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Henry Killigrew


NationalityBritish 
RolesNaval Sailor 
Date of Birth1652E-WIKI
First Known Service1666E-WIKI
FatherHenry KillgrewE-WIKI
Brother
James KilligrewBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1688-1695
ref:1059
Last Known Service1692E-WIKI
Date of Death9.11.1712 - Saint Albans CTB-27

Event History


Date fromDate toEventSource
1666 LieutenantCSORN
1666 
Cambridge (68) 1666-1694
British 68 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
, Lieutenant
ref:1059
25.7.166626.7.1666St James Day Battle 
c.1667 
Sapphire (38) 1651-1670
British 38 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
, Lieutenant
ref:1059
1668 
Constant Warwick (34) 1666-1691
British 34 Gun
4th Rate Frigate
, Lieutenant
ref:1059
9.1.1671/72 CaptainCSORN
9.1.1671/7212.6.1672
Forrester (22) 1657-1672
British 22 Gun
5th Rate Ship
, Captain and Commanding Officer
BWAS-1603
28.5.1672 Battle of Solebay 
13.6.167216.8.1673
Bonaventure (48) 1663-1682
British 48 Gun
4th Rate Ship
, Captain and Commanding Officer
BWAS-1603
28.5.1673 First Battle of Schooneveld 
4.6.1673 Second Battle of Schooneveld 
11.8.1673 Battle of Texel 
17.8.16732.4.1674
Monck (58) 1660-1702
British 58 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
, Captain and Commanding Officer
B051
14.6.167520.12.1675
Harwich (70) 1674-1691
British 70 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
, Captain and Commanding Officer
BWAS-1603
21.12.167513.7.1676
Henrietta (58) 1654-1689
British 58 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
1660 Renamed "Henrietta"
, Captain and Commanding Officer
BWAS-1603
1677 
Bristol (50) 1653-1693
British 50 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
, Captain and Commanding Officer
BWAS-1603
1.4.167815.6.1678
Royal Oak (74) 1674-1690
British 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
, Captain and Commanding Officer
BWAS-1603
16.1.1678/7922.7.1679
Mary (54) 1650-1687
British 54 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
1660 Renamed "Mary"
, Captain and Commanding Officer
BWAS-1603
10.1.1679/8027.1.1679/80
Leopard (56) 1659-1699
British 56 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
, Captain and Commanding Officer
BWAS-1603
27.1.1679/803.2.1681/82
Foresight (42) 1650-1698
British 42 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
, Captain and Commanding Officer
BWAS-1603
3.5.168311.6.1684
Montagu (62) 1675-1698
British 62 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
, Captain and Commanding Officer
BWAS-1603
20.5.168431.8.1685
Mordaunt (48) 1682-1693
British 48 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
, Captain and Commanding Officer
BWAS-1603
11.7.168616.5.1689
Dragon (40) 1647-1690
British 40 Gun
4th Rate Ship
, Captain and Commanding Officer
BWAS-1603
6.1689 
Kent (70) 1679-1697
British 70 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
, as Flag Officer, Vice-Admiral of the Blue
BWAS-1603
8.6.1689 Vice-Admiral of the BlueCSORN
17.2.1689/90 Vice-Admiral of the RedCSORN
5.16901692
Duke (90) 1682-1699
British 90 Gun
2nd Rate Ship of the Line
, as Flag Officer, Vice-Admiral of the Red
BWAS-1603
3.6.1690 Admiral of the BlueCSORN
19.5.1692 Battle of Barfleur 
15.4.16932.5.1694Appointed Lord Commissioner of the AdmiraltyOHMB4

