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Battle of Beachy Head

Bataille du cap Béveziers

30th June 1690
Part of : War of the Grand Alliance (1688 - 1697)
Previous action : Action of 4th October 1689 4.10.1689
Next action : Attack of 1692/01/30 30.1.1692

 

Allied (Dutch Republic & Kingdom of England)

 
The Vanguard - Dutch Squadron,
Cornelis EvertsenDutch
Naval Sailor
Service 1642-1706
Ship NameCommanderNotes
 
Dutch Van,
Gerrit CallenburghDutch
Naval Sailor
Service 1642-1722
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Utrecht (62) 1665-1690
Dutch 62 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Pieter DeckerDutch
Naval Sailor
Sunk the 13/07/1690 after chase of the French
Alkmaar (50) 1666-1693
Dutch 50 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Jan KalfDutch
Naval Sailor
Tholen (60) 1688-1690
Dutch 60 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
KalisDutch
Naval Sailor
Burnt to avoid capture the 14/07/1690
Westfriesland (90) 1682-1700
Dutch 90 Gun
2nd Rate Ship of the Line
 Squadron Flagship
Prinses Maria (92) 1683-1708
Dutch 92 Gun
1st Rate Ship of the Line
 
Castricum (52) 1691-1692
Dutch 52 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
Ferdinand Joan KuiperDutch
Naval Sailor
Agatha (50) 1665-1691
Dutch 50 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
Willem van der ZaanDutch
Naval Sailor
Service 1688
 
Dutch Main Division,
Cornelis EvertsenDutch
Naval Sailor
Service 1642-1706
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Stad en Lande (50) 1683-1694
Dutch 50 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
Abraham TaalmanDutch
Naval Sailor
Maagd van Enkhuizen (72) 1688-1690
Dutch 72 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Jan van der PoelDutch
Naval Sailor
Service 1693
Sunk voluntary against the coast
Noord Holland (46) 1670-1696
Dutch 46 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
Rudolf SwaenDutch
Naval Sailor
Maagd van Dordrecht (68) 1666-1695
Dutch 68 Gun
2nd Rate Ship of the Line
Anthony PietersonDutch
Naval Sailor
Hollandia (74) 1683-1698
Dutch 74 Gun
2nd Rate Ship of the Line
 Fleet Flagship
Veluwe (66) 1688-1705
Dutch 66 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
 
Provincie van Utrecht (60) 1663-1696
Dutch 60 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Johan van ConventDutch
Naval Sailor
Maas (72) 1683-1704
Dutch 72 Gun
2nd Rate Ship of the Line
Jan SnellenDutch
Naval Sailor
 
Dutch Rearguard Division,
Karel van der PutteDutch
Naval Sailor
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Friesland (64) 1690-1696
Dutch 64 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Philips van der GoesDutch
Naval Sailor
Captured by Souverain and burned
Elswoud (60) 1677-1690
Dutch 60 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Adriaan NoortheijDutch
Naval Sailor
CO Killed and sunk voluntary against the coast
Reigersbergen (74) 1665-1690
Dutch 74 Gun
2nd Rate Ship of the Line
Abraham van der ZillDutch
Naval Sailor
Gekroonde Burcht (74) 1682-1690
Dutch 74 Gun
2nd Rate Ship of the Line
 Squadron Flagship Exploded
Noorderkwartier (72) 1688-1690
Dutch 72 Gun
2nd Rate Ship of the Line
Jan DickDutch
Naval Sailor
Sunk
Veere (60) 1682-1692
Dutch 60 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Kortgene (50) 1687-1690
Dutch 50 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
Andries de BoerDutch
Naval Sailor
 
The Main Body - English Red Squadron,
Lord Arthur Herbert (1st Earl of Torrington)British
Naval Sailor
Service 1666-1690
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Plymouth (52) 1653-1703
British 52 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Richard CarterBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1672-1691
Deptford (50) 1687-1700
British 50 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
William KerrBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1688-1720
Elizabeth (70) 1679-1704
British 70 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
John NevilleBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1673-1696
,
David MitchellBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1678-1702
,
Henry PriestmanBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1672-1699
Sandwich (90) 1679-1709
British 90 Gun
2nd Rate Ship of the Line
William BridgesBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1690-1694
Squadron Flagship
Expedition (70) 1679-1699
British 70 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
John ClementsBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1667-1693
Warspite (64) 1666-1702
British 64 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Stafford FairborneBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1685-1708
Woolwich (54) 1675-1702
British 54 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
 
