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Henri Louis du Hamel du Monceau (Seigneur de Vrigny et de Denainvilliers)

Date of Birth20.7.1700 - Paris FWIKI
Baptism20.7.1700 - Paris ref:673
First Known Service1728ref:631
Last Known Service22.8.1782ref:631
Date of Death22.8.1782 - Paris ref:673

Event History

Date fromDate toEventSource
bef.1718 Studied in Paris at Harcourt College .ref:673
17181721Studies of Law in Orléans .FWIKI
1721 Return to Paris .FWIKI
1726 Studies at the Jardin du Roi in Paris , where physical and natural sciences are taught .He first devoted himself to botany and agronomy .ref:673
22.1.17283.9.1728Appointed Membre Correspondant de l'Académie Royale des Sciences

as an assistant chemist after presenting a Thesis on saffron .
He had saved the saffron of Gâtinais ravaged by a parasite .

4.9.17289.9.1738Appointed Membre Associé de l'Académie Royale des Sciences

in the Botany Class

1730 Appointed Seigneur du Monceauref:631
1731 The Academy of Sciences entrusts him with the study of the improvement of timber intended for naval construction .ref:673
17341736He experiments and compares the stoves used in England and the Netherlands to bend wood intended for ship boarding .It decides in favor of sand ovens , which will equip the ports of Brest and Lorient .ref:673
1737 At the request of the Secretary of State for the Navy , he travels to England with Blaise Ollivier and visits the main ports and arsenals .ref:673
9.9.173822.8.1782Appointed Membre de l'Académie Royale des Sciences

as Botanist boarder

8.1739 Appointed Ingénieur Général de la Marine du Levant et du Ponant

created for him by Maurepas

1740 He is in charge of setting up a surgical school in Brest .ref:673
1741 In 1741 he co-founded a school of Marine science, which in 1765 became the Ecole des Ingénieurs-Constructeurs, the forerunner of the modern Ecole du Génie Maritime. E-WIKI
1742 He participates in the construction of the stone bridge giving access to the Arsenal of Rochefort. ref:673
1743 He visits the coasts of Normandy and Picardy .ref:673
1743 Appointed Président de l'Académie Royale des Sciencesref:673
1745 He designs ways to improve compasses and the conservation of grain on ships .ref:673
1747 Book : "Traité de la fabrique des manœuvres pour les vaisseaux, ou l'Art de la corderie perfectionné "E-WIKI
1748 He offers the King his collection of models of ships and arsenal machines , installed in the Louvre in the "Marine Room" .This is the embryo of what will become the future Maritime Museum .The same year , he was sent to Normandy to study the possibility of building a large port at the mouth of the Orne or at Port en Bessin .ref:673
1749 He inspects the coasts of Brittany .He is developing a navigation project on the Loire .While there , he advises naval officers he meets to meet periodically to exchange ideas .This suggestion led three years later to the creation of the Académie de Marine .ref:673
17501751He goes to Le Havre to examine the means of re-establishing the activity of the port .ref:673
17521758Book : "Eléments de l'architecture navale, ou Traité pratique de la construction des vaisseaux" , 1752 and 1758E-WIKI
31.7.1752 He was also involved in the foundation of the "Académie de Marine de Brest", on 31 July 1752.E-WIKI
31.7.1752 Appointed Membre de l’Académie de Marine

Founder Member with Bigot de Morogues

1756 Appointed Président de l'Académie Royale des Sciencesref:673
176722.8.1782Appointed Member of the Royal Swedish Academy of SciencesE-WIKI
1768 Appointed Président de l'Académie Royale des Sciencesref:673
1769 Appointed Membre Honoraire de l’Académie de Marineref:673
1775 Appointed Seigneur de Vrigny et de Denainvilliersref:631

Notes on Officer


Botanist , agronomist

Author of two masterly treatises, one General of Agriculture and the other on the navy and the construction of ships .

Member no dateref:673

Royal Society de Londres

Académie impériale de St Petersbourg

Académie de Palerme

Institut de Bologne

Société d’Edimbourg

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