Blenheim

102
Nominal Guns90BWAS-1714
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorRoyal Navy
Ordered28.10.1755BWAS-1714
Keel Laid Down1.5.1756BWAS-1714
Launched5.7.1761BWAS-1714
How acquiredPurpose builtBWAS-1714
ShipyardWoolwich Dockyard - Woolwich BWAS-1714
Ship ClassSandwich ClassBWAS-1714
Designed bySir Thomas Slade (1703-1771)BWAS-1714
ConstructorIsrael Pownoll (d.1779)BWAS-1714
CategorySecond RateBWAS-1714
Ship TypeShip of the Line BWAS-1714
Sailing RigShip RiggedBWAS-1714
Razeed2.1801BWAS-1714
BecomesBritish Third Rate ship of the line 'Blenheim' (1801) (74)

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1714
Length of Gundeck176' 1"Imperial Feet53.6451 
Length of Keel142' 7"Imperial Feet43.2858 
Breadth49' 1"Imperial Feet14.938 
Depth in Hold21' 0"Imperial Feet6.4008 
Draught Forward15' 2"Imperial Feet4.5822 
Draught Aft17' 10 ½"Imperial Feet5.1943 
Burthen1,827 1394Tons BM 

Armament


1761Broadside Weight = 892 Imperial Pound ( 404.522 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck28 British 32-Pounder
Middle Gun Deck28 British 18-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck30 British 12-Pounder
Quarterdeck2 British 6-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 6-Pounder

1790Broadside Weight = 940 Imperial Pound ( 426.29 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck28 British 32-Pounder
Middle Gun Deck28 British 18-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck30 British 12-Pounder
Quarterdeck8 British 12-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 12-Pounder

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
1761750EstablishmentBWAS-1714

12 Commanding Officers


DatesRankNameSource
5.8.1761 - 26.9.1762CaptainWilliam Gordon (1705-1769) ADM 6/19/338ADM 6/1926.9.1762 - 10.5.1763CaptainEdward Hughes (1720-1794) ADM 6/19/514
Issued by Charles Saunders (1713-1775), The Mediterranean Sea
Commission confirmed 27.6.1763
ODNB
10.3.1777 - 5.2.1780CaptainBroderick Hartwell (c.1714-1784) ADM 6/21/263BWAS-171411.4.1782 - 23.12.1782CaptainAdam Duncan (1731-1804) ADM 6/22/449BWAS-171423.12.1782 - 6.5.1783CaptainThomas Lewis (c.1741-1796) ADM 6/22/559ADM 6/222.5.1783 - 13.9.1784CaptainRichard Boger (1739-1822): on board from 6.5.1783 ADM 6/23/61BWAS-171430.7.1794 - 23.10.1794CaptainCharles Holmes Everitt Calmady (d.1807) ADM 6/25/69BWAS-171412.1794 - 6.1795CaptainJohn BazelyBWAS-17146.1795 - 8.1797CaptainThomas Lennox Frederick (1750-1799)BWAS-17148.1797CommanderEdward WilliamsBWAS-171428.9.1797 - 8.2.1798CaptainArthur Phillip (1738-1814)BWAS-171412.1797 - 11.11.1798CaptainRobert CampbellBWAS-1714

2 Flag Officers


DatesRankNameSource
26.9.1762 - 10.5.1763Vice-Admiral of the White Charles Saunders (1713-1775)BWAS-17141797Rear-AdmiralWilliam Parker (1740/41-1802)BWAS-1714

3 Commissioned Officers


DatesRankNameSource
17.5.1783 - 13.9.1784Fourth LieutenantWilliam Kent (d.1812) ADM 6/23/70ADM 6/2312.1796 - 1797Acting LieutenantFrederick William Burgoyne (1778-1848)NBD18493.1797 - 5.1801Flag LieutenantJohn Baker (1770-1845)NBD1849

1 Petty Officer


DatesRatingNameSource
7.1794 - 3.1797MidshipmanYoung Appleby (1782-1849)NBD1849

1 Crewman


DatesRatingNameSource
11.1794 - 11.17971st Class VolunteerWilliam Case Burbidge (1789-?)NBD1849

Service History


DateEventSource
8.1761Commissioned for the Seven Years WarBWAS-1714
11.11.1761Completed at a cost of £53,819.5.5d including fittingBWAS-1714
28.5.1762Sailed for the MediterraneanBWAS-1714
21.5.1763

Paid off

BWAS-1714
1.1777Fitted to "receive new raised men" at Plymouth at a cost of £7,963.6.4dBWAS-1714
3.1777RecommissionedBWAS-1714
7.1778Fitted for sea at Plymouth at a cost of £5,348.11.10dBWAS-1714
5.2.1780Paid offADM 51
8.1780Started a large repair, coppering and refit at ChathamBWAS-1714
6.1782Completed repairs at a cost of £58,531.16.9d (including coppering and fitting)BWAS-1714
20.10.1782Battle of Cape Spartel
13.9.1784

Paid off

BWAS-1714
1790Refitted as a 98 gun Second Rate Ship of the Line BWAS-1714
8.1794Recommissioned for Channel serviceBWAS-1714
4.1795Sailed to the MediterraneanBWAS-1714
13.7.1795Battle of Hyeres
14.2.17972nd Battle of Cape St Vincent
10.1798Returned to England and paid off into ordinaryBWAS-1714
11.11.1798Paid offADM 51
31.1.1801Ordered to be cut down to a 74-gun Third RateBWAS-1714
2.1801Docked to be converted at ChathamBWAS-1714


Fleets

DatesFleetFleet CommanderSource
9.1782-12.1782Fleet for the relief of Gibraltar 1782Lord Richard Howe (4th Viscount Howe) (1725/26-1799) 

Sources


IDDescriptionAuthorType
BWAS-1714British Warships in the Age of Sail 1714 - 1792Rif WinfieldBook
ADM 6/19ADM 6/19 Commission and Warrant Book 1758 Nov.-1763 Archive
ODNBOxford Dictionary of National BiographyOxford University PressWeb Site
ADM 6/22ADM 6/22 Commission and Warrant Book 1779 July-1782 Archive
ADM 6/23ADM 6/23 Commission and Warrant Book 1783-1789 Aug.  Archive
NBD1849A Naval Biographical Dictionary 1849O'BrienDigital Book
ADM 51ADM 51 1669-1853 Admiralty: Captains' Logs Archive
 

Previous comments on this page

Posted by Cy on Tuesday 9th of August 2016 18:24

Yep, they were.


Posted by David on Tuesday 9th of August 2016 00:04

Dimensions seem messed up.
Moulded Breadth>> Gundeck length,
Length of Gundeck >>Keel

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