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Formidable

108
Nominal Guns90BWAS-1714
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorRoyal Navy
Ordered17.8.1768BWAS-1714
Keel Laid Down12.1769BWAS-1714
Named13.10.1768BWAS-1714
Launched20.8.1777BWAS-1714
First Commissioned20.2.1778BWAS-1714
How acquiredPurpose builtBWAS-1714
ShipyardChatham Dockyard - Chatham BWAS-1714
Ship ClassBarfleur Class (1762)BWAS-1714
CategorySecond RateBWAS-1714
Ship TypeShip of the LineBWAS-1714
Sailing RigShip RiggedBWAS-1714
Broken Up9.1813BWAS-1714

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1714
Length of Gundeck177' 6 ¾"Imperial Feet53.9687 
Length of Keel143' 10"Imperial Feet43.5864 
Breadth50' 5"Imperial Feet15.367 
Depth in Hold21' 0"Imperial Feet6.4008 
Draught Forward177' 6 ¾"Imperial Feet53.9687 
Draught Forward13' 11"  
Draught Aft14' 11"Imperial Feet4.2736 
Burthen1,944 6494Tons BM 

Armament


1778Broadside Weight = 931 Imperial Pound ( 422.2085 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck28 British 32-Pounder
Middle Gun Deck30 British 18-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck30 British 12-Pounder
Quarterdeck8 British 6-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 9-Pounder

1790Broadside Weight = 958 Imperial Pound ( 434.453 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck28 British 32-Pounder
Middle Gun Deck30 British 18-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck30 British 12-Pounder
Quarterdeck8 British 12-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 12-Pounder

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
1778750EstablishmentBWAS-1714
1794738EstablishmentBWAS-1714

24 Ship Commanders


DatesRankNameSource
20.2.1778 - 15.4.1778Captain
Thomas CadoganBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1770-1782
ADM 6/21/369
ADM 6
15.4.1778 - 8.5.1779Captain
John BazelyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1753-1805
Transfered ADM 6/21/390
BWAS-1714
8.5.1779 - 22.1.1781Captain
John StantonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1731-1788
ADM 6/21/553
BWAS-1714
22.1.1781 - 25.1.1781Captain
John Carter AllenBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1745-1799
ADM 6/22/237
ADM 6/22
25.1.1781 - 9.11.1781Captain
John ClelandBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1740-1787
ADM 6/22/239
BWAS-1714
9.11.1781 - 15.7.1783Captain
John SymonsBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1747-1799
ADM 6/22/361
BWAS-1714
24.11.1781 - 13.4.1782First Captain
Sir Charles Douglas (1st Baronet Carr)British
Naval Sailor
Service 1753-1789
ADM 6/22/370
BWAS-1714
10.4.1782 - 10.5.1782Captain
James CranstounBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1776-1796
ADM 6/23/273
Issued by
George Brydges Rodney (Baronet )British
Naval Sailor
Service 1740-1782
, Barbados - Windward Islands - Barbados & the Leeward Islands
Confirmed 18.3.1785
ADM 6/23
10.5.1782 - 12.7.1782Captain
James VashonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1763-1821
Transfered ADM 6/23/96
Issued by
George Brydges Rodney (Baronet )British
Naval Sailor
Service 1740-1782
, Barbados - Windward Islands - Barbados & the Leeward Islands
Confirmed 17.7.1783
ADM 6/23
15.7.1783 - 30.7.1783Captain
James SamberBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1753-1787
ADM 6/23/143
Issued by
Hugh PigotBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1735-1787
, North America
Confirmed 25.9.1783
BWAS-1714
10.5.1790 - 21.9.1790Captain
The Hon. Keith StewartBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1759-1794
ADM 6/24/26
BWAS-1714
22.10.1790 - 25.3.1791Captain
William ParkerBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1762-1852
ADM 6/24/81
ADM 6/24
26.3.1791 - 9.1791Captain
Henry NichollsBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1780-1814
ADM 6/24/111
BWAS-1714
2.1795 - 1797Captain
George Cranfield BerkeleyBritish
Naval Sailor
Administrator
Service 1766-1814
ref:616
1796 - 1797Captain
George MurrayBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1778-1813
BWAS-1714
1797 - 12.1797Captain
George BerkelyBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1797-1812
BWAS-1714
12.1797 - 1798Captain
John MonktonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1777-1814
BWAS-1714
1798 - 6.1798Captain
John IrwinBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1779-1801
BWAS-1714
6.1798 - 2.1799Captain
James Hawkins-WhitshedBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1778-1844
BWAS-1714
2.1799 - 1.1801Captain
Edward ThornbroughBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1773-1819
BWAS-1714
1.1801 - 1804Captain
Richard GrindallBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1776-1814
BWAS-1714
9.1804 - 5.1805Captain
Richard Dalling DunnBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1790
BWAS-1714
7.1805 - 1809Captain
Francis FayermanBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1777-1814
BWAS-1714
1.2.1810 - 8.5.1711Captain
James Nicoll MorrisBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1780-1825
BWAS-1714

