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Action of 10th April 1703

10th April 1703
Part of : War of Spanish Succession (1701 - 1714)
Previous action : Battle of Vigo 12.10.1702
Next action : Cap de la Roque 22.5.1703

 

Kingdom of England

 
English Squadron
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Salisbury (54) 1698-1703
British 54 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
Richard CottonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1672-1705
Captured
Adventure (42) 1691-1709
British 42 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
John BalchenBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1685-1736
Muscovy Merchant (40) 1703-1703
British 40 Gun
Hired Ship
  Captured
 

Royaume de France

 
French Squadron,
Chevalier Marc-Antoine Hécourt (Seigneur de Hécourt)French
Naval Sailor
Privateer
Marine
Service 1680-1705
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Chevalier Marc-Antoine Hécourt (Seigneur de Hécourt)French
Naval Sailor
Privateer
Marine
Service 1680-1705
Fleet Flagship
Le Milford (32) 1693-1703
French 32 Gun
5th Rate Frigate
 
Le Ludlow (30) 1703-1729
French 30 Gun
5th Rate Frigate
Graton de VillogéFrench
Naval Sailor
Service 1653-1753
La Palme Couronnée (16) 1703-1703
French 16 Gun
Privateer Ship
Cornil MeyneFrench
Naval Sailor
Privateer
Service 1694-1712
L'Espérance (16) 1703-1703
French 16 Gun
Privateer
Cornil BernardFrench
Naval Sailor
Privateer
Service 1653-1753
La Notre-Dame de Montaigu (10) 1703-1703
French 10 Gun
Privateer Ship
Antoine CornelissenFrench
Naval Sailor
Service 1653-1753
La Reina de Spagne (40) 1703-1703
French 40 Gun
Privateer
Paul BeestenbustelFrench
Naval Sailor
Privateer
Service 1703
 

Notes on Action


DescriptionB103

On the 10th of April, the Salisbury, 50, Captain Cotton, in company with the Adventure, 50, when off the Coast of Holland, fell in with a squadron of seven French ships of war, from Dunkirk, commanded by M. St. Paul. Captain Cotton having charge of a convoy of merchant ships, which were some of them astern with the Adventure, gallantly ran down to their support ; but one had surrendered before he was able to assist her. Had the Adventure supported the Salisbury as she might have done, it is highly probable the French would have been beaten off; but unfortunately her captain made all sail away, leaving Captain Cotton to engage the enemy single-handed. For
two hours the Salisbury engaged the French squadron. Two ships boarded her, and were beaten off  but the commodore's and another ship, having at length taken up their
stations on the Salisbury's bow and quarter, and other ships also approaching to the attack, Captain Cotton deemed a further defence unavailing, and hauled down his colours. Before surrendering, the Salisbury was cut to pieces in hull and spars, and several of her guns were dismounted; she also lost 18 men killed, and two lieutenants, and 43 men wounded. The Adventure was also chased and captured by the same squadron.


Description of the actionTRN2
The Salisbury, 52, Captain Richard Gotten, Adventure, 40, Captain John Balchen, and Muscovia Merchant, hired armed ship, Commander Daniel Parsons, with the trade and some yachts, were on their way from Goeree, in the Netherlands, when, on April 10th, they were attacked by Saint-Pol with the Adroit, 40, Ludlow, , and Milford, 30, besides a Spanish man-of-war and three small privateers. The Muscovia Merchant, though a ship of some force, struck immediately; the Adventure, which was astern, stood away to save herself; and the Salisbury was left to bear the brunt of the action. She fought gallantly for two hours, until, being quite disabled, and having seventeen killed and thirty-four wounded, including both her lieutenants, she struck. Saint-Pol got into port with his prizes, and subsequently added the Salisbury to the squadron with which he resumed his cruise.
Alternate vessel
Ch.de la Ronciere gives the vaisseau Dryade instead of the Ludlow


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