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Chevalier Jean-Louis Barrallier

RolesNaval Sailor, Designer, Ship Builder, Administrator 
Date of Birth24.6.1751 - Toulon ref:631
First Known Service24.6.1767BWAS-1793
François HernandezFrench
Service 1769-1771
WifeFrançoise M. Antoinette Hernandez - Married 9.4.1771, Toulon ref:631
Francis Louis BarrallierBritish
Naval Sailor
Ship Builder
Service 1816-1843
Joseph François Didace HernandezFrench
Service 1827-1860
Joseph François HernandezFrench
Service 1769-1835
Joseph Antoine Didace HernandezFrench
Service 1761
Last Known Service1834BWAS-1793
Date of Death3.10.1834 - Toulon ref:631

Event History

Date fromDate toEventSource
24.6.1767 Appointed Dessinateur de la Marine at Toulonref:673
1.7.1775 Appointed Elève Ingenieur Constructeur de la Marineref:673
1.3.1778 Appointed Sous-Constructeur de la Marineref:673
1787 Appointed Ingénieur Ordinaire de la Marineref:673
1.10.179223.10.1793Appointed Ingénieur en Chef des Travaux Maritimes at Toulon

aka Sous-Chef des Bâtiments Civils

24.10.179319.12.1793Secrétaire Général du Gouverneur Anglais de Toulon , Lord Goodhall .ref:673
24.10.17937.12.1815In the service of Great Britainref:673
19.12.1793 Leave Toulon with the British Fleet .ref:673
9.1795 Designed
Spencer (74) 1800-1822
British 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
, Ship of the Line
2.1797 Designed
Echo (18) 1797-1809
British 18 Gun
Unrated Sloop
, Sloop
4.1798 Designed
Nautilus (18) 1804-1807
British 18 Gun
Unrated Sloop
, Sloop
5.1798 Designed
Lavinia (44) 1806-1870
British 44 Gun
5th Rate Frigate
, Frigate
6.1798 Designed
Milford (74) 1809-1846
British 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
, Ship of the Line
8.1809 Designed
Rochefort (80) 1814-1826
British 80 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
, Ship of the Line
6.1813 Designed
Newcastle (50) 1813-1850
British 50 Gun
4th Rate Frigate
, Frigate
aft.12.1815 Appointed Chevalier de l’Ordre Royal et Militaire de Saint-Louisref:673
7.12.181531.12.1817Appointed Directeur des Constructions Navales at Toulonref:673
31.12.1817 Retired after 50 years, 6 months, 7 days of French and English services . Pension balance fixed in accordance with the regulations of 1803 . After advice from the Navy Committee of February 20, 1818 . Pension fixed like those of the heads of Naval Divisions : 2400 Francs against 10000 Francs if he retired from service in England .ref:673
29.7.1836 Launched
L'Hercule (100) 1836-1874
French 100 Gun
1st Rate Ship of the Line
, Ship of the Line at Toulon Dockyard - Toulon
20.10.1840 Launched
L'Uranie (60) 1840-1864
French 60 Gun
4th Rate Frigate
, Frigate at Toulon Dockyard - Toulon

Notes on Officer

French Serviceref:635

Jean-Louis Barrallier was a gifted marine engineer, who commenced work at the Toulon Arsenal on his 16th birthday and rose steadily through the ranks to become, in 1792, Ingénieur en chef des Travaux Maritimes. If he had confined his activities to his official position, there would be little record of him beyond evaluating his professional expertise. Jean-Louis, however, followed his father in dabbling in politics, which, in the turmoil of the time, was a risky business.

In 1793, following the execution of the king and the declaration of war by Britain, a series of counter-revolutions took place in France. The one in Toulon took a particularly dramatic turn when the counter-revolutionaries handed over the port to a combined British-Spanish-Neapolitan force. The go-between in the negotiations between the Toulonese and the British (who were the lead force in the Allied Fleet) was Jean-Louis Barrallier. A siege commenced, with Toulon surrounded by a revolutionary army that included an unknown artillery captain named Napoleon Bonaparte.

Jean-Louis, having put all his eggs in one basket, was an energetic collaborator and, for his efforts, was awarded the post of Secrétaire de l’Armeé de S.M. britannique à Toulon. This new prestige was to no avail: after four months, the revolutionaries gained the upper hand and, in December 1793, the port had to be evacuated. Amidst scenes of mass destruction and panic, with much of the French fleet on fire in the harbour, several thousands of the citizens of Toulon accompanied the departing Alllied vessels. Amongst them, were Jean-Louis Barrallier, his wife and several of their children.

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