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Battle of Barfleur

19th May 1692
Part of : War of the Grand Alliance (1688 - 1697)
Previous action : Action of 1692-02-22 22.2.1691/92
Next action : Action at Cherbourg 1.6.1692 - 2.6.1692

Having sent ahead some "frigates" the lighter and faster part of his fleet to reconnoitre the French coast and watch the motions of the enemy, Russell sailed from St Helens on May 18th. At 3 A.M. on the morning of Thursday, the 19th, when he was off Cape Barfleur, the Chester and Charles Galley, which were then scouting to the westward, fired guns, and made the best of their way towards the flag. Upon arriving within signalling distance, they reported that the enemy was in sight. The wind was S.W. and, the French being to the south-west of the Allies, Tourville had the option whether he would or would not engage. He had not received the order to avoid an action; he believed that he was expected to fight; and mortification at the manner in which his previous proceedings had been criticised inclined him to the combat. Moreover, he seems to have been at first quite ignorant as to the overwhelming strength of the Allies, and to have supposed that not more than five and forty ships were opposed to him. He therefore ordered his whole fleet to keep away together for the enemy, who, heading S.S.W., awaited him on the starboard tack in the natural order, the Dutch, that is, being in the van, and Ashby, with the Blue squadron, occupying the rear. Supposing for a short time that the French might stand to the northward, Russell had signalled his own rear to tack; but when, soon after 4 A.M., he saw the enemy standing to the southward and preparing to form line on the same tack as the Allies, he annulled the order ere Ashby had gone far towards obeying it. Tourville indeed accepted the challenge in the handsomest manner, when he might have discovered a dozen excellent reasons for declining it.

 

Royaume de France

 
Blue & White Van Squadron ,
André de NesmondFrench
Naval Sailor
Service 1662-1697
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Le Bourbon (62) 1683-1692
French 62 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Barthélemy-Alexandre d'Aralle (Chevalier de Perrinet)French
Naval Sailor
Administrator
Marine
Service 1670-1689
Le Monarque (84) 1668-1697
French 84 Gun
1st Rate Ship of the Line
 Squadron Flagship
L'Aimable (70) 1690-1714
French 70 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Charles de Boscal de Mornac (Chevalier de Réals)French
Naval Sailor
Service 1668-1692
Saint Louis (58) 1684-1692
French 58 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
1684 Renamed "Saint Louis"
Jean de La Roque-PersinFrench
Naval Sailor
Service 1670-1692
Le Diamant (58) 1687-1721
French 58 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Simon de Pas (Chevalier de Feuquières)French
Naval Sailor
Service 1672
CO mortal wounded
 
Blue & White Main Squadron ,
Charles-François Davy (2nd Marquis d'Amfreville)French
Naval Sailor
Service 1646-1692
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Le Gaillard (64) 1690-1692
French 64 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Jacques Davy (Chevalier d'Amfreville)French
Naval Sailor
Service 1682
Le Terrible (74) 1680-1692
French 74 Gun
2nd Rate Ship of the Line
Jacques Kadot de Sébeville (Comte de Sébeville)French
Naval Sailor
Service 1669-1703
Le Merveilleux (90) 1691-1692
French 90 Gun
2nd Rate Ship of the Line
Joseph de MonsFrench
Naval Sailor
Service 1672-1727
Squadron Flagship Admiral mortal wounded
Le Tonnant (74) 1681-1692
French 74 Gun
2nd Rate Ship of the Line
Le Saint Michel (58) 1686-1704
French 58 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
de Villars (Comte de Villars)French
Naval Sailor
Marine
Soldier
Service 1672-1712
Le Vermandois (60) 1684-1721
French 60 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Louis de LévyFrench
Naval Sailor
Service 1373-1692
 
