Courier

11481
Nominal Guns12BWAS-1793
NationalityGreat Britain
OperatorRoyal Navy
Hired6.6.1798BWAS-1793
ShipyardUnknownBWAS-1793
CategoryHired VesselBWAS-1793
Ship TypeCutter BWAS-1793
Captured1.11.1801BWAS-1793

Armament


12.5.1799Broadside Weight = 24 Imperial Pound ( 10.884 kg)W005
Gun Deck12 British 4-Pounder

Crew Complement


Date# of MenNotesSource
5.179940ActualW005

2 Commanding Officers


DatesRankNameSource
5.1799 - 1799LieutenantThomas Searle (1777-1849)W00510.1799 - 1799LieutenantThomas Searle (1777-1849)SNL1799

Service History


DateEventSource
12.5.1799Discovered an armed brig about eight or nine leagues off Winterton, in the act of capturing a merchant sloop. The Courier immediately made sail, and at h. 30 m. p.m., brought to close action a French privateer of 16 guns. The two vessels continued engaged at close quarters for an hour and 40 minutes; when the brig, being the better sailer, and having the advantage of the wind effected her escape. The Cornier continued in chase until midnight; at which time, the weather becoming thick, she lost sight of her adversary. The Courier had five men wounded. The obvious damages received by the brig, whose guns were afterwards ascertained to have been 6 and 8 pounders, indicated that her loss was far more severe than the cutter's. A French lugger-privateer lay to leeward during the whole of the action, but evinced no inclination to interfere.W005
13.5.1799Saw a sail in the north-east, which proved to be schooner-rigged. At 8 a.m. the cutter arrived up with, and without any resistance captured, the French privateer-schooner Ribotteur, of four (originally six) 3-pounders and 26 menW005
13.5.1799Took the Schooner Le Riboteur (4) losing 5 woundedBG
11.8.1799Joined Espiegle and Pylades on an attack on the captured brig W005
11.8.1799Retaking of the Crash
11.8.1799Took the Brig Crash (6) by boats
22.11.1799Took the French Privateer GuerrierW005


Notes on Ship


Attack on the Crash 18th august 1799W005
On the 11th of August the British 16-gun ship-sloop Pylades, Captain Adam M''Kenzie, 16-gun brig-sloop Espiegle, Captain James Boorder, and 10-gun hired cutter Courier, Lieutenant Thomas Searle, part of a light squadron under Captain Frank Sotheron, ofthe38-gun frigate Latona, cruising off the coast of Holland, proceeded to attack the late British gun-brig Crash, which lay moored In a narrow passage hot ween the island of Schiermonikoog and the main land of Groningen. The Cornier, working fastest to windward, was sent ahead, and, in a very gallant manner, commenced engaging the Crash, whose force was 12 carronades, consisting of eight 18, two 24, and two 32 pounders, with a crew of 60 men.

Having frequently not two feet of water more than they drew, with the wind right down the channel, and only room for either, in tacking, to go twice her length, the Pylades and Espiegle found a very difficult navigation. At length they arrived within pistol-shot of the Crash, and, in conjunction with the Courier, opened a heavy fire upon her. It was not, however, until she had sustained that fire for nearly 50 minutes, that the Crash struck her colours.

The Pylades and Espiegle were greatly damaged in their rigging and yards. The latter, as well as the Courier, escaped without any loss; but the Pylades had one seaman killed and two wounded. Although Captains M'Kenzie and Boorder cadi wrote an official Letter
Attack against the GuerrierW005
On the 22nd of November, at 5 p.m., the British hired cutter Courier, of 12 long 4-pound< ra and 40 men, Lieutenant Thomas - rle, cruising off Flushing, observed a suspicion- sail bring-to a bark. The cutter immediately hauled her wind in chase, and as Bhe passed the bark, learnt from her that the other vessel was a French privateer. The Courier thereupon crowded sail in pursuit; and on the 23rd, at 9 a.m. Lowestoffe bearing north-west by west distant 10 or 12 leagues, succeeded in overtaking the French cutter-privateer Guerrier, of 14 long 4-pounders and 44 men, commanded by Citizen Felix L. Lallemand. A warm and close action ensued, and lasted 50 minutes, when the Guerrier struck her colours.

The Courier had her master, Mr. Stephen Marsh, killed at the commencement of the action, and two Seamen wounded, the Guerrier, four killed and six wounded. These, as is evident without the aid of a tabular statement, were a well-matched pair of combatants; and the action was manfully sustained on both sides. Shortly after his capture of this privateer, Lieutenant Searle obtained that promotion to which, by his previous gallantry on more than one occasion, he had fully entitled himself.


Sources


IDDescriptionAuthorType
BWAS-1793British Warships in the Age of Sail 1793 - 1817Rif WinfieldBook
W005Naval History of Great Britain Volume 2 from 1793 to the accession of Georges IVWilliam JamesWeb Site
SNL1799Steele's Navy List October 1799SteeleBook
BGThe London GazetteOfficialWeb Site
 

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