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Chevalier Nicolas de Grimouard


NationalityFrench 
RolesNaval Sailor 
Date of Birth25.1.1743 - Fontenay-le-Comte , Vendéeref:631
First Known Service12.1757ref:631
A.K.A.Nicolas René Henryref:631
Father-in-Law
Charles de Turpin de Jouhé (Marquis de Turpin)French
Naval Sailor
Service 1741-1764
ref:631
WifeJulie Catherine de Turpin de Jouhé - Married 1.12.1779, Rochefort ref:631
Brother-in-lawref:631
Last Known Service1.1.1793ref:631
Date of Death7.2.1794 - Rochefort ref:631
Cause of DeathGuillotinref:631

Event History


Date fromDate toEventSource
12.1757 Garde de la Marineref:673
17591.1.1760
L'Inflexible (64) 1752-1763
French 64 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
, Garde de la Marine
ref:631
20.11.1759 Battle of Quiberon Bay 
17601763
Le Solitaire (64) 1758-1771
French 64 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
, Garde de la Marine
ref:631
1763 Carried out 8 campaigns between the Treaty of Paris (1763) and the start of the American War: notably participated in the bombardment of Salé and Larache.ref:631
1764 
L'Ambition (20) 1762-1775
French 20 Gun
Unrated Corvette
, Garde de la Marine
FWIKI
1765 
Le Hardi (64) 1750-1798
French 64 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
, Garde de la Marine
FWIKI
4.2.1770 Enseigne de VaisseauFWIKI
22.4.1770 Second Lieutenant de la Compagnie des Canonniers-Matelots de Rochefort.FWIKI
2.3.1772 
L'Hippopotame (50) 1749-1784
French 50 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
1777 Renamed "Fier Rodrigue"
, Enseigne de Vaisseau
FWIKI
28.9.1772 
La Terpsichore (30) 1763-1784
French 30 Gun
5th Rate Frigate
, Enseigne de Vaisseausecond ship of the year , under Levassor , no date
FWIKI
2.1778 Lieutenant de Vaisseauref:673
2.1778 
La Charmante (32) 1777-1780
French 32 Gun
5th Rate Frigate
, Lieutenant de VaisseauCapitaine en second
ref:673
9.17784.1.1781
La Minerve (32) 1778-1781
French 32 Gun
5th Rate Frigate
, Lieutenant de Vaisseau and Commanding Officer
ref:673
7.3.1779 Action of March 7 1779 
10.10.1779 Appointed Chevalier de l’Ordre Royal et Militaire de Saint-Louisref:673
4.1.1781 Seriously injured and captured . Released, promoted Capitaine de Vaisseau : no month just date of end commander on the next ship .ref:631
4.1781 
L'Actif (74) 1757-1784
French 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
, Capitaine de Vaisseaucapitaine en second
ref:631
5.1781 Capitaine de Vaisseauref:673
14.5.1781 Actif v Nonsuch 
12.12.1781 2nd Battle of Ushant 
178218.10.1782
Le Scipion (74) 1778-1782
French 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
, Capitaine de Vaisseau and Commanding Officer
E-WIKI
9.4.1782 Action off Dominique 
12.4.1782 Battle of the Saintes 
18.10.1782 Commander-in-Chief at the Action of 18 October 1782 
18.10.1782 Action of 18 October 1782 
8.1786 Major d'Escadre à Brestref:631
1787 
Le Brave (74) 1781-1803
French 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
, Capitaine de Vaisseau and Commanding Officer
ref:673
1789 Appointed Commandant de la Division Navale at Africa

(Coast Occidental of Africa)

ref:673
1789 
La Félicité (32) 1785-1809
French 32 Gun
5th Rate Frigate
, Capitaine de Vaisseau and Commanding Officer
ref:673
17901792
Le Borée (74) 1785-1803
French 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
1794 Renamed "Ça Ira"
1794 Renamed "Agricola"
, Capitaine de Vaisseau and Commanding Officer
ref:673
3.17911792Appointed Commandant de la Division Navale at Saint-Domingueref:673
1.1792 Contre-Amiralref:673
9.1792 Return in Franceref:673
1.1.1793 Vice-Amiralref:673
1.1.179321.1.1793Commander in Chief of the Fleet of Brest . He resigned following the King's death.ref:673
7.2.1794 Sentenced to death by the Rochefort Revolutionary Court, executed the same day . This ideological execution deprived France of one of its most skilled sailors, one of the bravest and brightest war fighters in America.ref:631

Notes on Officer


???FWIKI

He is one of the drafters of the American Constitution .




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