Lord Richard Howe (1st Earl Howe)


NationalityBritish 
RolesNaval Sailor 
Date of Birth19.3.1725/26 - London ODNB
First Known Service16.7.1739ODNB
FatherEmanuel Scrope Howe, 2nd Visc. (1699-1735)ODNB
MotherMary Sophia Charlotte von Kielmansegg (1703-1782)ODNB
WifeMary Hartopp (1732-1800) - Married 16.2.1758 - Tamerton FoliotODNB
BrotherGeneral George Augustus (1724-1758)ODNB
BrotherGeneral William (1729-1814)ODNB
Last Known Service9.1778ODNB
Date of Death5.8.1799 - Grafton Street, LondonODNB

Event History


Date fromDate toEventSource
16.7.1739 Entered the NavyODNB
1744 Passed the Lieutenant's ExaminationRNLPC
12.8.1745 Lieutenant ADM 6/16/256ADM 6/16
5.11.1745 Commander ADM 6/17/17ADM 6/17
5.11.17459.4.1746Baltimore (14), Commander and Commanding Officer ADM 6/17/17BWAS-1714
10.4.1746 Captain ADM 6/17/85CSORN
10.4.174611.9.1747Triton (20), Captain and Commanding Officer ADM 6/17/86ODNB
3.5.1746 Wounded in the head an action against French privateers in a loch in the Sound of ArisaigODNB
11.9.174729.10.1748Rippon (54), Captain and Commanding Officer ADM 6/17/266ODNB
29.10.174812.7.1749Cornwall (80), Captain and Commanding Officer ADM 6/17/484BWAS-1714
14.3.1750/5120.5.1752Glory (44), Captain and Commanding Officer ADM 6/17/543ODNB
3.6.175221.8.1754Dolphin (24), Captain and Commanding Officer ADM 6/18/36ODNB
20.1.175513.6.1757Dunkirk (60), Captain and Commanding OfficerODNB
6.6.17558.6.1755Action of 6-8 June 1755 
13.6.175727.1.1762Magnanime (74), Captain and Commanding Officer ADM 6/18/409BWAS-1714
23.9.1757 Attack on Isle d'Aix 
6.7.1758 Appointed 4th Viscount HoweODNB
7.8.1758 Pallas (36), as Flag Officer, CommodoreBWAS-1714
20.11.1759 Battle of Quiberon Bay 
27.1.1762 Appointed Commander-in-Chief — Basque Roads ADM 6/19/382ADM 6/19
22.6.17622.1763Princess Amelia (80), Captain and Commanding Officer ADM 6/19/418BWAS-1714
17655.8.1799Appointed Privy CounsellorEWIKI
18.10.1770 Rear-Admiral of the Blue ADM 6/20/302CSORN
26.11.17701776Appointed Commander-in-Chief — The Mediterranean Sea ADM 6/20/317ADM 6/20
31.3.1775 Rear-Admiral of the White ADM 6/21/83CSORN
7.12.1775 Vice-Admiral of the Blue ADM 6/21/155ADM 6/21
2.177612.1778Eagle (64), as Flag Officer, Vice-Admiral of the BlueBWAS-1714
15.2.17769.1778Appointed Commander-in-Chief — North America ADM 6/21/158ADM 6/21
2.4.1776 Vice-Admiral of the White ADM 6/21/175ADM 6/21
12.5.1778 Vice-Admiral of the Red ADM 6/21/403ADM 6/21
22.7.1778 Commanded the British Fleet at the Encounter at Sandy Hook 
11.8.1778 Commanded the British Fleet at the Howe's encounter with d'Estaing 
14.8.1778 Centurion (50), as Flag Officer, Vice-Admiral of the RedBWAS-1714
17821783Appointed Commander-in-Chief — English ChannelEWIKI
8.4.1782 Admiral of the BlueCSORN
20.4.178214.11.1782Victory (100), as Flag Officer, AdmiralW009
9.178212.1782Commander of the Fleet for the relief of Gibraltar 1782  
20.10.1782 Commanded the The Main Squadron - Lead Division at the Battle of Cape Spartel 
30.1.178310.4.1783Appointed First Lord of the AdmiraltyOHMB4
10.12.178316.7.1788Appointed First Lord of the AdmiraltyOHMB4
24.9.1787 Admiral of the WhiteCSORN
1788 Created 1st Baron HoweEWIKI
1788 Appointed 1st Earl HoweEWIKI
5.179010.1790Queen Charlotte (100), as Flag Officer, Admiral of the WhiteBWAS-1714
7.17908.1790Victory (100), as Flag Officer, AdmiralW009
9.6.17923.1796Appointed Vice-Admiral of Great BritainEWIKI
17931795Appointed Commander-in-Chief — English ChannelEWIKI
2.17931799Queen Charlotte (100), as Flag Officer, Admiral of the WhiteBWAS-1714
1.6.1794 Commanded the British Fleet at the Glorious 1st of June 
23.6.1795 Action of Ile Groix 
17961797Royal George (100), as Flag Officer, Admiral of the FleetBWAS-1714
12.3.1796 Admiral of the FleetCSORN

Sources


IDDescriptionAuthorType
ODNBOxford Dictionary of National BiographyOxford University PressWeb Site
RNLPCRoyal Navy Lieutenants' Passing Certificates 1691-1902Bruno PappalardoBook
ADM 6/16ADM 6/16 Commission and Warrent Book 1742 Jan 4 - 1745 Sept 18 Archive
ADM 6/17ADM 6/17 Commission and Warrant Book 1745 18 Sep.-1751 Apr.  Archive
BWAS-1714British Warships in the Age of Sail 1714 - 1792Rif WinfieldBook
CSORNCommissioned Sea Officers of the Royal NavyDavid Bonner SmithWeb Site
ADM 6/19ADM 6/19 Commission and Warrant Book 1758 Nov.-1763 Archive
EWIKIWikipediaVariousWeb Site
ADM 6/20ADM 6/20 Commission and Warrant Book 1764-1773 Archive
ADM 6/21ADM 6/21 Commission and Warrant Book 1774 Jan.-1779 June  Archive
W009HMS VictoryUnknownWeb Site
OHMB4Office-Holders in Modern Britain: Volume 4: Admiralty Officials 1660-1870J.C. SaintyWeb Site

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