Sandwich

100
Nominal Guns90BWAS-1714
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorRoyal Navy
Ordered28.10.1755BWAS-1714
Keel Laid Down14.4.1756BWAS-1714
Launched15.4.1759BWAS-1714
First Commissioned17.4.1759
How acquiredPurpose builtBWAS-1714
ShipyardChatham Dockyard BWAS-1714
Ship ClassSandwich Class
Designed bySir Thomas Slade (1703-1771)BWAS-1714
ConstructorJohn Lock (d.1762)BWAS-1714
CategorySecond RateBWAS-1714
Ship TypeShip of the Line
Sailing RigShip Rigged
Broken Up5.1810B028

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1714
Length of Gundeck176' 1"Imperial Feet53.6451 
Length of Keel145' 8"Imperial Feet44.2005 
Breadth49' 1 ½"Imperial Feet14.9479 
Depth in Hold20' 11 ½"Imperial Feet6.1087 
Burthen1,869 3694Tons BM 

Armament


4.1759Broadside Weight = 892 Imperial Pound ( 404.522 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck28 British 32-Pounder
Middle Gun Deck28 British 18-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck30 British 12-Pounder
Quarterdeck2 British 6-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 6-Pounder

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
4.1759750EstablishmentBWAS-1714

24 Commanding Officers


DatesRankNameSource
17.4.1759 - 19.4.1760CaptainHenry Speke (c.1718-1760) ADM 6/19/57BWAS-171424.10.1760 - 22.1.1763CaptainRichard Norbury (c.1720-1800) ADM 6/19/204BWAS-171418.1.1771 - 22.2.1771CaptainThomas Symonds (c.1720-1792) ADM 6/20/338ADM 6/201.11.1776 - 9.3.1779CaptainRichard Edwards (1715-1795) ADM 6/21/226BWAS-17142.9.1779 - 1.10.1779CaptainJohn Macartney (c.1730-1781) ADM 6/22/23ADM1041.10.1779 - 3.5.1781CaptainWalter Young ADM 6/22/32BWAS-17143.5.1781 - 27.7.1781CaptainJohn Symons (c.1732-1799) ADM 6/22/351
Issued by George Brydges Rodney (Baronet ) (1719-1792), Barbados
Commission confirmed 17.10.1781
ADM 6/22
27.7.1781 - 23.8.1781CaptainSir Thomas Rich (5th Baronet Rich) (1733-1803)BWAS-171423.8.1781 - 28.2.1782CaptainSylverius Moriarty ADM 6/23/25
Issued by Sir Peter Parker (1715-1811), Jamaica
Commission confirmed 13.2.1783
BWAS-1714
28.2.1782 - 10.10.1782CaptainJohn Cowling (d.1792) ADM 3/22/537
Issued by Sir Peter Parker (1715-1811), Jamaica
Commission confirmed 5.11.1782
BWAS-1714
10.10.1782 - 15.1.1783CaptainJohn Frodsham (c.1736-1791) ADM 6/22/525ADM 6/2215.1.1783 - 16.1.1783CaptainHenry d'Esterre Darby ADM 6/23/10ADM 6/2317.1.1783 - 18.1.1783CaptainGeorge Teer (d.1789) ADM 6/23/11ADM 6/2318.1.1783 - 20.1.1783CaptainJohn Wright ADM 6/23/12ADM 6/2320.1.1783 - 21.1.1783CaptainThomas Louis (c.1758-1807) ADM 6/23/12ADM 6/2321.1.1783 - 3.3.1783CaptainJohn Graves (c.1741-1811) ADM 6/23/13ADM 6/2325.9.1787 - 20.2.1788CaptainThomas Tonken (c.1732-1791) ADM 6/23/417BWAS-171410.5.1790 - 24.2.1791CaptainThomas Tonken (c.1732-1791) ADM 6/24/27BWAS-17142.1793 - 9.1797CaptainJames Robert Mosse (d.1801)BWAS-171411.1797 - 4.1798LieutenantRichard Turner HancockBWAS-17144.1798 - 4.1801CaptainBilly Douglas (d.1817)BWAS-17144.1801 - 4.1802CaptainSir Abraham GuyotBWAS-17147.1803 - 1809LieutenantSir Emanuel Hungerford (d.1810)BWAS-17141809 - 4.1810LieutenantSir Joseph Coxwell (d.1832)BWAS-1714

