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Battle of Grenada

6th July 1779
Part of : The American War of Independence (1775/04/19 - 1784/01/14)
Previous action : Capture of the Revenge 5.6.1779
Next action : Penobscot Expedition 24.7.1779 - 12.8.1779

 

Great Britain

 
Vanguard
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Suffolk (74) 1765-1803
British 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Hugh Cloberry ChristianBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1771-1797
7 killed, 25 wounded
Boyne (68) 1766-1783
British 68 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Herbert SawyerBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1747-1794
Royal Oak (74) 1769-1815
British 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
1805 Renamed "Assistance"
 
Prince of Wales (74) 1765-1783
British 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Benjamin HillBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1750-1783
Squadron Flagship
Magnificent (74) 1766-1804
British 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
John ElphinstoneBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1739-1783
Trident (64) 1768-1816
British 64 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Anthony James Pye MolloyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1768-1794
Medway (60) 1755-1811
British 60 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
1802 Renamed "Arundel"
William AffleckBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1761-1792
4 wounded
 
Centre
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Fame (74) 1759-1814
British 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
1801 Renamed "Guildford"
Thomas CollingwoodBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1750-1779
,
John ButchartBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1760-1784
Nonsuch (64) 1774-1802
British 64 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Samuel ReeveBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1746-1799
Sultan (74) 1775-1816
British 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
1805 Renamed "Suffolk"
Alan GardnerBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1755-1808
Princess Royal (98) 1773-1807
British 98 Gun
2nd Rate Ship of the Line
William BlairBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1754-1781
Fleet Flagship
Albion (74) 1763-1797
British 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
George BowyerBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1751-1799
Stirling Castle (64) 1775-1780
British 64 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Robert CarkettBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1734-1767
Elizabeth (74) 1769-1797
British 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Frederick Lewis MaitlandBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1748-1785
Ariadne (20) 1776-1814
British 20 Gun
6th Rate Ship
Thomas PringleBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1760-1801
To repeat signals
 
Rear
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Yarmouth (64) 1745-1811
British 64 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Nathaniel BatemanBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1741-1780
Lion (64) 1777-1837
British 64 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
The Hon. William CornwallisBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1755-1807
Vigilant (64) 1774-1816
British 64 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Sir Digby DentBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1758-1788
Conqueror (74) 1773-1794
British 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Harry HarmoodBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1752-1809
Squadron Flagship
Cornwall (74) 1761-1780
British 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Timothy EdwardsBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1745-1780
Monmouth (64) 1772-1818
British 64 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
1796 Renamed "Captivity"
Robert FanshaweBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1759-1790
Grafton (74) 1771-1816
British 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Andrew WilkinsonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1747-1779
 
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Boreas (28) 1774-1802
British 28 Gun
6th Rate Frigate
Charles ThompsonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1754-1799
Proserpine (28) 1777-1799
British 28 Gun
6th Rate Frigate
 
 

Royaume de France

 
Vanguard
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Le Zélé (74) 1763-1806
French 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
1805 Renamed "Reserve"
 
Le Fantasque (64) 1758-1784
French 64 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Chevalier Pierre-Andre de SuffrenFrench
Naval Sailor
Service 1743-1780
Le Magnifique (74) 1749-1782
French 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
 
Le Tonnant (80) 1743-1780
French 80 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Squadron Flagship
Le Protecteur (74) 1760-1790
French 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
 
Le Fier (50) 1745-1782
French 50 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
Le Dauphin Royal (74) 1738-1783
French 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Le Provence (64) 1763-1786
French 64 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
 
 
Frigates
Ship NameCommanderNotes
La Diligente (26) 1761-1782
French 26 Gun
5th Rate Frigate
Charles Louis du Chilleau (Vicomte du Chilleau)French
Naval Sailor
Service 1754-1814
La Fortunée (32) 1777-1779
French 32 Gun
5th Rate Frigate
Charles Louis de Bernard de Marigny (Chevalier )French
Naval Sailor
Service 1756-1782
La Concorde (32) 1777-1783
French 32 Gun
5th Rate Frigate
 
L'Etourdie (20) 1762-1783
French 20 Gun
6th Rate Frigate
Chevalier Charles René Louis de Bernard de MarignyFrench
Naval Sailor
Administrator
Marine
Service 1754-1815
La Blanche (32) 1766-1779
French 32 Gun
5th Rate Frigate
 
Centre
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Le Fendant (74) 1776-1784
French 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
L'Artesien (64) 1765-1786
French 64 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Charles René Sochet (Seigneur des Touches)French
Naval Sailor
Service 1743-1792
,
de PeynierFrench
Naval Sailor
Service 1779-1782
Fier Rodrigue (50) 1749-1784
French 50 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
1777 Renamed "Fier Rodrigue"
 
