Lord Richard Howe (1st Earl Howe)


NationalityBritish 
RolesNaval Sailor 
Date of Birth19.3.1725/26 - London ODNB
First Known Service1736ODNB
FatherEmanuel Scrope Howe, 2nd Visc. (1699-1735)ODNB
MotherMary Sophia Charlotte von Kielmansegg (1703-1782)ODNB
WifeMary Hartopp (1732-1800) - Married 16.2.1758 - Tamerton FoliotODNB
BrotherGeneral William (1729-1814)ODNB
BrotherGeneral George Augustus (1724-1758)ODNB
Last Known Service1799ODNB
Date of Death5.8.1799 - Grafton Street, LondonODNB

Event History


Date fromDate toEventSource
17367.1739Service as a merchant seamanADM 6/86
14.7.173929.6.1740Pearl (40), Midshipman ADM 6/86/61ADM 6/86
16.7.1739 Entered the NavyODNB
18.10.174313.12.1743Suffolk (70), Midshipman ADM 6/86/61ADM 6/86
24.5.1744 Passed the Lieutenant's Examination ADM 6/86/61RNLPC
12.8.1745 Lieutenant ADM 6/16/256ADM 6/16
5.11.1745 Commander ADM 6/17/17ADM 6/17
5.11.17459.4.1746Baltimore (14), Commander and Commanding Officer ADM 6/17/17BWAS-1714
10.4.1746 Captain ADM 6/17/85CSORN
10.4.174611.9.1747Triton (20), Captain and Commanding Officer ADM 6/17/86ODNB
3.5.1746 Wounded in the head an action against French privateers in a loch in the Sound of ArisaigODNB
11.9.174729.10.1748Rippon (54), Captain and Commanding Officer ADM 6/17/266ODNB
29.10.174812.7.1749Cornwall (80), Captain and Commanding Officer ADM 6/17/484BWAS-1714
14.3.1750/5120.5.1752Glory (44), Captain and Commanding Officer ADM 6/17/543ODNB
3.6.175221.8.1754Dolphin (24), Captain and Commanding Officer ADM 6/18/36ODNB
20.1.175513.6.1757Dunkirk (60), Captain and Commanding OfficerODNB
6.6.17558.6.1755Action of 6-8 June 1755 
13.6.17571.6.1758Magnanime (74), Captain and Commanding Officer ADM 6/18/409BWAS-1714
5.9.17576.10.1757Raid on Rochefort 
1.6.17584.7.1758Essex (64), as Flag Officer, CommodoreSCHOMB
5.6.175812.6.1758Commanded the Inshore Squadron at the Raid on Saint-Malo 
6.7.1758 Appointed 4th Viscount HoweODNB
7.8.1758 Pallas (36), as Flag Officer, CommodoreBWAS-1714
27.1.1762 Appointed Commander-in-Chief — Basque Roads ADM 6/19/382ADM 6/19
22.6.176223.1.1763Princess Amelia (80), Captain and Commanding Officer ADM 6/19/418BWAS-1714
20.4.176330.7.1765Appointed Lord Commissioner of the AdmiraltyOHMB4
17655.8.1799Appointed Privy CounsellorEWIKI
18.10.1770 Rear-Admiral of the Blue ADM 6/20/302CSORN
26.11.17701776Appointed Commander-in-Chief — The Mediterranean Sea ADM 6/20/317ADM 6/20
31.3.1775 Rear-Admiral of the White ADM 6/21/83CSORN
7.12.1775 Vice-Admiral of the Blue ADM 6/21/155ADM 6/21
2.177612.1778Eagle (64), as Flag Officer, Vice-Admiral of the BlueBWAS-1714
15.2.17769.1778Appointed Commander-in-Chief — North America ADM 6/21/158ADM 6/21
2.4.1776 Vice-Admiral of the White ADM 6/21/175ADM 6/21
12.5.1778 Vice-Admiral of the Red ADM 6/21/403ADM 6/21
22.7.1778 Commanded the British Fleet at the Encounter at Sandy Hook 
11.8.1778 Commanded the British Fleet at the Howe's encounter with d'Estaing 
14.8.1778 Centurion (50), as Flag Officer, Vice-Admiral of the RedBWAS-1714
2.4.17821783Appointed Commander-in-Chief — English Channel ADM 6/22/437ADM 6/22
8.4.1782 Admiral of the Blue ADM 6/22/445CSORN
20.4.178214.11.1782Victory (100), as Flag Officer, Admiral of the BlueW009
9.178212.1782Commander of the Fleet for the relief of Gibraltar 1782  
20.10.1782 Commanded the The Main Squadron - Lead Division at the Battle of Cape Spartel 
30.1.17839.4.1783Appointed First Lord of the AdmiraltyOHMB4
31.12.178315.7.1788Appointed First Lord of the AdmiraltyOHMB4
24.9.1787 Admiral of the White ADM 6/23/415CSORN
1788 Created 1st Baron HoweEWIKI
1788 Appointed 1st Earl HoweEWIKI
5.179010.1790Queen Charlotte (100), as Flag Officer, Admiral of the WhiteBWAS-1714
13.5.1790 Appointed Commander-in-Chief — English Channel ADM 6/24/29ADM 6/24
23.7.1790 Appointed Commander-in-Chief — English Channel ADM 6/24/54ADM 6/24
23.3.1791 Victory (100), as Flag Officer, Admiral of the White ADM 6/24/113ADM 6/24
9.6.17923.1796Appointed Vice-Admiral of Great BritainEWIKI
1.2.17931795Appointed Commander-in-Chief — English Channel ADM 6/24/204ADM 6/24
7.2.17931799Queen Charlotte (100), as Flag Officer, Admiral of the White ADM 6/24/206BWAS-1714
1.6.1794 Commanded the British Fleet at the Glorious 1st of June 
23.6.1795 Action of Ile Groix 
17961797Royal George (100), as Flag Officer, Admiral of the FleetBWAS-1714
12.3.1796 Admiral of the Fleet ADM 6/25/262CSORN

Sources


IDDescriptionAuthorType
ODNBOxford Dictionary of National BiographyOxford University PressWeb Site
ADM 6/86ADM 6/86 Lieutenants' Passing Certificates 1744-1747 Archive
RNLPCRoyal Navy Lieutenants' Passing Certificates 1691-1902Bruno PappalardoBook
ADM 6/16ADM 6/16 Commission and Warrent Book 1742 Jan 4 - 1745 Sept 18 Archive
ADM 6/17ADM 6/17 Commission and Warrant Book 1745 18 Sep.-1751 Apr.  Archive
BWAS-1714British Warships in the Age of Sail 1714 - 1792Rif WinfieldBook
CSORNCommissioned Sea Officers of the Royal NavyDavid Bonner Smith / Syrett & DiNardoWeb Site
SCHOMBNaval chronology; or, An historical summary of naval & maritime eventsIsaac SchombergDigital Book
ADM 6/19ADM 6/19 Commission and Warrant Book 1758 Nov.-1763 Archive
OHMB4Office-Holders in Modern Britain: Volume 4: Admiralty Officials 1660-1870J.C. SaintyWeb Site
EWIKIWikipediaVariousWeb Site
ADM 6/20ADM 6/20 Commission and Warrant Book 1764-1773 Archive
ADM 6/21ADM 6/21 Commission and Warrant Book 1774 Jan.-1779 June  Archive
ADM 6/22ADM 6/22 Commission and Warrant Book 1779 July-1782 Archive
W009HMS VictoryUnknownWeb Site
ADM 6/24ADM 6/24 Commission and Warrant Book 1789 Sep.-1793  Archive

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