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Jean-Louis Barrallier


NationalityBritish 
RolesDesigner, Ship Builder 
Date of Birth1751 - Toulon BWAS-1793
First Known Service1751BWAS-1793
A.K.A.
Jean-Louis BarrallierFrench
Designer
Ship Builder
ref:635
Son
Francis Louis BarrallierBritish
Other
Service 1773-1853
ref:635
Last Known Service1834BWAS-1793
Date of Death1834BWAS-1793

Event History


Date fromDate toEventSource
9.1797 Designed
Echo (18) 1797-1809
British 18 Gun
Unrated Sloop
, Sloop
 
10.5.1800 Designed
Spencer (74) 1800-1822
British 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
, Ship of the Line
 
12.4.1804 Designed
Nautilus (18) 1804-1807
British 18 Gun
Unrated Sloop
, Sloop
 
6.3.1806 Designed
Lavinia (44) 1806-1870
British 44 Gun
5th Rate Frigate
, Frigate
 
1.4.1809 Designed
Milford (74) 1809-1846
British 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
, Ship of the Line
 
10.11.1813 Designed
Newcastle (50) 1813-1850
British 50 Gun
4th Rate Frigate
, Frigate
 
6.4.1814 Designed
Rochefort (80) 1814-1826
British 80 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
, Ship of the Line
 

Notes on Officer


French Serviceref:635

Jean-Louis Barrallier was a gifted marine engineer, who commenced work at the Toulon Arsenal on his 16th birthday and rose steadily through the ranks to become, in 1792, Ingénieur en chef des Travaux Maritimes. If he had confined his activities to his official position, there would be little record of him beyond evaluating his professional expertise. Jean-Louis, however, followed his father in dabbling in politics, which, in the turmoil of the time, was a risky business.


In 1793, following the execution of the king and the declaration of war by Britain, a series of counter-revolutions took place in France. The one in Toulon took a particularly dramatic turn when the counter-revolutionaries handed over the port to a combined British-Spanish-Neapolitan force. The go-between in the negotiations between the Toulonese and the British (who were the lead force in the Allied Fleet) was Jean-Louis Barrallier. A siege commenced, with Toulon surrounded by a revolutionary army that included an unknown artillery captain named Napoleon Bonaparte.


Jean-Louis, having put all his eggs in one basket, was an energetic collaborator and, for his efforts, was awarded the post of Secrétaire de l’Armeé de S.M. britannique à Toulon. This new prestige was to no avail: after four months, the revolutionaries gained the upper hand and, in December 1793, the port had to be evacuated. Amidst scenes of mass destruction and panic, with much of the French fleet on fire in the harbour, several thousands of the citizens of Toulon accompanied the departing Alllied vessels. Amongst them, were Jean-Louis Barrallier, his wife and several of their children.




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