Barfleur

104
Nominal Guns90BWAS-1714
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorThe Royal Navy
Ordered1761/10/19BWAS-1714
Keel Laid Down1762/11/22BWAS-1714
Named1761/11/15BWAS-1714
Launched1768/07/30BWAS-1714
How acquiredPurpose builtBWAS-1714
ShipyardChatham Dockyard BWAS-1714
Ship ClassBarfleur Class
Designed byThomas SladeBWAS-1714
ConstructorJoseph HarrisBWAS-1714
CategorySecond RateBWAS-1714
Ship TypeShip of the Line
Broken Up1819/09BWAS-1714

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1714
Length of Gundeck177' 8"Imperial Feet53.9522
Length of Keel144' 0 ¾"Imperial Feet43.9103
Breadth50' 3"Imperial Feet15.3162
Depth in Hold21' 0"Imperial Feet6.4008
Draught Forward14' 3"Imperial Feet4.2863
Draught Aft17' 1"Imperial Feet5.1852
Burthen1,947 4794Tons BM

Armament


1768Broadside Weight = 907 Imperial Pound ( 411.3245 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck28 British 32-Pounder
Middle Gun Deck30 British 18-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck30 British 12-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 9-Pounder

1780Broadside Weight = 931 Imperial Pound ( 422.2085 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck28 British 32-Pounder
Middle Gun Deck30 British 18-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck30 British 12-Pounder
Quarterdeck8 British 6-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 9-Pounder

1790Broadside Weight = 958 Imperial Pound ( 434.453 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck28 British 32-Pounder
Middle Gun Deck30 British 18-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck30 British 12-Pounder
Quarterdeck8 British 12-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 12-Pounder

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
1780750EstablishmentBWAS-1714
1794738EstablishmentBWAS-1714

Commanding Officers


DatesRankNameSource
1770/10 - 1770/12CommanderAndrew Snape HamondODNB1770/12 - 1771/06CaptainAndrew Snape HamondODNB1771/06 - 1773/11CaptainEdward VernonODNB1773/11 - 1776CaptainPeter ParkerODNB1776 - 1779CaptainMark MilbankeODNB1780/02 - 1780/10CaptainBenjamin HillODNB1780/10 - 1781/03CaptainJohn Nicholson InglefieldODNB1781/03 - 1781/08CaptainJohn KnightODNB1781/08 - 1782/04CaptainAlexander Arthur HoodODNB1782/04 - 1783/05CaptainJohn KnightODNB1787/10 - 1789CaptainJohn KnightODNB1789/05/01 - 1789/09/30CaptainRobert Calderref:6161790 - 1791CaptainSir John JervisODNB1791 - 1791/09CaptainJohn BourmasterODNB1794/08 - 1795/03CaptainJohn ElphinstoneODNB1795/03 - 1799/02CaptainJames Richard DacresODNB1799/02 - 1799/08CaptainJohn ElphinstoneODNB1799/06/08 - 1799/07CaptainGeorge BarkerNBD18491799/08 - 1800CaptainPeter PugetODNB1800CaptainGeorge Hopewell StephensODNB1800 - 1801/10CaptainJohn IrwinODNB1801/01 - 1809/01CaptainDonald M'LeodODNB1801/10 - 1802/05CaptainJohn Acworth OmmanneyODNB1804/11 - 1805/10CaptainGeorge MartinODNB1804/11 - 1805/11/09CaptainGeorge MartinODNB1805/10 - 1805/12CaptainRobert BarlowODNB1805/12 - 1806CaptainPhilip Charles Calderwood Henderson DurhamODNB1806 - 1807CaptainSir Joseph Sydney YorkeODNB1809/01 - 1809/02CaptainSamuel Hood LinzeeODNB1809/05 - 1812/08CaptainThomas Masterman HardyODNB1811/03 - 1812/08CommanderJohn CowanODNB1812/09/07 - 1814/02/27CaptainSir Edward Berry (Baronet )ref:6161814/02/27 - 1814/07CaptainJohn MaitlandODNB