Blue & White Rear Squadron ,
Ferdinand de Relingues (Comte de Relingue)French
Naval Sailor
Ship Owner
Administrator
Marine
Service 1670-1702
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Sérieux (64) 1687-1718
French 64 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
1688 Renamed "Croissant"
1689 Renamed "Sérieux"
Charles de Courbon-Blénac (1st Comte de Blénac)French
Naval Sailor
Administrator
Service 1670-1693
Le Foudroyant (90) 1691-1692
French 90 Gun
2nd Rate Ship of the Line
Ferdinand de Relingues (Comte de Relingue)French
Naval Sailor
Ship Owner
Administrator
Marine
Service 1670-1702
Squadron Flagship
Le Brillant (64) 1690-1719
French 64 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
de CombesFrench
Naval Sailor
Service 1677-1692
 
White Van Squadron,
Phillippe Le Valois (Marquis de Villette-Mursay)French
Naval Sailor
Service 1672-1701
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Fort (56) 1678-1692
French 56 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
1678 Renamed "Fort"
La RongèreFrench
Naval Sailor
Service 1690
L'Henri (70) 1688-1735
French 70 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Gaspard de Goussé de La Roche-AllardFrench
Naval Sailor
Service 1675-1730
L'Ambitieux (92) 1691-1692
French 92 Gun
2nd Rate Ship of the Line
Louis César de Campet (Chevalier de Saujon)French
Naval Sailor
Service 1674-1720
Squadron Flagship
La Couronne (80) 1669-1712
French 80 Gun
2nd Rate Ship of the Line
de Montbron (Chevalier )French
Naval Sailor
Service 1665-1693
Le Maure (50) 1688-1710
French 50 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Jean Baptiste Achard (Chevalier des Augiers)French
Naval Sailor
Service 1675-1706
Le Courageux (56) 1679-1704
French 56 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
François de Bricqueville (Comte de la Luzerne)French
Naval Sailor
Service 1680-1741
 
White Main Squadron,
Anne Hilarion de Costentin (Chevalier de Tourville)French
Naval Sailor
Ship Owner
Service 1669-1692
Ship NameCommanderNotes
La Perle (50) 1690-1709
French 50 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
Claude de ForbinFrench
Naval Sailor
Service 1675-1715
Le Glorieux (54) 1679-1719
French 54 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Joseph-Charles Joubert de La BastideFrench
Naval Sailor
Administrator
Service 1672-1719
Le Conquérant (84) 1688-1712
French 84 Gun
2nd Rate Ship of the Line
Pierre Guérusseau (Seigneur du Magnou)French
Naval Sailor
Service 1650-1692
Le Soleil Royal (108) 1669-1692
French 108 Gun
1st Rate Ship of the Line
Charles des Nos (Comte des Nos de Forbonest)French
Naval Sailor
Administrator
Marine
Service 1669-1701
Fleet Flagship
Le Saint Philippe (70) 1663-1692
French 70 Gun
1st Rate Ship of the Line
L'Admirable (84) 1691-1692
French 84 Gun
2nd Rate Ship of the Line
de BeaujeuFrench
Naval Sailor
Service 1689-1692
 
White Rear Squadron ,
Joseph Andrault (2nd Comte de Langeron)French
Naval Sailor
Ship Builder
Administrator
Marine
Service 1669-1706
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Le Content (66) 1686-1695
French 66 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Chevalier Charles de Sainte-MaureFrench
Naval Sailor
Service 1690-1692
Le Souverain (84) 1678-1706
French 84 Gun
2nd Rate Ship of the Line
Joseph Andrault (2nd Comte de Langeron)French
Naval Sailor
Ship Builder
Administrator
Marine
Service 1669-1706
Squadron Flagship
Illustre (72) 1666-1698
French 72 Gun
2nd Rate Ship of the Line
1671 Renamed "Illustre"
de CombesFrench
Naval Sailor
Service 1677-1692
Le Modéré (52) 1685-1702
French 52 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
d'ÉvryFrench
Naval Sailor
 
