Santa Margarita vs Amazone

29th July 1782
Part of : The American War of Independence (1775/04/19 - 1784/01/14)
Previous action : 2nd Battle of Negapatam 6.7.1782
Next action : Bellone vs Coventry 12.8.1782


Great Britain

Ship NameCommanderNotes
Santa Margarita (36) Elliott Salter (d.1790)5 killed and 17 wounded

Royaume de France

Ship NameCommanderNotes
L'Amazone (32)  †22 killed, 96 wounded Captured

Notes on Action


On July 29th, whilst cruising on the American coast, the Santa Margarita, 36, Captain Elliot Salter, was chased by the French frigate Amazone, 36. The British frigate made all sail away, for astern of the Frenchman several other warships could be made out. About the middle of the afternoon these other ships were lost to sight; and at the request of the crew, Captain Salter tacked and stood to meet the Amazone, which did not decline the fight. The battle opened at five, the two ships closing gradually to within pistol shot. At that range they fought for an hour and a quarter before the Amazone struck, with her captain killed, half her men killed or wounded, four feet of water in the hold, and her masts and rigging very much cut up. The main and mizen masts fell just as the flag was hauled down.

The British frigate was severely wounded in masts and rigging, but otherwise suffered little injury. A lieutenant and sixty-eight men were sent to take possession of the prize, which was taken in tow. Although all possible sail had been made, Captain Salter was chagrined next morning to discover the enemy's fleet in sight. In these circumstances he had no alternative but to recall his men from the prize and abandon her to the enemy. This was done, and he safely effected his retreat.

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