Formidable

108
Nominal Guns90BWAS-1714
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorRoyal Navy
Ordered17.8.1768BWAS-1714
Keel Laid Down12.1769BWAS-1714
Named13.10.1768BWAS-1714
Launched20.8.1777BWAS-1714
First Commissioned20.2.1778
How acquiredPurpose builtBWAS-1714
ShipyardChatham Dockyard - Chatham BWAS-1714
Ship ClassBarfleur Class
CategorySecond RateBWAS-1714
Ship TypeShip of the Line
Sailing RigShip Rigged
Broken Up9.1813BWAS-1714

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1714
Length of Gundeck177' 6 ¾"Imperial Feet53.9687 
Length of Keel143' 10"Imperial Feet43.5864 
Breadth50' 5"Imperial Feet15.367 
Depth in Hold21' 0"Imperial Feet6.4008 
Draught Forward177' 6 ¾"Imperial Feet53.9687 
Draught Forward13' 11"  
Draught Aft14' 11"Imperial Feet4.2736 
Burthen1,944 6494Tons BM 

Armament


1778Broadside Weight = 931 Imperial Pound ( 422.2085 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck28 British 32-Pounder
Middle Gun Deck30 British 18-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck30 British 12-Pounder
Quarterdeck8 British 6-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 9-Pounder

1790Broadside Weight = 958 Imperial Pound ( 434.453 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck28 British 32-Pounder
Middle Gun Deck30 British 18-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck30 British 12-Pounder
Quarterdeck8 British 12-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 12-Pounder

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
1778750EstablishmentBWAS-1714
1794738EstablishmentBWAS-1714

24 Commanding Officers


DatesRankNameSource
20.2.1778 - 15.4.1778CaptainThomas Cadogan (d.1782) ADM 6/21/369ADM615.4.1778 - 8.5.1779CaptainJohn Bazely (1741-1809) ADM 6/21/390BWAS-17148.5.1779 - 22.1.1781CaptainJohn Stanton (c.1713-1796) ADM 6/21/553BWAS-171422.1.1781 - 25.1.1781CaptainJohn Carter Allen (1724-1800) ADM 6/22/237ADM 6/2225.1.1781 - 9.11.1781CaptainJohn Cleland (d.1795) ADM 6/22/239BWAS-17149.11.1781 - 15.7.1783CaptainJohn Symons (c.1732-1799) ADM 6/22/361BWAS-171424.11.1781 - 13.4.1782First CaptainSir Charles Douglas (1st Baronet Carr) (1726/27-1789) ADM 6/22/370BWAS-171410.4.1782 - 10.5.1782CaptainJames Cranstoun (d.1797) ADM 6/23/273
Issued by George Brydges Rodney (Baronet ) (1719-1792), Barbados - Windward Islands - Barbados & the Leeward Islands
Commission confirmed 18.3.1785
ADM 6/23
10.5.1782 - 12.7.1782CaptainJames Vashon (1742-1827) ADM 6/23/96
Issued by George Brydges Rodney (Baronet ) (1719-1792), Barbados - Windward Islands - Barbados & the Leeward Islands
Commission confirmed 17.7.1783
ADM 6/23
15.7.1783 - 30.7.1783CaptainJames Samber (c.1736-1816) ADM 6/23/143
Issued by Hugh Pigot (1722-1792), North America
Commission confirmed 25.9.1783
BWAS-1714
10.5.1790 - 21.9.1790CaptainThe Hon. Keith Stewart (1739-1795) ADM 6/24/26BWAS-171422.10.1790 - 11.12.1790CaptainSir Hyde Parker (1739-1807) ADM 6/24/81ADM 6/2426.3.1791 - 9.1791CaptainHenry Nicholls ADM 6/24/111BWAS-17142.1795 - 1797CaptainGeorge Cranfield Berkeley (1753-1818)ref:6161796 - 1797CaptainGeorge MurrayBWAS-17141797 - 12.1797CaptainGeorge BerkelyBWAS-171412.1797 - 1798CaptainJohn MonktonBWAS-17141798 - 6.1798CaptainJohn Irwin (d.1812)BWAS-17146.1798 - 2.1799CaptainJames Hawkins-Whitshed (1762-1849)BWAS-17142.1799 - 1.1801CaptainEdward Thornbrough (1754-1834)BWAS-17141.1801 - 1804CaptainRichard GrindallBWAS-17149.1804 - 5.1805CaptainRichard Dalling Dunn (d.1813)BWAS-17147.1805 - 1809CaptainFrancis Fayerman (d.1819)BWAS-17141.2.1810 - 8.5.1711CaptainJames Nicoll Morris (1763-1830)BWAS-1714

7 Flag Officers


DatesRankNameSource
2.1778 - 1779Vice-Admiral of the BlueSir Hugh Palliser (1st Baronet) (1721/22-1796)BWAS-171424.11.1781 - 13.4.1782Admiral of the White George Brydges Rodney (Baronet ) (1719-1792)BWAS-17144.1782 - 1783AdmiralHugh Pigot (1722-1792)BWAS-17143.1791 - 9.1791Rear-Admiral of the WhiteThe Hon. John Leveson Gower (1740-1792)BWAS-171431.3.1796 - 10.1796First CaptainSir Roger Curtis (Baronet ) (1746-1816) ADM 6/25/265BWAS-17141797 - 1798Vice-Admiral of the BlueSir Charles Thompson (1st Baronet Virkees) (1740-1799)BWAS-17142.1799 - 1800Rear-AdmiralJames Hawkins-Whitshed (1762-1849)BWAS-1714