Blue Van Squadron ,
Ship NameCommanderNotes
L'Excellent (60) 1678-1710
French 60 Gun
2nd Rate Ship of the Line
Amatheur du Rivau-HuetFrench
Naval Sailor
Service 1670-1692
Le Prince (56) 1680-1717
French 56 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Pierre de BagneuxFrench
Naval Sailor
Service 1675-1704
Le Magnifique (84) 1685-1692
French 84 Gun
2nd Rate Ship of the Line
Squadron Flagship
Le Laurier (64) 1690-1707
French 64 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
HervaultFrench
Naval Sailor
Service 1689
 
Blue Main Squadron ,
Jean Gabaret (Seigneur d'Angoulins)French
Naval Sailor
Service 1653-1692
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Le Brave (58) 1683-1697
French 58 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
L'Entendu (60) 1691-1701
French 60 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
Charles-Daniel Ricoux (Chevalier de Ricoux)French
Naval Sailor
Service 1676-1692
Triomphant (76) 1675-1692
French 76 Gun
2nd Rate Ship of the Line
1678 Renamed "Triomphant"
Charles-François de Machault de BelmontFrench
Naval Sailor
Administrator
Marine
Service 1676-1692
L'Orgueilleux (88) 1691-1716
French 88 Gun
2nd Rate Ship of the Line
Courbon-BlénacFrench
Naval Sailor
Service 1690-1692
Squadron Flagship
Le Fier (74) 1682-1692
French 74 Gun
2nd Rate Ship of the Line
François-René de Betz (Comte de La Harteloire)French
Naval Sailor
Service 1671-1695
Le Fleuron (56) 1687-1707
French 56 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
de Montgon (Marquis de Montgon)French
Naval Sailor
Service 1681-1720
 
Blue Rear Squadron ,
François Panetié (Seigneur de la Croix)French
Naval Sailor
Service 1670-1692
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Le Courtisan (64) 1686-1702
French 64 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
François de Colbert de Saint-MarsFrench
Naval Sailor
Service 1672-1702
Le Grand (70) 1680-1717
French 70 Gun
2nd Rate Ship of the Line
 Squadron Flagship
Le Saint Esprit (76) 1691-1718
French 76 Gun
2nd Rate Ship of the Line
 
La Sirène (64) 1691-1702
French 64 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Abraham Duquesne-GuitonFrench
Naval Sailor
Administrator
Marine
Service 1668-1717
 

Allied (Dutch Republic & Kingdom of England) -
Edward RussellBritish
Naval Sailor
Administrator
Service 1671-1702

 
Van - White Squadron
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Noord Holland (46) 1670-1696
Dutch 46 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
 
Zeelandia (90) 1684-1712
Dutch 90 Gun
2nd Rate Ship of the Line
 
Goes (54) 1690-1705
Dutch 54 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
 
Gelderland (72) 1683-1708
Dutch 72 Gun
2nd Rate Ship of the Line
 
Veere (60) 1682-1692
Dutch 60 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
 
Prins Willem (92) 1688-1718
Dutch 92 Gun
1st Rate Ship of the Line
 Squadron Flagship
Eerste Edele (74) 1691-1720
Dutch 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
 
Stad Medemblik (64) 1691-1693
Dutch 64 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
 
 
Main - White Squadron,
Philips van AlmondeDutch
Naval Sailor
Service 1644-1711
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Keurvorst van Brandenburg (92) 1688-1715
Dutch 92 Gun
1st Rate Ship of the Line
1701 Renamed "Koning Pruisen"
 
Westfriesland (90) 1682-1700
Dutch 90 Gun
2nd Rate Ship of the Line
 
Zeeland (64) 1690-1693
Dutch 64 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Philip SchriverDutch
Naval Sailor
Service 1642-1711
Ripperda (52) 1691-1736
Dutch 52 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
 
Slot van Muiden (74) 1692-1723
Dutch 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
 
Elswoud (74) 1691-1721
Dutch 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
 
Schattershoef (52) 1672-1713
Dutch 52 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
 
Leiden (64) 1687-1712
Dutch 64 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
 
