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Battle of Colberg Heath

1st July 1644
Part of : Danish-Swedish War (1643 - 1645)
Previous action : Action of May 25th 1644 25.5.1644
Next action : Battle of Fehmarn 13.10.1644

 

Denmark

 
First Squadron
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Patientia (48) 1616-1644
Danish 48 Gun
4th Rate Ship
 Squadron Flagship
Oldenborg (32) 1628-1644
Danish 32 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
 
Fides (28) 1615-1644
Danish 28 Gun
5th Rate Ship
 
Svan (36) 1636-1659
Swedish 36 Gun
4th Rate Ship
 
 
Second Squadron
Ship NameCommanderNotes
 
Third Squadron
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Hollandske Fregat (12) 1643-1653
Danish 12 Gun
6th Rate Ship
 
 
Fourth Squadron,
Pros MundDanish
Naval Sailor
Service 1624-1644
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Delmenhorst (28) 1633-1644
Danish 28 Gun
4th Rate Ship
 
Gak Med (26) 1635-1665
Danish 26 Gun
4th Rate Ship
1654 Renamed "Neldebladet"
 
Flyvende Hjort (12) 1641-1653
Danish 12 Gun
6th Rate Yacht
 
 

Sweden

 
Van Squadron,
Clas Larsson FlemingSwedish
Naval Sailor
Service 1592-1644
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Scepter (66) 1636-1675
Swedish 66 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
 
Draken (40) 1644-1662
Swedish 40 Gun
4th Rate Ship
 
Göteborg (36) 1643-1667
Swedish 36 Gun
4th Rate Ship
 
Rafael (36) 1640-1660
Swedish 36 Gun
4th Rate Ship
 
Smålands Lejon (32) 1634-1647
Swedish 32 Gun
4th Rate Ship
 
 
Center Squadron,
Ulf SparreSwedish
Naval Sailor
Ship NameCommanderNotes
 
Rear Squadron,
Klas Hansson BjelkenstjernaSwedish
Naval Sailor
Service 1615-1662
Ship NameCommanderNotes
 
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Regina (32) 1644-1647
Swedish 32 Gun
3rd Rate Ship
Abraham II DuquesneFrench
Naval Sailor
Service 1636-1684
Fortuna (24) 1642-1668
Swedish 24 Gun
5th Rate Ship
 
 

Notes on Action


Brief descriptionE-WIKI

The naval Battle of Colberger Heide (or Colberg Heath) took place on 1 July 1644 during the Danish-Swedish War (part of the Thirty Years War), off northern Germany. It was a slight victory for a Danish fleet commanded by Jørgen Vind, assisted by Grabow and King Christian IV, over a Swedish fleet commanded by Fleming, assisted by Ulfsparre and Bjelkenstjerna.


The Danish fleet consisted of 40 ships with about 927 guns, and the Swedish fleet consisted of 34 ships with 1018 guns and 7 fireships. Danish casualties were 37 killed and 170 wounded, and Swedish casualties were 32 killed and 69 wounded.


The Danish fleet, coming from the east, and the Swedish fleet, coming from the west, met just north of the German island of Fehmarn (Femern). The Swedes turned and sailed south along the west side of Fehmarn, inshore of a shoal, while the Danes followed a little further offshore. The Swedes turned north and swung around before resuming their westward course alongside the Danes. As the battle progressed the fleets turned before the wind, north and then back east south of the island of Langeland. As they approached the island of Lolland the Swedes turned south and eventually ended up in Kiel Bay while the Danes continued south-east, anchoring to the east of Fehmarn. Neither side had lost a ship.



Sources


IDNameAuthorType
E-WIKIWikipediaVarious, Web Site

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