Jamaica Hurricane, 1744


Fleet Formed20.10.1744TGM
Fleet Disbanded21.10.1744TGM

Introduction

Kingston Gazette, 27 October 1744

On the 20th instant, happened as dreadful a storm as ever was known in this part of the world. It began about six o'clock in the evening, and lasted till 6 o'clock in the morning; the wind was all that time due south. By this hurricane, the new fort at Mesquita point was demolished, many houses were blown down, roofs and piazza's blown off, and the wharfs of this town, Port Royal and Passage Fort destroyed, and a great part of the goods thereon washed away. 8 of his Majesty's ships and vessels, and 96 merchant vessels were stranded, wreck'd, and founder'd, so that out of one hundred and five vesels, only his Majesty's ship the Rippon rid it out, and she without masts.

The people in Port Royal were terribly afraid of a deluge, the town being two or three feet overflowed from the harbour, and the sea threatened destruction, which the wall most happily prevented. They have met with great damages in their house &c. In the country, several plantations, houses, works &c were destroyed; many people, both white and black, drowned, and cattle, sheep. poultry, and provisions in great quantities of all kinds destroyed by the fury of the tempest, and rapidity of the overflowing rivers. Of his Majesty's ships, the Prince of Orange, Bonetta, and Thunder bomb were wreck'd, but the people saved. The Montague aground, bulg'd, lost her top mast, people saved. The St Albans and Experiment ashore, the people saved, and both will be got off. The Greenwich sunk, and capt. Allen. and lieutenant Butterworth, and 70 men drown'd. The Lark hulk sank, and about 20 white men, and 90 negroes drown'd. The greater part of the merchant ships will get off, and most of their cargoes saved. Sir Chaloner Ogle , with several men of war, were abroad on a cruize.



ShipJoinedLeftCommander
Prince of Orange (70) 20.10.174421.10.1744Miles Stapleton (d.1750)
Bonetta (8) 20.10.174421.10.1744George Elliott (c.1714-1795)
Thunder (8) 20.10.174421.10.1744Cotton Dent (d.1761)
Montagu (60) 20.10.174421.10.1744William Chambers (d.1753)
Experiment (20) 20.10.174421.10.1744Henry Dennis (d.1757)
Saint Albans (50) 20.10.174421.10.1744William Knight (d.1744)
Greenwich (50) 20.10.174421.10.1744Edward Allen (d.1744)
Lark Hulk (40) 20.10.174421.10.1744 
Rippon (60) 20.10.174421.10.1744James Rentone (1702-1747/48)

Sources


IDDescriptionAuthorType
TGMGentleman's MagazineVariousBook