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James Young


NationalityBritish 
RolesNaval Sailor 
Date of Birth15.11.1717CSORN
Baptism29.11.1717 - St Martin in the Fields, Westminster CSORN
First Known Service1737CSORN
FatherWilliam YoungEWIKI
MotherSusannah WalkerEWIKI
WifeElizabeth Bolton - Married 1747, Gibraltar EWIKI
WifeSophia Vasmer - Married 1762EWIKI
DaughterSusanEWIKI
DaughterSophiaEWIKI
DaughterPhilippaEWIKI
DaughterSophiaEWIKI
DaughterElizabethEWIKI
SonSir William Young (1751-1821)EWIKI
SonJames Young (1762-1833)EWIKI
DaughterCharlotteEWIKI
SonThomasEWIKI
Last Known Service29.1.1778CSORN
Date of Death24.1.1789CSORN
Burial2.2.1789 - St Anne's Church, Soho, London CSORN

Event History


Date fromDate toEventSource
17371738Gloucester (50), MidshipmanEWIKI
17388.3.1738/39Lancaster (80), MidshipmanEWIKI
9.3.1738/39 Lieutenant ADM 6/15/248CSORN
13.11.1742 Commander ADM 6/16/457ADM 6/16
13.11.174215.5.1743Salamander (6), Commander and Commanding Officer ADM 6/16/457
Commission confirmed 19.3.1744/45
BWAS-1714
16.5.1743 Captain ADM 6/16/457CSORN
16.5.174310.6.1743Neptune (90), Captain and Commanding Officer ADM 6/16/457
Commission confirmed 19.3.1744/45
ADM 6/16
16.5.174318.8.1744Kennington (20), Captain and Commanding OfficerBWAS-1714
18.8.17442.1.1745/46Chatham (50), Captain and Commanding Officer ADM 6/17/221
Issued by Thomas Mathews (1676-1750), The Mediterranean Sea
Commission confirmed 1.5.1747
BWAS-1603
2.1.1745/464.5.1748Dunkirk (60), Captain and Commanding Officer ADM 6/17/221
Issued by William Rowley (1690-1768), The Mediterranean Sea
Commission confirmed 27.4.1747
BWAS-1714
13.2.175213.12.1753Jason (44), Captain and Commanding Officer ADM 6/18/25BWAS-1714
31.7.175523.9.1755Newark (80), Captain and Commanding Officer ADM 6/18/184ADM 6/18
23.9.17554.4.1757Intrepid (64), Captain and Commanding Officer ADM 6/18/195BWAS-1714
20.5.1756 Battle of Minorca 
4.4.17574.2.1758Burford (68), Captain and Commanding Officer ADM 6/18/378BWAS-1714
5.9.17576.10.1757Raid on Rochefort 
16.3.175911.11.1761Mars (74), Captain and Commanding Officer ADM 6/19/45BWAS-1714
20.11.1759 Battle of Quiberon Bay 
29.3.176111.6.1761Expedition against Belle-Isle 
11.11.1761 Appointed Commander-in-Chief — Le Havre ADM 6/19/363

As Commodore

ADM 6/19
11.11.176121.10.1762Guernsey (50), as Flag Officer, Commodore ADM 6/19/363BWAS-1714
21.10.1762 Rear-Admiral of the Red ADM 6/19/445CSORN
21.10.176224.12.1762Guernsey (50), as Flag Officer, Rear-Admiral of the RedBWAS-1714
18.10.1770 Vice-Admiral of the White ADM 6/20/302CSORN
31.3.1775 Vice-Admiral of the Red ADM 6/21/83CSORN
3.4.1775 Appointed Commander-in-Chief — Barbados & the Leeward Islands ADM 6/21/84ADM 6/21
26.4.177529.1.1778Portland (50), as Flag Officer, Vice-Admiral of the WhiteBWAS-1714
29.1.1778 Admiral of the White ADM 6/21/359ADM 6/21

Notes on Officer


Biographyref:1059

YOUNG, JAMES (d. 1789), admiral, is said to have entered the navy in 1737 on board the Gloucester, carrying the broad pennant of Commodore the Hon. George Clinton as commander-in-chief in the Mediterranean; most probably, however, he had some earlier service, the record of which cannot now be found. When the Gloucester went home, Young was transferred to the Lancaster; was promoted to be lieutenant, 9 March 1738–9; was in 1742 moved into the Namur, flagship of Admiral Mathews; was promoted by him to be commander of the Salamander bomb, and on 16 May 1743 to be captain of the Neptune of 90 guns. This, as such appointments commonly were, was for rank only; and ten days later he was moved to the Kennington of 20 guns; being thus, as was spitefully pointed out at the time, ‘midshipman, lieutenant, and captain in one voyage’ (Narrative of the Proceedings of H. M. Fleet, pp. 114–15), although the voyage had lasted for six years. It did, in fact, last several years more; for from the Kennington he was moved to the Dunkirk, and remained in the Mediterranean till the peace in 1748. In 1752 he was appointed to the Jason, and in 1755 to the Newark, from which he was moved in October to the Intrepid, a 64-gun ship, one of the squadron sent out to the Mediterranean in the following spring, under the command of Admiral John Byng [q. v.] In the battle near Minorca on 20 May 1756 the Intrepid was the last ship of the van division [see West, Temple], and in running down towards the enemy had her foretopmast shot away. Byng afterwards asserted that this was the cause of the disorder in the rear division of his fleet; but Young, when examined before the court-martial, denied that it ‘occasioned any impediment to the rear division,’ and this was directly or indirectly confirmed by all the other evidence.

In 1757 Young commanded the Burford in the expedition against Rochefort, under Sir Edward Hawke (Lord Hawke) [q. v.], and in the fleet which afterwards cruised in the Bay of Biscay under Hawke and Boscawen. In 1759 he was captain of the 74-gun ship Mars during the long months off Brest, and on 20 Nov. was flying a commodore's broad pennant. Continuing in the Mars, in November 1761 he had command of a small squadron off Havre. On 21 Oct. 1762 he was promoted to be rear-admiral of the red; but peace being concluded shortly afterwards, he did not then hoist his flag. On 28 Oct. 1770 he was made vice-admiral of the white, and in April 1775, being then vice-admiral of the red, he was appointed commander-in-chief on the Leeward Islands station, with his flag in the Portland. On 29 Jan. 1778 he was promoted to be admiral of the white, and in July he returned to England. He had no further employment, and died in London on 24 Jan. 1789.



Sources


IDDescriptionAuthorType
CSORNCommissioned Sea Officers of the Royal NavyDavid Bonner Smith / Syrett & DiNardoWeb Site
EWIKIWikipediaVariousWeb Site
ADM 6/16ADM 6/16 Commission and Warrent Book 1742 Jan 4 - 1745 Sept 18 Archive
BWAS-1714British Warships in the Age of Sail 1714 - 1792Rif WinfieldBook
BWAS-1603British Warships in the Age of Sail 1603 - 1714Rif WinfieldBook
ADM 6/18ADM 6/18 Commission and Warrant Book 1751 May-1758 Oct.  Archive
ADM 6/19ADM 6/19 Commission and Warrant Book 1758 Nov.-1763 Archive
ADM 6/21ADM 6/21 Commission and Warrant Book 1774 Jan.-1779 June  Archive
ref:1059Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900 Digital Book

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