Flag Officers


DatesRankNameSource
1780/02 - 1780/10Vice-AdmiralSamuel BarringtonODNB1780/10 - 1783/05Rear-AdmiralSamuel HoodODNB1787/10 - 1788Rear-AdmiralSamuel HoodODNB1789 - 1790Vice-Admiral of the RedRobert RoddamODNB1790Rear-AdmiralJohn Elliotref:6761791AdmiralSamuel BarringtonODNB1791 - 1791/09Rear-AdmiralJonathon FaulknorODNB1793/12 - 1794/08Rear-AdmiralGeorge BowyerODNB1794/08 - 1795/03Rear-AdmiralSir George Keith ElphinstoneODNB1795/03 - 1799/02Vice-AdmiralWilliam WaldegraveODNB1799/02 - 1799/08Vice-AdmiralLord George Keith Elphinstone (Baron Keith)ODNB1799/08 - 1800Rear-AdmiralJames Hawkins-WhitshedODNB1800 - 1802/05Rear-AdmiralCuthbert CollingwoodODNB1809/01 - 1809/02Rear-AdmiralLord Samuel Hood (1st Viscount Hood of Whitley)ODNB1809/02 - 1812/08Vice-AdmiralGeorge BerkelyODNB

Commissioned Officers


DatesRankNameSource
1782 - 1782/08/21LieutenantWilliam Domettref:6161782/01 - 1782/02CommanderIsaac Coffinref:6161790 - 1791UnknownRobert CalderODNB1795/03/20 - 1797/01/14LieutenantWalter BoswellNBD18491796 - 1797/03/07First LieutenantJohn Blighref:6161797 - 1798/08LieutenantJohn Surman Cardenref:6161798/02/08 - 1798/05/16LieutenantCharles AdamNBD18491808/02/23 - 1808/12/07LieutenantPeregrine BowenBWAS-17141808/12/08 - 1812/02/01LieutenantGeorge Anson ByronNBD18491810/02 - 1810/12/19Flag LieutenantMaurice Frederick Fitzhardinge BerkeleyNBD18491811 - 1811/11/02Acting LieutenantMartin BennettNBD18491811/11/02 - 1811/12/18LieutenantMartin BennettNBD1849

Warrant Officers


DatesRankNameSource
1787/12/01 - 1790/05/30GunnerWilliam RiversNAO1793/04/12 - 1794/06MasterSamuel BlythN-GAZ1795/01/30 - 1795/03/23ChaplainSamuel Coleref:866

Petty Officers


DatesRankNameSource
1787/12/01 - 1788/11/25MidshipmanThe Hon. Courtnay Boyleref:6161794MidshipmanEdward Augustus DownADM 171/81794Master's MateEdward Durnford KingADM 171/81804/08 - 1807/05MidshipmanGeorge BuryNBD18491808/06 - 1808/11MidshipmanJonathon ButcherNBD18491812/04 - 1814MidshipmanWilliam Augustus ArchibaldNBD18491812/05 - 1812/0//0GMidshipmanJames AndersonNBD1849

Crewmen


DatesRankNameSource
1794Able SeamanPaul AllenADM 171/81794Ordinary SeamanJohn WebbADM 171/81794Able SeamanStephen WaltersADM 171/81794Ordinary SeamanWilliam TattonADM 171/81794Able SeamanSamuel StarlingADM 171/81794ServantJames RyanADM 171/81794Carpenter's CrewJohn PuncherADM 171/81794Able SeamanEdward LadleADM 171/81794Ordinary SeamanWilliam CooperADM 171/81794Ordinary SeamanJohn CookeADM 171/81794Carpenter's CrewWilliam BrooksADM 171/81794Able SeamanWilliam BeadleADM 171/81794Able SeamanSamuel WilliamsADM 171/8

