Barfleur

104
Nominal Guns90BWAS-1714
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorRoyal Navy
Ordered19.10.1761BWAS-1714
Keel Laid Down22.11.1762BWAS-1714
Named15.11.1761BWAS-1714
Launched30.7.1768BWAS-1714
First Commissioned23.10.1770
How acquiredPurpose builtBWAS-1714
ShipyardChatham Dockyard BWAS-1714
Ship ClassBarfleur Class
Designed bySir Thomas Slade (1703-1771)BWAS-1714
ConstructorJoseph Harris (d.1773)BWAS-1714
CategorySecond RateBWAS-1714
Ship TypeShip of the Line
Sailing RigShip Rigged
Broken Up9.1819BWAS-1714

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1714
Length of Gundeck177' 8"Imperial Feet53.9522 
Length of Keel144' 0 ¾"Imperial Feet43.9103 
Breadth50' 3"Imperial Feet15.3162 
Depth in Hold21' 0"Imperial Feet6.4008 
Draught Forward14' 3"Imperial Feet4.2863 
Draught Aft17' 1"Imperial Feet5.1852 
Burthen1,947 4794Tons BM 

Armament


1768Broadside Weight = 907 Imperial Pound ( 411.3245 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck28 British 32-Pounder
Middle Gun Deck30 British 18-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck30 British 12-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 9-Pounder

1780Broadside Weight = 931 Imperial Pound ( 422.2085 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck28 British 32-Pounder
Middle Gun Deck30 British 18-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck30 British 12-Pounder
Quarterdeck8 British 6-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 9-Pounder

1790Broadside Weight = 958 Imperial Pound ( 434.453 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck28 British 32-Pounder
Middle Gun Deck30 British 18-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck30 British 12-Pounder
Quarterdeck8 British 12-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 12-Pounder

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
1780750EstablishmentBWAS-1714
1794738EstablishmentBWAS-1714

33 Commanding Officers


DatesRankNameSource
23.10.1770 - 7.12.1770CaptainChristopher Hill (d.1778) ADM 6/20/303ADM 6/207.12.1770 - 25.5.1771CaptainAndrew Snape Hamond (1738-1838) ADM 6/20/320ADM 6/2025.5.1771 - 26.10.1773CaptainEdward Vernon (1723-1794) ADM 6/20/378ODNB26.10.1773 - 1.11.1775CaptainSir Peter Parker (1715-1811) ADM 6/20/524ODNB1.11.1775 - 5.4.1777CaptainMark Milbanke (1724-1805) ADM 6/21/133ODNB7.2.1780 - 10.1780CaptainBenjamin Hill (d.1785) ADM 6/22/85ODNB10.1780 - 3.1781CaptainJohn Nicholson Inglefield (1748-1828)ODNB3.1781 - 8.1781CaptainJohn Knight (1747-1831)ODNB8.1781 - 4.1782CaptainAlexander Arthur Hood (1726-1814)ODNB4.1782 - 5.1783CaptainJohn Knight (1747-1831)ODNB10.1787 - 1789CaptainJohn Knight (1747-1831)ODNB1.5.1789 - 30.9.1789CaptainRobert Calder (1745-1818)ref:6161790 - 1791Captain John Jervis (1734/35-1823)ODNB1791 - 9.1791CaptainJohn Bourmaster (1736-1807)ODNB12.1793 - 8.1794CaptainCuthbert Collingwood (1750-1810)BWAS-17938.1794 - 3.1795CaptainJohn Elphinstone (d.1802)ODNB3.1795 - 2.1799CaptainJames Richard Dacres (1749-1810)ODNB2.1799 - 8.1799CaptainJohn Elphinstone (d.1802)ODNB8.6.1799 - 7.1799CaptainGeorge BarkerNBD18498.1799 - 1800CaptainPeter PugetODNB1800CaptainGeorge Hopewell Stephens (d.1819)ODNB1800 - 10.1801CaptainJohn Irwin (d.1812)ODNB1.1801 - 1.1809CaptainDonald M'LeodODNB10.1801 - 5.1802CaptainJohn Acworth OmmanneyODNB11.1804 - 9.11.1805CaptainGeorge Martin (1765-1847)ODNB10.1805 - 12.1805CaptainRobert Barlow (1757-1843)ODNB12.1805 - 1806CaptainPhilip Charles Calderwood Henderson Durham (1763-1845)ODNB1806 - 1807CaptainSir Joseph Sydney Yorke (1768-1831)ODNB1.1809 - 2.1809CaptainSamuel Hood LinzeeODNB5.1809 - 8.1812CaptainThomas Masterman Hardy (1769-1839)ODNB3.1811 - 8.1812CommanderJohn CowanODNB7.9.1812 - 27.2.1814CaptainSir Edward Berry (Baronet ) (1768-1831)ref:61627.2.1814 - 7.1814CaptainJohn MaitlandODNB