Lion (58) 1658-1698
British 58 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
John TorpleyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1666-1692
Rupert (64) 1666-1702
British 64 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Sir Francis WhelerBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1678-1694
,
George PomeroyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1688-1690
Albemarle (90) 1680-1701
British 90 Gun
2nd Rate Ship of the Line
Sir Francis WhelerBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1678-1694
Grafton (70) 1679-1700
British 70 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Lord Henry Fitzroy (Duke of Grafton)British
Naval Sailor
Service 1683-1690
Royal Sovereign (100) 1685-1696
British 100 Gun
1st Rate Ship of the Line
 Squadron Flagship
Windsor Castle (90) 1679-1693
British 90 Gun
2nd Rate Ship of the Line
George ChurchillBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1666-1702
Lennox (70) 1678-1699
British 70 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
John GranvilleBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1688-1703
Stirling Castle (70) 1679-1699
British 70 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
 
York (58) 1653-1703
British 58 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
1660 Renamed "York"
Thomas HopsonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1672-1708
Suffolk (70) 1680-1699
British 70 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
John BountyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1673-1692
,
Wolfran CornewallBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1682-1697
Hampton Court (70) 1678-1701
British 70 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
John LatonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1688-1691
Duchess (90) 1679-1708
British 90 Gun
2nd Rate Ship of the Line
1701 Renamed "Princess Anne"
1702 Renamed "Windsor Castle"
1706 Renamed "Blenheim"
 Squadron Flagship
Hope (70) 1678-1695
British 70 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Thomas AllenBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1673-1690
,
George ByngBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1684-1703
Restoration (70) 1678-1702
British 70 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
William BothamBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1673-1690
CO Killed
 
Main Body - Not in the Line
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Constant Warwick (42) 1666-1691
British 42 Gun
4th Rate Frigate
Abraham PotterBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1678-1690
,
John BeverleyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1672-1696
 
The Rearguard - English White Squadron,
Sir Ralph DelavallBritish
Naval Sailor
Soldier
Service 1666-1698
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Anne (70) 1678-1690
British 70 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
John TyrrellBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1665-1692
Burnt voluntary
Edgar (72) 1668-1702
British 72 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
John JenniferBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1672-1691
Bredah (70) 1679-1690
British 70 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Christopher MasonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1666-1693
,
Matthew TennantBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1673-1677
Saint Andrew (100) 1670-1702
British 100 Gun
1st Rate Ship of the Line
Robert DorrellBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1690-1691
Coronation (90) 1685-1691
British 90 Gun
2nd Rate Ship of the Line
John MundenBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1677-1703
Royal Katherine (84) 1664-1699
British 84 Gun
2nd Rate Ship of the Line
Mathew AylmerBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1677-1690
Cambridge (70) 1666-1694
British 70 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
John ClementsBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1667-1693
,
Simon FowkesBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1680-1702
Berwick (70) 1679-1700
British 70 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Edward StanleyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1681-1781
,
Henry MartinBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1688-1701
Swallow (48) 1653-1692
British 48 Gun
4th Rate Ship
1660 Renamed "Swallow"
Benjamin WaltersBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1672-1693
Defiance (64) 1676-1695
British 64 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
John GraydonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1685-1703
Captain (70) 1678-1708
British 70 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Daniel JonesBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1673-1693
 
Rearguard - Not in the Line
Ship NameCommanderNotes
 
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Exeter (70) 1680-1691
British 70 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Matthew TennantBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1673-1677
,
George MeesBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1686-1697
Bonaventure (52) 1683-1699
British 52 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
John HubbardBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1688-1711
Fox (28) 1690-1692
British 28 Gun
5th Rate Fireship
William StoneBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1677-1691
Griffin (28) 1690-1702
British 28 Gun
5th Rate Fireship
Clifford ChamberlinBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1690-1691
Hawk (28) 1690-1712
British 28 Gun
5th Rate Fireship
William HarmanBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1672-1694
Hunter (28) 1690-1710
British 28 Gun
5th Rate Fireship
Thomas KercherBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1690-1694
Spy (28) 1690-1693
British 28 Gun
5th Rate Fireship
Frederick WeighmanBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1689-1691
Dolphin (28) 1690-1709
British 28 Gun
5th Rate Fireship
William VickersBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1690-1694
Owner's Love (10) 1688-1697
British 10 Gun
Unrated Fireship
Thomas HeathBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1689-1692
Thomas and Elizabeth (10) 1688-1692
British 10 Gun
Unrated Fireship
Thomas MarshallBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1665-1681
Cygnet (8) 1688-1693
British 8 Gun
Unrated Fireship
Robert WilmotBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1689-1695
Speedwell (8) 1688-1692
British 8 Gun
Unrated Fireship
 
