1691 Program - 80 gun 3-Deckers

General noteBWAS-1603
By 1694 the structural weakness of the two-decker 80 was becoming apparent, and the last four were built as three-deckers by joining the quarterdeck and forecastle to provide a third complete deck, but without building a new quarterdeck or forecastle above this, so that the ships were virtually flush-decked - the original poop now becoming a short quarterdeck with just a few 6pdrs on it. This was to provide the basic layout of the 80-gun ship for the next half-century.

NationalityGreat Britain
Nominal Guns80
Approved1694
Designer 
RateThird Rate
TypeShip of the Line
Designed Crew476
Ships in Class4

Design ArmamentBroadside Weight = 570.00 Imperial Pound ( 258.50 kg)BWAS-1603
Lower Gun Deck26 x British 24-Pounder
Middle Gun Deck26 x British 12-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck22 x British 6-Pounder
Quarterdeck6 x British 12-Pounder

Design Dimensions and Ship Information
 OrderedShipyardLaunchedOut of serviceFateGundeck LengthLength of KeelBreadthDepth in holdBurthen
As Designed     156' 0"121' 0"41' 4"17' 4"1,099 5594
Shrewsbury (80) 11.6.1694Portsmouth Dockyard - Portsmouth 6.2.1693/9415.11.1711Broken Up to Rebuild153' 0"130' 5"42' 6"17' 5"1,257
Cumberland (80) 4.5.1694Bursledon - Hampshire 12.11.169510.10.1707Captured156' 0"130' 0"42' 0"18' 0"1,220
Ranelagh (80) 30.5.1695Deptford Dockyard - Deptford 25.6.16979.1723Broken Up to Rebuild158' 8"129' 3"41' 8 ¾"17' 4"1,198 8994
Somerset (80) 30.5.1695Chatham Dockyard - Chatham 31.5.16987.1740Broken Up158' 0"130' 0"42' 9"17' 10"1,263 7094


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