Britannia

10
Nominal Guns100BWAS-1714
NationalityKingdom of England
OperatorRoyal Navy
Ordered5.3.1677/78BWAS-1714
Launched8.1682BWAS-1714
How acquiredPurpose builtBWAS-1714
ShipyardChatham Dockyard - Chatham BWAS-1714
Constructor Robert Lee (d.1698)BWAS-1714
CategoryFirst RateBWAS-1714
Ship TypeShip of the Line BWAS-1714
Sailing RigShip RiggedBWAS-1714
Broken Up to Rebuild1715BWAS-1714
BecomesBritish First Rate ship of the line 'Britannia' (1719) (100)

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentB065
Length of Gundeck167' 5"Imperial Feet50.9035 
Length of Keel146' 0"Imperial Feet44.5008 
Breadth47' 4"Imperial Feet14.3401 
Depth in Hold17' 2 ½"Imperial Feet5.1943 
Burthen1,739Tons BM 
DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1714
Length of Gundeck167' 5"Imperial Feet50.9035 
Length of Keel136' 0"Imperial Feet41.4528 
Breadth47' 4"Imperial Feet14.3401 
Depth in Hold17' 2 ½"Imperial Feet5.1943 
Burthen1,620 7994Tons BM 

Armament


1694Broadside Weight = 834.5 Imperial Pound ( 378.4463 kg)B065
Gun Deck28 British Cannon of 7
Gun Deck2 British Culverin
Gun Deck28 British 12-Pounder
Gun Deck22 British Saker

1703Broadside Weight = 848 Imperial Pound ( 384.568 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck26 British 32-Pounder
Middle Gun Deck28 British 18-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck28 British 9-Pounder
Quarterdeck12 British 6-Pounder
Forecastle4 British 6-Pounder
Roundhouse2 British 6-Pounder

1964Broadside Weight = 288 Imperial Pound ( 130.608 kg)B065
Gun Deck24 British 24-Pounder

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
1703780EstablishmentBWAS-1714

16 Commanding Officers


DatesRankNameSource
7.3.1690/91 - 2.12.1695Captain John Fletcher (d.1704/5)BWAS-171424.12.1695 - 6.5.1696Captain George Byng (1663/64-1732/33) ADM 6/3/107ADM 6/324.12.1695 - 6.5.1696Second Captain John Fletcher (d.1704/5) ADM 6/3/105BWAS-17146.5.1696 - 26.10.1697Captain William Bokenham (d.1702) ADM 6/4/49
Commission confirmed 28.10.1696
ADM 6/4
13.1.1701/2 - 19.1.1701/2Second Captain John Fletcher (d.1704/5) ADM 6/6/130ADM 6/620.1.1701/2 - 29.5.1702Captain John Leake (1656-1720) ADM 6/6/135BWAS-171430.1.1701/2 - 11.5.1702Second Captain William Bokenham (d.1702) ADM 6/7/4ADM 6/716.5.1702 - 26.5.1702Second Captain Thomas Fowlis (d.1703) ADM 6/7/36ADM 6/74.1.1702/3 - 21.7.1703Captain Thomas Fowlis (d.1703)† ADM 6/7/70ADM 6/716.8.1703 - 10.12.1704Captain Henry Haughton (d.1703) ADM 6/8/11ADM 6/811.12.1704 - 12.1.1704/5Captain James Stewart (d.1704/5) ADM 6/8/118ADM 6/813.1.1704/5 - 22.2.1704/5CaptainSir John Norris (1670-1749) ADM 6/8/135BWAS-171422.2.1704/5 - 20.8.1705Captain Charles Cornewall (1669-1718) ADM 6/8/150ADM 6/821.8.1705 - 16.8.1706Second Captain Edmund Loades (d.1707) ADM 6/8/242
Commission confirmed 16.3.1705/6
ADM 6/8
17.9.1706 - 14.10.1706Second Captain Samuel Whitaker (d.1707) ADM 6/9/24
Commission confirmed 6.11.1706
ADM 6/9
10.1.1706/7 - 5.8.1707Second Captain Stephen Martin (d.1737) ADM 6/9/39ADM 6/9

6 Flag Officers


DatesRankNameSource
1691Admiral of the Blue Edward Russell (1653-1727)SPD-1690-11692 - 1693Admiral of the Blue Edward Russell (1653-1727)BWAS-17142.1696 - 10.1697Admiral of the BlueLord John Berkeley (3rd Baron Berkeley of Stratton) (1663-1696/97)BWAS-17145.1697 - 1697Admiral of the FleetSir George Rooke (1650-1708/9)ODNB1.1702 - 26.5.1702Admiral of the BlueLord Edward Russell (1st Earl of Orford) (1653-1727)BWAS-17142.1705 - 8.1707Admiral of the BlueSir Cloudisley Shovell (1650-1707)BWAS-1714

