Blenheim

102
Nominal Guns90BWAS-1714
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorRoyal Navy
Ordered28.10.1755BWAS-1714
Keel Laid Down1.5.1756BWAS-1714
Launched5.7.1761BWAS-1714
How acquiredPurpose builtBWAS-1714
ShipyardWoolwich Dockyard BWAS-1714
Ship ClassSandwich Class
Designed bySir Thomas Slade (1703-1771)BWAS-1714
ConstructorIsrael Pownoll (d.1779)BWAS-1714
CategorySecond RateBWAS-1714
Ship TypeShip of the Line
Sailing RigShip Rigged
Razeed2.1801BWAS-1714
BecomesBritish Third Rate ship of the line 'Blenheim' (1801) (74)

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1714
Length of Gundeck176' 1"Imperial Feet53.6451 
Length of Keel142' 7"Imperial Feet43.2858 
Breadth49' 1"Imperial Feet14.938 
Depth in Hold21' 0"Imperial Feet6.4008 
Draught Forward15' 2"Imperial Feet4.5822 
Draught Aft17' 10 ½"Imperial Feet5.1943 
Burthen1,827 1394Tons BM 

Armament


1761Broadside Weight = 892 Imperial Pound ( 404.522 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck28 British 32-Pounder
Middle Gun Deck28 British 18-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck30 British 12-Pounder
Quarterdeck2 British 6-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 6-Pounder

1790Broadside Weight = 940 Imperial Pound ( 426.29 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck28 British 32-Pounder
Middle Gun Deck28 British 18-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck30 British 12-Pounder
Quarterdeck8 British 12-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 12-Pounder

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
1761750EstablishmentBWAS-1714

13 Commanding Officers


DatesRankNameSource
8.1761 - 1762CaptainJames Cranston (d.1790)BWAS-17145.8.1761 - 1761CaptainSir William Gordon (1705-1769) ADM 6/19/338ADM 6/191762 - 26.9.1762CaptainBroderick Hartwell (1735-1784)BWAS-171426.9.1762 - 10.5.1763CaptainEdward Hughes (1720-1794) ADM 6/19/514
Issued by Charles Saunders (1713-1775)
Commission confirmed 27.6.1763
ODNB
10.3.1777 - 1778CaptainBroderick Hartwell (1735-1784) ADM 6/21/263BWAS-17142.1782 - 1783CaptainAdam Duncan (1731-1804)BWAS-17145.1783 - 9.1784CaptainRichard Boger (d.1822)BWAS-17148.1794 - 12.1794CaptainCharles Holmes Everitt Calmady (d.1807)BWAS-171412.1794 - 6.1795CaptainJohn BazelyBWAS-17146.1795 - 8.1797CaptainThomas Lennox Frederick (1750-1799)BWAS-17148.1797CommanderEdward WilliamsBWAS-17148.1797 - 12.1797CaptainArthur Phillip (1738-1814)BWAS-171412.1797 - 10.1798CaptainRobert CampbellBWAS-1714

2 Flag Officers


DatesRankNameSource
1762 - 1763Vice-Admiral of the White Charles Saunders (1713-1775)BWAS-17141797Rear-AdmiralSir William Parker (1740/41-1802)BWAS-1714

2 Commissioned Officers


DatesRankNameSource
12.1796 - 1797Acting LieutenantFrederick William Burgoyne (1778-1848)NBD18493.1797 - 5.1801Flag LieutenantJohn Baker (1770-1845)NBD1849

1 Petty Officer


DatesRatingNameSource
7.1794 - 3.1797MidshipmanYoung Appleby (1782-1849)NBD1849

1 Crewman


DatesRatingNameSource
11.1794 - 11.17971st Class VolunteerWilliam Case Burbidge (1789-?)NBD1849

Service History


DateEventSource
8.1761Commissioned for the Seven Years WarBWAS-1714
11.11.1761Completed at a cost of £53,819.5.5d including fittingBWAS-1714
28.5.1762Sailed for the MediterraneanBWAS-1714
21.5.1763

Paid off

BWAS-1714
1.1777Fitted to "receive new raised men" at Plymouth at a cost of £7,963.6.4dBWAS-1714
3.1777RecommissionedBWAS-1714
7.1778Fitted for sea at Plymouth at a cost of £5,348.11.10dBWAS-1714
8.1780Started a large repair, coppering and refit at ChathamBWAS-1714
6.1782Completed repairs at a cost of £58,531.16.9d (including coppering and fitting)BWAS-1714
20.10.1782Battle of Cape Spartel
9.1784Paid offBWAS-1714
1790Refitted as a 98 gun Second Rate Ship of the Line BWAS-1714
8.1794Recommissioned for Channel serviceBWAS-1714
4.1795Sailed to the MediterraneanBWAS-1714
13.7.1795Battle of Hyeres
14.2.17972nd Battle of Cape St Vincent
10.1798Returned to England and paid off into ordinaryBWAS-1714
31.1.1801Ordered to be cut down to a 74-gun Third RateBWAS-1714
2.1801Docked to be converted at ChathamBWAS-1714

Fleets
FromUntilFleetFleet CommanderSource
1782/091782/12Fleet for the relief of Gibraltar 1782Lord Richard Howe (4th Viscount Howe) (1725/26-1799)

Sources


IDDescriptionAuthorType
BWAS-1714British Warships in the Age of Sail 1714 - 1792Rif WinfieldBook
ADM 6/19ADM 6/19 Commission and Warrant Book 1758 Nov.-1763 Archive
ODNBOxford Dictionary of National BiographyOxford University PressWeb Site
NBD1849A Naval Biographical Dictionary 1849O'BrienDigital Book
 

Previous comments on this page

Posted by Cy on Tuesday 9th of August 2016 18:24

Yep, they were.


Posted by David on Tuesday 9th of August 2016 00:04

Dimensions seem messed up.
Moulded Breadth>> Gundeck length,
Length of Gundeck >>Keel

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