15 Flag Officers


DatesRankNameSource
2.1780 - 10.1780Vice-AdmiralThe Hon. Samuel Barrington (1729-1800)ODNB26.9.1780 - 5.1783Rear-Admiral of the BlueSir Samuel Hood (1st Baronet Hood) (1724-1816)ODNB10.1787 - 1788Vice-Admiral of the BlueLord Samuel Hood (1st Baron Hood) (1724-1816)ODNB1789 - 1790Vice-Admiral of the RedRobert Roddam (1719-1808)ODNB1790Rear-Admiral of the RedJohn Elliot (1732-1808)ref:6761791 - 9.1791Rear-Admiral of the RedJonathon Faulknor (d.1795)ODNB1791AdmiralThe Hon. Samuel Barrington (1729-1800)ODNB12.1793 - 8.1794Rear-Admiral of the WhiteGeorge Bowyer (1740-1800)ODNB8.1794 - 3.1795Rear-Admiral George Keith Elphinstone (1745/46-1823)ODNB3.1795 - 2.1799Vice-AdmiralWilliam Waldegrave (1753-1825)ODNB2.1799 - 8.1799Vice-AdmiralLord George Keith Elphinstone (Baron Keith) (1745/46-1823)ODNB8.1799 - 1800Rear-AdmiralJames Hawkins-Whitshed (1762-1849)ODNB1800 - 5.1802Rear-Admiral of the WhiteCuthbert Collingwood (1750-1810)ODNB1.1809 - 2.1809Rear-Admiral Samuel Hood (1762-1814)ODNB2.1809 - 8.1812Vice-AdmiralGeorge BerkelyODNB

12 Commissioned Officers


DatesRankNameSource
1782 - 21.8.1782LieutenantWilliam Domett (1754-1828)ref:6161.1782 - 2.1782CommanderIsaac Coffin (1759-1839)ref:6161790 - 1791UnknownRobert Calder (1745-1818)ODNB20.3.1795 - 14.1.1797LieutenantWalter BoswellNBD18491796 - 7.3.1797First LieutenantJohn Bligh (1770-1831)ref:6161797 - 8.1798LieutenantJohn Surman Carden (1771-1858)ref:6168.2.1798 - 16.5.1798LieutenantCharles Adam (1780-1853)NBD184923.2.1808 - 7.12.1808LieutenantPeregrine BowenBWAS-17148.12.1808 - 1.2.1812LieutenantGeorge Anson Byron (1789-1868)NBD18492.1810 - 19.12.1810Flag LieutenantMaurice Frederick Fitzhardinge Berkeley (1788-1867)NBD18491811 - 2.11.1811Acting LieutenantMartin Bennett (1789-?)NBD18492.11.1811 - 18.12.1811LieutenantMartin Bennett (1789-?)NBD1849

4 Warrant Officers


DatesRatingNameSource
1.12.1787 - 30.5.1790GunnerWilliam Rivers (1755-?)NAO8.6.1790 - 8.9.1791MasterNinian Jeffreys (c.1754-1838)ADM29-112.4.1793 - 6.1794MasterSamuel Blyth (1783-1813)N-GAZ30.1.1795 - 23.3.1795ChaplainSamuel ColeADM29-1

9 Petty Officers


DatesRatingNameSource
1.12.1787 - 25.11.1788MidshipmanThe Hon. Courtnay Boyle (1770-1844)ref:6161794Master's MateEdward Durnford King (1771-1862)ADM 171/81794MidshipmanEdward Augustus DownADM 171/87.1794 - 1795MidshipmanCharles Adam (1780-1853)NBD18491795MidshipmanHenry Thomas LutwidgeADM 171/88.1804 - 5.1807MidshipmanGeorge Bury (1790-?)NBD18496.1808 - 11.1808MidshipmanJonathon Butcher (1789-?)NBD18494.1812 - 1814MidshipmanWilliam Augustus ArchibaldNBD18495.1812 - 1812MidshipmanJames AndersonNBD1849

14 Crewmen


DatesRatingNameSource
1794Able SeamanSamuel WilliamsADM 171/81794Able SeamanEdward LadleADM 171/81794Ordinary SeamanJohn WebbADM 171/81794Able SeamanStephen WaltersADM 171/81794Ordinary SeamanJohn CookeADM 171/81794Ordinary SeamanWilliam TattonADM 171/81794Carpenter's CrewWilliam BrooksADM 171/81794Able SeamanSamuel StarlingADM 171/81794Able SeamanWilliam BeadleADM 171/81794ServantJames RyanADM 171/81794Able SeamanPaul AllenADM 171/81794Carpenter's CrewJohn PuncherADM 171/81794 - 1795Ordinary SeamanWilliam CooperADM 171/817952nd Class BoyJoseph BriggsADM 171/8

