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Antoine Groignard


NationalityFrench 
RolesNaval Sailor, Designer, Ship Builder, Administrator 
Date of Birth4.2.1727 - Solliès-Pont , Varref:631
Baptism5.2.1727 - Solliès-Pont , Varref:631
First Known Service1744ref:673
Father
Arnaud GroignardFrench
Naval Sailor
Ship Owner
Merchant Sailor
Service 1686-1750
ref:631
WifeMarie Elisabeth Catherine Boucher de La Boucherie - Married 7.9.1767, Saint-Martin-de-Ré ref:631
Son
Henri Antoine GroignardFrench
Naval Sailor
Administrator
ref:631
Last Known Servicec.1798ref:673
Date of Death26.7.1799 - 60 rue Vivienne , Paris 1er, Paris ref:631

Event History


Date fromDate toEventSource
bef.1744 Student at the College of the Oratory in Toulon .ref:673
1744 Appointed Elève Ingenieur Constructeur de la Marine at Paris

of the Naval Construction School created by Duhamel du Monceau

ref:673
6.1747 Appointed Sous-Constructeur de la Marine at Brest

He follows the construction work of 64 "Protée" and "Hercule" ships .

ref:673
1749 Appointed at Rochefort , after the death of Geslain , chief engineer of this port , and built several ships , frigates and streamers there and made 2 embarkations there .ref:631
1751 Launched
Le Rhinoceros (12) 1751-1758
French 12 Gun
Unrated Flûte
, Flûte at Rochefort - Aunis
NNF-1715
1.1751 Designed
Le Rhinoceros (12) 1751-1758
French 12 Gun
Unrated Flûte
, Flûte
 
1.1751 Designed
La Chevre (10) 1751-1758
French 10 Gun
Unrated Flûte
, Flûte
 
6.1751 Launched
La Chevre (10) 1751-1758
French 10 Gun
Unrated Flûte
, Flûte at Rochefort - Aunis
NNF-1715
20.10.1751 Launched
Le Duc de Bourgogne (80) 1751-1801
French 80 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
1792 Renamed "Peuple"
1794 Renamed "Caton"
, Ship of the Line at Rochefort Dockyard - Rochefort
FWAS1786
1752 Launched
L'Éveillé (64) 1752-1772
French 64 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
, Ship of the Line at Rochefort - Aunis
NNF-1715
1752 Launched
Le Caméléon (22) 1752-1754
French 22 Gun
6th Rate Flûte
, Flûte at Rochefort - Aunis
NNF-1715
1752 Appointed Membre Adjoint de l’Académie de Marineref:673
5.1753 Designed
L'Océan (80) 1756-1759
French 80 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
, Ship of the Line
 
7.1754 Appointed Ingénieur Constructeur de la Marine at Rochefort

He occupied the position of chief builder for 6 months during the illnesses of Morineau and Clairins-Deslauriers . The same year , he was called to Paris to present a vessel construction project limiting the very expensive use of curved timber and reinforcing the solidity of the frame . This project , accepted by the Secretary of State for the Navy Machault d'Arnouville , was at the origin of the construction in Brest on this principle of 2 vessels of 64 guns . In 1755, with Joseph Ollivier and Jacques Luc Coulomb , he was chosen to present a project for the construction of ships of the Compagnie des Indes, capable of being able to make trade and war in the Indies (France was at war for the succession of Austria). his first tests were conclusive because Groignard then settled in Lorient where he became until 1770 the chief builder of the Compagnie des Indes for which he built 18 ships from 1756 to 1769 .

ref:631
13.3.1755 Launched
L'Outarde (22) 1755-1760
French 22 Gun
Unrated Flûte
, Flûte at Rochefort - Aunis
NNF-1715
12.1755 Designed
La Baleine (32) 1757-1760
French 32 Gun
Merchant East Indiaman
, East Indiaman
 
