Sir Cloudisley Shovell


NationalityBritish 
RolesNaval Sailor 
Date of Birth1650B051
First Known Service22.1.1671/72B051
FatherJohn Shovell (1625-1653)B051
MotherAnne Jenkinson (1628-1709)B051
WifeElizabeth Hill (d April 1732)B051
DaughterAnne (1696-1741)B051
DaughterElizabeth (1692-1750)B051
Last Known Service22.10.1707B051
Date of Death23.10.1707CSORN

Event History


Date fromDate toEventSource
25.11.1650 Baptized at Cockthorpe, on the north Norfolk coastODNB
1659 Entered service as a cabin boy to [John Narborough|Sir John Narborough]B051
22.1.1671/7217.9.1672Prince Royal (92), MidshipmanODNB
17.9.1672 Fairfax (60), Master's MateODNB
23.9.16731675Henrietta (58), Second LieutenantODNB
25.9.1673 LieutenantCSORN
4.3.1674/75 Lead a boat attack on Tripoli Harbour, burning four vessels without losing a manB051
6.16753.5.1677Harwich (70), LieutenantODNB
3.5.16779.1677Plymouth (52), LieutenantODNB
17.9.1677 CaptainCSORN
17.9.167712.4.1679Sapphire (32), Captain and Commanding OfficerB051
13.4.16793.5.1679Phoenix (42), Captain and Commanding OfficerB051
5.5.167924.2.1679/80Sapphire (32), Captain and Commanding OfficerB051
11.1679 One of a party of officers and seamen landed to assist in the defence of Tangiers, where he was slightly woundedB051
14.7.168011.9.1680Nonsuch (36), Captain and Commanding OfficerB051
23.4.168168.1686James Galley (30), Captain and Commanding OfficerB051
4.16874.1688Anne (70), Captain and Commanding OfficerB051
16884.1689Dover, Captain and Commanding OfficerBWAS-1603
4.168924.10.1689Edgar (72), Captain and Commanding OfficerODNB
1.5.1689 Battle of Bantry Bay 
16.5.1689 Appointed Knight BachelorTKE2
24.10.16891690Monck (58), Captain and Commanding OfficerODNB
1690 Cruising the Irish sea in support of the armyB051
1690 Assisted in the reduction of Duncannon CastleB051
1690 Commodore of the squadron which convoyed William III to IrelandB051
3.6.1690 Rear-Admiral of the BlueCSORN
1691 Served as Rear-Admiral to [George Rooke|Sir George Rooke] transporting William to HollandB051
1691 Joined the main fleet under [Edward Russell|Sir Edward Russell]B051
10.1691 Commanded the squadron bringing William back from HollandB051
1692 Commanded a squadron in the Smyrna Convoy debacleB051
1692 Royal William (100), as Flag Officer, Rear-Admiral of the RedB051
16921693Duke (90), as Flag Officer, Rear-Admiral of the RedBWAS-1603
20.1.1691/92 Rear-Admiral of the RedCSORN
19.5.1692 Commanded the Rear - Red Squadron at the Battle of Barfleur 
17.6.1693 Battle of Lagos 
3.7.1693 Admiral of the BlueCSORN
1694 Commanded a squadron under Lord Berkley in the Camaret Bay expeditionB051
1694 Commanded the fleet which sailed to Dunkirk, but achieved nothingB051
16.4.1694 Vice-Admiral of the RedCSORN
1695 Elected Member of Parliament for Rochester, a seat he retained until his deathB051
1695 Commanded a squadron in the bombardment of St MaloB051
17.5.16951.1702Appointed Lord High Admiral of EnglandADM 6/3
3.6.169510.1695Cambridge (80), as Flag Officer, Vice-Admiral of the Red ADM 6/3/59ADM 6/3
7.1695 Commanded a squadron in the unsuccessful attack on DunkirkB051
26.12.1695 Vice-Admiral of the Red ADM 6/3/107ADM 6/3
30.12.16951696Duchess (90), as Flag Officer, Vice-Admiral of the Red ADM 6/3/109ADM 6/3
13.4.169621.4.1696Montagu (58), as Flag Officer, Vice-Admiral of the RedB051
20.4.1696 Admiral of the Blue ADM 6/3/150ADM 6/3
22.4.1696 Victory (100), as Flag Officer, Vice-Admiral of the Red ADM 6/3/147ADM 6/3
9.7.1698 Admiral of the Blue ADM 6/5/24ADM 6/5
1701 Barfleur (90), as Flag Officer, Vice-Admiral of the RedBWAS-1603
28.1.1701/2 Admiral of the Blue ADM 6/7/1ADM 6/7
6.5.1702 Admiral of the White ADM 6/7/33CSORN
3.1702/33.1703/4Triumph (90), as Flag Officer, Admiral of the BlueBWAS-1714
17041705Barfleur (90), as Flag Officer, Admiral of the WhiteBWAS-1603
3.4.1704 Admiral of the White ADM 6/8/69ADM 6/8
13.8.1704 Battle of Malaga 
26.12.1704 Appointed Rear-Admiral of EnglandCSORN
6.1.1704/51.5.1707Appointed Rear-Admiral of England

