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Attack on the Caracas Convoy

8th January 1780
Part of : The American War of Independence (1775/04/19 - 1784/01/14)
Previous action : Operations against Charleston 1.1780 - 5.1780
Next action : Battle of Cape St. Vincent 16.1.1780

 

Great Britain

 
British ships,
Sir George Brydges Rodney (Baronet )British
Naval Sailor
Service 1740-1782
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Sandwich (90) 1759-1810
British 90 Gun
2nd Rate Ship of the Line
Walter YoungBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1765-1783
Fleet Flagship
Royal George (100) 1756-1782
British 100 Gun
1st Rate Ship of the Line
John BourmasterBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1751-1804
Squadron Flagship
Prince George (98) 1772-1817
British 98 Gun
2nd Rate Ship of the Line
Philip PattonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1753-1814
Squadron Flagship
Bedford (74) 1775-1817
British 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Edmund AffleckBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1740-1787
Alcide (74) 1779-1817
British 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
John BrisbaneBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1757-1805
Culloden (74) 1776-1781
British 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
George BalfourBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1738-1788
Montagu (74) 1779-1818
British 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
John HoultonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1744-1790
Edgar (74) 1779-1835
British 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
1814 Renamed "Retribution"
John ElliotBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1746-1808
Ajax (74) 1767-1785
British 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Samuel UvedaleBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1740-1790
Cumberland (74) 1774-1804
British 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Joseph PeytonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1743-1799
Monarch (74) 1765-1813
British 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Adam DuncanBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1746-1849
Shrewsbury (74) 1758-1783
British 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Mark RobinsonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1740-1787
Terrible (74) 1762-1781
British 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
John Leigh DouglasBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1760-1810
Resolution (74) 1770-1813
British 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Chaloner OgleBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1740-1805
Invincible (74) 1765-1801
British 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Samuel CornishBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1759-1805
Defence (74) 1762-1811
British 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
James CranstonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1747-1783
Marlborough (74) 1767-1800
British 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Taylor PennyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1745-1783
Dublin (74) 1757-1784
British 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Samuel WallisBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1745-1781
Bienfaisant (64) 1758-1814
British 64 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
John MacbrideBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1751-1799
America (64) 1777-1807
British 64 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Samuel ThompsonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1739-1788
Convert (32) 1778-1782
British 32 Gun
5th Rate Frigate
Henry HarveyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1751-1805
Pearl (32) 1762-1832
British 32 Gun
5th Rate Frigate
1825 Renamed "Prothee"
George MontaguBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1771-1810
Apollo (32) 1763-1786
British 32 Gun
5th Rate Frigate
1774 Renamed "Apollo"
Philimon PownollBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1751-1762
Triton (28) 1773-1796
British 28 Gun
6th Rate Frigate
Skeffington LutwidgeBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1759-1810
Pegasus (28) 1779-1816
British 28 Gun
6th Rate Frigate
John BazelyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1753-1805
Porcupine (24) 1777-1805
British 24 Gun
6th Rate Post Ship
Hugh Seymour ConwayBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1776-1794
Hyaena (24) 1778-1793
British 24 Gun
6th Rate Frigate
Edward ThompsonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1751-1786
 

Spain

 
Company Warships,
Juan Augustin de YardiSpanish
Naval Sailor
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Guipuscoana (64) 1780-1780
Spanish 64 Gun
Merchant Ship of the Line
Thomas de MalaySpanish
Naval Sailor
Fleet Flagship Captured
San Carlos (32) 1780-1780
Spanish 32 Gun
Merchant Frigate
Firmin UrtizbereaSpanish
Naval Sailor
Captured
San Rafael (30) 1780-1780
Spanish 30 Gun
Merchant Frigate
Luis ArburaSpanish
Naval Sailor
Captured
Santa Teresa (28) 1780-1780
Spanish 28 Gun
Merchant Ship
Jose J. de MedizevalSpanish
Naval Sailor
Captured
San Bruno (26) 1780-1780
Spanish 26 Gun
Merchant Frigate
J. M. de GoicocheaSpanish
Naval Sailor
Captured
San Firmin (16) 1780-1780
Spanish 16 Gun
Merchant Ship
J. Vin. Eloy SanchezSpanish
Naval Sailor
Captured
San Vincente (10) 1780-1780
Spanish 10 Gun
Merchant Ship
Jose UgaldeSpanish
Naval Sailor
Captured
 
Spanish Merchantmen
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Nuestra Señora de L'Oves 1780-1780
Spanish Merchant Ship
  Captured
Amistad 1780-1780
Spanish Merchant Ship
  Captured
Bellona 1780-1780
Spanish Merchant Ship
  Captured
Divinia Providentia 1780-1780
Spanish Merchant Ship
  Captured
Esperanza 1780-1780
Spanish Merchant Ship
  Captured
Conceptione 1780-1780
Spanish Merchant Ship
  Captured
Cidada de Mercia 1780-1780
Spanish Merchant Ship
  Captured
Providentia 1780-1780
Spanish Merchant Ship
  Captured
San Francisco 1779-1780
Spanish Merchant Ship
  Captured
San Gibilan 1780-1780
Spanish Merchant Ship
  Captured
San Jeronimo 1780-1780
Spanish Merchant Ship
  Captured
San Lauren 1780-1780
Spanish Merchant Ship
  Captured
San Miguel 1779-1780
Spanish Merchant Ship
  Captured
San Nicholas 1780-1780
Spanish Merchant Ship
  Captured
San Pacora 1780-1780
Spanish Merchant Ship
  Captured
 

Sources


IDNameAuthorType

Previous comments on this page

Posted by Brian Stephens on Saturday 5th of April 2014 21:02

The Edinburgh Advertiser, March 7, 1780
When the two fleets came first in sight of each other, the Spanish fleet attempted to get away; but Langara finding that he could not escape, lay to, and waited for our ships. The engagement began at twenty minuets past four and lasted and lasted until twenty minutes past 2 o'clock in the morning. The night was exceedingly dark, the wind very high, and our fleet so near the Spanish coast that several of the ships were in no more between two and twenty fathom water; the ships running right before the wind, and up on a lee shore, the fleet was in the greatest danger; the Royal George, in particular, was very near being ashore. The behaviour of Captain Uvedal, of the Ajax, deserves to be particularly mentioned; he engaged seven successfully and fought the last an hour and forty one minutes; he expended sixty seven barrels of gun powder. All the officers deserve the highest commendation; Captain Cranston, Captain Elliott, Sir Ch?oner Ogle, Captain Affleck, Captain McBride, Captain Duncan etc.. After the San Domingo blew up, one man was seen upon a piece of mast in the sea, and was taken up by the Pegasus. The account he gave of the disaster was, that he was between decks during the action, and was not in the least sensible of the ship's blowing up, until he suddenly found himself in the water. The greatest care was taken of him, but he died before the Pegasus got to Gibraltar. Notwithstanding the darkness of the night, and the storm that blew, the action continued without the least intermission. The Spaniards fought bravely. The San Eugenio and the San Julian, were both lost off Cape St. Mary, the San Justo struck but afterwards escaped by the darkness of the night and got into Cadiz. The San Lorenzo and the San Genero also struck, but got away in the night and have not since been heard of. The San Augustin was sunk. The other four taken and carried to Gibraltar. etc..

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