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Battle of Plymouth

16th August 1652
Fought at : Plymouth - Devon
Part of : The First Anglo-Dutch War (1652 - 1654)
Previous action : Action of 1652-07-12 12.7.1652
Next action : Battle of Elba 28.8.1652

This was the Second fleet engagement of the First Anglo-Dutch War between the Commonwealth of England and the United Provinces of the Netherlands.

On 13 August 1652, the Dutch admiral Michiel de Ruyter set sail from Calais with 32 (or36) men-of-war to escort a merchant fleet of 60 ships through the Channel to the Mediterranean. General-at-Sea George Ayscue was patrolling, with forty men-of-war and armed merchantmen and five fireships, in search of prizes. He sighted the Dutch convoy off Plymouth on 15 August. de Ruyter altered course to fend off Ayscue's attack.

Although the English ships were in the majority, and were better armed, many of them failed to keep their station in the line of attack, and Ayscue lost the advantage, The battle continued all afternoon. As evening fell Ayscue broke off the engagement and sailed back to Plymouth. He was pursued by de Ruyter, who intended to attack the English ships in their anchorage until a change of wind forced him to withdraw. No ships were lost, but both sides suffered heavy casualties among their crews. The Dutch merchant convoy succeeded in escaping through the Channel.

 

Commonwealth of England

 
Van division,
William HaddockBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1651-1656
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Vanguard (56) 1631-1667
British 56 Gun
2nd Rate Great Ship
Richard HaddockBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1643-1652
Squadron Flagship
 
Main division,
Sir George AyscueBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1646-1672
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Rainbow (64) 1617-1680
British 64 Gun
2nd Rate Great Ship
Sir George AyscueBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1646-1672
Fleet Flagship
Pelican (34) 1650-1656
British 34 Gun
4th Rate Ship
Joseph JordanBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1642-1672
 
Rear division,
Michael PackeBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1651-1652
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Amity (36) 1650-1667
British 36 Gun
4th Rate Ship
Henry PackeBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1652-1660
Squadron Flagship CO Killed
 
Unknown Assignment
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Increase (36) 1645-1652
British 36 Gun
Hired Ship
Thomas VarnellBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1651-1652
Malaga Merchant (36) 1650-1654
British 36 Gun
Hired
Henry CollinsBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1651-1690
Success (30) 1650-1653
British 30 Gun
Hired Ship
 
Nightingale (30) 1651-1674
British 30 Gun
5th Rate Ship
Jacob ReynoldsBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1648-1666
John and Elizabeth (26) 1652-1652
British 26 Gun
Hired Ship
Thomas WrightBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1652-1660
George Bonaventure (20) 1642-1652
British 20 Gun
Hired Ship
John CrampeBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1645-1652
Charity 1650-1652
British Unrated Fireship
Simon OrtonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1651-1652
Fireship, Expended
 

Dutch Republic

 
Van division
Ship NameCommanderNotes
 
Main division,
Michiel Adriaenszoon de RuyterDutch
Naval Sailor
Service 1607-1676
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Neptunus (28) 1634-1653
Dutch 28 Gun
6th Rate Ship
Cornelis MangelaerDutch
Naval Sailor
Fleet Flagship
Westergo (34) 1652-1653
Dutch 34 Gun
4th Rate Ship
 
Rear division
Ship NameCommanderNotes
 
Fireships
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Amsterdam 1652-1652
Dutch Hired Fireship
 
Unknown Assignment
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Vogelstruis (40) 1640-1653
Dutch 40 Gun
Merchant Ship
Douwe AukesDutch
Naval Sailor
Service 1603-1703
Drie Koningen (36) 1652-1653
Dutch 36 Gun
Hired Ship
Lucas AlbertszoonDutch
Naval Sailor
Faam (30) 1652-1653
Dutch 30 Gun
Hired Ship
Cornelis LonckeDutch
Naval Sailor
Haes in 't Veld (30) 1652-1652
Dutch 30 Gun
Hired Fluit
Leendert den HaenDutch
Naval Sailor
Amsterdam (30) 1644-1653
Dutch 30 Gun
5th Rate Ship
Maria (30) 1652-1652
Dutch 30 Gun
Hired Ship
Claes ZaelDutch
Naval Sailor
West Capelle (28) 1638-1653
Dutch 28 Gun
6th Rate Ship
 
Sint Pieter (28) 1652-1654
Dutch 28 Gun
Hired Fluit
Sijmen Corneliszoon van der MeerDutch
Naval Sailor
Service 1602-1702
,
Jan Janszoon van der ValckDutch
Naval Sailor
Service 1602-1702
Gelderland (28) 1651-1653
Dutch 28 Gun
5th Rate Ship
Cornelis van VelsenDutch
Naval Sailor
Service 1553-1653
Liefde (26) 1652-1654
Dutch 26 Gun
Hired Ship
Joost Bankert de JongeDutch
Naval Sailor
Service 1602-1653
Wapen van Sweden (24) 1652-1653
Dutch 24 Gun
Hired Ship
Jacob SichelsDutch
Naval Sailor
 

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