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Battle of La Hogue

2nd June 1692 - 4th June 1692
Part of : War of the Grand Alliance (1688 - 1697)
Previous action : Action at Cherbourg 1.6.1692 - 2.6.1692
Next action : Action of the 1692/08/28 and 1692/09/06 28.8.1692 - 6.9.1692

On Monday, the 23rd, Vice-Admiral Rooke, with several men-of-war and fireships, was ordered to destroy the French shipping in the bay. The enemy, however, had hauled the vessels so close in shore that only small craft could approach them. The boats of the fleet were then got out, and, with the fireships, they burnt six French ships that night. The troops destined for the invasion of England assisted in the defence; and so shallow was the water into which some of the ships had been run that the French cavalry rode right down among the English and Dutch boats, and some of the troopers were actually pulled from their chargers by the seamen's boathooks. On the English side there was very little loss. On the following morning the boats were sent in again to complete the destruction, and the remaining six men-of-war were all fired. Several transports and storeships, which had taken refuge up a creek, were also given to the names; and the ex-King James, who witnessed the whole spectacle, experienced the mortification of seeing his hopes of an invasion of England, and of a re-acquisition of a crown, annihilated, and the finest ships of his only ally rendered for ever harmless. Until far into the nineteenth century the weather-worn ribs of some of those ships were still visible at low spring tides in the Bay of La Hougue. In March, 1833, numerous relics were recovered from the wreckage. They are now preserved in the Musee de la Marine in Paris.

 

Royaume de France

 
French Vessels

12 Ships of the line, plus auxilliaries. All 12 ships of the line were burnt.

Ship NameCommanderNotes
L'Ambitieux (92) 1691-1692
French 92 Gun
2nd Rate Ship of the Line
Louis César de Campet (Chevalier de Saujon)French
Naval Sailor
Service 1674-1720
Burnt
Le Merveilleux (90) 1691-1692
French 90 Gun
2nd Rate Ship of the Line
Joseph de MonsFrench
Naval Sailor
Service 1672-1727
Burnt
Le Foudroyant (90) 1691-1692
French 90 Gun
2nd Rate Ship of the Line
Ferdinand de Relingues (Comte de Relingue)French
Naval Sailor
Ship Owner
Administrator
Marine
Service 1670-1702
Burnt
Le Magnifique (84) 1685-1692
French 84 Gun
2nd Rate Ship of the Line
Burnt
Le Terrible (74) 1680-1692
French 74 Gun
2nd Rate Ship of the Line
Jacques Kadot de Sébeville (Comte de Sébeville)French
Naval Sailor
Service 1669-1703
Burnt
Le Fier (74) 1682-1692
French 74 Gun
2nd Rate Ship of the Line
François-René de Betz (Comte de La Harteloire)French
Naval Sailor
Service 1671-1695
Burnt
Le Saint Philippe (70) 1663-1692
French 70 Gun
1st Rate Ship of the Line
Burnt
Le Tonnant (74) 1681-1692
French 74 Gun
2nd Rate Ship of the Line
Burnt
Le Gaillard (64) 1690-1692
French 64 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Jacques Davy (Chevalier d'Amfreville)French
Naval Sailor
Service 1682
Burnt
Le Bourbon (62) 1683-1692
French 62 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Barthélemy-Alexandre d'Aralle (Chevalier de Perrinet)French
Naval Sailor
Administrator
Marine
Service 1670-1689
Burnt
Saint Louis (58) 1684-1692
French 58 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
1684 Renamed "Saint Louis"
Jean de La Roque-PersinFrench
Naval Sailor
Service 1670-1692
Burnt
Fort (56) 1678-1692
French 56 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
1678 Renamed "Fort"
La RongèreFrench
Naval Sailor
Service 1690
Burnt
 

Allied (Kingdom of England & Dutch Republic)

 
Inshore Squadron

Ships from the English Red and White squadrons used to attack the French in La Hogue.