 
Rear - White Squadron,
Jan SnellenDutch
Naval Sailor
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Prinses Maria (92) 1683-1708
Dutch 92 Gun
1st Rate Ship of the Line
 
Amsterdam (64) 1688-1712
Dutch 64 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
 
Stad en Lande (50) 1683-1694
Dutch 50 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
 
Veluwe (66) 1688-1705
Dutch 66 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
 
Kasteel van Medemblik (90) 1688-1713
Dutch 90 Gun
2nd Rate Ship of the Line
 
Ridderschap (72) 1691-1707
Dutch 72 Gun
2nd Rate Ship of the Line
Johan van ConventDutch
Naval Sailor
Admiraal Generaal (84) 1683-1704
Dutch 84 Gun
2nd Rate Ship of the Line
 
Maagd van Dordrecht (68) 1666-1695
Dutch 68 Gun
2nd Rate Ship of the Line
 
De Zeven Provinciën (72) 1665-1694
Dutch 72 Gun
1st Rate Ship of the Line
 Squadron Flagship
 
Van - Red Squadron,
Sir Ralph DelavallBritish
Naval Sailor
Soldier
Service 1666-1698
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Plymouth (52) 1653-1703
British 52 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
John MaineBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1678-1703
Ruby (46) 1652-1708
British 46 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
George MeesBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1686-1691
Cambridge (70) 1666-1694
British 70 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Richard LestockBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1691-1705
Oxford (54) 1674-1702
British 54 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
James WishartBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1689-1715
Sandwich (90) 1679-1709
British 90 Gun
2nd Rate Ship of the Line
Anthony HastingsBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1666-1692
,
Wolfran CornewallBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1682-1697
Royal William (100) 1692-1714
British 100 Gun
1st Rate Ship of the Line
Thomas JenningsBritish
Naval Sailor
Administrator
Dockyard Staff
Service 1688-1706
Squadron Flagship
Bredah (70) 1692-1730
British 70 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
David LambertBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1661-1695
Kent (70) 1679-1697
British 70 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Edward GoodBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1689-1703
,
John NevilleBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1673-1696
Elizabeth (70) 1679-1704
British 70 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Stafford FairborneBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1685-1708
Saint Albans (50) 1687-1693
British 50 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
Richard FitzpatrickBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1687-1703
Hampton Court (70) 1678-1701
British 70 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
John GraydonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1685-1703
Swiftsure (66) 1673-1696
British 66 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Richard ClarkeBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1691-1705
 
Main - Red Squadron,
Edward RussellBritish
Naval Sailor
Administrator
Service 1671-1702
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Grafton (70) 1679-1700
British 70 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
 
Restoration (70) 1678-1702
British 70 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
James GotherBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1688-1696
Greenwich (54) 1666-1699
British 54 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
Sir Richard EdwardsBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1688-1708
,
Andrew PedderBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1692-1699
London (96) 1670-1706
British 96 Gun
1st Rate Ship of the Line
Mathew AylmerBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1677-1690
Britannia (100) 1682-1715
British 100 Gun
1st Rate Ship of the Line
John FletcherBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1691-1706
Fleet Flagship
Saint Andrew (100) 1670-1702
British 100 Gun
1st Rate Ship of the Line
George ChurchillBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1666-1702
Chester (50) 1691-1707
British 50 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
Thomas GillamBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1688-1694
Eagle (70) 1679-1699
British 70 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
John LeakeBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1688-1712
Rupert (64) 1666-1702
British 64 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Mathew AylmerBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1677-1690
 
