Raid on Rochefort

5th September 1757 - 6th October 1757
Part of : Seven Years' War (1756/05/17 - 1763/02/10)
Previous action : Prince Edward v French Frigate 24.8.1757
Next action : Southampton vs L'Emeraude 21.9.1757


Great Britain

British Squadron, Edward Hawke (1704/5-1781)
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Ramillies (90) James Hobbs (c.1711-1770)Fleet Flagship
Neptune (90) James Galbraith (c.1717-1782)Squadron Flagship
Princess Amelia (80) Samuel Graves (1713-1787)Squadron Flagship
Royal Anne (100) Sir William Burnaby (1710-1776)
Torbay (74) Augustus Keppel (1725-1786)
Namur (90) Peter Denis (c.1713-1778)
Royal William (84) Wittewronge Taylor (c.1719-1760)
Barfleur (80) Stephen Colby (c.1720-1779)
Magnanime (74) Richard Howe (1725/26-1799)
Dublin (74) George Brydges Rodney (1719-1792)
Burford (68) James Young (1717-1789)
Intrepid (60) Edward Pratten (c.1715-1763)
Medway (60) Charles Proby (d.1799)
Dunkirk (60) Robert Digby (1732-1815)
Achilles (60) The Hon. Samuel Barrington (1729-1800)
America (60) John Byron (1723-1786)
Firedrake (10) Owen Edwards (c.1719-1762)
Infernal (14) James Mackenzie (c.1715-1789)
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Proserpine (8) Francis Banks (c.1730-1777)

Notes on Action

Early on the 23rd Vice-Admiral Knowles, with the Neptune, 90, Captain James Galbraith; Magnanime, 74, Captain the Hon. Richard Howe; Barfleur, 90, Captain Samuel Graves; Torbay, 74, Captain the Hon. Augustus Keppel; Royal William, 84, Captain Wittewronge Taylor, and two bombs, the Firedrake and Infernal, attacked the works on Aix. The Magnanime got into action within forty yards of the fort, and, she being well seconded by the Barfleur, in half an hour the position surrendered. It was taken possession of, and the defences were later destroyed. In the meantime vessels were sent to reconnoitre, and to sound for a suitable place of disembarkation on the mainland; but it was discovered that a landing in any case would be difficult, and that, if opposed, it could scarcely be effected. At a council of war, held on the 25th in the Neptune, it was therefore decided not to proceed; but at another council of war, on the 28th, this decision was reversed, and it was determined to attempt an attack, in spite of the fact that the enemy, who had been very active, was then better than ever prepared. Yet when, in the early morning of the 29th, all was ready, the wind blew off shore, and the scheme had finally to be abandoned. On October 1st the fleet sailed for England, and on the 6th arrived at Spithead. The collapse of the expedition, and the waste of money, which its mismanagement by the Government had entailed, caused grave public dissatisfaction.

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