Ship NameCommanderNotes
Berwick (70) 1679-1700
British 70 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Henry MartinBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1688-1701
Eagle (70) 1679-1699
British 70 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
John LeakeBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1688-1712
Swiftsure (66) 1673-1696
British 66 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Richard ClarkeBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1691-1705
Stirling Castle (70) 1679-1699
British 70 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Benjamin WaltersBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1672-1693
Kent (70) 1679-1697
British 70 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Edward GoodBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1689-1703
,
John NevilleBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1673-1696
Resolution (68) 1667-1696
British 68 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Edward GoodBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1689-1703
Cambridge (70) 1666-1694
British 70 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Richard LestockBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1691-1705
Dreadnought (66) 1690-1704
British 66 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Basil BeaumontBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1669-1703
Warspite (64) 1666-1702
British 64 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
Caleb GranthamBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1692-1696
Greenwich (54) 1666-1699
British 54 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
Sir Richard EdwardsBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1688-1708
,
Andrew PedderBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1692-1699
Oxford (54) 1674-1702
British 54 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
James WishartBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1689-1715
Woolwich (54) 1675-1702
British 54 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
Christopher MyngsBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1684-1707
Deptford (50) 1687-1700
British 50 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
William KerrBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1688-1720
Chester (50) 1691-1707
British 50 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
Thomas GillamBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1688-1694
Crown (50) 1689-1703
British 50 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
Thomas WarrenBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1689-1698
 
Fireships
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Half Moon (32) 1685-1692
British 32 Gun
6th Rate Fireship
John KnappBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1692-1707
Fireship (Expended)
Phaeton (28) 1691-1692
British 28 Gun
5th Rate Fireship
Robert HancockBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1691-1706
Expended as fireship
Fox (28) 1690-1692
British 28 Gun
5th Rate Fireship
Thomas KillingworthBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1692-1694
Expended as fireship
Cadiz Merchant (12) 1688-1692
British 12 Gun
Unrated Fireship
Robert WynnBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1692-1711
Expended as fireship
Thomas and Elizabeth (10) 1688-1692
British 10 Gun
Unrated Fireship
Edward LittletonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1692-1695
Expended as fireship
Extravagant (10) 1691-1692
British 10 Gun
Unrated Fireship
Fleetwood EmesBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1692-1699
Expended as fireship
Hopewell (8) 1690-1692
British 8 Gun
Unrated Fireship
William JumperBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1682-1708
Expended as fireship
 

Sources


IDNameAuthorType

Previous comments on this page

Posted by regis on Friday 22nd of January 2016 21:23

voir "Mes campagnes de mer sous Louis XIV"
de Philippe de Villette-Mursay

Ordre de Bataille français complet ainsi que pour de nombreuses autres batailles

Collection In-Texte Tallandier Introduction et notes de Michel Vergé-Franceschi


Posted by Brian on Friday 22nd of January 2016 00:11

London Gazette 26 May 1692, Whitehall, May 28 - By letters from the fleet, we have an account that on the 23rd in the afternoon Admiral Russell sent in Vice Admiral Rooke with several light Frigate and Fireships, together with all the boats of the fleet, well armed, to burn the French ships which he had forced ashore near La Hogue. The attempt was very difficult and dangerous, but it was made with such conduct and resolution, and our men in the boats behaved themselves so bravely, taking possession of several of the enemies ships and beating the French with their own guns from their platforms on the shoar, that six of the said ships were burnt that night, and six more the next morning, in sight of the French and Irish camp, who fired upon us. Of these six were of three decks and the other six from sixty to seventy guns, and one ship of 56 guns was overset, and utterly lost. Many of the French sea-men perished with their ships, and a great number were taken prisoner. From the latter we hear, that the lost four or five great ships in the fight, one of which was Monsieur Gabaret's, Admiral of the Blue Squadron of 90 odd guns, so that we have destroyed about 21 of their biggest ships, besides the two frigates and other small craft; and had it not been for the foggy weather, few of the rest would have escaped. On the other side we have not lost one ship, except Fireships, which were spent upon action, and besides Rear Admiral Carter, and Colonel Hastings, we have not lost on Commission Officer. As to the number of sea-men that were killed or wounded in the engagement, we can yet give no certain account thereof. On the 25th Admiral Russell set sail from La Hogue and anchored the 26th off of St Helena having burnt twenty of the enemies transport ships (they having been about fifty in all) and sent Sir John Albby, with a squadron of English and Dutch men of war, and several Fireships, to make the like attempt, if he found it practicable, upon their shipping at Havre de Grace. The Admiral had given orders that public prayers and thanksgivings should be made to Almighty God on the 27th inst. throughout their Majesties fleet, for this great and final victory.

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