 

Royaume de France -
Anne Hilarion de Costentin (Chevalier de Tourville)French
Naval Sailor
Ship Owner
Service 1669-1692

 
The Van Vanguard (Blue)
Ship NameCommanderNotes
 
The Main Vanguard (Blue),
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Royal Dauphin (104) 1668-1700
French 104 Gun
1st Rate Ship of the Line
1671 Renamed "Royal Dauphin"
1691 Renamed "Dauphin Royal"
 Squadron Flagship 100 deads or wounded
Le Conquérant (76) 1688-1712
French 76 Gun
2nd Rate Ship of the Line
Phillippe Le Valois (Marquis de Villette-Mursay)French
Naval Sailor
Service 1672-1701
Pompeux (70) 1670-1709
French 70 Gun
2nd Rate Ship of the Line
1671 Renamed "Pompeux"
Le Fier (74) 1682-1692
French 74 Gun
2nd Rate Ship of the Line
Ferdinand de Relingues (Comte de Relingue)French
Naval Sailor
Ship Owner
Administrator
Marine
Service 1670-1702
L'Eclatant (70) 1688-1713
French 70 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
L'Ardent (66) 1680-1705
French 66 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Le Parfait (64) 1671-1699
French 64 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Charles-François de Machault de BelmontFrench
Naval Sailor
Administrator
Marine
Service 1676-1692
Le Courtisan (64) 1686-1702
French 64 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Lord Jean Bernard Louis Desjeans (Baron de Pointis)French
Naval Sailor
Administrator
Marine
Soldier
Service 1697
L'Excellent (60) 1678-1710
French 60 Gun
2nd Rate Ship of the Line
de Montbron (Chevalier )French
Naval Sailor
Service 1665-1693
Ferme (60) 1669-1700
French 60 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
1671 Renamed "Fier"
1678 Renamed "Ferme"
VaudricourtFrench
Naval Sailor
Service 1675-1690
Saint Louis (58) 1684-1692
French 58 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
1684 Renamed "Saint Louis"
Jean de La Roque-PersinFrench
Naval Sailor
Service 1670-1692
Fort (56) 1678-1692
French 56 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
1678 Renamed "Fort"
François-René de Betz (Comte de La Harteloire)French
Naval Sailor
Service 1671-1695
Le Courageux (56) 1679-1704
French 56 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
de SérignyFrench
Naval Sailor
Service 1690
Le Bon (54) 1672-1692
French 54 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
Camille de Digoine du PalaisFrench
Naval Sailor
Service 1665-1716
Le Fendant (54) 1672-1702
French 54 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
Théophile du Vigier (Sieur de La Vigerie-Treillebois)French
Naval Sailor
Administrator
Marine
Service 1666-1690
Le Precieux (54) 1679-1694
French 54 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
Barthélemy-Alexandre d'Aralle (Chevalier de Perrinet)French
Naval Sailor
Administrator
Marine
Service 1670-1689
69 dead or wounded
Téméraire (52) 1671-1694
French 52 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
1671 Renamed "Téméraire"
Amatheur du Rivau-HuetFrench
Naval Sailor
Service 1670-1692
Hardi (52) 1671-1709
French 52 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
1678 Renamed "Hardi"
des GouttesFrench
Naval Sailor
Service 1683-1690
Le Trident (52) 1688-1695
French 52 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
RiberetteFrench
Naval Sailor
Service 1690
Aquilon (52) 1666-1697
French 52 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
1671 Renamed "Aquilon"
BeaugeaisFrench
Naval Sailor
Service 1690
Le Maure (50) 1688-1710
French 50 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Rolland Barrin (Marquis de la Galissonnière)French
Naval Sailor
Service 1667-1720
L'Éole (44) 1673-1696
French 44 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
1692 Renamed "Arche de Noe"
1693 Renamed "Cache"
du TastFrench
Naval Sailor
Service 1690
de FervilleFrench
Naval Sailor
Service 1668-1692
L'Indien (40) 1673-1693
French 40 Gun
5th Rate Ship of the Line
1692 Renamed "Concorde"
de RousselFrench
Naval Sailor
Service 1690
Jean BartFrench
Naval Sailor
Privateer
Service 1676-1697
 
