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Chevalier Claude Louis d'Espinchal (1st Marquis de Massiac)


NationalityFrench 
RolesNaval Sailor, Administrator 
Date of Birth15.11.1686 - Brest ref:673
First Known Service1702ref:673
WifeLouise Catherine Magny , second husband - Married 7.7.1759ref:631
Brother-in-law
Pierre Paul de Mordant (Sieur d'Héricourt)French
Naval Sailor
Service 1692-1712
ref:631
Last Known Service4.11.1764ref:673
Date of Death15.8.1770 - Hôtel de Massiac, Place des Victoires, Paris II°, Paris ref:673

Event History


Date fromDate toEventSource
  Created 1st Marquis de Massiacref:631
1702 Volontaire de la Marineref:673
1702 
L'Éole (64) 1693-1710
French 64 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
, Volontaire de la Marine
ref:673
1703 
L'Orgueilleux (88) 1691-1716
French 88 Gun
2nd Rate Ship of the Line
, Volontaire de la Marine
ref:673
22.5.1703 Cap de la Roque 
28.4.1704 Garde de la Marineref:631
28.4.1704 
L'Henri (70) 1688-1735
French 70 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
, Garde de la Marine
ref:673
13.8.1704 Battle of Malaga 
1707 Capture of four British ships after combat :  Massiac is burnt on the face and hands ( Battle of the Lizard ?? : 3 of 5 escort ships captured , 1 exploded , 1 escaped )ref:673
1707 
L'Achille 1705-1744
French 3rd Rate Ship of the Line
, Garde de la Marine
ref:673
10.10.1707 Battle of the Lizard 
8.11.1707 Aide d’Artillerie de Marineref:631
1709 
La Dauphine (60) 1706-1719
French 60 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
, Aide d’Artillerie de Marine
ref:673
17111712, Aide d’Artillerie de Marineref:673
1714 Injured at the Siege of Barcelona .ref:673
15.6.1718 Sous-Lieutenant d'Artillerie de Marineref:631
10.12.1720 Lieutenant d'Artillerie de Marineref:631
1727 Appointed Chevalier de l’Ordre Royal et Militaire de Saint-Louisref:673
1.10.1731 Capitaine d'Artillerie de Marineref:631
1.1.1738 Capitaine de Vaisseauref:631
1744 
Le Diamant (50) 1733-1747
French 50 Gun
4th Rate Ship of the Line
, Capitaine de Vaisseau and Commanding Officer
ref:673
10.2.1743/4411.2.1743/44Battle of Toulon 
1745 Pension of 1000 Livres on the Navy .ref:673
1747 Pension of 1000 Livres on the Order .ref:673
1747 
Le Ferme (74) 1723-1755
French 74 Gun
3rd Rate Ship of the Line
, Capitaine de Vaisseau and Commanding Officer
ref:673
17.5.1751 Chef d'Escadreref:631
1752 Appointed Commandeur de L’Ordre Royal et Militaire de Saint-Louisref:673
1752 Pension of 3000 Livres .ref:673
1.10.1756 Lieutenant-Général des Armées Navalesref:1754
31.5.175831.10.1758Appointed Secrétaire d'État à la Marine at Paris

He is the only naval officer in the entire Ancien Régime to have held this portfolio .

ref:673
11.1758 Appointed Secretary of State for the Navy , dismissed on October 31, 1758; victim of his incompetence or the intrigues of the Court ?No date : He was nevertheless made Grand Cross of Saint Louis, with a pension of 3000 Livres and 2000 Livress on the Invalides.ref:673
4.11.1764 Vice-Amiral du Levantref:631


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