4 Commissioned Officers


DatesRankNameSource
13.3.1795 - 1797LieutenantJohn Surman Carden (1771-1858)ref:61615.12.1809 - 17.3.1810LieutenantJohn BulfordNBD184926.12.1809 - 23.6.1812LieutenantGeorge Bignell (1786-?)NBD184930.4.1810 - 1.1811LieutenantAlexander BrodieNBD1849

5 Petty Officers


DatesRatingNameSource
1.1782 - 1783MidshipmanCharles Dashwood (1765-1847)EWIKI9.4.1783 - 15.4.1783MidshipmanHenry William Bayntun (1766-1840)ref:6163.1795 - 2.1797Master's MateWilliam Pardoe (d.1861)NBD18497.1795 - 5.1799Master's MateRobert Bloye (d.1847)NBD184912.1805 - 5.1811MidshipmanJohn Adams (1781-1855)NBD1849

1 Crewman


DatesRatingNameSource
24.11.1781 - 1783Captain's ServantCharles Wollaston (1777-1845)NBD1849

Service History


DateEventSource
1778Refitted as a 98 gun Second Rate
2.1778First commissionedBWAS-1714
17.4.1778Completed at a first cost of £50,090.12.1d, plus 3,633.12.10d for fittingBWAS-1714
27.7.17781st Battle of Ushant
2.1780Coppered at PlymouthBWAS-1714
15.3.1781Sailed to the Relief of GibraltarBWAS-1714
12.4.1781Arrived at GibrlatarBWAS-1714
14.1.1782Sailed for the West IndiesBWAS-1714
19.2.1782Arrived in the West IndiesBWAS-1714
9.4.1782In the Dominican ChannelBWAS-1714
12.4.1782Battle of the Saintes
21.7.1782Sailed for AmericaBWAS-1714
5.9.1782Arrived in New YorkBWAS-1714
24.10.1782Left New YorkBWAS-1714
13.3.1783

Paid off

BWAS-1714
30.7.1783

Paid off

BWAS-1714
5.1784Started a small repair at PortsmouthBWAS-1714
11.1784Completed small repair at a cost of £17,353.15.1dBWAS-1714
5.1790Recommissioned for the Spanish ArmamentBWAS-1714
7.1790Fitted for seaBWAS-1714
3.1791RecommissionedBWAS-1714
5.1791Again fitted for sea at PortsmouthBWAS-1714
9.1791Paid offBWAS-1714
4.1792Started a middling repair and refit at PlymouthBWAS-1714
2.1795RecommissionedBWAS-1714
6.1795Completed middling repair and refit at a cost of £38,751BWAS-1714
1.2.1799

Broke from her moorings in Hamoaze during a gale. She ran foul of the Amelia and went aground on the west mud, but was got off with no additional damage.

TNC
27.2.1799

Sailed from Plymouth for Torbay

TNC
20.4.1799

Arrived at Plymouth

TNC
12.5.1799

Sailed from Plymouth

TNC
1.6.1799Sailed as reinforcment to the MediterraneanBWAS-1714
1800In the ChannelBWAS-1714
2.1802Sailed for JamaicaBWAS-1714
9.1804RecommissionedBWAS-1714
5.1805Started fitting at PlymouthBWAS-1714
7.1805Recommissioned for the ChannelBWAS-1714
1.1806Completed fitting at PlymouthBWAS-1714
1.1.1807Sailed for the MediterraneanBWAS-1714
1810Commissioned for the BalticBWAS-1714
1812Reduced to ordinary at PortsmouthBWAS-1714
30.6.1813Ordered to be reduced to a 74-gun thrid rate, but found to be decayedBWAS-1714
9.1813Broken up at ChathamBWAS-1714


Sources


IDDescriptionAuthorType
BWAS-1714British Warships in the Age of Sail 1714 - 1792Rif WinfieldBook
ADM6ADM 6 Admiralty:Service Records, Registers, Returns and CertificatesAuthorityArchive
ADM 6/22ADM 6/22 Commission and Warrant Book 1779 July-1782 Archive
ADM 6/23ADM 6/23 Commission and Warrant Book 1783-1789 Aug.  Archive
ADM 6/24ADM 6/24 Commission and Warrant Book 1789 Sep.-1793  Archive
ref:616Who's Who in Nelson's NavyNicholas TracyBook
NBD1849A Naval Biographical Dictionary 1849O'BrienDigital Book
EWIKIWikipediaVariousWeb Site
TNCThe Naval ChronicalVariousPeriodical
 

Previous comments on this page

Posted by Brian Stephens on Thursday 10th of April 2014 13:52

Edinburgh Advertiser, May 30, 1780
In the engagement off Ushant, on the memorably fatal July 27, a boy in the formidable, had his arm shot away, and of course he was taken to the cockpit. There he got himself dressed; but finding his heart glow with British courage, he stole up the very same gun where he had received the accident. Sir Hugh Palliser, perceiving him, called out and asked, "why he did not remain below" Damn my eyes, she han't struck yet, and I'll not quit my post while I can stand. At that moment a ball struck him on the belly, and tore him in a most shocking manner. He was then carried down, and contrary to the opinion of the surgeon, and all who saw his situation, has since recovered. Sir Hugh, when the fleet returned, made the young hero a present of ten guineas, and telling the story to Lord Sandwich, his Lordship settled on him an annuity of twenty pounds per annum, and he now lives in his native place, Shoreditch. What is very remarkable, he but a few days since presented a petition to the Admiralty, praying to be rated on board the grand fleet, alleging that though he wanted an arm and part of his belly, he was ten times better, and would be of more use on board, than any fresh water sailor that their Lordships might employ.

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