward on the starboard tack ; when it was
plainly discovered they had 34 sail of ships of war.
" The general chase was continued, and the signal made for close engagement; but the enemy industriously avoided it, by always bearing away when our ships got near them," &c. " and being to leeward they did great damage to the masts and rigging, when our shot could not reach them. The ships that suffered most were those the action began with; the ships of Captains Collingwood, Edwards, and Cornwallis: the spirited example of Admiral Barrington exposed them to a severe fire in making the attack. The Monmouth likewise suffered exceedingly,by Captain Fanshawe's having bore down, in a very gallant manner, to stop the van of the enemy's squadron, and bring it to action. The Suffolk also, having
suffered considerably by the attack of Rear Admiral Rowley on the van, I took in the signal for chase, but continued that for close action ; formed the best line which circumstances would admit of; and kept the wind, to prevent the enemy from doubling upon us, and cutting off the transports," &c.

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