27.4.1756 Launched
La Sylphide (30) 1756-1761
French 30 Gun
Merchant Frigate
, Frigate at Lorient - Brittany
NNF-1715
9.1756 Launched
La Calypso (10) 1756-1770
French 10 Gun
Merchant Gabarre
, Gabarre at Nantes - Brittany
NNF-1715
9.10.1756 Launched
L'Orient (80) 1756-1759
French 80 Gun
Merchant East Indiaman
, East Indiaman at Lorient - Brittany
NNF-1715
1.1758 Launched
L'Elephant (20) 1758-1770
French 20 Gun
Merchant Flûte
1761 Renamed "Purissima Conception"
1761 Renamed "Elephant"
, Flûte at Nantes - Brittany
NNF-1715
2.9.1758 Launched
Le Robuste (74) 1758-1784
French 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
, Ship of the Line at Lorient - Brittany
NNF-1715
30.11.1758 Launched
Le Solitaire (64) 1758-1771
French 64 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
, Ship of the Line at Lorient - Brittany
NNF-1715
1759 Designed Eclair Class (1759) - 1 gun Gunboat 
1759 Commissioned for the eventual invasion of England to the design and the construction in 3 months of 252 flat boats 100 feet long and 24 feet wide at Dunkirk , Boulogne , St Valery en Caux and Le Havre .He also participated in the defense of Le Havre , after the attack on the city by Admiral Rodney (3-5 July 1759) , by building floating batteries .The same year , he shared with Euler a prize from the Academy of Sciences for a thesis on the solidity of vessels .ref:631
10.8.1759 Launched
L'Éclair (1) 1759-1768
French 1 Gun
Unrated Gunboat
, Gunboat at Le Havre - Normandy
NNF-1715
10.8.1759 Launched
La Foudre (1) 1759-1768
French 1 Gun
Unrated Gunboat
, Gunboat at Le Havre - Normandy
NNF-1715
10.8.1759 Launched
La Tempète (1) 1759-1768
French 1 Gun
Unrated Gunboat
, Gunboat at Le Havre - Normandy
NNF-1715
29.10.1760 Launched
Le Bertin (64) 1760-1761
French 64 Gun
Merchant East Indiaman
, East Indiaman at Lorient - Brittany
NNF-1715
1761 Designed Coquette Class (1761) - 3 gun Gunboat 
1761 At Bordeaux , to design the Bordelais Class .ref:673
7.1761 Designed
La Badine (2) 1761-1766
French 2 Gun
Unrated Gunboat
, Gunboat
 
29.9.1761 Launched
Le Bertin (56) 1761-1770
French 56 Gun
Merchant East Indiaman
, East Indiaman at Lorient - Brittany
NNF-1715
10.1761 Designed
La Légère (3) 1762-1764
French 3 Gun
Unrated Gunboat
, Gunboat
 
