Nicolas de Grimouard

RolesNaval Sailor 
Date of Birth25.1.1743 - Fontenay-le-Comte , Vendéeref:631
First Known Service12.1757ref:631
A.K.A.Nicolas René Henryref:631
Father-in-Law Charles de Turpin de Jouhé (Marquis de Turpin) (1726-1768)ref:631
WifeJulie Catherine de Turpin de Jouhé - Married 1.12.1779, Rochefort ref:631
Brother-in-law Claude Jean Baptiste de Turpin de Jouhé (Seigneur de Balanzac) (1750-?)ref:631
Last Known Service1772ref:631
Date of Death7.2.1794 - Rochefort ref:631
Cause of DeathGuillotinref:631

Event History

Date fromDate toEventSource
12.1757 Garde de la Marineref:631
17591.1.1760L'Inflexible (64), Garde de la Marineref:631
20.11.1759 Battle of Quiberon Bay 
17601761Le Solitaire (64), Garde de la Marineref:631
1763 Carried out 8 campaigns between the Treaty of Paris (1763) and the start of the American War: notably participated in the bombardment of Salé and Larache.ref:631
1764 L'Ambition (20), Garde de la MarineFWIKI
1765 Le Hardi (64), Garde de la MarineFWIKI
4.2.1770 Enseigne de VaisseauFWIKI
22.4.1770 Second Lieutenant de la Compagnie des Canonniers-Matelots de Rochefort.FWIKI
2.3.1772 L'Hippopotame (50), Enseigne de VaisseauFWIKI
28.9.1772 La Terpsichore (30), Enseigne de Vaisseau, second ship of the year , under Levassor , no dateFWIKI
1778 Lieutenant de Vaisseauref:631
17784.1.1781La Minerve (32), Lieutenant de Vaisseau and Commanding Officerref:631
7.3.1779 Action of March 7 1779 
4.1.1781 Seriously injured and captured . Released, promoted Capitaine de Vaisseau : no month just date of end commander on the next ship .ref:631
4.1781 Capitaine de Vaisseauref:631
4.1781 L'Actif (74), Capitaine de Vaisseau, capitaine en secondref:631
14.5.1781 Actif v Nonsuch 
12.12.1781 2nd Battle of Ushant 
178218.10.1782Le Scipion (74), Capitaine de Vaisseau and Commanding OfficerE-WIKI
9.4.1782 Action off Dominique 
12.4.1782 Battle of the Saintes 
18.10.1782 Commander-in-Chief at the Action of 18 October 1782 
18.10.1782 Action of 18 October 1782 
8.1786 Major d'Escadre à Brestref:631
1790 Commmander of the Naval Station of Saint Domingue .ref:631
1.1792 Contre-Amiralref:631
1.1.1793 Vice-Amiralref:631
1.1.1793 Commander in Chief of the Fleet of Brest . He resigned following the King's death.ref:631
7.2.1794 Sentenced to death by the Rochefort Revolutionary Court, executed the same day . This ideological execution deprived France of one of its most skilled sailors, one of the bravest and brightest war fighters in America.ref:631

Notes on Officer


He is one of the drafters of the American Constitution .


ref:631Geneanet Web Site
FWIKIWikipedia - FranceVarious, Web Site
E-WIKIWikipediaVarious, Web Site

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