8 Flag Officers


DatesRankNameSource
7.7.1759 - 29.8.1759Rear-Admiral of the WhiteFrancis Geary (1709-1796)BWAS-17149.1759 - 10.1760Rear-Admiral of the WhiteFrancis Geary (1709-1796)EWIKI9.1779 - 8.1781Admiral of the WhiteSir George Brydges Rodney (Baronet ) (1719-1792)BWAS-17144.1782 - 8.1782Vice-AdmiralSir Peter Parker (1715-1811)BWAS-171412.5.1790 - 24.2.1791Vice-AdmiralJohn Dalrymple (1722-1798)BWAS-17143.1793 - 8.1795Vice-AdmiralJohn Dalrymple (1722-1798)BWAS-17148.1795 - 7.1797Vice-AdmiralCharles Buckner (1736-c.1811)BWAS-17147.1797 - 9.1797Vice-Admiral of the BlueSkeffington Lutwidge (1737-1814)BWAS-1714

2 Commissioned Officers


DatesRankNameSource
3.2.1780 - 21.6.1780Fifth LieutenantWilliam Carnegie (1756-1831)NAO24.7.1780 - 22.8.1780Fifth LieutenantWilliam Carnegie (1756-1831)NAO

1 Petty Officer


DatesRatingNameSource
10.1809 - 1809MidshipmanJoseph Fauriel Barrett (1793-?)NBD1849

3 Crewmen


DatesRatingNameSource
1787 - 6.1793BoyJohn BroughtonNBD18491794 - 6.17951st Class VolunteerJames John Gordon Bremer (1786-1850)NBD184913.3.1796 - 15.4.1796LandmanJohn KingdonNAO

Service History


DateEventSource
4.1759Commissioned for the Western SquadronBWAS-1714
1760In Quiberon expeditionBWAS-1714
29.3.1761Expedition against Belle-Isle
6.4.1761Start of Belleisle operationsBWAS-1714
1762At blockade of Basque roadsBWAS-1714
22.1.1763

Paid off

BWAS-1714
1765Fitted as a guard ship at Portsmouth at a cost of £5,282.9.5dBWAS-1714
11.1776RecommissionedBWAS-1714
2.1777Fitted as a guard ship at Portsmouth at a cost of £9,913.10.8dBWAS-1714
27.7.17781st Battle of Ushant
9.3.1779

Paid off

BWAS-1714
9.1779Began refitting at PortsmouthBWAS-1714
9.1779RecommissionedBWAS-1714
11.1779Completed refitting at a cost of £15,396.6.6d including copperingBWAS-1714
8.1.1780Attack on the Caracas Convoy
16.1.1780Battle of Cape St. Vincent
17.4.1780Battle of Martinique
29.7.1782

Paid off

BWAS-1714
10.1782Recommissioned as a guard ship at the NoreBWAS-1714
20.2.1788

Paid off

BWAS-1714
23.3.1790Reclassified as a receiving shipBWAS-1714
5.1790Recommissioned as a receiving shipBWAS-1714
10.1790Fitted as a receiving ship at Sheerness at a cost of £4,805.6.8dBWAS-1714
12.1792Recommissioned as guardship at the NoreBWAS-1714
28.9.1797

Paid off

BWAS-1714
11.1797Recommissioned as a Prison ship (Rated as a sloop)BWAS-1714
11.1.1802

Paid off

BWAS-1714
7.1803Recommissioned as a prison shipBWAS-1714
4.1810Paid offBWAS-1714
5.1810Broken up at ChathamBWAS-1714


Sources


IDDescriptionAuthorType
BWAS-1714British Warships in the Age of Sail 1714 - 1792Rif WinfieldBook
B028Ships of the Royal Navy - Volume IJ. J. ColledgeBook
ADM 6/20ADM 6/20 Commission and Warrant Book 1764-1773 Archive
ADM104ADM 104 Officers entitled to Half Pay Document
ADM 6/22ADM 6/22 Commission and Warrant Book 1779 July-1782 Archive
ADM 6/23ADM 6/23 Commission and Warrant Book 1783-1789 Aug.  Archive
EWIKIWikipediaVariousWeb Site
NAOThe National Archive - Trafalgar AncestorsVariousWeb Site
NBD1849A Naval Biographical Dictionary 1849O'BrienDigital Book
 

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