Prince Royal

Nominal Guns120BWAS-1603
NationalityKingdom of England
OperatorRoyal Navy
Keel Laid Down20.10.1608BWAS-1603
How acquiredPurpose builtBWAS-1603
ShipyardWoolwich Dockyard - Woolwich BWAS-1603
Designed byPhineus Pett (1570-1647)BWAS-1603
ConstructorPhineus Pett (1570-1647)BWAS-1603
CategoryFirst RateBWAS-1603
Ship TypeShip Royal BWAS-1603
Sailing RigShip RiggedBWAS-1603
Broken Up to Rebuild1639BWAS-1603
BecomesBritish First Rate ship of the line 'Prince Royal' (1641) (64)


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentB065
Length of Keel115' 0"Imperial Feet35.052 
Breadth43' 6"Imperial Feet13.1572 
Depth in Hold18' 0"Imperial Feet5.4864 
Burthen1,200Tons BM 
DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1603
Length of Keel115' 0"Imperial Feet35.052 
Breadth43' 6"Imperial Feet13.1572 
Depth in Hold18' 0"Imperial Feet5.4864 
Burthen890Baker's Rule Tons 
Burthen1,187Tons and Tonnage 


1624Broadside Weight = 344.75 Imperial Pound ( 156.34445 kg)BWAS-1603
Lower Gun Deck6 British Demi-Cannon
Lower Gun Deck2 British Cannon-Perrier
Lower Gun Deck12 British Culverin
Middle Gun Deck18 British Demi-Culverin
Upper Gun Deck13 British Saker
Upper Gun Deck4 British Portpiece

1631Broadside Weight = 344.75 Imperial Pound ( 156.34445 kg)TRINITY
Gun Deck6 British Demi-Cannon
Gun Deck2 British Cannon-Perrier
Gun Deck12 British Culverin
Gun Deck18 British Demi-Culverin
Gun Deck13 British Saker
Gun Deck4 British Portpiece

Crew Complement

Date# of MenNotesSource
162521Men in HarbourB065
1625500Establishment. 340 Mariners, 40 Gunners, 120 SoldiersB065

3 Commanding Officers

6.4.1613 - 7.5.1613Lord High AdmiralLord Charles Howard (Earl of Nottingham) (1536-1624)BWAS-16031623CaptainHenry MainwaringBWAS-16031665CaptainSir Roger Cuttance (d.1665/66)B051

1 Flag Officer

1623AdmiralLord Francis Manners (18th Baron de Ros) (1578-1632)BWAS-1603

Service History


Visited Flushing


Commissioned to transport Princess Elizabeth and her new husband Frederick (the Elector Palatine) from Dover to Vlissingen

1621refitting at Unknown at a cost of £6000.0.0dBWAS-1603

Expedition to Spain

1623refitting at Unknown at a cost of £1000.0.0dBWAS-1603

Laid up in ordinary at Chatham


Recommissioned to transport the new Queen from Boulougne to Dover


Broken up to rebuild at Woolwich


Notes on Ship


Rig as built was four masted with lateen sails on the mizzen and bonaventure masts. Rerigged probably during its 1641 rebuld as three masted with square sails on all.


"The noble Prince ... accompanied with the Lord Admiral and the great lords, were on the poop, where the standing great gilt cup was ready filled with wine to name the ship SO soon as she had been afloat, according to ancient custom and ceremony performed at such times, and heaving the standing cup overboard. His Highness then standing upon the poop with a selected company only, besides the trumpeters, with a great deal of expression of princely joy, and with the ceremony of drinking in the standing cup, threw all the wine forwards towards the half-deck, and solemnly calling her by name of the Prince Royal, the trumpets sounding the while, with many gracious words to me, gave the standing cup into my hands."
--English shipbuilder Phineas Pett, describing the christening of the Prince Royal, circa 1610.



BWAS-1603British Warships in the Age of Sail 1603 - 1714Rif WinfieldBook
B065The Ship of the Line Vol IBrian LaveryBook
TRINITYTrinity House of Deptford Transactions, 1609-35G. G. Harris (editor)Book
B051Biographia Navalis - Volume IJohn CharnockDigital Book
ref:946Three Decks ForumVariousWeb Site
EWIKIWikipediaVariousWeb Site

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