Actions around Barosund

31st July 1789 - 24th October 1789
Part of : Russo-Swedish War (1788 - 1790)
Previous action : 2nd Battle of Oland 26.7.1789
Next action : Battle of Rochensalm 13.8.1789

 

Russia

 
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Severnyi Oryol (66)  
Panteleimon (66) Ignatii Lotyrev
Volkhov (32)  
Schastlivyi (8)  
Letuchii  
Gagava  
 

Notes on Action


DescriptionNWB

The Swedes had collected in Barosund a small squadron of vessels from Stockholm, and between this and the Russian Porkala detachment there was a certain amount of fighting. Rayalin, the Swedish commander, tried on July 31st to attack the Russian battery on the point at Porkala, but was prevented by head winds. On August 21st the Sv. Mark 20 and Letutchii 28 attacked two Swedish storeships near Porkala, but were driven off by two gunboats and two smaller boats. On the 26th Rayalin made another unsuccessful attack on the Russian battery; three galleys and two gun-vessels passed the headland and engaged the Russian squadron of two battleships, one frigate, and two cutters, while four galleys and some gunboats attacked the battery. The Russians were too strong, and Rayalin had to retreat. Tchitchagov's withdrawal from Karlskrona left the way open for the Swedish sailing fleet to put to sea. The object of the detachment which the Russians had intercepted at the beginning of the month had been to attack the ships at Porkala, and on August 25th Fust, the Swedish captain in charge, got to sea. Another battleship had been added to his force, so that he now had the three battleships Wladislaff 76, Omhet 64, and Rattvisan 62; three 40-gun frigates, Thetis, Minerva, and Camilla; and some small craft. On September 4th he was off Hango, and the same day the Russian squadron at Porkala was joined by the Rodislav 66, bringing its strength up to three 66-gun battleships Evropa, lanuarii, and Rodislav, with the Sv. Mark 20 and Letutchii 28. On the 6th the Swedes reached Barosund, but here they sighted the masts of a large fleet towards Revel, and at once decided to return; on September 15th they were back at Karlskrona. The masts which they had seen were, in fact, those of Tchitchagov's fleet, which had just left Revel to cruise in the Gulf of Finland. This cruise lasted till October 21st, but nothing of interest took place, and Tchitchagov was never in command of his full fleet. At first he left at Revel the No. 8 74, No. 9 74, and Deris 66. On September 10th and 11th three of his ships, the Syevernyi Orel 66, Panteleimon 66, and Aleksandr Nevskii
74, arrived at Porkala, while three others, the Metcheslav 66, Svyatoslav 66. and Pamyat Evstafia 66, were detached to IsTargen. On September 10th Kruse, who had returned to the Sv. Nikolai 100, reached Revel with that ship, and the Ne iron menya 66. On September 21st he was off Nargen, and took charge of the three last-named of Tchitchagov's ships. On October 12th the Vseslav 74 and Yaroslav 74 arrived from Tchitchagov's fleet, and on the 21st the rest of that fleet entered the Revel harbour.

Meanwhile, on September 16th, all the Russian ships at Porkala except the two battleships Evropa and lanuarii had proceeded to Barosund, and on the 18th they attacked the Swedish flotilla there. On the Russian side were eight ships, with 374 guns, the Aleksandr Nevskii 74, Rodislav 66, Syevernyi Orel 66, Panteleimon 66, Vryachislav 46, Sv. Mark 20, Letutchii 28, and Stchastlivyi 8; on the Swedish 1 turuma, 5 galleys, and 2 gun-vessels, with 152 guns, besides batteries on either side of the channel.[Russian accounts put the Swedish force at 15 galleys, 1 half-galley, 20 gun-boats, and 30 armed boats] After an hour's action the Swedes retreated, with the loss of one galley, which ran aground and had to be burnt. The Russians pursued, and the Syevernyi Orel 66 ran aground on Jakobs Ramso, north of the channel. All attempts to refloat her proved in vain, and eventually, after the removal of her guns and stores, she was burnt. The Swedes retreated towards the mainland at Ingo and Bastubacka, lying respectively north and north-west of their former position. Those in Ingofjard were attacked on the 19th by two of the smaller Russian vessels, but managed to repulse them. The Russians then attempted landings between Ingo and Bastubacka, but were unsuccessful in each case.[They were reinforced to a strength of 3 battleships, 5 frigates, 2 bomb-vessels, and 6 cutters] They also built a battery on Elgso, the island south of the channel, but this was captured by the Swedish troops from the mainland in a surprise attack in the early morning of September 30th, and thenceforth became part of the Swedish scheme of defence. At last, on October 23rd, a number of Swedish gunboats reached Barosund from the west, and the next day the Russian squadron abandoned its positions both at Barosund and Porkala. On the 26th, off Nargen, three ships, the Aleksandr Nevskii 74, Rodislav 66, and Gavriil 38, ran aground; the first and last named were refloated, but the Rodislav had to be burnt. Ravalin took the Swedish flotilla to Helsingfors for the winter on October 27th.




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