The Rear Vanguard (Blue),
Joseph Andrault (2nd Comte de Langeron)French
Naval Sailor
Ship Builder
Administrator
Marine
Service 1669-1706
Ship NameCommanderNotes
La Couronne (80) 1669-1712
French 80 Gun
2nd Rate Ship of the Line
Joseph Andrault (2nd Comte de Langeron)French
Naval Sailor
Ship Builder
Administrator
Marine
Service 1669-1706
Squadron Flagship
 
The Center (White),
Anne Hilarion de Costentin (Chevalier de Tourville)French
Naval Sailor
Ship Owner
Service 1669-1692
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Le Soleil Royal (108) 1669-1692
French 108 Gun
1st Rate Ship of the Line
 Fleet Flagship
Le Souverain (80) 1678-1706
French 80 Gun
2nd Rate Ship of the Line
André de NesmondFrench
Naval Sailor
Service 1662-1697
took the Vriesland (Friesland)
Le Magnifique (84) 1685-1692
French 84 Gun
2nd Rate Ship of the Line
Charles-François Davy (2nd Marquis d'Amfreville)French
Naval Sailor
Service 1646-1692
Le Saint Philippe (70) 1663-1692
French 70 Gun
1st Rate Ship of the Line
Le Tonnant (74) 1681-1692
French 74 Gun
2nd Rate Ship of the Line
Armand-Charles de La Porte de La Meilleraye (2nd Duc de La Meilleraye)French
Naval Sailor
Administrator
Marine
Service 1676-1690
L'Henri (68) 1688-1735
French 68 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Sérieux (64) 1687-1718
French 64 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
1688 Renamed "Croissant"
1689 Renamed "Sérieux"
Jacques-Auguste Maynard (Sieur de Bellefontaine de la Malmaison)French
Naval Sailor
Administrator
Marine
Service 1665-1714
Le Content (66) 1686-1695
French 66 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
 
Le Marquis (60) 1685-1705
French 60 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
 
Le Furieux (60) 1684-1721
French 60 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Charles des Nos (Comte des Nos de Forbonest)French
Naval Sailor
Administrator
Marine
Service 1669-1701
Le Vermandois (60) 1684-1721
French 60 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
François du Chalard (Marquis du Chalard)French
Naval Sailor
Service 1670-1695
L'Arrogant (58) 1682-1705
French 58 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
 
Le Sans Pareil (58) 1685-1698
French 58 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
La RongèreFrench
Naval Sailor
Service 1690
Entreprenant (58) 1678-1722
French 58 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
1680 Renamed "Entreprenant"
Jacques Kadot de Sébeville (Comte de Sébeville)French
Naval Sailor
Service 1669-1703
Le Diamant (58) 1687-1721
French 58 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
de SerquignyFrench
Naval Sailor
Service 1690-1704
Le Saint Michel (58) 1686-1704
French 58 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
de Villars (Comte de Villars)French
Naval Sailor
Marine
Soldier
Service 1672-1712
L'Apollon (56) 1683-1720
French 56 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Bitaut de BeorFrench
Naval Sailor
Service 1672-1683
Le Fortuné (54) 1689-1707
French 54 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
de PallasFrench
Naval Sailor
Service 1666-1702
Brusque (50) 1688-1698
French 50 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
1689 Renamed "Brusque"
Charles-Daniel Ricoux (Chevalier de Ricoux)French
Naval Sailor
Service 1676-1692
Neptune (50) 1678-1702
French 50 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
1679 Renamed "Neptune"
Claude de ForbinFrench
Naval Sailor
Service 1675-1715
Fidèle (44) 1667-1696
French 44 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
1671 Renamed "Joli"
1678 Renamed "Fidèle"
 
Chevalier Charles de Sainte-MaureFrench
Naval Sailor
Service 1690-1692
51 deads or wounded
Le Cheval Marin (42) 1666-1729
French 42 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
Jacques Davy (Chevalier d'Amfreville)French
Naval Sailor
Service 1682
Le Faucon (40) 1674-1708
French 40 Gun
4th Rate Frigate (Frégate-Vaisseau de 1er Ordre)
1694 Renamed "Faucon Francais"
1703 Renamed "Faucon"
 
