Action of 18 September 1639

17th September 1639 - 19th September 1639
Part of : Eighty Years War (1568 - 1648)
Previous action : Action of 18 February 1639 18.2.1638/39
Next action : Battle of the Downs 21.10.1639

This battle took place between 17 and 19 September 1639 when a Dutch squadron under Admiral Maarten Tromp and Admiral Witte Corneliszoon de With, met with a much larger but poorly led Spanish fleet under Antonio D'Oquendo, consisting of 40 to 45 men–of–war and 40 to 50 transport vessels filled with some 13,000 Spanish soldiers who were being transported to Dunkirk.  Tromp with 12 ships spotted the Spanish fleet on the 16th, but waited for de With to arrive with five more ships before attacking.  Despite his numerical inferiority Tromp got the upper hand in a running fight which lasted into the night.  The next day, Zeeland Commodore Joost Banckert, arrived to reinforce the Dutch with 12 more ships.  Fighting continued until the Dutch ran out of gunpowder when D'Oquendo retreated to the roadstead of the Downs hoping on English protection which would eventually lead to the Battle of the Downs, where D'Oquendo was decisively defeated and this marked the end of Spanish seapower.

 

Dutch Republic - Maarten Harpertszoon Tromp (1598-1653)

 
Tromp's Squadron, Maarten Harpertszoon Tromp (1598-1653)
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Aemilia (57) Barent Barentszoon CramerFleet Flagship
Gelderland (32) Willem van Coulster
Frederik Hendrik (36) Pieter Pieterszoon de Wint
Sampson (36) Claesz Corneliszoon Ham (1600-1647)
Hollandsche Tuin (32) Lambert Ijsbrantszoon Halffhoorn
Deventer (28) Govert Gerritszoon Voorens, Robert Post
Omlandia (28) Jan Gerbrandszoon Eijdijck
Veere (32) Cornelis Ringelszoon
Salamander (40) Laurens Pieterszoon Bachuysen
Groote Christoffel (30) Frederick Pieterszoon (d.1639) Sunk
Gideon (24) Hendrik Janszoon Camp (d.1652)
Meermin (28) Jan Pouwelszoon
 
de With's squadron, Witte Corneliszoon de With (1599-1658)
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Maagd van Dordrecht (42)  Squadron Flagship
Overijssel (24) Jacques Forant
Utrecht (30) Willem van Brederode (d.1639), Gerrit Meyndertszoon den Uyl
Sint Laurens (32) Adriaan Dommertszoon
Bommel (30) Sybrant Barendszoon Waterdrincker
 
Bankert's Squadron, Joost Banckert (1597-1647)
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Middelburg (30) Adriaen van Trappen Banckert (1615-1684)Squadron Flagship
Vlissingen (34) Frans Janszoon
Zutphen (28) Joris van Cats (1590-1654)
Walcheren (28) Jan Teuniszoon Sluys
Wapen van Nassau (38) Lieve Corneliszoon de Zeeuw
Neptunus (28) Albert 't Jonge Hoen
Amsterdam (10) Barent Pieterszoon Dorrevelt (d.1652)
Drente (10) Gerrit Veen
Rotterdam (10) Joris Pieterszoon van den Broek (1610-1652)
Arnemuyden (22) Adriaan Janszoon den Gloeyenden Oven
Ter Goes (24) Abraham Crijnssen (d.1669)
Friesland (22) Tjaart Rijenx de Groot
 

 
Spanish Fleet, Antonio de Oquendo (1577-1640)
Ship NameCommanderNotes
 

Sources


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