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Henri Louis du Hamel du Monceau (Seigneur de Vrigny et de Denainvilliers)


NationalityFrench 
RolesAdministrator 
Date of Birth20.7.1700 - Paris FWIKI
Baptism20.7.1700 - Paris ref:673
First Known Service1728ref:631
Last Known Service22.8.1782ref:631
Date of Death22.8.1782 - Paris ref:673

Event History


Date fromDate toEventSource
bef.1718 Studied in Paris at Harcourt College .ref:673
17181721Studies of Law in Orléans .FWIKI
1721 Return to Paris .FWIKI
1726 Studies at the Jardin du Roi in Paris , where physical and natural sciences are taught .He first devoted himself to botany and agronomy .ref:673
22.1.17283.9.1728Appointed Membre Correspondant de l'Académie Royale des Sciences

as an assistant chemist after presenting a Thesis on saffron .
He had saved the saffron of Gâtinais ravaged by a parasite .

FWIKI
4.9.17289.9.1738Appointed Membre Associé de l'Académie Royale des Sciences

in the Botany Class

FWIKI
1730 Appointed Seigneur du Monceauref:631
1731 The Academy of Sciences entrusts him with the study of the improvement of timber intended for naval construction .ref:673
17341736He experiments and compares the stoves used in England and the Netherlands to bend wood intended for ship boarding .It decides in favor of sand ovens , which will equip the ports of Brest and Lorient .ref:673
1737 At the request of the Secretary of State for the Navy , he travels to England with Blaise Ollivier and visits the main ports and arsenals .ref:673
9.9.173822.8.1782Appointed Membre de l'Académie Royale des Sciences

as Botanist boarder

FWIKI
8.1739 Appointed Ingénieur Général de la Marine du Levant et du Ponant

created for him by Maurepas

ref:673
1740 He is in charge of setting up a surgical school in Brest .ref:673
1741 In 1741 he co-founded a school of Marine science, which in 1765 became the Ecole des Ingénieurs-Constructeurs, the forerunner of the modern Ecole du Génie Maritime. E-WIKI
1742 He participates in the construction of the stone bridge giving access to the Arsenal of Rochefort. ref:673
1743 He visits the coasts of Normandy and Picardy .ref:673
1743 Appointed Président de l'Académie Royale des Sciencesref:673
1745 He designs ways to improve compasses and the conservation of grain on ships .ref:673
1747 Book : "Traité de la fabrique des manœuvres pour les vaisseaux, ou l'Art de la corderie perfectionné "E-WIKI
1748 He offers the King his collection of models of ships and arsenal machines , installed in the Louvre in the "Marine Room" .This is the embryo of what will become the future Maritime Museum .The same year , he was sent to Normandy to study the possibility of building a large port at the mouth of the Orne or at Port en Bessin .ref:673
1749 He inspects the coasts of Brittany .He is developing a navigation project on the Loire .While there , he advises naval officers he meets to meet periodically to exchange ideas .This suggestion led three years later to the creation of the Académie de Marine .ref:673
17501751He goes to Le Havre to examine the means of re-establishing the activity of the port .ref:673
17521758Book : "Eléments de l'architecture navale, ou Traité pratique de la construction des vaisseaux" , 1752 and 1758E-WIKI
31.7.1752 He was also involved in the foundation of the "Académie de Marine de Brest", on 31 July 1752.E-WIKI
31.7.1752 Appointed Membre de l’Académie de Marine

Founder Member with Bigot de Morogues

ref:673
1756 Appointed Président de l'Académie Royale des Sciencesref:673
176722.8.1782Appointed Member of the Royal Swedish Academy of SciencesE-WIKI
1768 Appointed Président de l'Académie Royale des Sciencesref:673
1769 Appointed Membre Honoraire de l’Académie de Marineref:673
1775 Appointed Seigneur de Vrigny et de Denainvilliersref:631

Notes on Officer


Carrierref:631

Botanist , agronomist

Author of two masterly treatises, one General of Agriculture and the other on the navy and the construction of ships .


Member no dateref:673

Royal Society de Londres

Académie impériale de St Petersbourg

Académie de Palerme

Institut de Bologne

Société d’Edimbourg




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