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Pierre-Alexander Forfait


NationalityFrench 
RolesDesigner, Ship Builder, Administrator 
Date of Birth21.4.1752 - Rouen FWIKI
First Known Service19.4.1773ref:673
Last Known Service1806ref:673
Date of Death8.11.1807 - Rouen FWIKI
Cause of DeathUnknownFWIKI

Event History


Date fromDate toEventSource
17711772Studies among the Jesuits . He won a Second Grand Prix in mathematics in 1771 and a First Prize in hydrography in 1772 .ref:673
19.4.1773 Appointed Elève Constructeur Surnuméraire de la Marine at Brestref:673
1774 Appointed Elève du Portref:673
1775 Appointed Elève Ingenieur Constructeur de la Marineref:673
1777 Appointed Sous-Constructeur de la Marineref:673
8.1777 Designed
La Fortunée (32) 1777-1779
French 32 Gun
5th Rate Frigate
, Frigate
 
c.1778c.1779Protected by Groignard , General Engineer, he was sent to Cadiz as an engineer in charge of the Rear Admiral of Estaing's Squadron .He brilliantly repairs several damaged ships , especially the ships of 74-gun the "Diademe" and the "Censeur" .ref:673
20.3.1780 Launched
Le Royal Louis (110) 1780-1794
French 110 Gun
1st Rate Ship of the Line
1792 Renamed "Républicain"
, Ship of the Line at Brest - Brittany
FWAS1626
1781 Appointed Membre de l’Académie de Marineref:673
1785 Designed Félicité Class (1785) - 32 gun Frigate 
4.8.1785 Launched
La Félicité (32) 1785-1809
French 32 Gun
5th Rate Frigate
, Frigate at Brest - Brittany
NNF-1774
17861787He is interested in the construction of merchant ships , in particular that of the first regular liners connecting France to the United States .ref:673
1.1786 Designed
Le Papillon (10) 1786-1797
French 10 Gun
Unrated Brig
1795 Renamed "Parleur"
1795 Renamed "Découverte"
, Brig
 
1787 Designed
Le Marsouin (22) 1788-1796
French 22 Gun
6th Rate Flûte
, Flûte
 
1789 Appointed Directeur des Constructions Navales at Le Havre

He was sent on a mission to England with Lescallier , Commissioner of the Navy and the Colonies , to study the organization of arsenals and shipbuilding techniques .
He publishes "Observations on the Navy of England" .

ref:673
1789 Appointed Membre Correspondant de l'Académie Royale des Sciences

after the publication of his "Treatise on the Mast" .

ref:673
7.9.179120.9.1792Appointed Député de l'Assemblée Nationale Législative

of Seine-Maritime

 

FWIKI
1793 Designed Chalier Class (1793) - 3 gun Gunboat 
1793 Designed Belliqueuse Class (1793) - 18 gun Brig 
1793 Designed Brave Class (1793) - 12 gun Gun-brig 
1793 Designed Salamandre Class (1793) - 10 gun Bomb Vessel 
1793 Designed Unité class (1793) - 32 gun Corvette 
1793 Designed Seine Class (1793) - 42 gun Frigate 
1793 Appointed Inspecteur Général des Forêts

Arrested as a suspect during the Terror , he is released and named at this post .

ref:673
3.1793 Designed
La Suffisante (16) 1793-1795
French 16 Gun
Unrated Sloop
, Sloop
 
1794 Designed Etna Class (1794) - 16 gun Corvette 
1794 Designed Romaine Class (1794) - 40 gun Frigate 
1794 Designed
L'Affonteur (12) 1795-1803
French 12 Gun
Other Lugger
, Lugger
 
6.1794 Designed
La Colombe (16) 1795-1803
French 16 Gun
Unrated Brig
, Brig
 
2.1796 Launched
La Menaçante (10) 1796-1811
French 10 Gun
Unrated Bomb Vessel
1800 Renamed "Naturaliste"
, Bomb Vessel at Le Havre - Normandy
FWAS1786
2.1796 Appointed Membre de l'Institut de Franceref:673
1797 He studies with Rosily the possibility of creating an arsenal in Antwerp and convinces Bonaparte .He was sent on a mission to Venice and then to Toulon and worked on the Egyptian Expedition .He was then posted to Le Havre to organize the invading fleet of England .He is studying a new type of gunboat which will be built quickly in large numbers .ref:673
11.1797 Designed
La Belliqueuse (18) 1797-1798
French 18 Gun
Privateer Brig
, Brig
 
1799 Designed Vigilant Class (1799) - 16 gun Brig 
22.11.17993.10.1801Appointed Ministre de la Marine et des Colonies at Paris

He worked on the reconstitution of the Navy , disorganized by the Revolution , reformed constructions and maritime works .
He reconstitutes the Prize Council , sets up maritime prefectures and improves the recruitment of officers .

FWIKI
1801 Appointed Conseiller d'Etatref:673
1803 Designed Gloire Class (1803) - 40 gun Frigate 
1804 He repulsed an English attack against Le Havre .ref:673
2.180411.1804Appointed Préfet Maritime at Le Havre

Maritime Prefects of the Channel and the North Sea but firstly fixed at the port of Le Havre , before 1813 .

FWIKI
1805 Designed Var Class (1805) - 26 gun Storeship 
1805 Appointed Préfet Maritime at Genoa

He is unfairly dismissed following the construction of a failed ship .

ref:673
4.1805 Designed
La Junon (36) 1806-1809
French 36 Gun
5th Rate Frigate
, Frigate
 
1806 Launched
La Salamandre (10) 1806-1806
French 10 Gun
Unrated Bomb Vessel
, Bomb Vessel at Le Havre - Normandy
TRN5


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