58 Commissioned Officers


DatesRankNameSource
24.12.1695 - 3.5.1696First Lieutenant John Martin ADM 6/3/105ADM 6/324.12.1695 - 6.8.1696Second Lieutenant Charles Strickland (d.1724) ADM 6/3/105ADM 6/324.12.1695 - 3.6.1696Third Lieutenant Christopher Coulsea (d.1698) ADM 6/3/105ADM 6/316.1.1695/96 - 5.12.1697Fifth Lieutenant William Gethings ADM 6/3/117ADM 6/37.5.1696 - 5.12.1697Fourth Lieutenant Rupert Billingsley (d.1720) ADM 6/4/40
Commission confirmed 23.10.1696
ADM 6/4
4.6.1696 - 5.12.1697Third Lieutenant Ralph Barrow ADM 6/4/52
Commission confirmed 10.12.1696
ADM 6/4
25.1.1696/97 - 13.9.1697First Lieutenant Hercules Mitchell (d.1705) ADM 6/4/66ADM 6/416.1.1701/2 - 9.2.1701/2Third Lieutenant Matthew Tate (d.1711/12) ADM 6/6/133ADM 6/616.1.1701/2 - 1.3.1701/2Fourth Lieutenant Richard Canning (d.1726) ADM 6/6/133ADM 6/620.1.1701/2 - 5.2.1701/2First Lieutenant John Watkins (d.1707) ADM 6/6/135ADM 6/620.1.1701/2 - 1.3.1701/2Second Lieutenant Samuel Martin (d.1705) ADM 6/6/135ADM 6/63.2.1701/2 - 23.8.1702Fourth Lieutenant Jonas Hanway (d.1737) ADM 6/7/5ADM 6/710.2.1701/2 - 23.8.1702Third Lieutenant Robert Coleman ADM 6/7/8ADM 6/72.3.1701/2 - 6.7.1702First Lieutenant Matthew Tate (d.1711/12) ADM 6/7/14ADM 6/72.3.1701/2 - 23.8.1702Second Lieutenant Richard Canning (d.1726) ADM 6/7/14ADM 6/711.7.1702 - 23.8.1702Fifth Lieutenant John Castle (d.1706) ADM 6/7/45ADM 6/724.8.1702 - 14.10.1702First Lieutenant Robert Coleman ADM 6/7/51ADM 6/724.8.1702 - 5.1.1702/3Second Lieutenant Jonas Hanway (d.1737) ADM 6/7/51ADM 6/724.8.1702 - 25.9.1702Third Lieutenant Beaumont Raymond (d.1718) ADM 6/7/51ADM 6/724.8.1702 - 20.10.1702Fourth Lieutenant John Castle (d.1706) ADM 6/7/51ADM 6/724.8.1702 - 12.9.1702Fifth Lieutenant Edward Falkingham (c.1679-1757) ADM 6/7/50ADM 6/717.11.1702 - 5.1.1702/3First Lieutenant John Chilley (d.bef.1734) ADM 6/7/60ADM 6/76.1.1702/3 - 11.3.1702/3First Lieutenant Edward Windsor (d.1709) ADM 6/7/72ADM 6/76.1.1702/3 - 31.3.1703Second Lieutenant John Chilley (d.bef.1734) ADM 6/7/72ADM 6/76.1.1702/3 - 7.1.1702/3Third Lieutenant Jonas Hanway (d.1737) ADM 6/7/72ADM 6/76.1.1702/3 - 20.1.1702/3Fourth Lieutenant Beaumont Raymond (d.1718) ADM 6/7/72ADM 6/76.1.1702/3 - 10.1.1702/3Fifth Lieutenant Charles Stukely (d.1720) ADM 6/7/72ADM 6/711.1.1702/3 - 30.3.1703Fifth Lieutenant Michael Sansom (d.1711) ADM 6/7/75ADM 6/725.1.1702/3 - 31.3.1703Third Lieutenant John Blinkherne ADM 6/7/82ADM 6/731.3.1703 - 9.4.1703Fifth Lieutenant Thomas Canninge (d.1703) ADM 6/7/114ADM 6/71.4.1703 - 6.4.1703First Lieutenant John Chilley (d.bef.1734) ADM 6/7/114ADM 6/71.4.1703 - 9.4.1703Second Lieutenant John Trehearne (d.1705) ADM 6/7/114ADM 6/71.4.1703 - 2.4.1703Third Lieutenant Charles Stukely (d.1720) ADM 6/7/114ADM 6/71.4.1703 - 3.4.1703Fourth Lieutenant Michael Sansom (d.1711) ADM 6/7/114ADM 6/73.4.1703 - 9.1.1703/4Third Lieutenant Michael Sansom (d.1711) ADM 6/7/117ADM 6/710.4.1703 - 16.1.1703/4First Lieutenant John Trehearne (d.1705) ADM 6/7/118ADM 6/710.4.1703 - 8.7.1703Second Lieutenant Charles Stukely (d.1720) ADM 6/7/117ADM 6/710.4.1703 - 17.12.1704Fourth Lieutenant Thomas Canninge (d.1703) ADM 6/7/118ADM 6/710.4.1703 - 24.9.1703Fifth Lieutenant Digby Dent (c.1680-1737) ADM 6/7/118ADM 6/79.7.1703 - 20.4.1704Second Lieutenant Francis Vaughan (d.1706/7) ADM 6/8/4ADM 6/818.12.1704 - 26.12.1704Second Lieutenant Daniel Butler ADM 6/8/123ADM 6/818.12.1704 - 26.12.1704Third Lieutenant Richard Lestock (1678/79-1748) ADM 6/8/123ADM 6/818.12.1704 - 27.12.1704Fourth Lieutenant Edward Vernon (1684-1757) ADM 6/8/123ADM 6/827.12.1704 - 23.12.1705First Lieutenant Daniel Butler ADM 6/8/128ADM 6/827.12.1704 - 13.1.1705/6Second Lieutenant Richard Lestock (1678/79-1748) ADM 6/8/128ADM 6/827.12.1704 - 14.1.1705/6Third Lieutenant Edward Vernon (1684-1757) ADM 6/8/128ADM 6/827.12.1704 - 9.10.1705Fourth Lieutenant John Hager (d.1747/48) ADM 6/8/128ADM 6/827.12.1704 - 14.1.1705/6Fifth Lieutenant James Gunman (1677-1756) ADM 6/8/128ADM 6/814.1.1705/6 - 24.9.1706First Lieutenant James Gunman (1677-1756) ADM 6/8/222ADM 6/814.1.1705/6 - 8.1.1706/7Second Lieutenant William Davenport (d.1707) ADM 6/8/222ADM 6/814.1.1705/6 - 8.1.1706/7Third Lieutenant Lewis Billingsley (c.1681-1707) ADM 6/8/222ADM 6/814.1.1705/6 - 8.1.1706/7Fourth Lieutenant William Houlding (c.1672-1731) ADM 6/8/222ADM 6/814.1.1705/6 - 9.1.1706/7Fifth Lieutenant William Ockman (c.1670-1740) ADM 6/8/221ADM 6/89.1.1706/7 - 5.8.1707First Lieutenant John Michell ADM 6/9/40ADM 6/99.1.1706/7 - 5.8.1707Second Lieutenant Robert Robinson ADM 6/9/40ADM 6/99.1.1706/7 - 5.8.1707Third Lieutenant John Goodall (d.1728/29) ADM 6/9/40ADM 6/99.1.1706/7 - 5.8.1707Fourth Lieutenant Nicholas Eaton (d.c.1729) ADM 6/9/40ADM 6/910.1.1706/7 - 5.8.1707Fifth Lieutenant Charles Johnson ADM 6/9/40ADM 6/9