7 Flag Officers


DatesRankNameSource
2.1778 - 1779Vice-Admiral of the Blue
Sir Hugh Palliser (1st Baronet)British
Naval Sailor
Service 1735-1779
ADM 107/1/259
BWAS-1714
24.11.1781 - 13.4.1782Admiral of the White
George Brydges Rodney (Baronet )British
Naval Sailor
Service 1740-1782
ADM 107/5/102
BWAS-1714
c.13.7.1782 - 9.1783Admiral
Hugh PigotBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1735-1787
ADM 107/3/185
BWAS-1714
3.1791 - 9.1791Rear-Admiral of the White
The Hon. John Leveson GowerBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1758-1790
BWAS-1714
31.3.1796 - 10.1796First Captain
Sir Roger Curtis (Baronet )British
Naval Sailor
Service 1762-1810
ADM 6/25/265
BWAS-1714
1797 - 1798Vice-Admiral of the Blue
Sir Charles Thompson (1st Baronet Virkees)British
Naval Sailor
Service 1754-1799
BWAS-1714
2.1799 - 1800Rear-Admiral
James Hawkins-WhitshedBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1778-1844
BWAS-1714

8 Commissioned Officers


DatesRankNameSource
2.8.1790 - 1790First Lieutenant
Alexander DouglasBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1777-1793
ADM 6/24/57
ADM 6/24
2.8.1790 - 20.9.1790Second Lieutenant
George MaxwellBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1777-1793
ADM 6/24/57
ADM 6/24
28.10.1790 - 1790Fourth Lieutenant
John SeymorsBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1779-1814
ADM 6/24/83
ADM 6/24
28.10.1790 - 1790Fifth Lieutenant
John SkinnerBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1782-1790
ADM 6/24/83
ADM 6/24
13.3.1795 - 1797Lieutenant
John Surman CardenBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1778-1855
ref:616
15.12.1809 - 17.3.1810Lieutenant
John BulfordBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1796-1815
NBD1849
26.12.1809 - 23.6.1812Lieutenant
George BignellBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1795-1815
NBD1849
30.4.1810 - 1.1811Lieutenant
Alexander BrodieBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1804-1836
NBD1849

5 Petty Officers


DatesRatingNameSource
1.1782 - 1783Midshipman
Charles DashwoodBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1779-1815
E-WIKI
9.4.1783 - 15.4.1783Midshipman
Henry William BayntunBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1775-1837
ref:616
3.1795 - 2.1797Master's Mate
William PardoeBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1790-1830
NBD1849
7.1795 - 5.1799Master's Mate
Robert BloyeBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1793-1846
NBD1849
12.1805 - 5.1811Midshipman
John AdamsBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1803-1815
NBD1849

2 Crewmen


DatesRatingNameSource
28.8.1778 - 4.1.1779Secretary
George ThomasBritish
Naval Sailor
Administrator
Dockyard Staff
Service 1774-1820
ADM 29/8
24.11.1781 - 1783Captain's Servant
Charles WollastonBritish
Naval Sailor
Service 1781-1841
NBD1849

