Battle of La Hogue

2nd June 1692 - 4th June 1692
Part of : War of the Grand Alliance (1688 - 1697)
Previous action : Action at Cherbourg 1st June 1692 - 2nd June 1692
Next action : Attack of 1692/08/31 31st August 1692

On Monday, the 23rd, Vice-Admiral Rooke, with several men-of-war and fireships, was ordered to destroy the French shipping in the bay. The enemy, however, had hauled the vessels so close in shore that only small craft could approach them. The boats of the fleet were then got out, and, with the fireships, they burnt six French ships that night. The troops destined for the invasion of England assisted in the defence; and so shallow was the water into which some of the ships had been run that the French cavalry rode right down among the English and Dutch boats, and some of the troopers were actually pulled from their chargers by the seamen's boathooks. On the English side there was very little loss. On the following morning the boats were sent in again to complete the destruction, and the remaining six men-of-war were all fired. Several transports and storeships, which had taken refuge up a creek, were also given to the names; and the ex-King James, who witnessed the whole spectacle, experienced the mortification of seeing his hopes of an invasion of England, and of a re-acquisition of a crown, annihilated, and the finest ships of his only ally rendered for ever harmless. Until far into the nineteenth century the weather-worn ribs of some of those ships were still visible at low spring tides in the Bay of La Hougue. In March, 1833, numerous relics were recovered from the wreckage. They are now preserved in the Musee de la Marine in Paris.

 

Royaume de France

 
French Vessels

12 Ships of the line, plus auxilliaries. All 12 ships of the line were burnt.

Ship NameGunsCommanderNotes
Merveilleux 92Joseph de Mons Burnt
Foudroyant 84 Ferdinand de Relingues (Comte de Relingue) Burnt
Le Magnifique 84 Allain Emmanuel de Coëtlogon (Marquis de Coëtlogon) Burnt
Le Saint Philippe 82 Louis Le Roux d'Infreville-Saint-Aubin (Chevalier d'Infreville-Saint-Aubin) Burnt
L'Ambitieux 80 Saujon Burnt
Le Terrible 80 Bernard Jean-François Jacques Kadot Burnt
Le Fier 76 François-René de Betz (Comte de La Harteloire) Burnt
Le Tonnant 76 Jean-Baptiste d'Augustine de Septèmes (Chevalier de Septèmes) Burnt
Le Gaillard 66 Jacques Davy (Chevalier d'Amfreville) Burnt
Le Bourbon 64 Barthélemy-Alexandre d'Aralle (Chevalier de Perrinet) Burnt
Saint Louis 58Jean de La Roque-Persin Burnt
Fort 56 La Rongère Burnt
 

Allied (Kingdom of England & Dutch Republic)

 
Inshore Squadron

Ships from the English Red and White squadrons used to attack the French in La Hogue.

Ship NameGunsCommanderNotes
Berwick 70Henry Martin
Eagle 70John Leake
Swiftsure 66Richard Clark
Stirling Castle 70Benjamin Walters
Kent 70John Neville
Resolution 68Edward Good
Cambridge 70Richard Lestock
Dreadnought 66Basil Beaumont
Warspite 64Caleb Grantham
Greenwich 60Andrew Pedder
Oxford 54James Wishart
Woolwich 54Christopher Myngs
Deptford 50William Kerr
Chester 50Thomas Gillam
Crown 50Thomas Warren
 
Fireships
Ship NameGunsCommanderNotes
Half Moon 32John Knapp Fireship (Expended)
Phaeton 28Robert Hancock Expended as fireship
Fox 28Thomas Killingworth Expended as fireship
Cadiz Merchant 12Robert Wynn Expended as fireship
Thomas and Elizabeth 10Edward Littleton Expended as fireship
Extravagant 10Fleetwood Eames Expended as fireship
Hopewell 8William Jumper Expended as fireship
 

Sources

IDDescriptionAuthorType

Previous comments on this page

Posted by regis on Friday 22nd of January 2016 21:23

voir "Mes campagnes de mer sous Louis XIV"
de Philippe de Villette-Mursay

Ordre de Bataille français complet ainsi que pour de nombreuses autres batailles

Collection In-Texte Tallandier Introduction et notes de Michel Vergé-Franceschi


Posted by Brian on Friday 22nd of January 2016 00:11

London Gazette 26 May 1692, Whitehall, May 28 - By letters from the fleet, we have an account that on the 23rd in the afternoon Admiral Russell sent in Vice Admiral Rooke with several light Frigate and Fireships, together with all the boats of the fleet, well armed, to burn the French ships which he had forced ashore near La Hogue. The attempt was very difficult and dangerous, but it was made with such conduct and resolution, and our men in the boats behaved themselves so bravely, taking possession of several of the enemies ships and beating the French with their own guns from their platforms on the shoar, that six of the said ships were burnt that night, and six more the next morning, in sight of the French and Irish camp, who fired upon us. Of these six were of three decks and the other six from sixty to seventy guns, and one ship of 56 guns was overset, and utterly lost. Many of the French sea-men perished with their ships, and a great number were taken prisoner. From the latter we hear, that the lost four or five great ships in the fight, one of which was Monsieur Gabaret's, Admiral of the Blue Squadron of 90 odd guns, so that we have destroyed about 21 of their biggest ships, besides the two frigates and other small craft; and had it not been for the foggy weather, few of the rest would have escaped. On the other side we have not lost one ship, except Fireships, which were spent upon action, and besides Rear Admiral Carter, and Colonel Hastings, we have not lost on Commission Officer. As to the number of sea-men that were killed or wounded in the engagement, we can yet give no certain account thereof. On the 25th Admiral Russell set sail from La Hogue and anchored the 26th off of St Helena having burnt twenty of the enemies transport ships (they having been about fifty in all) and sent Sir John Albby, with a squadron of English and Dutch men of war, and several Fireships, to make the like attempt, if he found it practicable, upon their shipping at Havre de Grace. The Admiral had given orders that public prayers and thanksgivings should be made to Almighty God on the 27th inst. throughout their Majesties fleet, for this great and final victory.

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