Rear - Red Squadron,
Sir Cloudisley ShovellBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1672-1707
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Burford (70) 1679-1699
British 70 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Thomas HarlowBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1690-1720
Centurion (54) 1691-1729
British 54 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
Francis WyvellBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1682-1716
,
John BridgesBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1678-1694
Captain (70) 1678-1708
British 70 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Daniel JonesBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1673-1693
Devonshire (80) 1692-1704
British 80 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Henry HaughtonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1685-1703
Royal Sovereign (100) 1685-1696
British 100 Gun
1st Rate Ship of the Line
Humphrey SandersBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1690-1707
Squadron Flagship
Royal Katherine (84) 1664-1699
British 84 Gun
2nd Rate Ship of the Line
James GotherBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1688-1696
Bonaventure (52) 1683-1699
British 52 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
John HubbardBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1688-1711
York (58) 1653-1703
British 58 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
1660 Renamed "York"
Robert DeaneBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1690-1697
Lennox (70) 1678-1699
British 70 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
John MundenBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1677-1703
Saint Michael (90) 1669-1706
British 90 Gun
2nd Rate Ship of the Line
Thomas HopsonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1672-1708
 
Van - Blue Squadron,
George RookeBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1672-1705
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Albemarle (90) 1680-1701
British 90 Gun
2nd Rate Ship of the Line
 
Resolution (68) 1667-1696
British 68 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Edward GoodBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1689-1703
Monck (58) 1660-1702
British 58 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Benjamin HoskinsBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1683-1702
Expedition (70) 1679-1699
British 70 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Edward DoverBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1688-1690
Chatham (54) 1691-1718
British 54 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
John LeaderBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1691-1702
Windsor Castle (90) 1679-1693
British 90 Gun
2nd Rate Ship of the Line
Lord Peregrine Osborne (2nd Earl of Danby)British
Naval Sailor
Designer
Administrator
Service 1691-1695
Neptune (94) 1683-1708
British 94 Gun
2nd Rate Ship of the Line
Thomas GardnerBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1678-1699
Squadron Flagship
Royal Oak (70) 1690-1710
British 70 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
George ByngBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1684-1703
Joined after the action
Advice (42) 1650-1698
British 42 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
Edward BoysBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1689-1696
Northumberland (70) 1679-1699
British 70 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Andrew CottenBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1677-1689
Lion (58) 1658-1698
British 58 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Robert WisemanBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1673-1702
 
Main - Blue Squadron,
Sir John AshbyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1665-1688
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Berwick (70) 1679-1700
British 70 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Henry MartinBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1688-1701
Defiance (64) 1676-1695
British 64 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Edward GurneyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1691-1694
Montagu (58) 1675-1698
British 58 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Simon FowkesBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1680-1702
Warspite (64) 1666-1702
British 64 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Caleb GranthamBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1692-1696
Adventure (42) 1691-1709
British 42 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
Thomas DilkesBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1687-1707
Vanguard (90) 1678-1705
British 90 Gun
2nd Rate Ship of the Line
Christopher MasonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1666-1693
Victory (100) 1675-1694
British 100 Gun
1st Rate Ship of the Line
1691 Renamed "Victory"
Edward StanleyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1681-1781
Squadron Flagship
Duchess (90) 1679-1708
British 90 Gun
2nd Rate Ship of the Line
1701 Renamed "Princess Anne"
1702 Renamed "Windsor Castle"
1706 Renamed "Blenheim"
John ClementsBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1667-1693
Monmouth (64) 1667-1699
British 64 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Thomas RainesBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1689-1692
,
Sir Robert RobinsonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1678-1702
Edgar (72) 1668-1702
British 72 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
John TorpleyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1666-1692
 
Rear - Blue Squadron,
Richard CarterBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1672-1691
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Stirling Castle (70) 1679-1699
British 70 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Benjamin WaltersBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1672-1693
Dreadnought (66) 1690-1704
British 66 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Basil BeaumontBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1669-1703
Crown (50) 1689-1703
British 50 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
Thomas WarrenBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1689-1698
Suffolk (70) 1680-1699
British 70 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Christopher BillopBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1671-1693
Woolwich (54) 1675-1702
British 54 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
Christopher MyngsBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1684-1707
Ossory (90) 1682-1708
British 90 Gun
2nd Rate Ship of the Line
John TyrrellBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1665-1692
Duke (90) 1682-1699
British 90 Gun
2nd Rate Ship of the Line
William WrightBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1688-1703
,
Thomas JenningsBritish
Naval Sailor
Administrator
Dockyard Staff
Service 1688-1706
Cornwall (80) 1692-1704
British 80 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Edward BoysBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1689-1696
Essex (70) 1679-1700
British 70 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
John BridgesBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1678-1694
Deptford (50) 1687-1700
British 50 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
William KerrBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1688-1720
Hope (70) 1678-1695
British 70 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Sir Henry RobinsonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1689-1702
 