The Rearguard (White & Blue),
Victor Marie d'Estrées (Comte d'Estrées)French
Naval Sailor
Service 1683-1702
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Le Grand (70) 1680-1717
French 70 Gun
2nd Rate Ship of the Line
 Squadron Flagship
L'Intrépide (82) 1690-1724
French 82 Gun
2nd Rate Ship of the Line
Jean Gabaret (Seigneur d'Angoulins)French
Naval Sailor
Service 1653-1692
Belliqueux (76) 1676-1708
French 76 Gun
2nd Rate Ship of the Line
1678 Renamed "Belliqueux"
 
Triomphant (76) 1675-1692
French 76 Gun
2nd Rate Ship of the Line
1678 Renamed "Triomphant"
Chevalier Pierre Le Bret (Chevalier de Flacourt)French
Naval Sailor
Service 1661-1684
Le Terrible (74) 1680-1692
French 74 Gun
2nd Rate Ship of the Line
François Panetié (Seigneur de la Croix)French
Naval Sailor
Service 1670-1692
93 deads or wounded
Florissant (74) 1670-1696
French 74 Gun
2nd Rate Ship of the Line
1671 Renamed "Florissant"
Jacques de Cuers (Seigneur de Cogolin)French
Naval Sailor
Administrator
Service 1638-1693
L'Aimable (70) 1690-1714
French 70 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Pierre Guérusseau (Seigneur du Magnou)French
Naval Sailor
Service 1650-1692
Illustre (72) 1666-1698
French 72 Gun
2nd Rate Ship of the Line
1671 Renamed "Illustre"
Marc-Hyacinthe Rosmadec (Marquis de Rosmadec)French
Naval Sailor
Service 1666-1690
Le Bourbon (62) 1683-1692
French 62 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
HervaultFrench
Naval Sailor
Service 1689
L'Agréable (62) 1671-1717
French 62 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
La Motte-GenouilléFrench
Naval Sailor
Service 1678-1690
Le Glorieux (54) 1679-1719
French 54 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Jean Erard (Seigneur de Belle-Isle)French
Naval Sailor
Service 1665-1703
Le Brave (58) 1683-1697
French 58 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
 
Prudent (58) 1667-1696
French 58 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
1667 Renamed "Prudent"
Le Fleuron (56) 1687-1707
French 56 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
Michel ChabertFrench
Naval Sailor
Service 1676
Le Prince (56) 1680-1717
French 56 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
 
Vaillant (54) 1689-1692
French 54 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
1690 Renamed "Vaillant"
Simon de Pas (Chevalier de Feuquières)French
Naval Sailor
Service 1672
Vigilant (52) 1664-1700
French 52 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
1671 Renamed "Vermandois"
1678 Renamed "Vigilant"
Le Modéré (52) 1685-1702
French 52 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
Jean Baptiste Achard (Chevalier des Augiers)French
Naval Sailor
Service 1675-1706
Le Français (50) 1687-1736
French 50 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
Chevalier Jacques d'Arcy d'AillyFrench
Naval Sailor
Administrator
Marine
Service 1674-1704
Duc (48) 1669-1691
French 48 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
1671 Renamed "Duc"
Capable (44) 1667-1691
French 44 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
1671 Renamed "Mignon"
1678 Renamed "Capable"
La BoissiereFrench
Naval Sailor
Service 1690
Le Comte (40) 1677-1698
French 40 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
Courbon-BlénacFrench
Naval Sailor
Service 1690-1692
du RouvrayFrench
Naval Sailor
Service 1690
 

Sources


IDNameAuthorType

Previous comments on this page

Posted by gauthard serge on Friday 13th of January 2017 20:13

SHIP PARFAIT in the blue & white , rearguard squadron .

Bleu Vanguard Squadron : 22 warships.
ship INDIEN : captain de Roussel.
ship COURAGEUX : captain de Sérigny.
second line, reserve squadron: commodore jean bart :
ship : SOLIDE, ALCYON , ÉOLE.

