Sir John Knight


NationalityBritish 
RolesNaval Sailor 
Date of Birth2.1747 - Dundee ref:676
First Known Service1758CSORN
FatherJohn Knight (c.1712-1788)ref:676
MotherJean Hayref:676
WifeMargaret Ryoch (d.1798)ref:676
WifeMrs. Love Pickman Oliver, nee Frye - Married 1.10.1799ref:676
SonSamuel Knight (d.1806)ref:676
SonHood Knight (d.1723)ref:676
SonGeorge William Henry Knightref:676
Last Known Service4.12.1810CSORN
Date of Death16.6.1831 - Woodend House, Soberton, Hampshire ref:676

Event History


Date fromDate toEventSource
17581762Tartar (28), Midshipmanref:676
5.6.175812.6.1758Raid on Saint-Malo 
1763 Passed the Lieutenant's Examination ADM 107/6/42, ADM 6/87/221RNLPC
1763 Romney (50), Midshipmanref:676
25.5.1770 Lieutenant ADM 6/20/375CSORN
27.5.177015.7.1775Diligent (8), Lieutenant and Commanding OfficerTRN3
177731.7.1778Haerlem (12), Lieutenant and Commanding OfficerBWAS-1714
11.2.1781 Commander ADM 6/22/437ADM 6/22
11.2.178121.9.1781Jane (16), Commander and Commanding Officer ADM 6/22/437
Issued by Lord George Brydges Rodney (1st Baron Rodney) (1719-1792), Barbados
Commission confirmed 29.3.1782
ADM 6/22
21.9.1781 Captain ADM 6/22/487CSORN
21.9.17815.2.1782Shrewsbury (74), Captain and Commanding Officer ADM 6/22/487
Issued by Thomas Graves (1st Baron of Gravesend in the County of Londonderry) (1725-1802), North America
Commission confirmed 1.7.1782
BWAS-1714
25.1.178226.1.1782Battle of Saint Kitts 
5.2.178215.7.1783Barfleur (98), Captain and Commanding Officer ADM 6/23/98
Issued by Sir Samuel Hood (1st Viscount Hood of Whitley) (1724-1816), North America
Commission confirmed 18.7.1783
ODNB
12.4.1782 Battle of the Saintes 
19.4.1782 Battle of the Mona Passage 
5.4.178623.10.1787Triumph (74), Captain and Commanding Officer ADM 6/23/325BWAS-1714
3.10.178713.5.1790Barfleur (98), Captain and Commanding Officer ADM 6/23/422ODNB
13.5.17904.12.1795Victory (100), Captain and Commanding Officer ADM 6/24/29W009
16.1.17917.6.1792Victory (100), Captain and Commanding Officer ADM 6/24/102ADM 6/24
7.6.179229.12.1792Duke (98), Captain and Commanding Officer ADM 6/24/166BWAS-1714
29.12.1792 Victory (100), Captain and Commanding Officer ADM 6/24/188ADM 6/24
13.7.1795 Battle of Hyeres 
4.17961799Montagu (74), Captain and Commanding OfficerBWAS-1714
11.10.1797 Battle of Camperdown 
1.1.1801 Rear-Admiral of the BlueCSORN
10.180311.1804Guerriere (74), as Flag Officer, Rear-Admiral of the BlueBWAS-1793
23.4.1804 Rear-Admiral of the WhiteCSORN
18051806Queen (90), as Flag Officer, Vice-Admiral of the BlueBWAS-1714
9.11.1805 Vice-Admiral of the BlueCSORN
28.4.1808 Vice-Admiral of the WhiteCSORN
31.7.1810 Vice-Admiral of the RedCSORN
4.12.1810 Admiral of the BlueCSORN
2.1.1815 Appointed Knight Commander of the Order of the BathTKE1

Sources


IDDescriptionAuthorType
ref:676More than Nelson Web Site
CSORNCommissioned Sea Officers of the Royal NavyDavid Bonner Smith / Syrett & DiNardoWeb Site
RNLPCRoyal Navy Lieutenants' Passing Certificates 1691-1902Bruno PappalardoBook
TRN3The Royal Navy : a history from the earliest times to the present Vol IIIWilliam Laid ClowesDigital Book
BWAS-1714British Warships in the Age of Sail 1714 - 1792Rif WinfieldBook
ADM 6/22ADM 6/22 Commission and Warrant Book 1779 July-1782 Archive
ODNBOxford Dictionary of National BiographyOxford University PressWeb Site
W009HMS VictoryUnknownWeb Site
ADM 6/24ADM 6/24 Commission and Warrant Book 1789 Sep.-1793  Archive
BWAS-1793British Warships in the Age of Sail 1793 - 1817Rif WinfieldBook
TKE1The Knights of England. A complete record Vol IWilliam Arthur Shaw and George Dames BurtchaellDigital Book

