Britannia

10
Nominal Guns100BWAS-1714
NationalityKingdom of England
OperatorRoyal Navy
Ordered5.3.1677/78BWAS-1714
Launched8.1682BWAS-1714
How acquiredPurpose builtBWAS-1714
ShipyardChatham Dockyard - Chatham BWAS-1714
ConstructorRobert Lee (d.1698)BWAS-1714
CategoryFirst RateBWAS-1714
Ship TypeShip of the Line BWAS-1714
Sailing RigShip RiggedBWAS-1714
Broken Up to Rebuild1715BWAS-1714
BecomesBritish First Rate ship of the line 'Britannia' (1719) (100)

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentB065
Length of Gundeck167' 5"Imperial Feet50.9035 
Length of Keel146' 0"Imperial Feet44.5008 
Breadth47' 4"Imperial Feet14.3401 
Depth in Hold17' 2 ½"Imperial Feet5.1943 
Burthen1,739Tons BM 
DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1714
Length of Gundeck167' 5"Imperial Feet50.9035 
Length of Keel136' 0"Imperial Feet41.4528 
Breadth47' 4"Imperial Feet14.3401 
Depth in Hold17' 2 ½"Imperial Feet5.1943 
Burthen1,620 7994Tons BM 

Armament


1694Broadside Weight = 834.5 Imperial Pound ( 378.4463 kg)B065
Gun Deck28 British Cannon of 7
Gun Deck2 British Culverin
Gun Deck28 British 12-Pounder
Gun Deck22 British Saker

1703Broadside Weight = 848 Imperial Pound ( 384.568 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck26 British 32-Pounder
Middle Gun Deck28 British 18-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck28 British 9-Pounder
Quarterdeck12 British 6-Pounder
Forecastle4 British 6-Pounder
Roundhouse2 British 6-Pounder

1964Broadside Weight = 288 Imperial Pound ( 130.608 kg)B065
Gun Deck24 British 24-Pounder

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
1703780EstablishmentBWAS-1714

16 Commanding Officers


DatesRankNameSource
7.3.1690/91 - 2.12.1695CaptainJohn Fletcher (d.1704/5)BWAS-171424.12.1695 - 6.5.1696CaptainGeorge Byng (1663/64-1732/33) ADM 6/3/107ADM 6/324.12.1695 - 6.5.1696Second CaptainJohn Fletcher (d.1704/5) ADM 6/3/105BWAS-17146.5.1696 - 26.10.1697CaptainWilliam Bokenham (d.1702) ADM 6/4/49
Commission confirmed 28.10.1696
ADM 6/4
13.1.1701/2 - 19.1.1701/2Second CaptainJohn Fletcher (d.1704/5) ADM 6/6/130ADM 6/620.1.1701/2 - 29.1.1701/2CaptainJohn Leake (1656-1720) ADM 6/6/135BWAS-171430.1.1701/2 - 11.5.1702Second CaptainWilliam Bokenham (d.1702) ADM 6/7/4ADM 6/716.5.1702 - 26.5.1702Second CaptainThomas Fowlis (d.1703) ADM 6/7/36ADM 6/74.1.1702/3 - 15.8.1703CaptainThomas Fowlis (d.1703) ADM 6/7/70ADM 6/716.8.1703 - 10.12.1704CaptainHenry Haughton (d.1703) ADM 6/8/11ADM 6/811.12.1704 - 12.1.1704/5CaptainJames Stewart (d.1704/5) ADM 6/8/118ADM 6/813.1.1704/5 - 22.2.1704/5CaptainSir John Norris (1670-1749) ADM 6/8/135BWAS-171422.2.1704/5 - 20.8.1705CaptainCharles Cornewall (1669-1718) ADM 6/8/150ADM 6/821.8.1705 - 16.8.1706Second CaptainEdmund Loades (d.1707) ADM 6/8/242
Commission confirmed 16.3.1705/6
ADM 6/8
17.9.1706 - 9.1.1706/7Second CaptainSamuel Whitaker (d.1707) ADM 6/9/24
Commission confirmed 6.11.1706
ADM 6/9
10.1.1706/7 - 5.8.1707Second CaptainStephen Martin (d.1737) ADM 6/9/39ADM 6/9

6 Flag Officers


DatesRankNameSource
1691Admiral of the BlueEdward Russell (1653-1727)SPD-1690-11692 - 1693Admiral of the BlueEdward Russell (1653-1727)BWAS-17142.1696 - 10.1697Admiral of the BlueLord John Berkeley (3rd Baron Berkeley of Stratton) (1663-1696/97)BWAS-17145.1697 - 1697Admiral of the FleetSir George Rooke (1650-1708/9)ODNB1.1702 - 26.5.1702Admiral of the BlueLord Edward Russell (1st Earl of Orford) (1653-1727)BWAS-17142.1705 - 8.1707Admiral of the BlueSir Cloudisley Shovell (1650-1707)BWAS-1714