L'Hector (74) 1755-1782
French 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
 
Le Languedoc (90) 1766-1799
French 90 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
1794 Renamed "Antifédéraliste"
1795 Renamed "Victoire"
 Fleet Flagship
Le Robuste (74) 1758-1784
French 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
François-Joseph Paul de Grasse (Seigneur de Tilly)French
Naval Sailor
Service 1722-1788
Le Vaillant (64) 1755-1783
French 64 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Le Sagittaire (50) 1761-1790
French 50 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
François Hector d'Albert (Chevalier )French
Naval Sailor
Service 1743-1789
Le Guerrier (74) 1753-1798
French 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Louis Antoine Bougainville (Comte de Bougainville)French
Naval Sailor
Service 1770-1802
 
Frigates
Ship NameCommanderNotes
L'Alcmene (32) 1774-1779
French 32 Gun
5th Rate Frigate
L'Iphigénie (32) 1777-1795
French 32 Gun
5th Rate Frigate
La Chimère (30) 1757-1783
French 30 Gun
5th Rate Frigate
 
Lively (20) 1756-1778
British 20 Gun
6th Rate Ship
 
La Cérès (18) 1778-1782
French 18 Gun
Unrated Sloop
Jean-Baptiste Prevost de Sansac de TraversayFrench
Naval Sailor
Service 1768-1828
,
Jean Gaspard VenceFrench
Naval Sailor
Service 1779-1802
 
Rear
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Le Sphinx (64) 1775-1802
French 64 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
 
Le Diadème (74) 1756-1797
French 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
1792 Renamed "Brutus"
 
 
Le Marseillais (74) 1766-1794
French 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
1794 Renamed "Vengeur du Peuple"
 
Le César (74) 1768-1782
French 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
 
Le Vengeur (64) 1765-1785
French 64 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
 
Le Refléchi (64) 1776-1793
French 64 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
1793 Renamed "Turot"
L'Annibal (74) 1778-1794
French 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
1786 Renamed "Achille"
 
Frigates
Ship NameCommanderNotes
L'Amazone (32) 1778-1797
French 32 Gun
5th Rate Frigate
 
La Boudeuse (32) 1766-1800
French 32 Gun
5th Rate Frigate
Jacques Raymond de Grenier du GironFrench
Naval Sailor
Service 1746-1789
 
Others ships

2 Fluyt "Ménagère" at this time

Ship NameCommanderNotes
L'Alerte (18) 1778-1781
French 18 Gun
Unrated Cutter
  date ??
 

Sources


IDNameAuthorType

Previous comments on this page

Posted by Tim Oakley on Wednesday 14th of August 2019 11:01

and Proserpine 28 Captain George Anson Byron


Posted by Tim Oakley on Wednesday 14th of August 2019 10:56

I have Royal Oak 74 Captain Thomas Fitzherbert, Rear-Admiral Sir Hyde Parker


Posted by Brian on Friday 12th of February 2016 17:52

ADMIRAL BYRON'S ACTION.
July 6th, 1779.
Extracts of Admiral Byron's Letter.

"IT being my intention to be off Saint George's Bay soon after day-break, I
drew the ships of war from among the transports ; leaving the Suffolk, Vigilant,
and Monmouth, under Rear Admiral Rowley, for their protection. " Soon after daylight on Tuesday the 6th, the French squadron was seen off Saint George's, getting under way, seemingly in great confusion, and with little
or no wind. The signal was immediately made for a general chase, and for the ships to engage and form as they could get up. In consequence of which, Vice Admiral Barrington, in the Prince of Wales, with Captain Sawyer in the Boyne,and Captain Gardner in the Sultan, being the headmost and carrying a press of sail, were soon fired upon at a great distance ; which they did not return till they got considerably nearer. But the enemy getting the breeze, drew out their line by bearing away and forming to leeward on the starboard tack ; when it was
plainly discovered they had 34 sail of ships of war.
" The general chase was continued, and the signal made for close engagement; but the enemy industriously avoided it, by always bearing away when our ships got near them," &c. " and being to leeward they did great damage to the masts and rigging, when our shot could not reach them. The ships that suffered most were those the action began with; the ships of Captains Collingwood, Edwards, and Cornwallis: the spirited example of Admiral Barrington exposed them to a severe fire in making the attack. The Monmouth likewise suffered exceedingly,by Captain Fanshawe's having bore down, in a very gallant manner, to stop the van of the enemy's squadron, and bring it to action. The Suffolk also, having
suffered considerably by the attack of Rear Admiral Rowley on the van, I took in the signal for chase, but continued that for close action ; formed the best line which circumstances would admit of; and kept the wind, to prevent the enemy from doubling upon us, and cutting off the transports," &c.

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