Action of 1813-07-29

29th July 1813
Part of : The War of 1812 (1812 - 1814)
Previous action : Action of 1813-06-20 20.6.1813
Next action : Argus vs Pelican 14.8.1813


United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland

Ship NameCommanderNotes
Junon (38) James Sanders (d.1834)
Martin (18) Humphrey Fleming Senhouse (1781-1841)

United States of America

Delaware Flotilla, Samuel Angus (1784-1840)
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Buffalo (5) Samuel Angus (1784-1840)Fleet Flagship
Camel (4)  
Gunboat No. 121 (1)  7 killed and wounded Captured
Gunboat No. 125 (1) L. Moliere

Notes on Action

On that occasion the Junon did little better than the gunboats; but she had her revenge a month later. On July 29th she was in Delaware Bay with the ship-sloop Martin, 18, Commander Humphrey Fleming Senhouse, when the latter grounded on the outside of Crow's Shoal. The frigate anchored within supporting distance; and shortly afterwards the two ships were attacked by a flotilla of ten American gunboats. Besides the usual disadvantages of gunboats, these particular ones suffered under an additional handicap, for their powder was so bad that all of the officers had joined in a solemn protest to the Navy Department, and had stated that it was unfit for service. The flotilla kept at a distance which permitted an hour's cannonading with no damage to anybody, their own shot failing to reach even the brig, while those of the frigate occasionally passed over them. During the firing, gunboat No. 121, Sailing-Master Shead, drifted a mile and a half away from her consorts. This gave the British an opportunity, of which they took prompt advantage. They made a dash for No. 121 in seven boats, containing one hundred and forty men, under the command of Lieutenant Philip Westphal. Mr. Shead anchored, and made an obstinate defence; but at the second discharge of his long-gun the carriage was almost torn to pieces, and he was reduced to the use of small-arms. The British boats advanced steadily, firing their boat carronades and musketry, and carried the gunboat by boarding, though not without a loss of three killed or mortally wounded, and four wounded, while seven of the twenty-five members of the gunboat's crew suffered likewise.

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