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Battle of Porto Praya

16th April 1781
Part of : The American War of Independence (1775/04/19 - 1784/01/14)
Previous action : Action of 1781-04-14 14.4.1781
Next action : Battle of Fort Royal 29.4.1781 - 30.4.1781

 

Great Britain -
George JohnstonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1744-1787

 
British warships
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Romney (50) 1762-1804
British 50 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
Roddam HomeBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1772-1896
Fleet Flagship
Hero (74) 1759-1810
British 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
1800 Renamed "Rochester"
James HawkerBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1744-1784
Monmouth (64) 1772-1818
British 64 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
1796 Renamed "Captivity"
James AlmsBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1739-1784
Isis (50) 1774-1810
British 50 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
Evelyn SuttonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1765-1802
Jupiter (50) 1778-1808
British 50 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
Thomas PasleyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1751-1805
Diana (32) 1757-1793
British 32 Gun
5th Rate Frigate
Jason (28) 1763-1785
British 28 Gun
5th Rate Frigate
James PigotBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1761-1810
Active (32) 1780-1796
British 32 Gun
5th Rate Frigate
Thomas MackenzieBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1765-1810
Apollo (32) 1763-1786
British 32 Gun
5th Rate Frigate
1774 Renamed "Apollo"
 
Lark (16) 1780-1784
British 16 Gun
Unrated Cutter
Philip d'AuvergneBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1769-1814
Terror (8) 1779-1812
British 8 Gun
Unrated Bomb Vessel
Charles WoodBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1748-1782
,
John WickeyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1778-1831
Infernal (8) 1778-1783
British 8 Gun
Unrated Fireship
Henry d'Esterre DarbyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1776-1814
 
British East-Indiamen

13 Vessels in total:

Asia, Chapman, Essex, Fortitude, Hastings, Hinchinbrook, Latham, Locko, Lord North, Osterley, Queen, Southampton., Valentine

Ship NameCommanderNotes
Asia 1780-1802
British Merchant East Indiaman
Robert MawBritish
Merchant Sailor
Service 1777-1783
Chapman 1781-1793
British Merchant East Indiaman
Thomas WalkerBritish
Merchant Sailor
Service 1780-1783
Fortitude 1780-1782
British Merchant East Indiaman
Charles GregorieBritish
Merchant Sailor
Service 1780-1782
Captured but retaken by her crew
Osterley (26) 1781-1800
British 26 Gun
Merchant East Indiaman
 
Locko (26) 1781-1788
British 26 Gun
Merchant East Indiaman
 
 
Store ships

8 storeships were supposed to be present

Ship NameCommanderNotes
 
Armed transports

7 armed cruisers and 4 transports

Ship NameCommanderNotes
Raikes (10) 1780-1782
British 10 Gun
Unrated Armed Troopship
Norris ThompsonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1762-1782
 

Royaume de France -
Chevalier Pierre-Andre de SuffrenFrench
Naval Sailor
Service 1743-1780

 
Ship in advance

The Artesien was first assigned to Vice-Admiral d'Estaing fleet, planed to sail to West Indies. She then being lately assigned to Suffren's squadron. This is the reason why she was obliged to call in cabo verde islands in order to replenish her water store.

The Artesien was the one who discovered the british fleet anchored in porto Praya and advised le Bailli de Suffen of it.

Ship NameCommanderNotes
L'Artesien (64) 1765-1786
French 64 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
CardaillacyFrench
Naval Sailor
,
Pas de Beaulieu French
Naval Sailor
Service 1781
CO Cardaillacy killed in the beginning
 
French battle line,
Chevalier Pierre-Andre de SuffrenFrench
Naval Sailor
Service 1743-1780
Ship NameCommanderNotes
L'Annibal (74) 1778-1794
French 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
1786 Renamed "Achille"
Barthélémy de TrémignonFrench
Naval Sailor
Merchant Sailor
Service 1757-1763
CO Killed
Le Héros (74) 1778-1793
French 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
 Fleet Flagship
Le Vengeur (64) 1765-1785
French 64 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
 
Le Sphinx (64) 1775-1802
French 64 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
 
 
Group of 3 French frigates
Ship NameCommanderNotes
La Bellone (32) 1778-1798
French 32 Gun
5th Rate Frigate
  Presence in this battle to be confirmed
La Fine (32) 1779-1794
French 32 Gun
5th Rate Frigate
Presence in this battle to be confirmed
La Cléopâtre (32) 1781-1793
French 32 Gun
5th Rate Frigate
François Étienne de Rosily-MesrosFrench
Naval Sailor
Service 1773-1792
Presence in this battle to be confirmed
 
Convoyed Vessels

7 merchantmen, 1 Swedish chartered vessel and initially 4 small vessels bound for Senegal.

Ship NameCommanderNotes
 
Ship NameCommanderNotes
La Fortune (16) 1780-1789
French 16 Gun
Unrated Corvette
 
 

Notes on Action


Light descriptionE-WIKI

The Battle of Porto Praya was a naval battle that took place during the American Revolutionary War on 16 April 1781 between a British squadron under Commodore George Johnstone and a French squadron under the Bailli de Suffren.

Both squadrons were en route to the Cape of Good Hope, the British to take it from the Dutch, the French aiming to help defend it and French possessions in the Indian Ocean. The British convoy and its escorting squadron had anchored at Porto Praya (now Praia) in the Cape Verde Islands to take on water, when the French squadron arrived and attacked them at anchor.

Due to the unexpected nature of the encounter, neither fleet was prepared to do battle, and in the inconclusive battle the French fleet sustained more damage than the British, though no ships were lost. Johnstone tried to pursue the French, but was forced to call it off in order to repair the damage his ships had taken.

The French gained a strategic victory, because Suffren beat Johnstone to the Cape and reinforced the Dutch garrison before continuing on his journey to the Ile de France (now Mauritius).



Sources


IDNameAuthorType
E-WIKIWikipediaVarious, Web Site

Previous comments on this page

Posted by Tim Oakley on Friday 16th of August 2019 04:51

French fleet Bailli de Suffren
Annibal74
Héros74
Artésien64 Captain killed
Vengeur64
Sphinx64
Three frigates
Fortune6 corvette

French Armed transports
Lord Townsend
Manilla
Pondicherry
Porpoise
Royal Charlotte
San Carlos


Posted by Jacques VALAT on Sunday 27th of September 2015 21:32

It seems that action isn't fullfilled
Many other ships were presents in the french squadron.
I could propose an amend. How can I do it ?

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