58 Commissioned Officers


DatesRankNameSource
24.12.1695 - 3.5.1696First LieutenantJohn Martin ADM 6/3/105ADM 6/324.12.1695 - 6.8.1696Second LieutenantCharles Strickland (d.1724) ADM 6/3/105ADM 6/324.12.1695 - 3.6.1696Third LieutenantChristopher Coulsea (d.1698) ADM 6/3/105ADM 6/316.1.1695/96 - 5.12.1697Fifth LieutenantWilliam Gethings ADM 6/3/117ADM 6/37.5.1696 - 5.12.1697Fourth LieutenantRupert Billingsley (d.1720) ADM 6/4/40
Commission confirmed 23.10.1696
ADM 6/4
4.6.1696 - 5.12.1697Third LieutenantRalph Barrow ADM 6/4/52
Commission confirmed 10.12.1696
ADM 6/4
25.1.1696/97 - 13.9.1697First LieutenantHercules Mitchell (d.1705) ADM 6/4/66ADM 6/416.1.1701/2 - 9.2.1701/2Third LieutenantMatthew Tate (d.1711/12) ADM 6/6/133ADM 6/616.1.1701/2 - 1.3.1701/2Fourth LieutenantRichard Canning (d.1726) ADM 6/6/133ADM 6/620.1.1701/2 - 1.3.1701/2First LieutenantJohn Watkins (d.1707) ADM 6/6/135ADM 6/620.1.1701/2 - 1.3.1701/2Second LieutenantSamuel Martin (d.1705) ADM 6/6/135ADM 6/63.2.1701/2 - 23.8.1702Fourth LieutenantJonas Hanway (d.1737) ADM 6/7/5ADM 6/710.2.1701/2 - 23.8.1702Third LieutenantRobert Coleman ADM 6/7/8ADM 6/72.3.1701/2 - 23.8.1702First LieutenantMatthew Tate (d.1711/12) ADM 6/7/14ADM 6/72.3.1701/2 - 23.8.1702Second LieutenantRichard Canning (d.1726) ADM 6/7/14ADM 6/711.7.1702 - 23.8.1702Fifth LieutenantJohn Castle (d.1706) ADM 6/7/45ADM 6/724.8.1702 - 14.10.1702First LieutenantRobert Coleman ADM 6/7/51ADM 6/724.8.1702 - 5.1.1702/3Second LieutenantJonas Hanway (d.1737) ADM 6/7/51ADM 6/724.8.1702 - 25.9.1702Third LieutenantBeaumont Raymond (d.1718) ADM 6/7/51ADM 6/724.8.1702 - 5.1.1702/3Fourth LieutenantJohn Castle (d.1706) ADM 6/7/51ADM 6/724.8.1702 - 12.9.1702Fifth LieutenantEdward Falkingham (c.1679-1757) ADM 6/7/50ADM 6/717.11.1702 - 5.1.1702/3First LieutenantJohn Chilley (d.bef.1734) ADM 6/7/60ADM 6/76.1.1702/3 - 11.3.1702/3First LieutenantEdward Windsor (d.1709) ADM 6/7/72ADM 6/76.1.1702/3 - 31.3.1703Second LieutenantJohn Chilley (d.bef.1734) ADM 6/7/72ADM 6/76.1.1702/3 - 24.1.1702/3Third LieutenantJonas Hanway (d.1737) ADM 6/7/72ADM 6/76.1.1702/3 - 31.3.1703Fourth LieutenantBeaumont Raymond (d.1718) ADM 6/7/72ADM 6/76.1.1702/3 - 10.1.1702/3Fifth LieutenantCharles Stukely (d.1720) ADM 6/7/72ADM 6/711.1.1702/3 - 30.3.1703Fifth LieutenantMichael Sansom (d.1711) ADM 6/7/75ADM 6/725.1.1702/3 - 31.3.1703Third LieutenantJohn Blinkherne ADM 6/7/82ADM 6/731.3.1703 - 9.4.1703Fifth LieutenantThomas Canninge (d.1703) ADM 6/7/114ADM 6/71.4.1703 - 9.4.1703First LieutenantJohn Chilley (d.bef.1734) ADM 6/7/114ADM 6/71.4.1703 - 9.4.1703Second LieutenantJohn Trehearne (d.1705) ADM 6/7/114ADM 6/71.4.1703 - 2.4.1703Third LieutenantCharles Stukely (d.1720) ADM 6/7/114ADM 6/71.4.1703 - 3.4.1703Fourth LieutenantMichael Sansom (d.1711) ADM 6/7/114ADM 6/73.4.1703 - 9.1.1703/4Third LieutenantMichael Sansom (d.1711) ADM 6/7/117ADM 6/710.4.1703 - 26.12.1704First LieutenantJohn Trehearne (d.1705) ADM 6/7/118ADM 6/710.4.1703 - 8.7.1703Second LieutenantCharles Stukely (d.1720) ADM 6/7/117ADM 6/710.4.1703 - 17.12.1704Fourth LieutenantThomas Canninge (d.1703) ADM 6/7/118ADM 6/710.4.1703 - 24.9.1703Fifth LieutenantDigby Dent (d.1737) ADM 6/7/118ADM 6/79.7.1703 - 17.12.1704Second LieutenantFrancis Vaughan (d.1706/7) ADM 6/8/4ADM 6/818.12.1704 - 26.12.1704Second LieutenantDaniel Butler ADM 6/8/123ADM 6/818.12.1704 - 26.12.1704Third LieutenantRichard Lestock (1678/79-1748) ADM 6/8/123ADM 6/818.12.1704 - 27.12.1704Fourth LieutenantEdward Vernon (1684-1757) ADM 6/8/123ADM 6/827.12.1704 - 23.12.1705First LieutenantDaniel Butler ADM 6/8/128ADM 6/827.12.1704 - 13.1.1705/6Second LieutenantRichard Lestock (1678/79-1748) ADM 6/8/128ADM 6/827.12.1704 - 14.1.1705/6Third LieutenantEdward Vernon (1684-1757) ADM 6/8/128ADM 6/827.12.1704 - 13.1.1705/6Fourth LieutenantJohn Hager (d.1747/48) ADM 6/8/128ADM 6/827.12.1704 - 14.1.1705/6Fifth LieutenantJames Gunman (1677-1756) ADM 6/8/128ADM 6/814.1.1705/6 - 24.9.1706First LieutenantJames Gunman (1677-1756) ADM 6/8/222ADM 6/814.1.1705/6 - 8.1.1706/7Second LieutenantWilliam Davenport (d.1707) ADM 6/8/222ADM 6/814.1.1705/6 - 8.1.1706/7Third LieutenantLewis Billingsley (d.1707) ADM 6/8/222ADM 6/814.1.1705/6 - 8.1.1706/7Fourth LieutenantWilliam Houlding (c.1672-1731) ADM 6/8/222ADM 6/814.1.1705/6 - 9.1.1706/7Fifth LieutenantWilliam Ockman (c.1670-1740) ADM 6/8/221ADM 6/89.1.1706/7 - 5.8.1707First LieutenantJohn Michell ADM 6/9/40ADM 6/99.1.1706/7 - 5.8.1707Second LieutenantRobert Robinson ADM 6/9/40ADM 6/99.1.1706/7 - 5.8.1707Third LieutenantJohn Goodall (d.1728/29) ADM 6/9/40ADM 6/99.1.1706/7 - 5.8.1707Fourth LieutenantNicholas Eaton (d.c.1729) ADM 6/9/40ADM 6/910.1.1706/7 - 5.8.1707Fifth LieutenantCharles Johnson ADM 6/9/40ADM 6/9

