Sir Charles Saxton (1st Baronet Saxton of Circourt)

RolesNaval Sailor 
Date of Birthc.1732ADM 107/4
First Known Service26.8.1747CSORN
FatherEdward Saxtonref:969
MotherElizabeth Bushref:969
WifeMary Bush - Married 11.5.1771ref:969
SonSir Charles Saxton, 2nd Baronet, MP (1773–1838)EWIKI
DaughterPhiladelphia-Hannah [Oliver]EWIKI
Last Known Service7.1806CSORN
Date of Deathc.11.1808CSORN
Will Probated25.11.1808, PROB 11/1489/101

Event History

Date fromDate toEventSource
3.1.1753 Passed the Lieutenant's ExaminationRNLPC
2.1.1757 Lieutenant ADM 6/19/7CSORN
11.10.1760 Commander ADM 6/19/203CSORN
11.10.176010.7.1761Flamborough Prize (14), Commander and Commanding Officer ADM 6/19/203BWAS-1714
10.7.176128.1.1762Senegal (14), Commander and Commanding Officer ADM 6/19/328BWAS-1714
28.1.1762 Captain ADM 6/19/382CSORN
28.1.176222.6.1762Magnanime (74), Captain and Commanding Officer ADM 6/19/382BWAS-1714
9.176221.2.1763Monmouth (70), Captain and Commanding OfficerBWAS-1714
9.4.176310.4.1766Pearl (32), Captain and Commanding Officer ADM 6/19/480BWAS-1714
3.11.17709.1.1771Phoenix (44), Captain and Commanding Officer ADM 6/20/308ADM 6/20
9.1.177110.10.1771Flora (32), Captain and Commanding Officer ADM 6/20/332BWAS-1714
22.7.177810.11.1779Winchelsea (32), Captain and Commanding Officer ADM 6/21/436BWAS-1714
10.11.1779 Paid off and placed on half-pay.ADM104
19.4.17802.5.1780Monarca (68), Captain and Commanding Officer ADM 6/22/115ADM 6/22
2.5.17801.8.1783Invincible (74), Captain and Commanding Officer ADM 6/22/122BWAS-1714
29.4.178130.4.1781Battle of Fort Royal 
5.9.1781 Battle of the Chesapeake 
25.1.178226.1.1782Battle of Saint Kitts 
13.3.17907.1806Appointed Resident Commissioner at Portsmouth DockyardEWIKI
19.7.1794 Created 1st Baronet Saxton of CircourtEWIKI

Notes on Officer


SAXTON, Sir CHARLES (1732–1808) commissioner of the navy, born in 1732, was youngest son of Edward Saxton, a merchant in London. He entered the navy in January 1744–5 on board the Gloucester as ‘captain's servant’ with Captain (afterwards Sir) Charles Saunders [q. v.], and remained in her for three years. He was then in the Eagle with Captain Collins, in the St. Albans on the coast of Guinea with Captain John Byron, and passed his examination on 3 Jan. 1753. He afterwards served in the East Indies under Vice-admiral Charles Watson [q. v.], by whom he was made lieutenant, and Vice-admiral (Sir) George Pocock [q. v.] He returned to England in 1760; on 11 Oct. 1760 was promoted to be commander, and on 28 Jan. 1762 to be captain of the Magnanime with Commodore Lord Howe, and afterwards in the fleet under Sir Edward Hawke. After the war he commanded the Pearl on the Newfoundland station, and was specially employed in the Gulf of St. Lawrence in moderating the claims of the French. The Pearl was paid off in 1766. In 1770 he commanded the Phœnix during the Spanish armament, and in 1779 commissioned the Invincible, which during 1780 formed part of the Channel fleet. At the end of the year she went out with Sir Samuel Hood to the West Indies, where Saxton was obliged to leave her for some months owing to ill-health. He commanded her again in 1781, with Hood, on the coast of North America, and in the action off the Chesapeake on 5 Sept., where, however, Hood's division of the fleet was very slightly engaged. He was still with Hood at St. Kitt's in January and February 1782, and was then sent to Jamaica. He remained on the station till the peace, returning to England in the summer of 1783. In 1787 he was one of a commission to examine into the working of the impress system, and in 1789 was appointed commissioner of the navy at Portsmouth.

On 19 July 1794 he was created a baronet. He continued at Portsmouth till 1806, when he was retired on a pension of 750l., with a remainder of 300l. a year to his wife if she survived him. In March 1801 Nelson wrote of him as a rough sailor, an acquaintance of near thirty years, which would go back to the time when Nelson had just entered the service as a twelve-year-old midshipman of the Raisonnable and Saxton was captain of the Phœnix. He died in November 1808. He married, in July 1771, Mary, daughter of Jonathan Bush of Burcott in Oxfordshire, and had issue.


ADM 107/4ADM 107/4 1745-1757 Lieutenants' passing certificates. Archive
CSORNCommissioned Sea Officers of the Royal NavyDavid Bonner Smith / Syrett & DiNardoWeb Site
ref:969A Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Extinct and Dormant Baronetcies of England, Ireland, and John Burke, Sir Bernard BurkeDigital Book
EWIKIWikipediaVariousWeb Site
RNLPCRoyal Navy Lieutenants' Passing Certificates 1691-1902Bruno PappalardoBook
BWAS-1714British Warships in the Age of Sail 1714 - 1792Rif WinfieldBook
ADM 6/20ADM 6/20 Commission and Warrant Book 1764-1773 Archive
ADM104ADM 104 Officers entitled to Half Pay Document
ADM 6/22ADM 6/22 Commission and Warrant Book 1779 July-1782 Archive
ref:1059Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900 Digital Book

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