Notes on Officer


Biographyref:1059

KILLIGREW, HENRY (d. 1712), admiral, son of Henry Killigrew, D.D. [q. v.], and brother of James Killigrew [q. v.], was made, after some service as a volunteer, lieutenant of the Cambridge in 1666; from her he was moved to the Sapphire, and in 1668 to the Constant Warwick. In January 1672–1673 he was made captain of the Forester, from which he was moved to the Bonadventure, and afterwards to the Monck, one of the ships with Prince Rupert through the summer of 1673. After the peace he was continuously employed in the Mediterranean, on the African coast, where he successively commanded the Swan prize in 1674, the Harwich and the Henrietta in 1675, the Bristol and the Royal Oak in 1676, and the Mary in 1678–9, returning to England in her in June 1679. In 1680 he commanded the Leopard and the Foresight; in 1683–4 he was captain of the Montagu in the expedition to Tangier under Lord Dartmouth, and of the Mordaunt in 1684–5 for a voyage to the Gambia. In 1686 he went out to the Mediterranean in the Dragon as commodore of a small squadron for the suppression of piracy. A detailed account of this voyage, with a description of the several places visited, was written by G. Wood, Killigrew's clerk in the Dragon, and formerly in the Royal Oak and Mary (Addit. MS. 19306). However interesting, the commission was uneventful, with the exception of a running fight on 8 Dec. 1687 with a Sallee cruiser, which shot away the Dragon's fore and main topmasts, and thus escaped. In the course of the action Killigrew was severely wounded by the bursting of a gun. He returned to England in May 1689, was promoted to be vice-admiral of the blue, and during the summer had his flag in the Kent in the Channel. In December he was appointed commander-in-chief of a powerful squadron, which in the following March sailed for the Mediterranean to oppose the passage of the Toulon fleet to Brest. On 9 May 1690 he was refitting at Cadiz after a stormy passage, when he learned that Château-Renault was at sea, with ten ships of the line. On the 10th Killigrew, having been joined by some of his ships from Gibraltar, was able to pursue with fifteen; but they were foul, and sailed badly, and Château-Renault, having waited to ascertain their force, easily sailed away from them [cf. Herbert, Arthur, Earl of Torrington]. By the next morning the French squadron was hull down from the English van, which itself was hull down from the rear; and Killigrew, judging further pursuit useless, returned to Cadiz, whence, after arranging for the several services in the Mediterranean, he sailed home. Bad weather still opposed him. He was thirty-five days on the passage to Plymouth, and when he arrived the battle of Beachy Head had been fought, and the French for the time were masters of the Channel. On the supersession of the Earl of Torrington, Killigrew, Sir Richard Haddock [q. v.], and Sir John Ashby [q. v.] were appointed joint commanders-in-chief till December, when they were superseded by Admiral Edward Russell (afterwards Earl of Orford) [q. v.], Killigrew remaining with him as admiral of the blue squadron. In 1692 he had no command, but in 1693 was again one of the joint admirals, with Sir Clowdisley Shovell [q. v.] and Sir Ralph Delavall [q. v.] On 15 April 1693 he was appointed also a lord commissioner of the admiralty. After the disaster which befell the Smyrna fleet in June 1693 [see Rooke, Sir George], Killigrew, together with Delavall, was dismissed from the command. It was said, and by many believed, that they were both in the interest of King James, and that the loss was due to treachery on their part (Burnet, Hist. of my own Time, Oxford ed., iv. 180). It is possible that Killigrew's sympathies were, theoretically, with the banished king; but there was no reason to suspect him of giving them a practical form, and though deprived of his command, he remained at the admiralty till May 1694. In 1702 he pointed out, in a memorial to the crown, that, although discharged from the command of the fleet on 6 Nov. 1693, he had not received any pay or allowance till 1699, when he had been granted half-pay as admiral of the blue from 1 Oct. 1697. His prayer that he might be allowed full pay from 1693 to 1697, and that his present allowance might be increased to full pay as admiral of the blue, was refused, the report on the petition further stating that, as war had been again declared, he could not receive half-pay or any other allowance except by special grant from her majesty. He was accordingly given a pension of 700l. a year (Home Office Records, Admiralty, vol. xi.), rather more than half-pay. He died at his seat near St. Albans on 9 Nov. 1712.




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