Anglesea vs Apollon

28th March 1745
Part of : War of the Austrian Succession (1740/12/16 - 1748/10/18)
Previous action : Expedition against Louisbourg 20.3.1744/45 - 28.6.1746
Next action : Action of 1745-07-03 3.7.1745

 

Great Britain

 
Unknown Division
Ship NameCommanderNotes
 
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Anglesea (44) Jacob Elton (d.1745) Captured
 

Royaume de France

 
Unknown Division
Ship NameCommanderNotes
 
Ship NameCommanderNotes
L'Apollon (56) Marcel Baudran de la Méttrie (1694-1751)
 

Notes on Action


Description of the action but error of the name of French ShipTRN3

On March 28th, the Anglesea, 44, Captain Jacob Elton, one of the ships cruising to command the entrance of the Channel, put out of Kingsale, whither she had been to land some sick, amongst whom was her first lieutenant. On the following day, a fresh westerly breeze blowing, a large sail was sighted to windward. Elton, making sure that she was his consort the Augusta, piped to dinner, and paid no further heed. Meanwhile, the stranger came down fast; but it was not till she was close to the Anglesey that, yawing slightly, she showed French ornamentation on her quarter. Then all was hurry and confusion. Elton, to gain time, ordered the foresail to be set; but the only effect of this manoeuvre was to bury the lee lower deck ports in the sea and almost to swamp the ship. The enemy, which proved to be the Aquilon, 50, belonging to the French navy, but fitted out by private adventurers, ran close under the stern of the Anglesea and rounded-to on her lee quarter, pouring in a heavy fire. Elton and the Master fell at the first discharge, and the command devolved on the second lieutenant, Baker Phillips. The decks were not cleared; the ship was half-full of water; and sixty men were dead or wounded. Phillips could not order the helm to be put up without falling aboard a ship as full of men as his was of water; so, taking hasty counsel with Taafe, the third lieutenant, he decided that no effective resistance could be offered, and ordered the colours to be struck.



It is difficult to see what else Phillips could have done. William Hutchinson, " the Mariner," laid down that a ship attacked as the Anglesea was ought to be box-hauled, and to pass under the enemy's stern raking him, as the Serapis subsequently did in the course of her action with the Bonhomme Richard. But in 1745 Phillips could not have had the advantage of a study of Hutchinson's 'Treatise on Practical Seamanship'; and, being a young man and inexperienced, he acted as most other men in his position would have done. The ship was lost by being engaged to leeward.



The subsequent court-martial " was unanimously of opinion that Captain Elton, deceased, did not give timely directions for getting his ship clear or in a proper posture of defence, nor did he afterwards behave like an officer or a seaman, which was the cause of the ship being left to Lieutenant Phillips in such distress and confusion. And that Lieutenant Baker Phillips, late second lieutenant of the said ship, by not endeavouring to the utmost of his power after Captain Elton's death to put the ship in order of fighting, not encouraging the inferior officers and common men to fight courageously, and by yielding to the enemy, falls under part of the tenth article. Thev do sentence him to death, to be shot by a platoon of musqueteers on the forecastle, . . . but . . . having regard to the distress and confusion the ship was in when he came to the command, and being a young man and unexperienced, they beg leave to recommend him for mercy."




The recommendation was ignored, and the sentence was duly carried into effect.



Sources


IDDescriptionAuthorType
TRN3The Royal Navy : a history from the earliest times to the present Vol IIIWilliam Laid ClowesDigital Book

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