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Capture of Guadeloupe

20th January 1759 - 1st May 1759
Part of : Seven Years' War (1756/05/17 - 1763/02/10)
Previous action : Attack on Martinique 16.1.1759 - 19.1.1759
Next action : Attack against Guadeloupe 22.1.1759 - 1.5.1759

 

Great Britain

 
British Leeward Islands' Squadron,
John MooreBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1738-1778
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Panther (60) 1758-1813
British 60 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
Molyneaux ShuldhamBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1732-1793
Cambridge (80) 1755-1808
British 80 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Thomas BurnettBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1736-1782
Fleet Flagship
Saint George (90) 1740-1774
British 90 Gun
2nd Rate Ship of the Line
Clark GaytonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1723-1782
Norfolk (74) 1757-1774
British 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Robert HughesBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1738-1770
Berwick (64) 1743-1760
British 64 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
William HarmanBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1733-1763
Buckingham (68) 1751-1779
British 68 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
1777 Renamed "Grampus"
Richard TyrrellBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1740-1760
Burford (68) 1757-1785
British 68 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
James GambierBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1743-1800
Lion (58) 1738-1765
British 58 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
Sir William TrelawnyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1743-1767
Rippon (60) 1758-1808
British 60 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
Edward JekyllBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1742-1774
Winchester (50) 1744-1769
British 50 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
Sir Edward Le CrasBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1733-1778
Bristol (50) 1746-1768
British 50 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
Lachlan LeslieBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1733-1761
Woolwich (44) 1749-1762
British 44 Gun
5th Rate Ship of the Line
Peter ParkerBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1743-1799
Roebuck (44) 1743-1764
British 44 Gun
5th Rate Ship of the Line
Thomas LynnBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1738-1780
Ludlow Castle (44) 1744-1771
British 44 Gun
5th Rate Ship
Edward ClarkeBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1726-1778
Renown (30) 1747-1771
British 30 Gun
6th Rate Frigate
1748 Renamed "Renown"
George MackenzieBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1740-1779
Amazon (22) 1745-1763
British 22 Gun
6th Rate Frigate
William NortonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1742-1779
Rye (20) 1746-1763
British 20 Gun
6th Rate Ship
Daniel DeringBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1749-1759
Weazle (16) 1745-1779
British 16 Gun
Unrated Sloop
John BolesBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1745-1760
Antigua (14) 1757-1763
British 14 Gun
Unrated Sloop
Weston VarloBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1743-1787
Bonetta (10) 1756-1776
British 10 Gun
Unrated Sloop
Richard KingBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1738-1805
Spy (10) 1756-1773
British 10 Gun
Unrated Sloop
William BayneBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1749-1782
Kingfisher (14) 1745-1763
British 14 Gun
Unrated Sloop
Sabine DeaconBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1736-1749
Bomb
Falcon (8) 1745-1759
British 8 Gun
Unrated Bomb Vessel
Mark RobinsonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1740-1787
Bomb
Granado (8) 1742-1763
British 8 Gun
Unrated Bomb Vessel
Samuel UvedaleBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1740-1790
Bomb
Infernal (14) 1757-1774
British 14 Gun
Unrated Bomb Vessel
James MackenzieBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1734-1763
Bomb
 

Notes on Action


DescriptionTRN3

It was then decided to abandon the attempt on Martinique, and to attack Guadeloupe; and on the morning of the 20th the squadron sailed to the northward. By noon on the 22nd it was off Basse Terre. After the town had been reconnoitred and a council of war held, it was determined that on the morning of January 23rd the citadel and various batteries of Basse Terre should be cannonaded and, if possible, silenced, by the Lion, 50, Captain William Trelawney, St. George, 90, Captain Clarke Gayton, Norfolk, 74, Captain Robert Hughes , Cambridge, 80, Captain Thomas Burnett, bearing the broad pennant of Commodore Moore, Panther, 60, Captain Molyneux Shuldham, Burford, 70, Captain James Gambier (1), Berwick, (54, Captain William Harman, and Ripon, 60, Captain Edward Jekyll. The last named got aground, and was again in the greatest danger, until relieved by the Bristol and Roebuck. At about 5 P.M. the enemy's fire was silenced. Nevertheless, the town was rather wantonly destroyed on the following day by the fire of the four bomb ketches. Indeed, Commodore Moore exerted from the first much unnecessary force. He might have landed his troops a little to the north of the town, and so captured the place, which was open on the land side; but he preferred the useless and risky expedient of opposing his ships to forts. In the action, however, only about thirty men were killed and about sixty wounded, among the latter being Captain Trelawney, of the Lion. Commodore Moore, of course, gained his object; and on the 24th the army was put ashore and Basse Terre and Port Royal were occupied. The advantage was, unfortunately, not pressed; and the French governor retired to the mountainous interior of the island, and was there able to make a most courageous stand for upwards of three months.

During the interval, the Commodore detached the Roebuck, 44, Captain Lynn, the Winchester, 50, Captain Le Cras, the Berwick, 64, Captain Harman, the Panther, 60, Captain Shuklham, the Woolwich, 44, Captain Dering, and the Renown, 32, Captain Mackenzie, under Captain Harman; and this force, on February 13th, made itself master of Port Louis on the Grande Terre side of the island. But the guerilla warfare and comparative inactivity played havoc with the troops. There were great numbers of sick; and many of them had to be sent to Antigua. On February 27th General Hopson died, and was succeeded in the chief military command by Major-General the Hon. John Barrington. This officer was beginning to take somewhat more energetic measures than had previously been displayed, when the army was partially deprived of the assistance of the fleet in consequence of the arrival in the West Indies of M. de Bompart, with five ships of the line and three large frigates, containing troops intended for the relief of the French islands. Commodore Moore felt it necessary to proceed to Prince Rupert's Bay in the Island of Dominica, so that lie might be in a position to watch and promptly follow the motions of the enemy, who lay in Great Bay, Fort Royal, Martinique. The operations on shore were thereafter conducted chiefly by the army. The inevitable capitulation was signed on May 1st, M. de Bompart not having interfered. Nevertheless, after Guadeloupe had surrendered, he made a brief descent upon the island, and then, learning the truth, returned to Martinique. Moore heard of this movement of the French squadron, and put to sea in search of the enemy; but he failed to find him, and once more anchored in Prince Rupert's Bay. After the capture of Guadeloupe, General Barriiigton summoned, and received the surrender of, Marie Galante, the Saintes, La Desirade and Petite Terre. A little later Moore, reinforced by the Raisonnable, 64, and the Nassau, 64, proceeded to Basse Terre Road, and, on June 25th, despatched part of the army to England under convoy of the Roebuck.




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British sloop 'Despatch' (1812) (16) 1812-1836
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