Center, White Squadron: 25 warships.
ship : BRILLANT : captain : de Beaujeu.
ship : NEPTUNE : captain : Louis de Forbin ,brother dead 1695.
ship : FIDÈLE : captain : Claude de Forbin-Gardanne .
ship : CONTENT : captain : Comte de Saint Pierre.
ship : TONNANT : Chef d'escadre de Provence : Charles Marquis de la Porte.
ship : CHEVAL MARIN : captain : Chevalier d'Amfreville.
ship : FOUGUEUX : captain : Colbert de Saint-Marc.
ship : DIAMANT: captain : de Serquigny.
ship : ARROGANT : captain : Chevalier des Adrets.
ship : MARQUIS : captain : Chevalier de Chateaumorand.
second line: Jean Bart ,reserve squadron:
ship : FAUCON : captain : de Montbault.

Rearguard, bleu & white Squadron: 23 warships.
ship: BRAVE : captain : Chevalier de Champigny.
ship : BELLIQUEUX : captain : Marquis des Francs.
ship : PRINCE : captain : baron des Adrets.
Second line : jean bart reserve Squadron : ship: LEGER
bye


Posted by Brian Stephens on Tuesday 22nd of April 2014 21:52

British battles on land and sea
By James Grant (published 1873)
Beachy Head 1690
About dawn on the 30th of June, that year, great crowds of people on the Sussex coast resorted to Beachy Head, the loftiest cliff on that part of the shore. It is 573 feet high, and perforated by many caverns—the scene of many a shipwreck in stormy weather, and the resort of multitudes of sea-fowl. On that morning the French fleet, under Anne Hilarion de Costentin, the Count de Tourville, consisting of seventy-eight men-of-war and twenty-two fire-ships, was seen hovering off the coast, and ere long the allied English and Dutch fleets, the former consisting of thirty-four sail and the latter of twenty-two, under the Earl of Torrington, hove in sight. De Tourville was made a Marshal of France in 1693.
powerful fleet had long menaced the Channel coast, while nor far from that of France—but a little way inland indeed—a considerable army was cantoned, under the orders of a celebrated marshal, Louis de Crevant, Due d'Humieres, waiting to embark for England; and the defeat of Torrington might bring 20,000 French veterans on the sands at Deal, at a time when the whole united forces in Britain did not exceed 10,000 men.
Hence it was with no small anxiety the good folks of Sussex on that June morning assembled on the chalky crest of Beachy Head, and turned their eyes and telescopes seaward.
Aware of how much depended on the issue of a battle, Admiral Torrington had been loth to risk it and at that actual crisis, is undoubted. He resolved to obey the orders he had received, and yet in doing so not hazard all.
He conceived the idea of letting a portion of his fleet skirmish with the enemy while the main body, should not if possible engage; thus he formed his order of battle so that the heaviest brunt of the action should fall upon the Dutch, already in disfavour in England, so much so that the destruction of their whole fleet would have caused less murmuring there than the loss of one of our smallest frigates.
With these views and plans he stood towards the enemy. George Rooke was vice-admiral, and led the Red squadron. Admiral Russell and Sir John Tourville, in the Magnificent, 80 guns, with twenty-five sail. Their fire-ships hovered on the flanks. The original intention of the French was, if possible, to divide their fleet, of which one part was to stand up the Thames, while the Jacobites in London rose in arms and seized the Queen and her Ministry; the other portion was to join their galleys and land troops at Torbay; while a squadron in the Irish Sea cut off King William's return from Ireland. But now the approach of Torrington put all the future to the event of a battle.
The French had actually been so close in on the coast that on the 21st of June their boats had taken some loiterers on board. These were handled pretty roughly, and then set on shore. One of them was charged with a letter addressed to Admiral Torrington, from Sir William Jennings, who had commanded an English ship at the time of the Revolution, but had followed his royal master to exile, and now served as third captain under Tourville; and in that document he proffered pardon to all captains that would abandon the Dutch usurper, and adhere to the cause of King James.
When the signal to close in action was hoisted by the Earl of Torrington, the French were under easy sail upon a wind, with their heads lying northwards, off Beachy Head; but on seeing the English forming line, " they braced their head-sails to the mast and lay by;" and at nine o'clock a few puffs of snow-white smoke upon the sea announced to the crowds upon the headland and those away by Eastbourne that the battle had begun.
Promptly did the Dutch, who were in the van, under Admiral Calembourg, respond to the signal, seconded by the English Blue squadron, under Sir Cloudesley Shovel; but the Red, or centre squadron, being, by Torrington's intention, kept somewhat apart, left a great opening, of which the French hastened to take advantage, to surround Shovel and the Dutch.
