Duke

109
Nominal Guns90BWAS-1714
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorRoyal Navy
Ordered18.6.1771BWAS-1714
Keel Laid Down10.1772BWAS-1714
Named8.1771BWAS-1714
Launched18.10.1777BWAS-1714
First Commissioned8.4.1778BWAS-1714
How acquiredPurpose builtBWAS-1714
ShipyardPlymouth Dockyard - Plymouth BWAS-1714
Ship ClassDuke ClassBWAS-1714
CategorySecond RateBWAS-1714
Ship TypeShip of the Line BWAS-1714
Sailing RigShip RiggedBWAS-1714
Broken Up1843BWAS-1714

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1714
Length of Gundeck177' 6"Imperial Feet53.9516 
Length of Keel145' 2"Imperial Feet44.1971 
Breadth50' 2"Imperial Feet15.2908 
Depth in Hold21' 9"Imperial Feet6.6294 
Draught Forward12' 8"Imperial Feet3.7592 
Draught Aft18' 7"Imperial Feet5.5086 
Burthen1,943 2894Tons BM 

Armament


1778Broadside Weight = 907 Imperial Pound ( 411.3245 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck28 British 32-Pounder
Middle Gun Deck30 British 18-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck30 British 12-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 9-Pounder

1782Broadside Weight = 931 Imperial Pound ( 422.2085 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck28 British 32-Pounder
Middle Gun Deck30 British 18-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck30 British 12-Pounder
Quarterdeck8 British 6-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 9-Pounder

3.6.1791Broadside Weight = 778 Imperial Pound ( 352.823 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck28 British 32-Pounder
Middle Gun Deck30 British 18-Pounder
Quarterdeck8 British 12-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 12-Pounder

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
1778750EstablishmentBWAS-1714
1794738EstablishmentBWAS-1714

12 Commanding Officers


DatesRankNameSource
8.4.1778 - 16.4.1778CaptainIsaac Prescott (c.1737-1830) ADM 6/21/388ADM 6/2116.4.1778 - 29.10.1778CaptainWilliam Brereton (1728-1800) ADM 6/21/390BWAS-171429.10.1778 - 24.11.1781CaptainSir Charles Douglas (1st Baronet Carr) (1726/27-1789) ADM 6/21/464BWAS-171424.11.1781 - 24.12.1781CaptainSir Walter Stirling (1718-1786) ADM 6/22/369BWAS-171424.12.1781 - 9.6.1783CaptainAlan Gardner (1742-1809) ADM 6/22/389BWAS-17144.8.1790 - 26.3.1791CaptainRobert Brice (c.1730-1805) ADM 6/24/58BWAS-171430.8.1791 - 7.6.1792CaptainRobert Calder (1745-1818) ADM 6/24/130ref:6167.6.1792 - 29.12.1792CaptainJohn Knight (1747-1831) ADM 6/24/166BWAS-171429.12.1792 - 1.2.1793CaptainSir Andrew Snape Hamond (1st Baronet of Holly Grove) (1738-1828) ADM 6/24/188BWAS-17141.2.1793 - 18.3.1793CaptainThe Hon. George Murray (1741-1797) ADM 6/24/202ADM 6/2418.3.1793 - 8.11.1793CaptainGeorge Duff (1764-1805) ADM 6/24/221BWAS-171422.8.1796 - 31.8.1797CaptainGeorge HollowayBWAS-1714

2 Flag Officers


DatesRankNameSource
8.1791 - 1792Vice-Admiral of the RedRobert Roddam (1719-1808)BWAS-17141792 - 8.11.1793Vice-Admiral of the BlueLord Samuel Hood (1st Baron Hood) (1724-1816)BWAS-1714

2 Commissioned Officers


DatesRankNameSource
1781 - 9.6.1783LieutenantJohn Cooke (1762-1805)ref:6165.2.1793 - 3.11.1793LieutenantHenry William Bayntun (1766-1840)ref:616

2 Warrant Officers


DatesRatingNameSource
27.2.1794 - 31.3.1797CookLawrence BeerADM29-125.8.1796 - 16.10.1796MasterAlexander CarrADM29-1

1 Petty Officer


DatesRatingNameSource
8.1792 - 1793MidshipmanEdward Berry (1768-1831)ref:616

Service History


DateEventSource
27.7.17781st Battle of Ushant
1779With Hardy's fleetBWAS-1714
1780With Geary's fleetBWAS-1714
1781Coppered and fitted at Portsmouth at a cost of £6,615.1.5dBWAS-1714
13.3.1781Sailled to the relief of GibraltarBWAS-1714
12.4.1781Arrived at GibraltarBWAS-1714
12.12.1781Action of 1781-12-12
12.12.17812nd Battle of Ushant
1782Refitted as a 98 gun Second Rate
31.1.1782Sailed for the West IndiesBWAS-1714
28.2.1782Joined Rodney's fleet in the West IndiesBWAS-1714
9.4.1782In the Dominica channelBWAS-1714
12.4.1782Battle of the Saintes
21.7.1782Sailed to America with PigotBWAS-1714
5.9.1782Arrived at New YorkBWAS-1714
24.10.1782Left New YorkBWAS-1714
9.6.1783

Paid off

BWAS-1714
11.1784Started a small to middling repairBWAS-1714
6.1785Completed repair at a cost of £22,852.12.5dBWAS-1714
3.1791Recommissioned as guard ship at PortsmouthBWAS-1714
24.3.1793Sailed for the Leeward IslandsBWAS-1714
8.1796RecommissionedBWAS-1714
5.1797Involved in the Spithead MutinyBWAS-1714
21.4.1798Paid offADM 51
1799

Fitted as a lazarette at a cost of £4,696 and moved to Stangate for quarantine service

BWAS-1714
5.1803Removed from navy lsitBWAS-1714
1843Broken up at PortsmouthBWAS-1714

 

Previous comments on this page

Posted by BrianStephens on Monday 5th of May 2014 18:37

The Gentleman's magazine. v. 50 (1780).
Aug. 18 - In a storm which happened off Cape Finisterre, the Duke of 90 guns, and the Prince George (Adm. Digby's ship) of 98 guns, on board of which was Prince William, were driven so close together, that, as the sailors phrase, "is you might have tossed a biscuit from one ship to the other" but fortunately by the spirited exertions on both sides, they were parted without damage.

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