1 Warrant Officer


DatesRatingNameSource
1692Master John Benbow (1652/53-1702)ODNB

4 Petty Officers


DatesRatingNameSource
17.4.1691 - 19.1.1691/92Midshipman Abraham Adams (c.1667-?) ADM 107/1/26ADM 107/12.1693 - 25.11.1693Midshipman William Clarke (c.1666-1727) ADM 107/1/46ADM 107/118.6.1693 - 23.9.1693Volunteer-per-order Charles van Ackrn ADM 107/1/67ADM 107/115.7.1703 - 13.9.1703Volunteer-per-order George Forbes (1685-1765) ADM 107/2/40ODNB

2 Crewmen


DatesRatingNameSource
25.12.1691 - 10.10.1692Able Seaman Daniel Fredenham (c.1668-?) ADM 107/1/18ADM 107/110.8.1693 - 27.10.1693Able Seaman Philip Simpkins (c.1668-?) ADM 107/1/69ADM 107/1

Service History


DateEventSource
8.1682Launched and immediately laid UpBWAS-1714
1684Refitted at Chatham at a cost of £2,315 for the hull and £2,138 for stores and riggingBWAS-1714
1691Started to be girdledBWAS-1714
2.1691CommissionedBWAS-1714
1692Girdling completedBWAS-1714
19.5.1692Battle of Barfleur
1694In the MediterraneanBWAS-1714
1695In the MediterraneanBWAS-1714
5.12.1697

Paid off

ADM 33
1700Started a major repairBWAS-1714
1701Completed major repairBWAS-1714
1.1702RecommissionedBWAS-1714
26.5.1702

Paid off

ADM 51
2.1705In the MediterraneanBWAS-1714
15.5.1705Cloudisley Shovell raised his flag at Portsmouth
7.8.1707

Paid off

ADM 33
1709Laid upBWAS-1714

 

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