Service History


DateEventSource
10.1770Commissioned as a guardship at PortsmouthBWAS-1714
1.1771Completed as a guard ship at PortsmouthBWAS-1714
4.1772Refited as a guard ship at PortsmouthBWAS-1714
22.6.1773Took part in the Royal Review at SpitheadBWAS-1714
1778Refitted as a 98 gun Second Rate
7.1779Started a small repair, refit and coppering at PortsmouthBWAS-1714
2.1780Recommissioned for the Western squadronBWAS-1714
5.1780Completed small repair, refit and coppering at a cost of £24,397.4.5dBWAS-1714
29.11.1780Sailed for the West IndiesBWAS-1714
3.2.1781At St EustatiusBWAS-1714
29.4.1781Battle of Fort Royal
8.1781Sailed for North AmericaBWAS-1714
5.9.1781Battle of the Chesapeake
11.11.1781Sailed for New YorkBWAS-1714
5.12.1781At BarbadosBWAS-1714
25.1.1782At St KittsBWAS-1714
25.1.1782Battle of Saint Kitts
12.4.1782Battle of the Saintes
19.4.1782In the Mona PassageBWAS-1714
19.4.1782Battle of the Mona Passage
27.7.1782Sailed to America with PigotBWAS-1714
5.9.1782Arrived at New YorkBWAS-1714
24.10.1782Left New York to blockade Cape FrancoisBWAS-1714
26.4.1783Left Jamaica bound for England, paid off on arrivalBWAS-1714
6.1785Started a great repair at PortsmouthBWAS-1714
10.1786Completed great repair at Portsmouth at a cost of £31,829.11.8dBWAS-1714
10.1787RecommissionedBWAS-1714
9.1791Paid offBWAS-1714
9.1792Started a middling to great repair and refit at PortsmouthBWAS-1714
12.1793RecommissionedBWAS-1714
1.1794Completed repairs and refit at a cost of £51,400BWAS-1714
1.6.1794Had 9 killed and 25 wounded at the [Glorious 1st of June]BWAS-1714
1.6.1794Glorious 1st of June
23.6.1795Action of Ile Groix
12.1795Sailed to the MediterraneanBWAS-1714
1796At TunisBWAS-1714
14.2.17972nd Battle of Cape St Vincent
1800Returned to the Channel fleetBWAS-1714
5.1802Paid offBWAS-1714
1.1803Started fitting at PortsmouthBWAS-1714
11.1804RecommissionedBWAS-1714
1.1805Completed fitting at a cost of £20,491BWAS-1714
22.7.18053rd Battle of Cape Finisterre
1807Service in the ChannelBWAS-1714
1.1808RecommissionedBWAS-1714
29.4.1808Sailed for PortugalBWAS-1714
25.2.1809Sailed for PortugalBWAS-1714
8.1812Sailed for homeBWAS-1714
17.11.1812Sailed for the MediterraneanBWAS-1714
7.1814Laid up in ordinary at ChathamBWAS-1714
9.1819Broken up at ChathamBWAS-1714


Sources


IDDescriptionAuthorType
BWAS-1714British Warships in the Age of Sail 1714 - 1792Rif WinfieldBook
ADM 6/20ADM 6/20 Commission and Warrant Book 1764-1773 Archive
ODNBOxford Dictionary of National BiographyOxford University PressWeb Site
ref:616Who's Who in Nelson's NavyNicholas TracyBook
BWAS-1793British Warships in the Age of Sail 1793 - 1817Rif WinfieldBook
NBD1849A Naval Biographical Dictionary 1849O'BrienDigital Book
ref:676More than Nelson Web Site
NAOThe National Archive - Trafalgar AncestorsVariousWeb Site
ADM29-1ADM 29/1 1802-1814 Admiralty: Warrant Officers. Entry Books of Certificates of Service Document
N-GAZThe Naval gazetteer, Biographer and ChronologistJ W NorieBook
ADM 171/8ADM 171/8 Surviving officers and men entitled to clasps of the Naval GSM for actions from 1793 -1827British AdmiraltyDocument
 

Previous comments on this page

Posted by John Alexander Hood on Sunday 28th of May 2017 15:48

Alexander Hood who was captain of HMS Barfleur in 1782 was not Lord Bridport (sir Samuel's brother), that Alexander having been recently made rear admiral of the blue. It was Alexander, Sir Samuel's cousin who sailed round the world with Cook as a boy seaman and finished his career and died in a famous ship to ship action in Mars. I do not think that either of these Alexanders had a middle name Arthur since they both had brothers by that name


Posted by colin dixie on Monday 23rd of January 2017 16:16

I have in my possession a signed document dated 12th July 1794 signed by Cuthbert Collingwood confirming the duties of Midshipman Edwards under his command on the ship HMS Barfleur from feb to july 1794.


Posted by Tim Oakley on Monday 7th of May 2012 20:12

22 June 1773 The fleet reviewed at Spithead, the King in Barfleur 90 cap Edward Vernon fleet C in C Vice-Admiral Thomas Pye,Albion 64 cap Samuel Barrington and Torbay 74 cap Sir Francis Samuel Drake present

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