Service History


DateEventSource
1770/10Commissioned as a guardship at PortsmouthBWAS-1714
1771/01Completed as a guard ship at PortsmouthBWAS-1714
1772/04Refited as a guard ship at PortsmouthBWAS-1714
1773/06/22Took part in the Royal Review at SpitheadBWAS-1714
1778Refitted as a 98 gun Second Rate
1779/07Started a small repair, refit and coppering at PortsmouthBWAS-1714
1780/02Recommissioned for the Western squadronBWAS-1714
1780/05Completed small repair, refit and coppering at a cost of £24,397.4.5dBWAS-1714
1780/11/29Sailed for the West IndiesBWAS-1714
1781/02/03At St EustatiusBWAS-1714
1781/04/29Battle of Fort Royal
1781/08Sailed for North AmericaBWAS-1714
1781/09/05Battle of the Chesapeake
1781/11/11Sailed for New YorkBWAS-1714
1781/12/05At BarbadosBWAS-1714
1782/01/25At St KittsBWAS-1714
1782/01/25Battle of Saint Kitts
1782/04/12Battle of the Saintes
1782/04/19In the Mona PassageBWAS-1714
1782/04/19Battle of the Mona Passage
1782/07/27Sailed to America with PigotBWAS-1714
1782/09/05Arrived at New YorkBWAS-1714
1782/10/24Left New York to blockade Cape FrancoisBWAS-1714
1783/04/26Left Jamaica bound for England, paid off on arrivalBWAS-1714
1785/06Started a great repair at PortsmouthBWAS-1714
1786/10Completed great repair at Portsmouth at a cost of £31,829.11.8dBWAS-1714
1787/10RecommissionedBWAS-1714
1791/09Paid offBWAS-1714
1792/09Started a middling to great repair and refit at PortsmouthBWAS-1714
1793/12RecommissionedBWAS-1714
1794/01Completed repairs and refit at a cost of £51,400BWAS-1714
1794/06/01Had 9 killed and 25 wounded at the [Glorious 1st of June]BWAS-1714
1794/06/01Glorious 1st of June
1795/06/23Action of Ile Groix
1795/12Sailed to the MediterraneanBWAS-1714
1796At TunisBWAS-1714
1797/02/142nd Battle of Cape St Vincent
1800Returned to the Channel fleetBWAS-1714
1802/05Paid offBWAS-1714
1803/01Started fitting at PortsmouthBWAS-1714
1804/11RecommissionedBWAS-1714
1805/01Completed fitting at a cost of £20,491BWAS-1714
1805/07/223rd Battle of Cape Finisterre
1807Service in the ChannelBWAS-1714
1808/01RecommissionedBWAS-1714
1808/04/29Sailed for PortugalBWAS-1714
1809/02/25Sailed for PortugalBWAS-1714
1812/08Sailed for homeBWAS-1714
1812/11/17Sailed for the MediterraneanBWAS-1714
1814/07Laid up in ordinary at ChathamBWAS-1714
1819/09Broken up at ChathamBWAS-1714
// 


Sources

IDDescriptionAuthorType
BWAS-1714 British Warships in the Age of Sail 1714 - 1792Rif WinfieldBook
ODNB Oxford Dictionary of National BiographyOxford University PressWeb Site
ref:616 Who's Who in Nelson's NavyNicholas TracyBook
NBD1849 A Naval Biographical Dictionary 1849O'BrienDigital Book
ref:676 More than Nelson Web Site
NAO The National Archive - Trafalgar AncestorsVariousWeb Site
N-GAZ The Naval gazetteer, Biographer and ChronologistJ W NorieBook
ref:866 ADM 29/1 1802-1814 Admiralty: Warrant Officers. Entry Books of Certificates of Service Document
ADM 171/8 ADM 171/8 Surviving officers and men entitled to clasps of the Naval GSM for actions from 1793 -1827British AdmiraltyDocument
 

Previous comments on this page

Posted by John Alexander Hood on Sunday 28th of May 2017 15:48

Alexander Hood who was captain of HMS Barfleur in 1782 was not Lord Bridport (sir Samuel's brother), that Alexander having been recently made rear admiral of the blue. It was Alexander, Sir Samuel's cousin who sailed round the world with Cook as a boy seaman and finished his career and died in a famous ship to ship action in Mars. I do not think that either of these Alexanders had a middle name Arthur since they both had brothers by that name


Posted by colin dixie on Monday 23rd of January 2017 16:16

I have in my possession a signed document dated 12th July 1794 signed by Cuthbert Collingwood confirming the duties of Midshipman Edwards under his command on the ship HMS Barfleur from feb to july 1794.


Posted by Tim Oakley on Monday 7th of May 2012 20:12

22 June 1773 The fleet reviewed at Spithead, the King in Barfleur 90 cap Edward Vernon fleet C in C Vice-Admiral Thomas Pye,Albion 64 cap Samuel Barrington and Torbay 74 cap Sir Francis Samuel Drake present

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