Red Squadron Fireships
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Vulcan (28) 1691-1709
British 28 Gun
5th Rate Fireship
Joseph SoanesBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1691-1718
Fox (28) 1690-1692
British 28 Gun
5th Rate Fireship
Thomas KillingworthBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1692-1694
Hound (28) 1690-1692
British 28 Gun
5th Rate Fireship
Thomas FowlisBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1688-1703
Vulture (28) 1690-1708
British 28 Gun
5th Rate Fireship
William LindseyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1692-1694
Wolf (8) 1690-1692
British 8 Gun
5th Rate Fireship
James GreenwayBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1688-1797
Strombolo (28) 1691-1713
British 28 Gun
5th Rate Fireship
Thomas UrryBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1690-1693
Phaeton (28) 1691-1692
British 28 Gun
5th Rate Fireship
Robert HancockBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1691-1706
Spy (28) 1690-1693
British 28 Gun
5th Rate Fireship
John NorrisBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1689-1694
Roebuck (28) 1690-1701
British 28 Gun
5th Rate Fireship
Francis ManleyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1691-1693
Flame (28) 1691-1697
British 28 Gun
5th Rate Fireship
James StewartBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1692-1705
Extravagant (10) 1691-1692
British 10 Gun
Unrated Fireship
Fleetwood EmesBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1692-1699
Hopewell (8) 1690-1692
British 8 Gun
Unrated Fireship
William JumperBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1682-1708
 
Blue Squadron Fireships
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Half Moon (32) 1685-1692
British 32 Gun
6th Rate Fireship
John KnappBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1692-1707
Fireship
Charles Galley (32) 1676-1693
British 32 Gun
5th Rate Frigate (Galley-Frigate)
Joseph WatersBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1689-1693
Hunter (28) 1690-1710
British 28 Gun
5th Rate Fireship
Thomas RookeBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1681-1692
Blaze (28) 1691-1692
British 28 Gun
5th Rate Fireship
Thomas HeathBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1689-1692
Aetna (28) 1691-1697
British 28 Gun
5th Rate Fireship
Richard CarverthBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1688-1701
Lightning (28) 1691-1705
British 28 Gun
5th Rate Fireship
 
Vesuvius (28) 1691-1693
British 28 Gun
5th Rate Fireship
John GuyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1688-1697
Speedwell (28) 1690-1701
British 28 Gun
5th Rate Fireship
Thomas SymondsBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1690-1831
Griffin (28) 1690-1702
British 28 Gun
5th Rate Fireship
Robert PartridgeBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1691-1692
Cadiz Merchant (12) 1688-1692
British 12 Gun
Unrated Fireship
Robert WynnBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1692-1711
Thomas and Elizabeth (10) 1688-1692
British 10 Gun
Unrated Fireship
Edward LittletonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1692-1695
Owner's Love (10) 1688-1697
British 10 Gun
Unrated Fireship
 
 
Other vessels present

These vessel's joined the fleet before the battle, but are not included in the offical order of battle

Ship NameCommanderNotes
Reserve (44) 1650-1701
British 44 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
Thomas CrawleyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1688-1699
Portsmouth (32) 1690-1696
British 32 Gun
5th Rate Ship
John BridgesBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1678-1694
Hawk (28) 1690-1712
British 28 Gun
5th Rate Fireship
William HarmanBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1672-1694
Fireship
Greyhound (16) 1672-1698
British 16 Gun
6th Rate Ship
John FletcherBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1691-1706
,
William KiggingsBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1689-1698
Saudadoes (16) 1673-1696
British 16 Gun
6th Rate Ship
William ProwtherBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1691-1702
 

