Atlas

111
Nominal Guns98BWAS-1714
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorRoyal Navy
Ordered5.8.1777BWAS-1714
Keel Laid Down1.10.1777BWAS-1714
Launched13.2.1782BWAS-1714
How acquiredPurpose builtBWAS-1714
ShipyardChatham Dockyard - Chatham BWAS-1714
Ship ClassDuke ClassBWAS-1714
CategorySecond RateBWAS-1714
Ship TypeShip of the Line BWAS-1714
Sailing RigShip RiggedBWAS-1714
Razeed11.1802BWAS-1714
BecomesBritish Third Rate ship of the line 'Atlas' (1804) (74)

Dimensions


DimensionMeasurementTypeMetric EquivalentBWAS-1714
Length of Gundeck177' 7"Imperial Feet53.9519 
Length of Keel145' 8 ¾"Imperial Feet44.2151 
Breadth50' 2"Imperial Feet15.2908 
Depth in Hold21' 2"Imperial Feet6.4516 
Draught Forward13' 10"Imperial Feet3.9624 
Draught Aft18' 8"Imperial Feet5.5118 
Burthen1,950 3794Tons BM 

Armament


1782Broadside Weight = 931 Imperial Pound ( 422.2085 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck28 British 32-Pounder
Middle Gun Deck30 British 18-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck30 British 12-Pounder
Quarterdeck8 British 6-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 9-Pounder

1790Broadside Weight = 958 Imperial Pound ( 434.453 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck28 British 32-Pounder
Middle Gun Deck30 British 18-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck30 British 12-Pounder
Quarterdeck8 British 12-Pounder
Forecastle2 British 12-Pounder

1804Broadside Weight = 814 Imperial Pound ( 369.149 kg)BWAS-1714
Lower Gun Deck28 British 32-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck30 British 18-Pounder
Quarterdeck12 British 12-Pounder
Forecastle4 British 12-Pounder

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
1782750EstablishmentBWAS-1714
1794738EstablishmentBWAS-1714

7 Commanding Officers


DatesRankNameSource
18.2.1782 - 16.12.1782CaptainGeorge Vandeput (d.1800) ADM 6/22/412BWAS-171416.12.1782 - 25.3.1783CaptainJohn Elphinstone (1722-1785) ADM 6/22/555BWAS-179317.10.1787 - 7.12.1787CaptainWilliam Swiney ADM 6/23/429BWAS-171420.3.1795 - 27.2.1797CaptainEdmund Dodd (1734-1815)BWAS-171428.2.1797 - 1.1799CaptainMathew Squire (d.1800)BWAS-17141.1799 - 4.1799CaptainShuldham PeardBWAS-17144.1799 - 1801CaptainTheophilius JonesBWAS-1714

2 Commissioned Officers


DatesRankNameSource
24.12.1800 - 9.1802LieutenantRichard BluettNBD184917.9.1801 - 5.1802LieutenantChristopher William BettyNBD1849

1 Warrant Officer


DatesRatingNameSource
12.1.1796 - 26.4.1802MasterJames Woodford (d.1807)ADM29-1

2 Petty Officers


DatesRatingNameSource
1795 - 23.9.1795MidshipmanJames John Charles Agassiz (1772-1858)NBD18491795 - 3.1800MidshipmanJoseph Vallack (1776-1847)NBD1849

Service History


DateEventSource
2.1782Commissioned for Howe's fleetBWAS-1714
30.3.1782Completed at a cost of £50,350.7.4d including fittingBWAS-1714
11.9.1782Sailed to assist in the relief of GibraltarBWAS-1714
11.10.1782Arrived at GibraltarBWAS-1714
20.10.1782Battle of Cape Spartel
3.1783Paid offBWAS-1714
4.1783Fitted for ordinary at PlymouthBWAS-1714
9.1784Started a very small repair at PlymouthBWAS-1714
2.1785Completed very small repair at a cost of £12,611.9.5dBWAS-1714
10.1787Recommissioned for Channel serviceBWAS-1714
10.1787Paid offBWAS-1714
3.1795RecommissionedBWAS-1714
11.12.1798

About three o'clock, the launch of the Atlas, of 98 guns, with the surgeon and seventeen men in her, was upset at Spithead, near the Niger frigate, when Captain Matthew Scott, of that ship, jumped overboard, and was the means of saving three of them. All the rest were picked up soon afterwards by other boats, but the surgeon was suffocated with salt water, and could not be recovered.

TNC
28.1.1799

Sailed from Portsmouth

TNC
6.4.1799

Sailed from Plymouth to join the Channel fleet

TNC
19.4.1799

Arrived at Plymouth

TNC
10.5.1799

Sailed from Plymouth at night, returned in the morning "having carried away her main top-mast close to the cap of the cross trees."

TNC
12.5.1799

Sailed from Plymouth

TNC
11.1802Started a repair and the process of being cut down to a 74-gun Third-RateBWAS-1714


Fleets

DatesFleetFleet CommanderSource
9.1782-12.1782Fleet for the relief of Gibraltar 1782Lord Richard Howe (4th Viscount Howe) (1725/26-1799) 
 

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