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Battle of Cape St Vincent

4th November 1641
Part of : Eighty Years War (1568 - 1648)
Previous action : Battle of the Downs 21.10.1639
Next action : Attack on Saint Martin 20.3.1643/44 - 17.4.1644

The Spanish squadron of Galicia, under Don Andrés de Castro, the squadron of Naples, under Don Martín Carlos de Meneos, and the galleons of Don Pedro de Ursúa, were urgently gathered in Cádiz to intercept the Dutch fleet. The military governor of Cádiz, Don Juan Alonso de Idiáquez y Robles, Duke of Ciudad Real, was appointed commander of the fleet in substitution of the Captain General, the Duke of Maqueda, who was ill. He was a veteran soldier, having seen action in the Siege of Leucata against the French, but was unexperienced in sea battles.

Gijsels fleet was sighted off Cape St. Vincent on 4 November. The Duke of Ciudad Real immediately ordered to attack the major Dutch vessels, sinking three of them, destroying another one, and causing considerable damage to the remaining. Inexplicably, when his ships were approaching the defenseless Dutch warships to board them, he stopped the attack and ordered to return to Cádiz. This conduct dissatisfied King Philip IV, who severely reprimanded, among other officers, Don Martín Carlos de Meneos, Admiral Don Pedro de Ursúa, and Captains Pedro Girón, Gaspar de Campos and Adrián Pulido.

According to Dutch sources, the battle was indecisive, and broken off when the Spanish disengaged and returned to Cádiz. Dutch casualties were 100-200 killed and 2 ships lost, while Spanish losses were possibly 1,100 killed and 2 ships lost.

 

Spain -
Andrés de CastroSpanish
Naval Sailor

 
Spanish Fleet,
Juan Alonso IdiáquezSpanish
Naval Sailor
Ship NameCommanderNotes
 
Squadron of Galicia,
Andrés de CastroSpanish
Naval Sailor
Ship NameCommanderNotes
 
Squadron of Naples,
Martín Carlos de MeneosSpanish
Naval Sailor
Ship NameCommanderNotes
 
Squadron of Galleons,
Pedro de UrsúaSpanish
Naval Sailor
Ship NameCommanderNotes
 

Dutch Republic -
Artus GijselsDutch
Naval Sailor

 
Vanguard,
J P TolkDutch
Naval Sailor
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Roode Leeuw (38) 1641-1641
Dutch 38 Gun
4th Rate
J P TolkDutch
Naval Sailor
Squadron Flagship
Sint Maarten (30) 1641-1642
Dutch 30 Gun
Hired Ship
Fr J TouwDutch
Naval Sailor
Hoop (28) 1641-1642
Dutch 28 Gun
Hired Ship
Adriaen van CrimpenDutch
Naval Sailor
Sint Jacob (26) 1641-1642
Dutch 26 Gun
Hired Ship
C van VlietDutch
Naval Sailor
Tijger (20) 1641-1641
Dutch 20 Gun
6th Rate
Maerten SchaeffDutch
Naval Sailor
Zwaan (32) 1641-1641
Dutch 32 Gun
4th Rate
Gerrit van LimmenDutch
Naval Sailor
Sunk
Abrahams Offerande (20) 1641-1642
Dutch 20 Gun
Hired Ship
Cornelis BrackmanDutch
Naval Sailor
 
Admiral's Squadron,
Artus GijselsDutch
Naval Sailor
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Prins (38) 1641-1642
Dutch 38 Gun
Hired Ship
A VlughDutch
Naval Sailor
Fleet Flagship
Drie Helden Davids (36) 1641-1642
Dutch 36 Gun
Hired Ship
Reynst Corneliszoon SevenhuysenDutch
Naval Sailor
Service 1603-1703
Sint Andries (36) 1641-1642
Dutch 36 Gun
Hired Ship
H SteuvenDutch
Naval Sailor
Witte Engel (30) 1641-1641
Dutch 30 Gun
5th Rate
Cornelis de LiefdeDutch
Naval Sailor
Service 1616-1716
Engel Gabriel (28) 1641-1641
Dutch 28 Gun
5th Rate
J SolaesDutch
Naval Sailor
CO Killed
Dom Theodosio Principe de Portugal (26) 1641-1642
Dutch 26 Gun
Hired Ship
J LeendertszoonDutch
Naval Sailor
Vlissingen (20) 1641-1642
Dutch 20 Gun
Hired Ship
Pieter van GorcumDutch
Naval Sailor
 
Rearguard,
Michiel Adriaenszoon de RuyterDutch
Naval Sailor
Service 1607-1676
Ship NameCommanderNotes
Haas (26) 1641-1641
Dutch 26 Gun
Hired Ship
Michiel Adriaenszoon de RuyterDutch
Naval Sailor
Service 1607-1676
Squadron Flagship
Roos (36) 1641-1642
Dutch 36 Gun
Hired Ship
G van SaenenDutch
Naval Sailor
Pelikaan (32) 1641-1642
Dutch 32 Gun
Hired Pinnace
Jacob Pauluszoon CortDutch
Naval Sailor
Gouden Leeuw (24) 1641-1642
Dutch 24 Gun
Hired Ship
Pieter FloriszoonDutch
Naval Sailor
Service 1602-1658
Graaf Maurits (20) 1641-1642
Dutch 20 Gun
Hired Ship
C A OosterlinghDutch
Naval Sailor
Neptunus (20) 1641-1642
Dutch 20 Gun
Hired Ship
Paulus van den KerckhoffDutch
Naval Sailor
 

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