Previous comments on this page

Posted by Brian Stephens on Thursday 24th of April 2014 16:19

Adm. Sir John Knight, K.C.B.
June 16. At bis seat, Woodend, Hampshire, after a very short illness, aged 83, Sir John Knight, K.C.B. Admiral of I be Red.
This officer was the son of Rear-Admiral John Knight, who died in 180.., witb whom he embarked at an early period of life, and served in the Tartar frigate on the expeditious against Cancalle, Cherbourg, &c.; and was with the squadron under Lord Anson, which escorted her Majesty Queen Charlotte to England, in September, 1761. During the long calm that preceded the war with the colonies we find him assisting in the maritime survey of the coast of North America.
In 1775, Mr. Knight was second Lieutenant of the Falcon, Capl. John Linzce, which was one of the vessels that covered the attack on Bunker's Hill. Some time after, Lieut. Knight bad the misfortune to fall into the hands of the enemy, when attempting to bring off an American vessel that had been driven on shore. After a residence of several months,on parole, at Northampton and South Hadley, in the province of Massachusetts, an exchange of prisoners took place, about Dec. 1776, and our officer returned to the duties of his profession. In Feb. 1777, he was appointed by Lord Howe to the command of the Haerlem, of 12 guns, and bis judicious and spirited conduct in entering an enemy's port, and taking from thence several small vessels, was so much approved, that that nobleman directed his personal share of the prize-money to be distributed among the immediate captors.
in July, 1778, the Haerlem fell in with the French fleet under Count d'Estaiug, and narrowly escaped capture, having received several shot from a 50-gun ship, then in chase of a British frigate. Lieut. Knight immediately gave intelligence of bis falling in with the enemy, to the Commander-in-Chief, and was thereupon removed into the Eagle, of 64 guns, bearing the flag of Lord Howe, with whom be returned to England in the ensuing October.
Towards the conclusion of the American war, Mr. Knight bad the good fortune to be appointed First Lieutenant of the Barfleur, of 98 guns, the flag-ship of Rear-Atlin. Sir S. Hood, on the Leeward Island station; and to that excellent officer he owed his advancement to the rank of Post-Captain, Sept. 21, 1781, when he was appointed to the Shrewsbury, 74. He remained with Sir Samuel Hood, and was present at all his brilliant achievements in 1781 and 1789; and in such estimation were his abilities held, that, in the hour of battle wilt M. de Grasse's superior fleet at St. Kitt's, the Rear-Admiral removed him {torn the Shrewsbury, to command his own flagship the Barfleur. On the evening of the memorable 12th April, 1782, Capt. Knight received and presented to bis Admiral the sword of Count de Grasse, and those of all the surviving officers of the Ville de Paris. A few days after the action, Sir Samuel Hood was detached ill pursuit of the beaten enemy ; and on the l9th came up with, and captured, two ships of 64 guns each, together with a frigate and a sloop.
For six months preceding the peace of 1783, Prince William Henry, the present sovereign of this country, performed the duty of a midshipman in the Barfleur, a portion of each day being allotted, by the Admiral's desire, for a particular part of naval education and study under Capt. Knight, from whose tuition his Royal Highness derived acknowledged advantage. When the account of a cessation of hostilities bad reached Jamaica, in March 1783, Lord Hood permitted the Prince to visit Cape Francois, and the Havanuah ; after which his Lordship returned to England with the squadron under his command, and arrived at Spithead on the 26th June. It being a period of profound peace, Capt. Knight remained without any appointment until the year 1790; when, on the appearance of a rupture with Spain, Lord Hood again hoisted his flag, and Capt. Knight was again appointed his Lordship's Captain, in the Victory of 100 guns, which he continued to command until the final adjustment of the dispute with Spain, and that which subsequently took place between Great Britain and Russia in 1791.

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