10.1761 Launched
La Badine (2) 1761-1766
French 2 Gun
Unrated Gunboat
, Gunboat at Lorient - Brittany
NNF-1715
10.1761 Launched
La Coquette (3) 1761-1764
French 3 Gun
Unrated Gunboat
, Gunboat at Lorient - Brittany
NNF-1715
11.1761 Launched
La Capricieuse (3) 1761-1766
French 3 Gun
Unrated Gunboat
, Gunboat at Lorient - Brittany
NNF-1715
11.1761 Launched
La Fantasque (3) 1761-1766
French 3 Gun
Unrated Gunboat
, Gunboat at Lorient - Brittany
NNF-1715
11.1761 Launched
La Fidèle (3) 1761-1766
French 3 Gun
Unrated Gunboat
, Gunboat at Lorient - Brittany
NNF-1715
11.1761 Launched
La Fringante (3) 1761-1766
French 3 Gun
Unrated Gunboat
, Gunboat at Lorient - Brittany
NNF-1715
11.1761 Launched
La Parfaite (3) 1761-1766
French 3 Gun
Unrated Gunboat
, Gunboat at Lorient - Brittany
NNF-1715
11.1761 Launched
La Pimpante (3) 1761-1766
French 3 Gun
Unrated Gunboat
, Gunboat at Lorient - Brittany
NNF-1715
11.1761 Launched
La Reine du Maroc (3) 1761-1766
French 3 Gun
Unrated Gunboat
, Gunboat at Lorient - Brittany
NNF-1715
11.1761 Launched
La Melanide (3) 1761-1766
French 3 Gun
Unrated Gunboat
, Gunboat at Lorient - Brittany
NNF-1715
11.1761 Launched
L'Agaçante (3) 1761-1762
French 3 Gun
Unrated Gunboat
, Gunboat at Lorient - Brittany
NNF-1715
12.1761 Launched
L'Adelaide (3) 1761-1763
French 3 Gun
Unrated Gunboat
, Gunboat at Lorient - Brittany
NNF-1715
1762 Designed César Class (1762) - 74 gun Ship of the Line 
1.1762 Launched
Le Brave (3) 1762-1766
French 3 Gun
Unrated Gunboat
, Gunboat at Lorient - Brittany
NNF-1715
1.1762 Launched
La Charmante (3) 1762-1766
French 3 Gun
Unrated Gunboat
, Gunboat at Lorient - Brittany
NNF-1715
1.1762 Launched
La Constante (3) 1762-1764
French 3 Gun
Unrated Gunboat
, Gunboat at Lorient - Brittany
NNF-1715
1.1762 Launched
La Gracieuse (3) 1762-1764
French 3 Gun
Unrated Gunboat
, Gunboat at Lorient - Brittany
NNF-1715
1.1762 Launched
La Jolie (3) 1762-1763
French 3 Gun
Unrated Gunboat
, Gunboat at Lorient - Brittany
NNF-1715
1.1762 Launched
La Légère (3) 1762-1764
French 3 Gun
Unrated Gunboat
, Gunboat at Lorient - Brittany
NNF-1715
1.1762 Launched
La Psychee (3) 1762-1764
French 3 Gun
Unrated Gunboat
, Gunboat at Lorient - Brittany
NNF-1715
1.1762 Launched
La Thérèse (3) 1762-1766
French 3 Gun
Unrated Gunboat
, Gunboat at Lorient - Brittany
NNF-1715
1.1762 Launched
La Victorieuse (3) 1762-1766
French 3 Gun
Unrated Gunboat
, Gunboat at Lorient - Brittany
NNF-1715
1.1762 Launched
La Volage (3) 1762-1763
French 3 Gun
Unrated Gunboat
, Gunboat at Lorient - Brittany
NNF-1715
7.1762 Designed
La Terpsichore (30) 1763-1784
French 30 Gun
5th Rate Frigate
, Frigate
 
11.1762 Launched
La Diligente (74) 1762-1779
French 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
, Ship of the Line at Lorient - Brittany
NNF-1715
29.12.1762 Launched
Le Six Corps (74) 1762-1779
French 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
, Ship of the Line at Lorient - Brittany
NNF-1715
1763 Designed Bordelais Class (1763) - 56 gun Ship of the Line 
17631790Appointed Membre Ordinaire de l’Académie de Marineref:673
1765 He won a prize from the Académie de Marine with a thesis on the strength of vessels .ref:673
17651767At Brest , he is stationed in Brest in charge of the construction of the vessel of 110 "Bretagne" and that of 80 the "Couronne" .ref:673
4.1765 Appointed Ingénieur Constructeur en Chef de la Marine at Lorientref:631
10.6.1765 Designed
Le Bretagne (100) 1766-1796
French 100 Gun
1st Rate Ship of the Line
1793 Renamed "Révolutionnaire"
, Ship of the Line
 
8.1766 Designed
La Couronne (80) 1768-1795
French 80 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
1792 Renamed "Ça Ira"
, Ship of the Line
 
17671771He is in Lorient on behalf of the Compagnie des Indes and the construction of five vessels and a frigate .ref:673
3.1768 Designed
Le Bien Aimé (74) 1769-1786
French 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
, Ship of the Line
 
