Battle of Cape St. Vincent

Battle of Cape Santa Maria

The Moonlight Battle

16th January 1780
Part of : The American War of Independence (1775/04/19 - 1784/01/14)
Previous action : Attack on the Caracas Convoy 8th January 1780
Next action : 1st Action off Monti Christi 20th March 1780



Spanish squadron, Juan Cayetano de Langara
Ship NameGunsCommanderNotes
Fénix 80Francisco Javier de Melgarejo y RojasFleet Flagship Captured
San Genaro 74 
San Justo 70 
San Lorenzo 70Juan Araoz
Princesa 70  Captured
Diligente 70  Captured
San Julian 70  Captured
Santo Domingo 70Ignacio de Mendizabal Sunk
Monarca 70Antonio Oyarbide Captured
San Agustín 70Vicente Doz y Funes
San Eugenio 70Antonio Del Monte Sunk
Santa Rosalia 26 
Santa Gertrudis 24 

Great Britain

English Squadron, George Brydges Rodney
Ship NameGunsCommanderNotes
Royal George 100John BourmasterFleet Flagship
Sandwich 90Walter YoungSquadron Flagship
Prince George 98Philip PattonSquadron Flagship
Ajax 74Samuel Uvedale
Edgar 74John Elliot
Defence 74James Cranston
Monarch 74Adam Duncan
Montagu 74John Houlton
Invincible 74Samuel Pitchford Cornish
Cumberland 74Harry Harmood
Resolution 74Chaloner Ogle
Marlborough 74Taylor Penny
Terrible 74John Leigh Douglas
Bedford 74Edmund Affleck
Bienfaisant 64John Macbride
Apollo 32Philimon Pownoll
Triton 28Skeffington Lutwidge


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