Service History


DateEventSource
1778Refitted as a 98 gun Second Rate
2.1778First commissionedBWAS-1714
17.4.1778Completed at a first cost of £50,090.12.1d, plus 3,633.12.10d for fittingBWAS-1714
27.7.17781st Battle of Ushant
2.1780Coppered at PlymouthBWAS-1714
15.3.1781Sailed to the Relief of GibraltarBWAS-1714
12.4.1781Arrived at GibrlatarBWAS-1714
14.1.1782Sailed for the West IndiesBWAS-1714
19.2.1782Arrived in the West IndiesBWAS-1714
9.4.1782In the Dominican ChannelBWAS-1714
12.4.1782Battle of the Saintes
21.7.1782Sailed for AmericaBWAS-1714
5.9.1782Arrived in New YorkBWAS-1714
24.10.1782Left New YorkBWAS-1714
13.3.1783

Paid off

BWAS-1714
30.7.1783

Paid off

BWAS-1714
5.1784Started a small repair at PortsmouthBWAS-1714
11.1784Completed small repair at a cost of £17,353.15.1dBWAS-1714
5.1790Recommissioned for the Spanish ArmamentBWAS-1714
7.1790Fitted for seaBWAS-1714
3.1791RecommissionedBWAS-1714
5.1791Again fitted for sea at PortsmouthBWAS-1714
9.1791Paid offBWAS-1714
4.1792Started a middling repair and refit at PlymouthBWAS-1714
2.1795RecommissionedBWAS-1714
6.1795Completed middling repair and refit at a cost of £38,751BWAS-1714
1.2.1799

Broke from her moorings in Hamoaze during a gale. She ran foul of the Amelia and went aground on the west mud, but was got off with no additional damage.

TNC
27.2.1799

Sailed from Plymouth for Torbay

TNC
20.4.1799

Arrived at Plymouth

TNC
12.5.1799

Sailed from Plymouth

TNC
1.6.1799Sailed as reinforcment to the MediterraneanBWAS-1714
1800In the ChannelBWAS-1714
2.1802Sailed for JamaicaBWAS-1714
9.1804RecommissionedBWAS-1714
5.1805Started fitting at PlymouthBWAS-1714
7.1805Recommissioned for the ChannelBWAS-1714
1.1806Completed fitting at PlymouthBWAS-1714
1.1.1807Sailed for the MediterraneanBWAS-1714
1810Commissioned for the BalticBWAS-1714
1812Reduced to ordinary at PortsmouthBWAS-1714
30.6.1813Ordered to be reduced to a 74-gun thrid rate, but found to be decayedBWAS-1714
9.1813Broken up at ChathamBWAS-1714

 

Previous comments on this page

Posted by Brian Stephens on Thursday 10th of April 2014 13:52

Edinburgh Advertiser, May 30, 1780
In the engagement off Ushant, on the memorably fatal July 27, a boy in the formidable, had his arm shot away, and of course he was taken to the cockpit. There he got himself dressed; but finding his heart glow with British courage, he stole up the very same gun where he had received the accident. Sir Hugh Palliser, perceiving him, called out and asked, "why he did not remain below" Damn my eyes, she han't struck yet, and I'll not quit my post while I can stand. At that moment a ball struck him on the belly, and tore him in a most shocking manner. He was then carried down, and contrary to the opinion of the surgeon, and all who saw his situation, has since recovered. Sir Hugh, when the fleet returned, made the young hero a present of ten guineas, and telling the story to Lord Sandwich, his Lordship settled on him an annuity of twenty pounds per annum, and he now lives in his native place, Shoreditch. What is very remarkable, he but a few days since presented a petition to the Admiralty, praying to be rated on board the grand fleet, alleging that though he wanted an arm and part of his belly, he was ten times better, and would be of more use on board, than any fresh water sailor that their Lordships might employ.

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