Pere Daniel says that on this day the French had the advantage both of the wind and tide.
Evertzen and his countrymen fought with the most stubborn bravery; and, in spite of national prejudice, it was fully admitted by the English and French that "in none of Van Tromp's or De Ruyter's battles had the honour of the Batavian flag been more gallantly upheld." Two of their rear-admirals, Dick and Brackel, with many captains and seamen, were slain; a vast number of wounded, horribly mutilated by round and chain-shot, encumbered all the decks and lay about the guns, and their hulls and rigging were battered and torn to pieces in a manner they could not have been had they been properly seconded by Lord Torrington.
"The Dutch began the fight," records Burchett, as also did some of the English; but not being seconded by the rest of the fleet, which unexpectedly stood away, several of the Dutch ships, after they had fought most gallantly, were either burnt, sunk, or disabled, and the English that engaged were very much shattered.
During many hours the van, with the Blue squadron, in which Captain Sir David Mitchell, in the Elizabeth, 70 guns, greatly distinguished himself, maintained the unequal contest without adequate assistance from the other part of the fleet. At length the Dutch drew off, leaving one shattered hull in the hands of the enemy; and to
save themselves from utter destruction came to anchor.
On examining the state of his fleet, the Earl of Torrington found the ships of the Blue squadron had suffered considerably, and came to the conclusion that no advantage could be won by a renewal of the action.
By five in the afternoon the wind died away, and he came to anchor; while several of the French ships, with their boats ahead, were being towed out of range of cannon-shot . In the night the English fleet weighed anchor, and stood eastward. Next day Torrington called a Council of War, which decided that it was most advisable to preserve the fleet by retreating, and to destroy all disabled ships, rather than lose time by protecting them.
This was accordingly done. Many Dutch ships were scuttled and sunk; the rest were taken in tow by the English fleet, which sailed along the Kentish coast with all speed for the Thames. In this unfortunate batUe their loss was two captains, Botham and Pomeroy, with two captains of marines in Torrington's own regiment, and 330 men.
Such is the account given in Torrington's own dispatch, dated, "Off Beachy, July 1st, one in the afternoon," in "Dalrymple's Annals."
The French were still pursuing; when off Rye Bay, in sight of the ancient town—one of the famous old Cinque Ports—the people had the mortification to see an English ship, the Anne, 70 guns, which was entirely dismasted, forced on shore by the enemy, and set in flames. Captain John Tyrrel, her commander, who had fought her gallantly, escaped.
They next attempted to destroy a Dutch sixtyfour gun ship, as she lay half-aground near Pevensey; but Puffendorf says her captain defended her so resolutely that they were compelled to relinquish the attempt; that three others were burnt by their own crews, and that the total loss of the Dutch was six first-rate men-of-war. But more than ali did they deplore the deaths of Jan Dick and Brackel, Admirals of the Maese and North Holland. Pere Daniel states that the largest Dutch ship was taken by the Marquis de Nesmonde.
Torrington sought refuge in the Thames, where he ordered all the buoys to be torn up, which made the navigation of the river so dangerous that he could not be followed by the Count de Tourville, who came to anchor in Torbay; but great were the terror and consternation in London. There, we are told, "the shame was insupportable, the peril imminent. What if the victorious enemy should do what De Ruyter had done?
What if the dockyard of Chatham should again be destroyed? What if the Tower itself should be bombarded? What if the vast wood of masts and yard-arms below London Bridge should be in a blaze? Nor was this all; evil tidings had just arrived from the Low Countries."
These tidings were that the allied forces, under Prince Waldeck, had encountered near Fleurus the French, commanded by the Duke de Luxembourg, and that, after a long and fierce conflict, the latter had been victorious. Could this double disaster be true? The people in London refused to believe it.
After menacing the coast till the 5 th of August, the Count de Tourville sailed from Torbay to Brest. Admiral the Earl of Torrington was sent to the Tower, and tried by a court-martial at Sheerness; and though he was fully acquitted, Bumet says King William most unjustly deprived him of his commission, to satisfy the clamour of his beloved countrymen the Dutch. But such was the effect, for a time, of this battle off Beachy Head, that, according to Macaulay, "between the coast of Artois and the Nore, not a single ship bearing the red cross of St. George could venture to show herself."

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