1 Warrant Officer


DatesRatingNameSource
1692MasterJohn Benbow (1652/53-1702)ODNB

5 Petty Officers


DatesRatingNameSource
17.4.1691 - 19.1.1691/92MidshipmanAbraham Adams (c.1667-?) ADM 107/1/26ADM 107/12.1693 - 25.11.1693MidshipmanWilliam Clarke (c.1666-1727) ADM 107/1/46ADM 107/118.6.1693 - 23.9.1693Volunteer-per-orderCharles van Ackrn ADM 107/1/67ADM 107/115.7.1703 - 13.9.1703Volunteer-per-orderGeorge Forbes (1685-1765) ADM 107/2/40ODNB20.3.1734/35 - 12.1.1737/38MidshipmanRichard Lee (c.1712-1744) ADM 107/3/320ADM107/3

3 Crewmen


DatesRatingNameSource
25.12.1691 - 10.10.1692Able SeamanDaniel Fredenham (c.1668-?) ADM 107/1/18ADM 107/110.8.1693 - 27.10.1693Able SeamanPhilip Simpkins (c.1668-?) ADM 107/1/69ADM 107/19.12.1734 - 19.3.1734/35Able SeamanRichard Lee (c.1712-1744) ADM 107/3/320ADM107/3

Service History


DateEventSource
8.1682Launched and immediately laid UpBWAS-1714
1684Refitted at Chatham at a cost of £2,315 for the hull and £2,138 for stores and riggingBWAS-1714
1691Started to be girdledBWAS-1714
2.1691CommissionedBWAS-1714
1692Girdling completedBWAS-1714
19.5.1692Battle of Barfleur
1694In the MediterraneanBWAS-1714
1695In the MediterraneanBWAS-1714
5.12.1697

Paid off

ADM33
1700Started a major repairBWAS-1714
1701Completed major repairBWAS-1714
1.1702RecommissionedBWAS-1714
26.5.1702

Paid off

ADM 51
2.1705In the MediterraneanBWAS-1714
15.5.1705Cloudisley Shovell raised his flag at Portsmouth
7.8.1707

Paid off

ADM33
1709Laid upBWAS-1714

 

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