Sir William Goodson


NationalityBritish 
RolesNaval Sailor, Ship Owner 
Date of Birth1610 - Great Yarmouth ODNB
First Known Service1650ODNB
WifeMaryODNB
Son-in-LawCharles Wager (d.1664/65)ODNB
DaughterPrudence
Last Known Service1659ODNB
Date of Death1680ODNB

Event History


Date fromDate toEventSource
16501652Hopeful Luke (26), Captain and Commanding OfficerW015
25.1.1652/53 CaptainODNB
25.1.1652/534.1653Happy Entrance (34), Captain and Commanding OfficerODNB
18.2.1652/5320.2.1652/53Battle of Portland 
4.1653 Rear-AdmiralODNB
4.16539.1653Rainbow (64), Rear-Admiral of the Blue and Commanding OfficerW014
2.6.16533.6.1653Commanded the The Blue Squadron - Rearguard at the Battle of the Gabbard 
31.7.1653 Battle of Scheveningen 
8.1653 George (52), Captain and Commanding OfficerBWAS-1603
9.16531654Unicorn (46), Captain and Commanding Officerref:1059
1654 Vice-AdmiralODNB
16541655Paragon (52), Vice-Admiral and Commanding OfficerODNB
16551656Torrington (52), Admiral and Commanding OfficerBWAS-1603
16551657Appointed Commander-in-Chief — JamaicaHJ-DB
3.12.1655 Attacked and burnt the city of Santa Marta in South America 
1657 Mathias (52), as Flag Officer, AdmiralW014
1658 Speaker (54), Captain and Commanding OfficerBWAS-1603
16581659Swiftsure (64), Vice-Admiral and Commanding OfficerBWAS-1603
27.2.1657/58 Vice-Admiral William Goodson's squadron of twelve frigates resumes the blockade of Ostend. Transport ships intended to convey Spanish and Royalist troops on an invasion of England captured or destroyed, thus ending the possibility of a simultaneous uprising and invasion.W030
13.11.16581659Commander of the British Baltic Fleet 1658  
1660 Appointed Knight Bachelor 
12.1662 Accused of complicity in an alleged plot to kill the kingODNB