5.1768 Launched
La Couronne (80) 1768-1795
French 80 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
1792 Renamed "Ça Ira"
, Ship of the Line at Brest Dockyard - Brest
NNF-1715
8.1768 Designed
La Victoire (74) 1770-1793
French 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
, Ship of the Line
 
11.11.1768 Launched
La Flore (32) 1768-1787
French 32 Gun
5th Rate Frigate
, Frigate at Brest - Brittany
NNF-1715
1771 He was reinstated in the Royal Navy and charged with the inspection of all frigates presumed to be out of service .ref:673
4.1771 Launched
La Sauterelle (6) 1771-1777
French 6 Gun
Unrated Cutter
, Cutter at Lorient - Brittany
NNF-1715
6.1771 Launched
Le Moucheron (6) 1771-1783
French 6 Gun
Unrated Cutter
, Cutter at St Malo - Brittany
NNF-1715
1772 He is charged by the Minister of the Navy to draw up plans and specifications for ships and frigates to be built in different ports .ref:673
5.1772 Designed
Le Refléchi (64) 1776-1793
French 64 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
1793 Renamed "Turot"
, Ship of the Line
 
11.1772 Designed
Le Brillant (64) 1774-1797
French 64 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
, Ship of the Line
 
1773 Designed Alcmème Class (1773) - 32 gun Frigate 
17731778He is responsible for the construction of refit basins in Toulon . He solves difficult technical problems by imagining a large wooden complex 100 by 30 meters , submerging it and keeping it at the bottom by piles placed around it and finishing the construction with freestone .In 1778 , for the first time in the Mediterranean , we can dry up a 74-vessel , the "Souverain" , in a basin .ref:673
22.10.1774 Launched
Le Solitaire (64) 1774-1782
French 64 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
, Ship of the Line at Brest - Brittany
NNF-1715
1776 He receives letters of nobility .ref:673
11.11.1776 Launched
Le Fendant (74) 1776-1784
French 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
, Ship of the Line at Rochefort - Aunis
NNF-1715
1779 Appointed Membre Correspondant de l'Académie Royale des Sciencesref:673
17791782Appointed Capitaine de Portref:631
1.1779 Appointed Ingénieur Général de la Marine

title specially created for him with rank of Capitaine de Port in 1779 and Capitaine de Vaisseau in 1782

ref:631
1780 Appointed Chevalier l’Ordre Royal et Militaire de Saint-Louisref:673
17811783He operates on the Brest basins so that they can receive the largest vessels .ref:673
7.1781 Designed
L'Alcide (74) 1782-1795
French 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
, Ship of the Line
 
8.1781 Designed
Le Censeur (74) 1782-1795
French 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
, Ship of the Line
 
1781/11/18 Designed Seine Class (1781) - 26 gun Flute 
1782 Capitaine de Vaisseauref:631
1782 He is confirmed Capitaine de Vaisseau .ref:673
6.3.1782 Designed
Le Suffisant (74) 1782-1793
French 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
, Ship of the Line
 
7.1782 Designed
Les Deux Frères (80) 1784-1794
French 80 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
1792 Renamed "Juste"
, Ship of the Line
 
15.10.1782 Designed
Le Dictateur (74) 1782-1807
French 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
1792 Renamed "Liberté"
, Ship of the Line
 
1786 he is retiring from service after a serious car accident.ref:673
1790 Appointed Membre Ordinaire de l’Académie de Marine

Membre Ordinaire Vétéran

ref:673
6.1792c.1798Appointed Ordonnateur de la Marine at Toulon

04/1793 in geneanet , logistics for Campaign of Egypt (1798) , same time as Najac ??

ref:673
1794 Carried out work in Port-de-Bouc .  ref:631
17961798Appointed Membre Associé non résidant de la Classe des Sciences , Section Arts Mécanique , Institut de France

02/1796 in geneanet

ref:673
8.1796 Appointed Directeur des Constructions Navalesref:673


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