Battle of La Hogue

2nd June 1692 - 4th June 1692
Part of : War of the Grand Alliance (1688 - 1697)
Previous action : Action at Cherbourg 1.6.1692 - 2.6.1692
Next action : Action of the 1692/08/28 and 1692/09/06 28.8.1692 - 6.9.1692

On Monday, the 23rd, Vice-Admiral Rooke, with several men-of-war and fireships, was ordered to destroy the French shipping in the bay. The enemy, however, had hauled the vessels so close in shore that only small craft could approach them. The boats of the fleet were then got out, and, with the fireships, they burnt six French ships that night. The troops destined for the invasion of England assisted in the defence; and so shallow was the water into which some of the ships had been run that the French cavalry rode right down among the English and Dutch boats, and some of the troopers were actually pulled from their chargers by the seamen's boathooks. On the English side there was very little loss. On the following morning the boats were sent in again to complete the destruction, and the remaining six men-of-war were all fired. Several transports and storeships, which had taken refuge up a creek, were also given to the names; and the ex-King James, who witnessed the whole spectacle, experienced the mortification of seeing his hopes of an invasion of England, and of a re-acquisition of a crown, annihilated, and the finest ships of his only ally rendered for ever harmless. Until far into the nineteenth century the weather-worn ribs of some of those ships were still visible at low spring tides in the Bay of La Hougue. In March, 1833, numerous relics were recovered from the wreckage. They are now preserved in the Musee de la Marine in Paris.


Royaume de France

French Vessels

12 Ships of the line, plus auxilliaries. All 12 ships of the line were burnt.

Ship NameCommanderNotes
Le Merveilleux (92) Joseph de Mons (1654-1731) Burnt
Le Foudroyant (84) Ferdinand de Relingues (Comte de Relingue) (1630-1704) Burnt
Le Magnifique (84) Allain Emmanuel de Coëtlogon (Marquis de Coëtlogon) (1646-1730) Burnt
Le Saint Philippe (82) Louis Le Roux d'Infreville-Saint-Aubin (Chevalier d'Infreville-Saint-Aubin) (1642-1712) Burnt
L'Ambitieux (80) Louis César de Campet (Chevalier de Saujon) (1666-1722) Burnt
Le Terrible (80) Jacques Kadot de Sébeville (Comte de Sébeville) (1647-1707) Burnt
Le Fier (76) François-René de Betz (Comte de La Harteloire) (1648-1726) Burnt
Le Tonnant (76) Jean-Baptiste d'Augustine de Septèmes (Chevalier de Septèmes) (1640-1697) Burnt
Le Gaillard (66) Jacques Davy (Chevalier d'Amfreville) (d.1696) Burnt
Le Bourbon (64) Barthélemy-Alexandre d'Aralle (Chevalier de Perrinet) (1650-1705) Burnt
Saint Louis (58) Jean de La Roque-Persin (1650-1711) Burnt
Fort (56) La Rongère Burnt

Allied (Kingdom of England & Dutch Republic)

Inshore Squadron

Ships from the English Red and White squadrons used to attack the French in La Hogue.

Ship NameCommanderNotes
Berwick (70) Henry Martin (d.1701/2)
Eagle (70) John Leake (1656-1720)
Swiftsure (66) Richard Clarke
Stirling Castle (70) Benjamin Walters (d.1697/98)
Kent (70) Edward Good (d.1709/10), John Neville (d.1697)
Resolution (68) Edward Good (d.1709/10)
Cambridge (70) Richard Lestock (d.1713)
Dreadnought (66) Basil Beaumont (1669-1703)
Warspite (64) Caleb Grantham (d.1698)
Greenwich (54) Sir Richard Edwards, Andrew Pedder (d.1702)
Oxford (54) James Wishart (d.1723)
Woolwich (54) Christopher Myngs
Deptford (50) William Kerr
Chester (50) Thomas Gillam (d.1693)
Crown (50) Thomas Warren (d.1699)
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Half Moon (32) John Knapp Fireship (Expended)
Phaeton (28) Robert Hancock (d.1707) Expended as fireship
Fox (28) Thomas Killingworth (d.1694) Expended as fireship
Cadiz Merchant (12) Robert Wynn Expended as fireship
Thomas and Elizabeth (10) Edward Littleton (d.1695/96) Expended as fireship
Extravagant (10) Fleetwood Emes (d.1703) Expended as fireship
Hopewell (8) William Jumper (d.1714/15) Expended as fireship



Previous comments on this page

Posted by regis on Friday 22nd of January 2016 21:23

voir "Mes campagnes de mer sous Louis XIV"
de Philippe de Villette-Mursay

Ordre de Bataille français complet ainsi que pour de nombreuses autres batailles

Collection In-Texte Tallandier Introduction et notes de Michel Vergé-Franceschi

Posted by Brian on Friday 22nd of January 2016 00:11

London Gazette 26 May 1692, Whitehall, May 28 - By letters from the fleet, we have an account that on the 23rd in the afternoon Admiral Russell sent in Vice Admiral Rooke with several light Frigate and Fireships, together with all the boats of the fleet, well armed, to burn the French ships which he had forced ashore near La Hogue. The attempt was very difficult and dangerous, but it was made with such conduct and resolution, and our men in the boats behaved themselves so bravely, taking possession of several of the enemies ships and beating the French with their own guns from their platforms on the shoar, that six of the said ships were burnt that night, and six more the next morning, in sight of the French and Irish camp, who fired upon us. Of these six were of three decks and the other six from sixty to seventy guns, and one ship of 56 guns was overset, and utterly lost. Many of the French sea-men perished with their ships, and a great number were taken prisoner. From the latter we hear, that the lost four or five great ships in the fight, one of which was Monsieur Gabaret's, Admiral of the Blue Squadron of 90 odd guns, so that we have destroyed about 21 of their biggest ships, besides the two frigates and other small craft; and had it not been for the foggy weather, few of the rest would have escaped. On the other side we have not lost one ship, except Fireships, which were spent upon action, and besides Rear Admiral Carter, and Colonel Hastings, we have not lost on Commission Officer. As to the number of sea-men that were killed or wounded in the engagement, we can yet give no certain account thereof. On the 25th Admiral Russell set sail from La Hogue and anchored the 26th off of St Helena having burnt twenty of the enemies transport ships (they having been about fifty in all) and sent Sir John Albby, with a squadron of English and Dutch men of war, and several Fireships, to make the like attempt, if he found it practicable, upon their shipping at Havre de Grace. The Admiral had given orders that public prayers and thanksgivings should be made to Almighty God on the 27th inst. throughout their Majesties fleet, for this great and final victory.

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