Notes on Officer


Biographyref:1059

GOODSONN, WILLIAM (fl. 1634–1662), vice-admiral in the state's navy, and formerly shipowner, seems to have been originally of Yarmouth (Cal. State Papers, Dom. 6 Oct. 1654), where others of the name and of the same business were settled (ib. 28 Jan. 1631–2). About 1634, he says in a letter to Thurloe (24 Jan. 1655–6; Thurloe, iv. 451), he lived for some time at Cartagena, on the Spanish Main, not, however, long enough to acquire a perfect knowledge of the language (ib. v. 151). It may possibly have been then, or in other voyages, that he gained the familiarity, which he certainly had in later life, with the Spanish settlements, both in the islands and on the mainland. He describes himself as having entered the service of the state in 1649 (ib. iv. 458), but it is doubtful in what capacity. In 1650 he entered into a contract with the government for the hire of his ship, the Hopeful Luke of London, and in October 1651 was petitioning for a license to transport shoes to Barbadoes (Cal. State Papers, Dom. pp. 500, 504). His first direct connection with the navy seems to have been on 25 Jan. 1652–3, when he was appointed captain of the Entrance, in which he took part in the great fight off Portland on 18 Feb. On 24 March he was moved into the Rainbow, in which he served as rear-admiral of the blue squadron in the battles of 2–3 June and 29–31 July, for which, with the other flag-officers, he received a gold chain and medal. He is spoken of [see Blake, Robert] during the winter as commanding the Unicorn (Cal. State Papers, Dom. 12 Nov.) and afterwards the George (ib. 18 Nov.), under Monck, and during the summer of 1654 as vice-admiral of the blue squadron under Penn (ib. 3, 19 July), combining with that employment the more lucrative business of contractor for the supply of clothes to the seamen (ib. 1 Oct. 1654). Towards the end of the year he was appointed to the Paragon, as vice-admiral of the squadron to be sent to the West Indies under the command of General Penn [see Penn, Sir William], and by order of 7 Dec. was associated with him as commissioner, so that in case of Penn's death he might be capable of acting fully as commander-in-chief (Thurloe, iii. 11). While at Barbadoes, on 19 March 1654–5, Penn ordered the formation of ‘a regiment of seamen,’ or, as it would now be called, a naval brigade, for service on shore, with Goodsonn as its colonel, and Benjamin Blake, Robert Blake's brother, as lieutenant-colonel (Penn, ii. 74). On 13 April Goodsonn and his ‘sea-regiment’ were landed on Hispaniola with the rest of the army [see Venables, Robert], and, on the failure of the attempt to reduce that island, were re-embarked on 3 May. The expedition went on to Jamaica, where Goodsonn was again landed on 11 May. On the 17th the capitulation was signed; and it being determined that Penn with the larger ships should return to England, Goodsonn was constituted admiral and commander-in-chief of the squadron left behind (21 June), with orders to ‘wear the jack-flag at the main-top-mast head.’ The Paragon being one of the ships selected to go home with Penn, Goodsonn hoisted his flag on board the Torrington, and on 31 July put to sea with the squadron, and, standing over to the mainland, took, sacked, and burned Santa Marta (Thurloe, iv. 159); but, finding his force insufficient to attempt Cartagena, returned to Jamaica by the beginning of November ‘to refit and consider of some other design.’ During the winter both the army on shore and the ships' companies suffered much from sickness (ib. iv. 451). By April, however, he was able to sail for another cruise, and, making almost exactly the same round as before, sacked and burned the town at the Rio de la Hacha, watered at Santa Marta, again anchored for a day off Cartagena, and so returned to Jamaica by the end of May. It was then that, for mutinous and irregular conduct, he had determined to bring Captain Benjamin Blake to a court-martial; but, on Blake desiring to lay down his commission, Goodsonn permitted him to do so, ‘partly,’ as he wrote to Thurloe, ‘in my respect to the general his brother, and also to testify the integrity of my heart in being free from passion.’ The charges against Blake he sent home sealed, with instructions that they were not to be opened till they were delivered to Thurloe, and requested that then they might not be produced, unless ‘he appear maliciously active in vindicating himself to deprave our proceeding’ (ib. v. 154; cf. Blake, Robert). In August several of the ships, including the Torrington, were found not fit to remain out any longer, and were sent home, Goodsonn hoisting his flag in the Marston Moor, from which in the following January he moved into the Mathias and sailed for England, where he arrived on 18 April 1657, being then in very bad health. During the summer and autumn of 1657 Goodsonn commanded a squadron in the Downs or off Mardyk, and in 1658 off Dunkirk, co-operating with the besieging army. In the autumn, with his flag in the Swiftsure, he was vice-admiral in the fleet under Sir George Ayscue [q. v.], which attempted to pass the Sound, but, being unable to do so by reason of the lateness of the season and foul weather, he returned with the fleet, Ayscue remaining in Sweden. In the following year he was again in the fleet ordered to the Sound under General Mountagu [see Mountagu, Edward, first Earl of Sandwich], and seems to have continued with Mountagu till the scheme for the restoration of the monarchy began to take form. From that time nothing more is heard of him in a public capacity, though mention is made of him nearly three years afterwards as suspected, on no apparent grounds, of complicity in a plot to kill the king (Cal. State Papers, Dom. 15 Dec. 1662). By a reference to him in a brother puritan's will he seems to have been still alive in 1680 (Notes and Queries, 3rd ser. ix. 138). From the connection with Penn it appears not improbable that the John Goodson (Appleton, Cyclopædia of American Biography), ‘the first English physician that came to Pennsylvania under Penn's charter, and among the first that bought lands in the province of the “Free Society of Traders,”’ may have been William Goodsonn's son; but we know nothing certainly of Goodsonn's family or private life, except that his wife's name was Mary, and that advances on her husband's pay were made to her during his absence at Jamaica (Cal. State Papers, Dom. 15 Oct. 1655, 17 June, 21 Aug. 1656; Thurloe, iv. 458).


the Hopeful LukeODNB
Was owned and commanded by William Goodson

Sources


IDDescriptionAuthorType
ODNBOxford Dictionary of National BiographyOxford University PressWeb Site
W015English Parliamentary JournalsVariousWeb Site
W014Anglo-Dutch Wars BLOGJames C BenderWeb Site
BWAS-1603British Warships in the Age of Sail 1603 - 1714Rif WinfieldBook
ref:1059Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900 Digital Book
HJ-DBHistoric JamaicaFrank CundallBook
W030British Civil Wars, Commonwealth and ProtectorateUnknownWeb Site

Previous comments on this page

Posted by Larry A Singer on Monday 22nd of October 2018 20:30

Since it doesn't seem 100 percent sure that William Goodsonn comes from Yarmouth, and it is assumed as such since other Goodsonns are shown there, I suggest researching the Goodson family in Weston Turville, Buckinghamshire, near Aylesbury. I believe that he may have been the father of Edward Goodson from there. I found two William Goodsons while there researching. My wife's ancestral grandfather was Admiral Robert Blake. Vice Commander William Goodsonn fought the Spanish with him. Not sure about the residence, but worth a check.


Posted by jerry goodson on Wednesday 1st of August 2018 01:06

Is Sir William Goodson related to Thomas Goodson, Sergeant, Captain, and 2nd Lt, Revolutionary War Veteran.
Also, is he a Descendant of Edward Goodson, 1642 - abt 1700


Posted by Eric Goodson on Thursday 27th of September 2012 03:30

I applaud the great work you have done in documenting Admiral Goodson's naval career. There is a very old rumor in my family saying that we descend from the Admiral, although I have no proof yet after 10 years of research. Your research invigorates me. Keep up the great work!

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