Notes on Action


Description of the actionTRN2

"When," says Mahan, "they were within easy range, the French hauled their wind on the same tack, keeping the weathergauge. Tourville, being so inferior in numbers, could not wholly avoid the enemy's line extending to the rear of his own, which was also necessarily weak from its extreme length; but he avoided Torrington's error at Beachy Head, keeping his van refused, with long intervals between the ships, to check the enemy's van, and engaging closely with his centre and rear." Thus formed, the two lines headed from N.N.E. towards S.S.W. Russell was not entirely satisfied with his own line, which was completed at about 8 A.M. He calls it an "indifferent" one. Tourville's line was also ragged, but the resolute manner in which his ships bore down was remarked by all.

Russell's last order, ere the action began, took the shape of directions to Admiral van Almonde to endeavour to weather the enemy as soon as possible. It was about 10.30 A.M. when the French centre hauled its wind and opened fire on the Red squadron at three-quarter musket shot; and, it falling calm almost immediately afterwards, the Dutch could not, for the time, do much towards carrying out the desires of the commander-in-chief. Nevertheless several of their ships succeeded in getting into close action, and the Zeven Provincien, De Ruijter's famous flagship, had that day nineteen killed and fourteen badly wounded, while the Admiraal Generaal lost nine killed and thirty wounded, among the latter being Rear-Admiral van der Goes.

The hottest fighting, however, was in the centre; and at 1 P.M. Tourville, in the Soleil Royal, was observed to be towing off to windward with his sails and rigging badly damaged. At about 2 P.M. the wind, such as there was of it, shifted to N.W. by N., and five fresh and almost untouched French ships of D'Amfreville's squadron thereupon ranged themselves three ahead and two astern of the Soleil Royal, and, in the most devoted manner, endeavoured to relieve her. The chief opponents of the group thus formed were the Britannia, London, and St. Andrew; and, for an hour, these ships, and others near them in the line, were very hotly engaged. All day it had been misty, and, soon after three, a fog began to gather very thickly over the scene of action. This caused much confusion on both sides, and it was doubtless in consequence of it that the Sandwich drove through the remnants of the French line, and, in the heavy fire which was turned upon her from all sides, lost her captain, Anthony Hastings. Before the fog became so thick as to oblige all ships to cease firing, Shovell's division had doubled upon the Soleil Royal and her immediate supporters; and it is not, therefore, astonishing that when Tourville's ship next became visible she still was towing out of action to the northward. The Britannia and other vessels attempted to tow after her, the wind having again dropped; but soon the fog once more shrouded everything.

At about 5 P.M. a light breeze sprang up from the eastward, and the weather became a little less thick. The French were then discovered heading west; and as much of the allied fleet as could be communicated with was ordered in chase. There was a partial renewal of the battle until about 8 P.M., when the fog, denser than ever, put an end for the night to all combined action.

It was when this fog was at its worst that Rear-Admiral Carter's division of the allied Blue squadron by hazard fell in with the main body of the flying enemy, and, for half an hour, engaged it in the ever-growing darkness. Carter was the officer whose loyalty and good faith had been most peculiarly suspected. Other officers had been believed to be disaffected; but rumour had charged Carter with being corrupt and treacherous as well. That night he silenced for ever those who would have impeached his honour. A shot struck him, and, as he realised that death had come to him, he said to Wright, his flag-captain: " Fight the ship as long as she will swim." Later, both fleets anchored.




Previous comments on this page

Posted by regis on Monday 30th of May 2016 11:16

Brillant captain chevalier de Combes

Foudroyand captain de Relingue perdu le 2 juin

44 ships of line and 11 fireships

source
"mes campagnes en mer sous loius 14" de Philippe de Villette-Mursay colection In-Texte Tallandier

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