ADM 6/8/130

ADM 6/8
13.1.1704/5 Admiral of the FleetODNB
2.17058.1707Britannia (100), as Flag Officer, Admiral of the BlueBWAS-1714
5.170510.1705Commander of the British Mediterranean Fleet  
1.5.1705 Appointed joint admiral (with the earl of Peterborough) for an expedition to the Mediterranean to seize Toulon.ODNB
9.170522.10.1707Association (90), as Flag Officer, Admiral of the FleetTRN2
1.5.170723.10.1707Appointed Rear-Admiral of Great BritainEWIKI

Notes on Officer


Monumental inscription in Westminster Abbey
Sir Cloudesley Shovel, Knt. Rear-Admiral of Great Britain; Admiral, and Commander in Chief of the Fleet; the just Rewards of his long and faithful Services; He was deservedly beloved of his Country, and esteemed, though dreaded, by the Enemy; who had often experienced his Conduct and Courage. Being Shipwreckt on the Rocks of Scilly, in his Voyage from Toulon, the 22d of October, 1707, at Night, in the 57th Year of his age.

His fate was lamented by all; but especially the Sea-faring Part of the Nation, to whom he was a worthy Example. His Body was flung on the Shoar, and buried with others in the Sands; but being soon after taken up, was placed under this Monument; which his Royal Mistress has caused to be erected, to commemorate his steady Loyalty, and extraordinary Virtues.


Sources


IDDescriptionAuthorType
B051Biographia Navalis - Volume IIJohn CharnockDigital Book
CSORNCommissioned Sea Officers of the Royal NavyDavid Bonner SmithWeb Site
ODNBOxford Dictionary of National BiographyOxford University PressWeb Site
B051Biographia Navalis - Volume IJohn CharnockDigital Book
BWAS-1603British Warships in the Age of Sail 1603 - 1714Rif WinfieldBook
TKE2The Knights of England. A complete record Vol IIWilliam Arthur Shaw and George Dames BurtchaellDigital Book
ADM 6/3ADM 6/3 Commission and Warrant Book 1694/5 Jan.-1696 25 May Archive
ADM 6/5ADM 6/5 Commission and Warrent Book 1698 28 Jan.-1699 1 June Archive
ADM 6/7ADM 6/7 Commission and Warrent Book 1702 28 Jan.-1703 6 July Archive
BWAS-1714British Warships in the Age of Sail 1714 - 1792Rif WinfieldBook
ADM 6/8ADM 6/8 Commission and Warrent Book 1703 6 July-1706 3 July Archive
TRN2The Royal Navy : a history from the earliest times to the present Vol IIWilliam Laid ClowesDigital Book
EWIKIWikipediaVariousWeb Site

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